Field Test Kits for Rapid Detection of Hazardous Contaminants on Indoor Surfaces
Fieldable, simple, cost-saving detection technologies for biological and chemical hazards are in great demand by security, emergency response and military forces. Experienced in developing toxin detection and environmental pollutant monitoring technologies, ADA Technologies, Inc. proposed to develop novel test kits for the rapid collection and identification of biological and chemical hazards on indoor surfaces. The field test kits include litmus paper-like test stripe, treated cotton swabs for collecting indoor surface contaminants and a portable fluorescent reader. The proposed test strips are based on binding-induced fluorescent resonance energy transfer (FRET) detection by employing an aptamer molecular beacon specific to the hazardous agent as the recognition element and fluorescent quantum dots as signal development. The test strip combines the advantages of highly specific and stable aptamer receptors, nanotechnology and immunochromatographic bioassays. In Phase I, feasibility demonstration, ADA will develop and evaluate prototype test strips based on the binding-induced FRET immunoassays for detection of biological simulants of anthrax spores, ricin and botulinum toxins. Based on the success of Phase I, in Phase II of this project ADA will generate aptamers specific to other biological and chemical hazards such as smallpox, plague and highly toxic pesticides, and develop test strip panels embedded with multiple aptamer probes in arrayed format for simultaneous detection of multiple biological and chemical hazard contaminants in a single measurement. Phase II work will also include leveraging a commercially available portable fluorescence reader in addition to testing field performance in terms of the selectivity and robustness.
This proposed research will provide improved understanding of the use of aptamers as a specific receptor for the detection of a wide range of chemical and biological toxins. The results of this research will lead to rapid, cost-effective fieldable test kits with prolonged storage life and low rates of false positive-false negative response. The test kit technology can also be adapted to construct tests for many other important substances, such as drugs, toxins and heavy metals leading to applications in assessing drinking water, the environment, food safety and medical testing.
Small Business Information at Submission:
ADA Technologies, Inc.
8100 Shaffer Parkway, Suite 130 Littleton, CO 80127
Number of Employees: