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IN VIVO COINCIDENCE XRF MEASUREMENTS FOR HEAVY METALS

Award Information

Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
13851
Program Year/Program:
1990 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
13851
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
ABIOMED, INC.
22 CHERRY HILL DRIVE DANVERS, MA 01923-
View profile »
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 1990
Title: IN VIVO COINCIDENCE XRF MEASUREMENTS FOR HEAVY METALS
Agency: HHS
Contract: N/A
Award Amount: $49,491.00
 

Abstract:

X-RAY FLUORESCENCE (XRF) IS THE MOST PRECISE METHOD OF MEASURING BODY AND ORGAN BURDENS OF HEAVY METALS IN VIVO. HOWEVER, THE REQUIRED PRECISION FOR SCREENING OF CHRONICALLYLOW-LEVEL-EXPOSED POPULATIONS FOR THESE METALS, IN PARTICULAR LEAD AND MERCURY, IS BETWEEN 5 AND 20 TIMES GREATER THAN ACHIEVABLE BY CURRENT METHODS. THIS PROJECT DESCRIBES AN INNOVATIVE VARIATION OF XRF THAT CAN PROVIDE AN IMPROVEMENT IN PRECISION OF ONE TO TWO ORDERSOF MAGNITUDE OVER PRESENT TECHNOLOGY. THIS IS ACHIEVED BY REDUCING THE BACKGROUND UNDER THE SIGNAL BY A FACTOR OF 10 MILLION, WHILE REDUCING THE SIGNAL ITSELF BY ONLY 100. PHASE I WILL PROVE THE FEASIBILITY OF THE APPROACH. THREE TO FOUR MILLION YOUNG CHILDREN FROM ALL LEVELS OF SOCIETY ARE EXPOSED TO ENVIRONMENTAL SOURCES OF LEAD AT CONCENTRATIONS THAT PLACE THEM AT RISK OF ADVERSE HEALTH EFFECTS. MERCURY IS UBIQUITOUS. MANY FOODS, ESPECIALLY SEAFOODS, CONTAIN SIGNIFICANT AMOUNTS OF MERCURY, AND THERE ARE OVER 100 INDEPENDENT OCCUPATIONS WITH POSSIBLE EXPOSURESTO LEAD OR MERCURY. YET, THERE IS NO TOOL AVAILABLE TO MEASURE BODY OR ORGAN BURDENS OF LEAD OR MERCURY WITH SUFFICIENT PRECISION FOR SCREENING CHRONICALLY LOW-LEVEL-EXPOSED POPULATIONS. THE APPROACH USED IN THIS RESEARCH WILL ENABLE THE DEVELOPMENT OF SUCH A TOOL.

Principal Investigator:

Douglas E Burger
5087775410

Business Contact:

Small Business Information at Submission:

Abiomed Inc
33 Cherry Hill Dr Danvers, MA 01923

EIN/Tax ID:
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No