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Development of an automated noninvasive system for sleep restriction in rodents

Award Information

Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
Program Year/Program:
2013 / STTR
Agency Tracking Number:
R42HL084990
Solicitation Year:
2013
Solicitation Topic Code:
NHLBI
Solicitation Number:
PA12-089
Small Business Information
AFASCI, INC.
522 Second Avenue REDWOOD CITY, CA 94063-3848
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Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 2
Fiscal Year: 2013
Title: Development of an automated noninvasive system for sleep restriction in rodents
Agency: HHS
Contract: 2R42HL084990-02A1
Award Amount: $852,597.00
 

Abstract:

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Sleep deprivation (SD) occurs universally in modern societies and causes significant social and financial harm. Numerous human and animal studies indicate that various forms of SD are deleterious to mental and physicalhealth. Therefore, SD has been recognized as an unmet challenge to public health. There is increased need to study the effects of different forms of SD on physiological functions in animal models. However, better methods are sorely needed. Existing SD systems have low throughput and capacity and are difficult to use and expensive. In our Phase I project, we have developed an automatic sleep monitoring/sleep deprivation system for rodents. Our system is based on floor sensors, the data from which yield automatic sleep scoring. We demonstrated that hands-off automatic SD using our method is technically feasible. We have also verified the advantages of our system over other competing systems, namely, that our method is less invasive, more selective, less time-consuming, and easier to use. Based on the success of our Phase I project, our Phase II project will be focused on the commercialization of our research product. The objective of the present project is to develop a unified, non-invasive, high throughput and low cost SD system for mice and rats. Our specific aims are the follows. Aim 1. Development of a full-featured SD system with multiple lines of hardware and software products Aim 1a. Development of Hardware. We will refine, ruggedize, and make more reliable our mouse SD system while simultaneously lowering the costs for mass production. Because rats are used frequently in sleep research we will develop a rat SD system based on the mouse SD system. Aim 1b. Development of software. We will develop softwareproducts with the following innovative features: 1) Establish bi-directional information exchange through USB cable to perform three common types of SD: acute SD, sleep fragmentation and chronic sleep restriction; 2) Create a user-friendly interface for flexible experimental design on the host PC; 3) Expand system capability to perform simultaneous studies in as many as 64 rats or mice. 4) Extend the software functionality to perform group statistical analysis including group means, standard errors and data lists in animals from multiple groups of animals, and 5) Extend the software products to both 32-bit and 64-bit Windows XP, Vista and Windows 7 platforms. Aim 2. Evaluation and validation of the SD system, and development of standardized SD protocols The validation of the system includes: 1) verification of sleep loss and rebound following SD using EEG evaluation and verification of the robustness and ease of use of the system, 2) investigation of the consequences of SD on animals, especially social recognition/preference tasks, and 3) development of an experimental cook book through performing different types of SD to standardize SD protocols in order to facilitate comparison results generated by different laboratories. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The aim of the present project is to develop an automated, noninvasive, high throughput and low lost sleep deprivation system for rodents. This system can help to study sleep loss impact on health and drug discovery for the treatment of sleep disorders.

Principal Investigator:

Jidong Fang
717-531-5435
jfang@psu.edu

Business Contact:

Xiaosu S. Li
650-692-6051
sueli@afasci.com
Small Business Information at Submission:

AFASCI, INC.
522 Second Avenue REDWOOD CITY, CA -

EIN/Tax ID: 177060565
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Research Institution Information:
PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV HERSHEY MED CTR
PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV HERSHEY MED CTR
500 UNIVERSITY DRIVE OFFICE OF RESEARCH AFFAIRS H138
HERSHEY, PA 17033-0850
Contact: