Near-Surface Residual Stress Measurements for Aerospace Structures
ABSTRACT: It is widely recognized that near surface residual stresses play a significant role in fatigue performance. Tensile residual stresses are of concern because they accelerate fatigue crack initiation and fatigue crack growth relative to what would occur in the absence of residual stress. Compressive residual stresses, on the other hand, have the opposite effect and can be used to improve fatigue performance. To effectively understand and predict residual stress effects on fatigue durability or crack initiation, which accounts for the majority of the total component life under high-cycle applications, accurate and reliable residual stress data are required in the near-surface region. The proposed work plan will develop improvements to a novel near-surface residual stress measurement technique, will demonstrate the effectiveness of this measurement technique under representative conditions, and will develop technology to implement the measurement. BENEFIT: The proposed residual stress measurement method is a significant improvement to existing residual stress measurement technology and will fill a critical gap in capability for near-surface residual stress measurement, enabling high-quality measurements in the near-surface regime under conditions typical of the aerospace industry. This technology is important to many industries (e.g., aerospace, transportation, utilities, etc). Current design methods are evolving to include residual stress effects and these methods benefit from high quality residual stress data.
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Hill Engineering, LLC
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