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Company Information:

Name: Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
Address: 87 Church Street
East Hartford, CT 06108-3728
Located in HUBZone: No
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
Phone: (860) 528-9806

Award Totals:

Program/Phase Award Amount ($) Number of Awards
SBIR Phase I $11,587,452.00 173
SBIR Phase II $31,747,635.34 68
STTR Phase I $349,491.00 3
STTR Phase II $500,000.00 1

Award List:

IN THE PROCESSING OF SOLIDS, RAPID METHODS ARE NEEDED TO DETERMINE ORGANIC AND MINERAL PARAMETERS WHICH CAN BE RELATED TO PROCESS BEHAVIOR.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Peter r. solomon , PRESIDENT
Award Amount: $49,000.00
Abstract:
In the processing of solids, rapid methods are needed to determine organic and mineral parameters which can be related to process behavior. this proposal suggests the development of photoacoustic fourier transform infrared (pa-ft-ir) spectroscopy for on-line monitoring of fossil fuel feedstocks and… More

EXPERIMENTS AND MODELING OF MULTI-COMPONENT FUEL BEHAVIOR COMBUSTION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $69,754.00

COMBUSTING COAL PARTICLE TEMPERATURES BY FT-IR SPECTROSCOPY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: David G. Hamblen
Award Amount: $34,000.00

EXPERIMENTS AND MODELING OF MULTI-COMPONENT FUEL BEHAVIOR COMBUSTION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $235,000.00
Abstract:
To satisfy air force requirements to improve aviation reactive atmospheres in a unique, contractor-owned entrained flow reactor with on-line, in-situ analysis of volatile species, temperature and radiation absorption characteristics by fourter transform infrared (ft-ir) spectroscopy. these data will… More

CHARACTERIZATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Peter r. solomon
Award Amount: $59,000.00
Abstract:
Significant savings in cost and displacement of valuable petroleum fuel can be achieved by burning coal when appropriate for dod power generation requirements. this proposal offers a cost effective, portable, computer controlled and integrated coal analysis system for assessing a coal's combustion… More

"NOVEL ON-LINE CHARACTERIZATION METHOD FOR SUSPENDED PARTICLES"

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Peter R. Solomon , President
Award Amount: $34,000.00

COMBUSTING COAL PARTICLE TEMPERATURES BY FT-IR SPECTROSCOPY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: David G. Hamblen
Award Amount: $205,484.00
Abstract:
This project is to develop an improved non-intrusive method of temperature determination for pulverized coal combustion based on ft-ir spectroscopic measurement of its emissions. in phase i spectral measurements will be made of the radiation from combusting coal particles in a laboratory furnace.… More

OF COAL WATER FUEL-

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. peter r. solomon , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Award Amount: $49,896.00
Abstract:
If coal water fuels (cwf) are to be used with the convenience and reliability of liquid or gaseous fuels, choices must be made in slurry formulation, coal rank, degree and method of cleaning, atomization technology, combustion parameters, and sorbent additives. a laboratory-scale method is needed… More

ATMOSPHERIC AEROSOLS BY FT-IR"

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Peter r solomon , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Award Amount: $49,956.00
Abstract:
The atmosphere contains many naturally occurring and manmade fine particles and aerosols. these particles affectweather, air quality and communications. knowledge of theirconcentration, composition, distribution and transport is important to the prediction of weather, detection and control of… More

"A NEW INSTRUMENT FOR THE CHARACTERIZATION OF FOSSIL ENERGY RESOURCES"

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Peter R Solomon
Award Amount: $40,000.00

NOVEL DIAGNOSTICS FOR PARTICULATE PROPERTIES IN COMBUSTION-

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Peter R. Solomon , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,316.00

"NOVEL ON-LINE CHARACTERIZATION METHOD FOR SUSPENDED PARTICLES"

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Peter R. Solomon , President
Award Amount: $212,000.00
Abstract:
Many chemical and energy conversion processes involve multi-phase feed or product streams. unfortunately, very little is available in process monitoring equipment for such streams. this proposal suggests development, validation and calibration of an innovative method for measuring the chemical… More

NOVEL DIAGNOSTICS FOR PARTICULATE PROPERTIES IN COMBUSTION-

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Peter R. Solomon , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $477,000.00
Abstract:
In coal combustion, knowledge of radiative heat transfer is important in predicting the heat-up of the incoming coal and the emission of heat from the burning char, volatiles, and ash. the calculation for particulates requires knowledge of many little known parameters including: the radiative… More

"A NEW INSTRUMENT FOR THE CHARACTERIZATION OF FOSSIL ENERGY RESOURCES"

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Peter R Solomon
Award Amount: $233,000.00
Abstract:
Many important problems in characterizing materials in the earth's lithosphere involve determining both organic and inorganic constituents. recent progress has been made in the use of thermal analysis in which the sample is taken through a temperature excursion and its weight loss or evolved… More

INFRARED DETECTORS USING HIGH CRITICAL TEMPERATURE GRANULAR JOSEPHSON JUNCTIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The recent discovery of high temperature superconducting materials has led to renewed interest in the application of superconductivity. the new ceramic superconductors offer the opportunity of using these materials as detectors of infrared radiation more conveniently that the older, classical… More

ON-LINE PROCESS CONTROL SENSOR FOR PARTICLE SIZE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Peter r. solomon
Award Amount: $30,000.00
Abstract:
A particle size sensor is required for on-line process con- trol in a metal powder forming facility. instruments available commercially for this sensing rely on measurements of light scattering at very small angular increments. it is probable that the highly turbulent environment in which the metal… More

ADVANCED COAL LIQUEFACTION BY TEMPERATURE STAGED REACTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr peter r solomon
Award Amount: $48,000.00
Abstract:
It has been determined in bench scale and pilot scale coal liquefaction experiments that a pretreatment at moderate temperatures prior to liquefaction can substantially improveliquefaction yields and quality. however, there is little basic understanding of the processes that give rise to the… More

"DESIGN OF THE SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE FOR A CHEMICAL ENGINEERING WORKSTATION"

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: David g hamblen
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Due to the complexity of the calculations and the lack of effective standards, chemical engineers and chemists have been left behind their mechanical and electronic counterparts in having the benefits of a computer workstation addressed to their requirements. a need exists for the means to integrate… More

THERMAL STABILITY OF AVIATION FUELS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael a serio
Award Amount: $75,036.00
Abstract:
The efficient development of advanced aircraft concepts or introduction of new fuels will require increased mechanistic understanding and models to predict thermal stability in order to eliminate the requirement for extensive empirical testing. the proposal is for a combined experimental,… More

INFRARED DETECTORS USING BULK HIGH T(C) GRANULAR JOSEPHSON JUNCTIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David g hamblen
Award Amount: $67,576.00
Abstract:
The recent discovery of perovskite-like copper-oxide superconductors with transition temperatures above liquid nitrogen temperatures has led to renewed interest in the application of superconductivity. these new ybacuo (yba[2]cu[3[o[7-x]) materials offer the opportunity to use these materials as… More

INFRARED BOLOMETERS USING BULK HIGH T(C) SUPERCONDUCTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: David G Hamblen
Award Amount: $67,585.00

LOW COST, VERSATILE INSTRUMENTATION FOR IMPROVED PROCESS CONTROL.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Philip W Morrison Jr
Award Amount: $50,000.00

DEVELOPMENT OF A BENCH TOP INSTRUMENT FOR MEASURING HIGH TEMPERATURE SURFACE EMISSIVITY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Peter R Solomon
Award Amount: $69,111.00

IN-SITU DIAGNOSTICS FOR DEPOSITION OF HIGH T SUPERCONDUCTING FILMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Dr David G Hamblen
Award Amount: $65,761.00

LOW COST, VERSATILE INSTRUMENTATION FOR IMPROVED PROCESS CONTROL.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Philip W Morrison Jr
Award Amount: $489,156.00
Abstract:
An important aspect of many energy intensive processes is the ability to have on-line monitoring. this ensures operator and environmental safety as well as proper operation of the plant. consequently, there is a great needfor diagnostic instruments for multiphase media which can function in… More

FLAME SYNTHESIS OF SINGLE CRYSTAL DIAMOND FILMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Philip W Morrison Jr , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,865.00
Abstract:
Thin film diamond has a rare combination of properties that makes it one of the most important engineering materials to emerge recently. flame chemical vapor deposition (cvd) is anew synthetic method developed in the past year. researchers in both japan and the u. s. have discovered that an… More

ADVANCED INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY FOR IMPROVED CHARACTERIZATIONOF CHEMICAL SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Philip W Morrison Jr , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,409.00
Abstract:
The goal of this project is the development of a rugged, relatively inexpensive, sensitive and versatile detector for the simultaneous on-line analysis of composition, concentration and temperatures of gases and particles in process streams. the innovation is phase sensitive fourier transform… More

LOW TEMPERATURE PROCESSING OF HIGH TC SUPERCONDUCTOR FILMS FOR INTEGRATION OF DETECTOR ARRAYS WITH SILICON CIRCUITRY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr David G Hamblen , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,900.00

DEVELOPMENT OF A BENCH TOP INSTRUMENT FOR MEASURING HIGH TEMPERATURE SURFACE EMISSIVITY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Peter R Solomon
Award Amount: $250,000.00
Abstract:
For surfaces at high temperature the emitted spectrum of electromagnetic radiation is the most convenient probe of temperature, if the spectral emittance of the sample is known. this proposal suggests the application of fourier transform (ft) spectroscopy to the measurement of spectral emittance.… More

IN-SITU DIAGNOSTICS FOR DEPOSITION OF HIGH T SUPERCONDUCTING FILMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Dr David G Hamblen
Award Amount: $292,000.00
Abstract:
A renewed interest in the applications of superconductivity has resulted from the recent discovery of perovskite-like copper-oxide superconductors with transition temperatures above liquid nitrogen temperatures. although the thin films as deposited generally have the appropriate y:ba:cu… More

INFRARED BOLOMETERS USING BULK HIGH T(C) SUPERCONDUCTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: David G Hamblen
Award Amount: $499,159.00
Abstract:
The recent discovery of perovskite-like copper-oxide superconductors with transition temperatures above liquid nitrogen temperatures has led to renewed interest in the application of superconductivity. these new ybacuo (yba(2)cu(3)o(7-x) materials offer the opportunity to use these materials as… More

LOW TEMPERATURE PROCESSING OF HIGH TC SUPERCONDUCTOR FILMS FOR INTEGRATION OF DETECTOR ARRAYS WITH SILICON CIRCUITRY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr David G Hamblen , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $498,933.00
Abstract:
The discovery of superconductors with transition temperatures above liquid nitrogen temperature has led to renewed interest in the application of superconductivity. these new materials can potentially be used as detectors more conveniently than can "classical" superconductors. the larger energy gap… More

FLAME SYNTHESIS OF DIAMOND FILAMENTS FOR A COMPOSITE MATERIAL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Peter R Solomon
Award Amount: $60,016.00
Abstract:
Composites offer the potential for obtaining materials with significantly improved structural properties (stiffness, damage tolerance, high temperature capabilities) compared to that of any of the individual components alone. diamond would be a very interesting component in a composite material… More

"HOT GAS CLEAN UP FOR PARTICULATE MATTER"

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,702.00
Abstract:
The use of transverse pressure wave separation provides the opportunity for solution of the problem of hot-stream particle removal. using a repetitive pressure pulse with a fast rise and slower relaxation, particles can be steadily segregated to one side of the flow. the larger particles are the… More

"AN FT-IR BASED MONITORING DEVISE FOR NOX, SOX, AND PARTICULATES"

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,884.00
Abstract:
The u.s. doe is interested in developing advanced coal combustion systems that reduce the emission of harmful species into the environment. the effectiveness of any pollution control strategy is greatly enhanced by the ability to have on-line monitoring of the cleanup device. reducing costs is a… More

"INNOVATIVE METHODS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF POLYMERS FROM BIOBASED MATERIALS"

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,932.00
Abstract:
Carbon materials are a much higher added value product than nearly any other products from which could be produced from lignin. this is especially true in the case of carbon fibers, which can sell for tens to hundreds of dollars per pound. consequently, the development of processes which utilize… More

HIGH-TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTOR FILMS ON SILICON WAFERS ADAPTED TO INTERCONNECTS IN A MULTI-CHIP ...

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: David Fenner
Award Amount: $58,819.00
Abstract:
It is commonly agreed that the development of ultra-high density and very high speed electronics for computing and signal processing is presently limited not by the circut components themselves but rather by the electronic packaging. high-temperature superconductor (htsc) films are expected to make… More

A STATISTICAL NETWORK MODEL FOR POLYMER DEGRADATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael A Serio , Manager,
Award Amount: $49,958.00

FT-IR INSTRUMENTATION FOR SOLAR CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL PROCESSES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,870.00

"IN-SITU DIAGNOSTICS FOR PROCESS MONITORING AND CONTROL OF THE PLASMA DEPOSITION OF A-SI:H"

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,736.00

"MILD GASIFICATION IN TRANSPORT REACTORS"

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,964.00

MULTI-WAVELENGTH NEPHELOMETER DUST MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Peter R Solomon
Award Amount: $61,030.00

TEMPERATURE MODULATION METHOD FOR IN-SITU MEASUREMENT OF SURFACE TEMPERATURE AND EMISSIVITY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Peter R Solomon , President
Award Amount: $49,991.00

"MILD GASIFICATION IN TRANSPORT REACTORS"

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $497,642.00
Abstract:
There has been recent interest in the small scale productionof liquids from coal by mild gasification which can be integrated into the current energy infrastructure. while most work on mild gasification is addressing dense phase reactors or large particles, several laboratories report that flash… More

TEMPERATURE MODULATION METHOD FOR IN-SITU MEASUREMENT OF SURFACE TEMPERATURE AND EMISSIVITY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Peter R Solomon , President
Award Amount: $236,244.00
Abstract:
For surfaces at high temperature, the emitted spectrum of electro-magnetic radiation is the most convenient probe of temperature, if the spectral emittance of the sample is known. this proposal suggests the application of a novel, non-intrusive surface temperature measurement technique for the… More

FT-IR INSTRUMENTATION FOR SOLAR CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL PROCESSES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $499,738.00
Abstract:
The u.s. epa estimates that 290 million tons of hazardous waste are produced annually in the u.s. the most promising method for the permanent disposal of organic wastes is high-temperature incineration. while solar incineration offers significant promise as a waste disposal technology, there is a… More

NON-INTRUSIVE DIAGNOSTICS TO STUDY SOOT FORMATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael A. Serio , Mgr., Chem. Engineering Sci.
Award Amount: $49,924.00
Abstract:
One of the most important processes in combustion is the formation and destruction of soot. the concentration of soot controls the energy radiated by the flame and hence theflame temperature. the effectiveness of soot destruction controls the combustion efficiency and the environmental acceptability… More

IMPROVED TIME RESOLUTION INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Peter Solomon , President
Award Amount: $49,862.00
Abstract:
The most widely used instrument for infrared spectral analysis is the fourier transform infrared (ft-ir) spectrometer. when applied to non-repetitive samples this instrument has limited time resolution. it is proposed to use a different transform, a wavelet transform, for the ir interferograms, to… More

IN-SITU FOURIER TRANSFORM-INFRARED DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES FORCOAL LIQUEFACTION PROCESSES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Michael A Serio , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,954.00
Abstract:
For the continued development of coal liquefaction processes, on-line diagnostic techniques are needed that allow one to "see" inside the various process stages and monitor parameters such as catalyst activity, upgrading of liquids, depletion of solvent, heteroatom removal, etc. this project is… More

EPITAXIAL GROWTH OF SINGLE CRYSTAL DIAMOND ON SILICON

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Philip W Morrison Jr , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $56,370.00
Abstract:
Nucleation remains an obstable to the growth of single crystal films of diamond on non-diamond substrates. two key factors control the nucleation of diamond on si: the formation of a sic layer between the si and the film, and spontaneous nucleation of the sic on the contaminated si surface.… More

PROCESS MONITORING AND CONTROL DURING MOCVD OF FERROELECTRIC THIN FILMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $54,564.00
Abstract:
Ferroelectrics (fe) have a large commercial potential as piezoelectric elements, dielectrics for capacitors, and in optical guided-wave devices. materials processing has limited applications in microelectronics and photonics, however, and few methods are capable of depositing high quality thin films… More

FABRICATION OF IR DETECTOR ARRAYS ON SILICON SUBSTRATES BY PULSED LASER DEPOSITION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,834.00
Abstract:
Project objectives are advancing the fabrication and design technology of ir detectors from bulk hgcdte to the emerging technology of thin films; making progress toward films on silicon wafers; and implementing the technique of pulsed laser deposition (pld) for the fabrication of these… More

HIGH TEMPERATURE OXYGEN INDEX APPARATUS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Peter R Solomon , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $56,387.00

SUPERCONDUCTING FLUX-COUPLED FAST SWITCHING DEVICE FROM YBCO FILMS ON SILICON

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: David Fenner , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $60,251.00

IN-SITU MEASUREMENT OF SUBMICRON PARTICLES DURING SYNTHESIS FROM GASEOUS PRECURSORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Philip W. Morrison, Jr , Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $49,941.00

REPROCESSING OF USED TIRES INTO ACTIVATED CARBON AND CARBON MATERIALS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael A. Serio , Chemical Engineering Science
Award Amount: $49,947.00

PROCESS MONITORING AND CONTROL DURING PLASMA PROCESSING OF SEMICONDUCTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Philip W Morrison Jr , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $56,668.00

A NEW METHOD OF TIME-TEMPERATURE MODELING OF SEDIMENTARY BASINS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Peter R. Solomon , President
Award Amount: $49,689.00

MULTI-WAVELENGTH NEPHELOMETER DUST MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Peter R Solomon
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
The army has a requirement for development of a real-time measurement system to mesure dust concentrations with small sensing units suitable for mounting on military vehicles undergoing dust testing. light scattering is a leading choice of techniques. however, the scattering data must permit a… More

A STATISTICAL NETWORK MODEL FOR POLYMER DEGRADATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael A Serio , Manager,
Award Amount: $248,879.00
Abstract:
The substitution of polymers for metals and other materials is occurring at an increasing rate in several u.s. industries (e.g., automotive, aerospace, computer). the motivation is that polymers often have significant advantages in terms of weight and/or cost. however, the degradation of polymers is… More

"IN-SITU DIAGNOSTICS FOR PROCESS MONITORING AND CONTROL OF THE PLASMA DEPOSITION OF A-SI:H"

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $247,838.00
Abstract:
This proposal will apply fourier transform infrared (ft-ir) spectroscopy as an in-situ diagnostic for the deposition of amorphous hydrogenated silicon (a-si:h). successful plasma deposition of a-si:h on a commercial scale will require simultaneous knowledge of many process variables within the… More

A NEW METHOD OF TIME-TEMPERATURE MODELING OF SEDIMENTARY BASINS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Peter R. Solomon , President
Award Amount: $246,988.00
Abstract:
Time-temperature modeling of organic matter maturation has become an important tool in petroleum and gas exploration inrecent years. the most serious difficulties in applying these models are: 1) obtaining accurate downhole geological information, and 2) estimation of kinetic parameters. single… More

SUPERCONDUCTING FLUX-COUPLED FAST SWITCHING DEVICE FROM YBCO FILMS ON SILICON

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: David Fenner , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
Applications of high-temperature superconducting materials to tunneling devices have been limited by fabrication problems related to the intrinsic anisotropy of these materials, to their extremely short superconducting coherence length, and to the poor electrical properties of the native surface… More

HIGH TEMPERATURE OXYGEN INDEX APPARATUS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Peter R Solomon , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $476,758.00
Abstract:
To provide a realistic fire resistance ranking of high temperature materials, limiting oxygen index (loi), measurements should be made at elevated temperature. the more fire resistent the material, the higher the temperature required. current commercial instruments have the capability of operating… More

TEMPERATURE MONITORING INSTRUMENT FOR GLASS MANUFACTURING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: James R. Markham
Award Amount: $49,516.00
Abstract:
The measurement of temperatures of molten glass is importantto control the manufacturing process. there is a need for better non-contact measurements of surface temperatures and temperatures within the bulk glass. the required surface temperature measurements can be made using radiance data at the… More

THIN FILM MAGNET STRUCTURES FOR NON-RECIPROCAL MICROWAVE DEVICES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Lahmer Lynds
Award Amount: $55,110.00
Abstract:
Requirement of heavy and voluminous permanent magnets in devices such as microwave generators, non-reciprocal circulators, isolators and their devices makes them unattractive of many space and weight restricted applications. incorporation of these devices in large numbers for active apemure radar… More

ACOUSTIC HOT GAS CLEANUP OF COAL ASH PARTICLES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The particles that are a natural product in the hot gas exhaust of coal gasifiers and combustors must be removed, or they will cause major damage to downstream equipment designed to extract energy from the flow. a hot, particle-laden exhaust is an extreme environment that places severe constraints… More

A NOVEL TEST METHOD FOR FUEL THERMAL STABILITY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael A. Serio
Award Amount: $66,096.00
Abstract:
In the practical applications of hydrocarbon fuels in advanced aircraft, the most important consideration is to know under what circumstances the fuel will degrade to the extent that a deposit is formed. the development of this understanding of fuel behavior has been hampered by the lack of… More

AN ADVANCED COAL FIRED HEAT EXCHANGER/GAS TURBINE TOPPING CYCLE FOR A HIGH EFFICIENCY POWERPLANT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Significant improvements in efficiency for coal-fired powerplants can be achieved by cycles that employ a high temperature, highly recuperative gas turbine topping cycle. the principal difficulty in employing a gas turbine in a coal fired power generation system is the possible erosion and corrosion… More

ON-LINE DIAGNOSTICS FOR FULLERENE SYNTHESIS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
It has recently been shown that caged carbon clusters, fullerenes, are produced in significant quantities in a carbon arc in a helium atmosphere at about 150 torr. it was also shown that the fullerenes are soluble in common organic solvents. these two important discoveries opened the door to several… More

ADVANCED LIQUEFACTION BY CATALYTIC REDUCTION OF LOW TEMPERATURE CROSSLINKING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Liquefaction of low rank coals offers the potential of high oil yields. however, because of their small aromatic ring cluster size, low rank coals are more difficult to liquefy in the first (solubilization) stage under conditions optimized for bituminous coals. it is likely that crosslinking… More

ON-CHIP TRANSFORM IR SPECTROSCOPY BY SUPERCONDUCTING DETECTOR ARRAYS WITH A GRADED INTERFERENCE FILTER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: David B. Fenner
Award Amount: $49,876.00
Abstract:
Conventional methods of infrared (ir) spectroscopy utilize either a small throughput (ir flux) optical element for dispersion followed by a detector (or array), or a large throughput, scanning interferometer followed by a detector. a new, smart detector design is proposed here for accomplishing… More

Vortex-Avalanche Device for Photo-Detection Based on High-Temperature Superconducting Films

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: David Fenner
Award Amount: $59,435.00
Abstract:
AVALANCHE PHOTO DETECTOR. With this novel design, enhanced sensitivity and high speed can be obtained in a high-temperature superconductor (HTSC) microelectronic device, using a shingle layer of HTSC thin film. A collaboration between David Genner's group at Advanced Fuel Research Inc, (East… More

DISCRETE INJECTION AND STORAGE OF SOLID OXYGEN

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stephen C. Bates
Award Amount: $47,547.00
Abstract:
Liquid oxygen systems are currently used in all high specific impulse, high thrust space propulsion systems. Although more energetic oxidizers have been demonstrated to exhibit superior performance, they have not been used because of their reactivity with materials and/or their hazards. Mixtures of… More

Thin Film High-Temperature Superconductor Switching Devices on Si Wafers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: David Fenner
Award Amount: $57,924.00
Abstract:
Future technology for fast switching HTSC devices will require large-area arrays of thin-film switches and materials and device compatibility with semiconductor devices. Advanced Fuel Research will: 1) take advantage of the high normal-state resistivity of HTSC to provide impedance matching directly… More

STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITOR SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Peter solomon , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Award Amount: $74,988.00

HIGH PERFORMANCE SAPPHIRE WINDOWS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Stephen C. Bates
Award Amount: $49,638.00

Miniaturized FT-IR Sensor for Infrared Measurements

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Peter Solomon
Award Amount: $74,988.00

STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITOR SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Peter solomon , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Award Amount: $647,000.00

A RUGGED STABLE FOURIER TRANSFORM INFRARED INTERFEROMETER FOR PROCESS MONITORING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Peter R. Solomon
Award Amount: $50,000.00

REPROCESSING OF USED TIRES INTO ACTIVATED CARBON AND CARBON MATERIALS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael A. Serio , Chemical Engineering Science
Award Amount: $249,879.00
Abstract:
The disposal of 280 million tires generated each year in theu.s. by landfill is increasingly becoming an unacceptable solution. the tires take up large amounts of valuable landfill space and also represent a fire hazard. a better solution from an environmental and economic standpoint is tothermally… More

IN-SITU MEASUREMENT OF SUBMICRON PARTICLES DURING SYNTHESIS FROM GASEOUS PRECURSORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Philip W. Morrison, Jr , Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $249,908.00
Abstract:
Aerosol processing is a popular method to produce submicron particles for technologies like pigments and sinterable ceramics. although the particle size distribution (psd) often controls the quality of the final product, this parameter cannot currently be measured on-line because of the dense… More

PROCESS MONITORING AND CONTROL DURING PLASMA PROCESSING OF SEMICONDUCTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Philip W Morrison Jr , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $488,203.00
Abstract:
Successful plasma processing and the elucidation of the unknown plasmachemistry require simultaneous knowledge of many process variables within the plasma reactor. these variables include 1) gas temperature and composition, 2) substrate temperature, and 3) film thickness, composition, and index of… More

A RUGGED STABLE FOURIER TRANSFORM INFRARED INTERFEROMETER FOR PROCESS MONITORING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Peter R. Solomon
Award Amount: $499,462.00
Abstract:
Innovative concepts are needed in advanced on-line sensors for application in industrial control systems leading to decreased energy consumption, better environmental control, better quality control, and increased productivity in u.s. industry. during the last several years, fourier transform… More

Miniaturized FT-IR Sensor for Infrared Measurements

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Peter Solomon
Award Amount: $655,336.00
Abstract:
2Phase II will develop an advanced dynamically-balanced "isolation interferometer" whose mirror motion is decoupled from external vibrations. Such an interferometer can be employed to make an FT-IR instrument which is immune to vibration and is permanently aligned. Advanced Fuel… More

Detection of Environmental Deterioration in Fiber-Reinforced Composites by FT-Raman Spectroscopy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Stuart Farquharson
Award Amount: $51,342.00
Abstract:
A number of advanced fiber-reinforced organic matrix composites employed in a variety of Army systems are exposed to environmental weathering and/or in-service loading. This may induce chemical, physical, and mechanical changes in the composite material, and ultimately lead to component failure.… More

INTEGRATON OF HIGH-TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTOR THIN FILMS WITH GAAS MONOLITHIC MICROWAVE INTEGRATED CIRCUITS (MMIC)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Qi Li & David B Fenner
Award Amount: $49,996.00
Abstract:
The great limitation of microwave ic design is the resistance of normal metals. monolithic microwave integrated circuits (mmic), now dominated by gaas technology, can be revolutionized if the normal-metal components are replaced by htsc materials. the innovation for the project is to demonstrate the… More

A COMPLETE COMBUSTIO ANALYSIS USING A COMBINATION FOURIER TRANSFORM INFRARED AND RAMAN SPECTROMETER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Stuart Farquharson
Award Amount: $74,963.00
Abstract:
A continuous emission monitoring system based on a combinatio fourier transform infrared and raman spectrometer (ft-ir/ft-raman) is planned for analysis of flue gas and combustion efficiency to enhance the development of u.s. fossil resources for energy conversion. the unique instrument design… More

ON-CHIP FERROELECTRIC ENERGY STORAGE CAPACITORS FOR SILICON SOLAR CELLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Jing Luo
Award Amount: $74,573.00
Abstract:
When a solar cell array is designed to power an electric motor car or is used for a space mission, a favorable power-to-weight ratio is important for its energy storage unit. compared with batteries, the most frequently used energy storage technology, a thin film ferroelectric (fe) capacitor bank,… More

INTERACTIVE COMPUTER SIMULATIONS TO DEMONSTRATE THE BEHAVIOR OF GASES, LIQUIDS, AND SOLIDS ON AN ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR BASIS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr David F Hamblen
Award Amount: $74,998.00
Abstract:
Effective teaching and learning at all levels of education is enhanced by demonstration equipment that relates text book concepts to physical observations. not only does the teacher become more effective in his or her ability to explain a phenomenon, but the triggering of interest and enthusiasm by… More

FOURIER TRANSFORM INFARED DIAGNOSTICS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael A Serio
Award Amount: $49,450.00

IN-SITU OPTICAL DIAGNOSIS AND CONTROL OF PULSED LASER DEPOSITION OF HIGH TC SUPERCONDUCTOR THIN FILMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Dr Qi Li
Award Amount: $34,731.00

PRODUCTION OF CARBON MATERIALS FROM BIOMASS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Chad M Nelson
Award Amount: $74,929.00

AN IN-SITU PARTICLE SENSOR FOR METAL FORMING PROCESSES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Stuart Farquharson
Award Amount: $74,957.00

Detection of Thermal Damage in Space Vehicles Using A Fourier-Transform-Raman Spectrometer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Stuart Farquharson
Award Amount: $49,530.00

ON-CHIP INFRARED-SPECTRAL SENSORS BY SUPERCONDUCTING DETECTOR ARRAYS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr David B Fenner
Award Amount: $74,717.00

AN FT-IR BASED INSTRUMENT FOR THE EVALUATION OF SYNTHETIC LUBRICANTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael Serio
Award Amount: $69,112.00

AN INSTRUMENT FOR IN-SITU ANALYSIS OF CARBON IN FLY ASH

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Anthony S Bonanno
Award Amount: $74,977.00

Fourier-Transform Infrared Instrumentation for Analysis of Organic Contamination in Water Supplies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Chad M. Nelson
Award Amount: $49,005.00

AN IN-SITU PARTICLE SENSOR FOR METAL FORMING PROCESSES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Stuart Farquharson
Award Amount: $595,070.00
Abstract:
Numerous processes are being developed for the manufacturing of advance composites which incorporate ceramics, polymers, metals and/or metal alloys. the success of these manufacturing processes is critically dependent on the ability to both monitor and control the processing conditions. of… More

AN INSTRUMENT FOR IN-SITU ANALYSIS OF CARBON IN FLY ASH

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Anthony S Bonanno
Award Amount: $599,845.00
Abstract:
An instrument capable of making on-line, in-situ measurements of residual carbon content in flyash would be a valuable asset in the optimization of power plant efficiency and in achieving pollution control goals. current instruments available to measure residual carbon fly ash are based on… More

PRODUCTION OF CARBON MATERIALS FROM BIOMASS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Chad M Nelson
Award Amount: $599,988.00
Abstract:
Lignin is the most abundant renewable aromatic polymer. given the relatively low cost, high abundance, and renewable nature of this resource, it is not surprising that many attempts have been made to develop higher value products from lignin. carbon materials have a much higher added value than… More

IN-SITU OPTICAL DIAGNOSIS AND CONTROL OF PULSED LASER DEPOSITION OF HIGH TC SUPERCONDUCTOR THIN FILMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Dr Qi Li
Award Amount: $198,231.00
Abstract:
Although many potential technologies exist for depositing exotic thin film devices, controlling the material properties has been a major stubling block to achieving successful and reproducible device properties. in the case of pulsed laser deposition (pld) of high tc superconductor films, the… More

ON-CHIP INFRARED-SPECTRAL SENSORS BY SUPERCONDUCTING DETECTOR ARRAYS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr David B Fenner
Award Amount: $592,568.00
Abstract:
Conventional methods of infrared (ir) spectroscopy for analysis of chemical species are limited to off-line instruments. the applications of a new, smart-detector design for ir spectral resolution is planned. this innovation accomplishes spectral resolution of ir directly on the detector chip… More

