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Lessons Learned: Sago and Darby Disasters - The Missing Component in SCSR…

Award Information

Department of Health and Human Services
Award ID:
Program Year/Program:
2010 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
Solicitation Year:
Solicitation Topic Code:
Solicitation Number:
Small Business Information
MetaMedia Training International, Inc.
5100 Buckeystown, Suite 200 Frederick, MD 21704-
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Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2010
Title: Lessons Learned: Sago and Darby Disasters - The Missing Component in SCSR Training
Agency: HHS
Contract: 1R43ES019017-01
Award Amount: $100,000.00


DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Since 2006 there have been three major catastrophic mine explosions in the United States resulting in nineteen fatalities. Subsequent research studies conducted by the United States Department of Labor - Mine Safety an d Health Administration (MSHA), The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), the Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), The Pennsylvania State University Miner Training Program, an d the West Virginia Office of Miner's Health, Safety, and Training all have concluded that a lack of training on the use of the Self-Contained Self-Rescuer (SCSR) units was a major factor that contributed to the fatalities. Every miner worker in the U.S. i s required to carry an SCSR and have access to additional units within the mine. Miners are given very cursory Level 1 training, consisting of a demonstration of how to don the unit; but the psychological factors of using the device are largely ignored dur ing training, leading to incorrect use of the SCSR. The goal of this program Lessons Learned from the Darby and Sago Mine Disasters, will be to produce a Phase I working prototype of an interactive training program and a follow-on serious game in Pha se II to assess the ability of miners to correctly use the SCSR oxygen supply device in the event of a catastrophic mine disaster. The program will be designed to be delivered on DVD, eLearning, and mLearning platforms in English and Spanish and meet feder al 508 compliance standards for the hearing impaired (a common problem for this worker population). The three formats are proposed to be tested and evaluated in Phase I to determine the learning achieved and the acceptance level of each delivery system. Th e PI/PD and our team have successfully developed and deployed hard skills and soft skills health and safety training in all three formats to government and commercial organizations. The content will include a brief refresher on the hands-on classroom exper ience offered to miners. However, we will concentrate on those areas of content that are not being covered and have been determined in research studies to have contributed to the death of the miners involved in the explosions. Those content areas which we refer to as expectations training will include: responses by miners to a traumatic incident including physical, mental, emotional, and behavioral changes resulting from use the SCSR due to a catastrophic mine event. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Th e goal of this program is to design a proof of concept, training program using advanced multimedia training technologies, including eLearning, DVD blended learning, and mLearning (mobile), with the intention of reducing injuries and fatalities in the minin g community that are related to the use of the Self- Contained Self Rescuer (SCSR) unit.

Principal Investigator:

Christopher T. Held

Business Contact:

Thomas H. Held
Small Business Information at Submission:


EIN/Tax ID: 152223617
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No