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Process Modeling for Additive Manufacturing of Alloys by Electron Beam

Award Information

Department of Defense
Air Force
Award ID:
Program Year/Program:
2013 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
Solicitation Year:
Solicitation Topic Code:
Solicitation Number:
Small Business Information
UES, Inc.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road Dayton, OH -
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Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2013
Title: Process Modeling for Additive Manufacturing of Alloys by Electron Beam
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Contract: FA8650-13-M-5059
Award Amount: $150,000.00


ABSTRACT: UES proposes to obtain data to anchor models for additive manufacture by electron beam melting (EBM). In this process, parts are made by scanning an electron beam in a raster defined by a CAD file over a powder bed such that powder is melted and resolidified to build a part layer-by-layer. While vendor-provided parameters will result in a part, first part yield is low. Predictive modeling of optimum machine parameters for a given powder and part dimensions will increase first part yield. In Phase I, we envisage a DOE (Design of Experiments) approach of varying key build parameters for a selected set of part elements that would enable a better understanding of the process, and provide data to anchor models of the build process. This effort will be restricted to Ti:6A:4V, the most mature alloy for the EBM process. Our partner, CalRAM Inc, is a veteran-owned small business and the premier commercial manufacturer of aerospace parts made by EBM in the USA. Modeling success will enable improved part yield for EBM manufacturers, with potentially successful first part yields for lots sizes of one to a few. Improved yield is critical for commercially viable additive manufacturing and part qualification for aerospace. BENEFIT: Improved acceptance of additive manufacturing of metal parts for aerospace predicated on reduced cost, resulting from fewer scrapped parts, and the metadata necessary for part qualification. Commercial application could be a product to sell to additive manufacturing foundries or a product licensed to the machine manufacturer for incorporation into machine control software. The approach we advocate could be applied to other additive manufacturing methods.

Principal Investigator:

John Porter
Materials Scientist
(937) 426-6900

Business Contact:

Rick Weddle
Director, Contracts
(937) 426-6900
Small Business Information at Submission:

UES, Inc.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road Dayton, OH -

EIN/Tax ID: 310797776
Number of Employees:
Woman-Owned: Yes
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No