Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
ABSTRACT: It is proposed to build the breadboard functional proof unit of a new space borne instrument"DPTIS"(Double-Probe & Topside Ionosphere Sounder) that simultaneously measures in situ electric fields and the vertical electron density profiles from the spacecraft altitude to the F2 layer peak. The instrument is designed for a small satellite and integrates an RF Topside-Ionosphere-Sounder (TIS) with Double-Probe (DP) electric field sensors. Availability of six booms, configured into three orthogonal dipoles and 3 isolated double probes, is assumed. The TIS scans from 0.1 - 30MHz and specifies the wave polarization (O/X) and the echo angles-of-arrival for ionospheric skymap construction. Heritage from IMAGER/RPI and Digisondes is used, providing high programming flexibility that can adapt to diverse spacecraft orbits. Ionogram cadences of 10s provide high spatial resolution. Heritage autoscaling software derives real-time electron density profiles from the spacecraft altitude to the F2 peak. For the double-probe measurements, isolated spheres are mounted at the end of six antenna booms. The DPs will measure the 3 electric field components from DC to 1 KHz. DP voltages are continuously sampled at 2.5kS/s. DP design and processing is based on heritage instrumentation that UNH developed and delivered for the MMS and other missions. BENEFIT: Unambiguous measurement of the topside electron density profiles will provide unique data for the specification of the topside electron density distribution, which is otherwise only provided by incoherent scatter radars at a few points and at limited times. Assimilation of these data into an ionospheric model like IRI RTAM or GAIM will for the first time provide an accurate real-time assimilative model for the ionospheric electron density specification up to the spacecraft altitude (~1000 km). A fleet of topside satellites with DPTIS can provide near real-time high resolution maps of foF2 and hmF2 over the oceans and land, complementing the ground-based ionosonde measurements, as well as global near real time specifications of the topside electron density profiles which are affecting all transionospheric radio signals, including GPS. Ionospheric research missions in the F layer, both above or below the F2 peak, for detailed studies of equatorial spread F and scintillations, or auroral and polar cap irregularity structures can easily be carried out with DPITS because of its flexible programmability.
Small Business Information at Submission:
Lowell Digisonde International, LLC
175 Cabot Street, Suite 200 Lowell, MA -
Number of Employees: