Advanced Techniques for Non-Collocated Fault Detetion of Satellite Formations
This proposal is for the development of a dynamic fault detection filter for a formation of satellites operating in a highly nonlinear dynamic environment but processed at a ground station where measurement data may be available on an intermittent basis. A previous SBIR study demonstrates that nonlinearities have an adverse effect on a linear dynamic filter's ability to accurately declare faults. Thus, a fault detection filter capable of effectively accounting for nonlinear dynamics and measurement data interruptions is required. During the proposed Phase I effort, such filters will be designed for faults in the three translational modes of 4 satellites flying in formation near a highly elliptical orbit. The satellites will carry a limited suite of instruments, just sufficient to determine faults in the three translational modes and include a GPS receiver. Furthermore, communication with a ground station will only be available near perigee and the measurement data will be transmitted in bursts, which will introduce planned and unplanned communication blackouts that represent breaks in the time history of measurements. The proposed development will produce a fault detection and isolation algorithm that can mitigate these breaks and perform faster than a simple, cyclical restart implementation.
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