FERROELECTRIC HETEROSTRUCTURES FOR HIGH-DENSITY DRAMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Qi Li, Phd
Award Amount: $59,806.00
Abstract:
The innovations of the proposed program are: 1) advancing thin-film deposition technology to achieve fully epitaxial growth of ferroelectric heterostructures on silicon substrates, by using the highly successful pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique; 2) replacing the Pt bottom electrode with the… More

Modeling of Doping Profile for FT-IR Based Control of Epi Silicon Layer Growth

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr. Shaohua Liu
Award Amount: $56,987.00
Abstract:
The objective of this project is to develop a model of the growth (thickness and doping profile) of epi-silicon layers. This model will be used in conjunction with on-line Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) reflectance measurements to control epi-silicon growth in a cluster tool. AFR has… More

In-situ Methods for Study of Fuel Thermal Stability

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Michael A.serio
Award Amount: $78,079.00
Abstract:
The development of advanced high speed aircraft using hydrocarbon fuels will require fuels which have very high thermal stability, including fuels which are stable above the critical temperature and pressure. The elucidation of the chemcial mechanisms for fuel degradation would greatly benefit from… More

Epitaxial Growth of High Quality SiC of Pulsed Laser Deposition

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr. David G. Hamblen
Award Amount: $59,796.00
Abstract:
SiC is an attractive material for high temperature, high frequency and high power electronic applications because of its wide band gap, high thermal conductivity, and high breakdown voltage. Two polytypes of SiC which have received the most attention are the 3C cubic structure and the 6H hexagonal… More

Orientation of High-Critcal-Temperature Superconductors by Optical Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Lahmer Lynds
Award Amount: $69,956.00
Abstract:
The inability to fabricate copper-based superconductors capable of transporting or circulating high current densities over large volumes has severely limited applications for wires and levitation. Difficulties in texturing these ceramic materials is due to the requirement for nearly perfect grain… More

ADAPTIVE CONTROL OF NITROGEN OXIDE REDUCTION PROCESSES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Anthony Bannano
Award Amount: $74,945.00
Abstract:
Recent legislation in the u.s. and abroad, driven primarily by environmental concerns, has led to the development of technology to reduce the levels of nitrogen oxide (nox) emitted from combustion facilities. application of this technology to coal-fired power generation facilities has been… More

IMPROVED HOT STREAM CLEANUP USING AN IN-SITU MULTI-GAS MONITOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Peter R Solomon
Award Amount: $74,983.00
Abstract:
Removal of contaminants from hot gas streams fed to downstream equipment if essential to successful development of advanced coal utilization and conversion processes. the operation and optimization of such removal process often requires diagnostic instrumentation to measure concentrations and… More

ZRO2 COATINGS BY PULSED LASER DEPOSITION FOR KNEE PROSTHESES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: X Stella Zhang
Award Amount: $64,792.00
Abstract:
Approximately 200,000 total knee replacements and 200,000 total hip replacements are performed yearly in the united states. the prostheses must be as reliable as possible. ceramics are well known and valuable clinical materials, but find limited use due to their brittleness. it was found that… More

IN-SITU INTERFACIAL TEMPERATURE DETERMINATION DURING MICROMACHING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: James R Markham
Award Amount: $64,883.00
Abstract:
Researchers have pioneered a technique to determine temperatures along a line-of-sight into transparent materials. it involves measuring infrared radiance spectra for materials with well-characterized, temperature-dependent optical constants. the project demonstrates that fourier transform… More

Rapid Thermal Annealing Process with Real-Time Monitoring for SiO2 Layer Formation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Peter Solomon
Award Amount: $99,886.00

X-RAY ASORPTION SPECTROSCOPY FOR TRACE ANALYSIS OF CHEMICAL PHASE AND COMPOSITION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr David B Fenner
Award Amount: $74,674.00

HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTING JOSEPHSON JUNCTIONS ON SILICON SUBSTRATES FOR RF COMMUNICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Peter Rosenthal, Ph.D.
Award Amount: $59,827.00

MULTI-GAS FT-IR ANALYSIS FOR AIR TOXICS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $54,778.00

A NOVEL METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS SO2/N2O CONTROL IN COAL COMBUSTION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $54,916.00

EXITAXIAL FERROELECTRIC/COMDUCTIVE OXIDE THIN-FILM HETEROSTRUCTURES ON SILICON FOR MICROELECTRONICS APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Qi Li
Award Amount: $64,992.00

ADVANCED INFRARED SYSTEMS FOR DETECTION OF BUILDING FIRES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Michael A Serio
Award Amount: $49,937.00

FOURIER TRANSFORM INFARED DIAGNOSTICS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael A Serio
Award Amount: $299,341.00
Abstract:
The primary contaminants from combustion processes are particulates, unburned hydrocarbons, chlorinated compounds, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, and ammonia. an important aspect of pollution control strategies is the ability to have on-line monitoring of the cleanup device. this ensures… More

X-RAY ASORPTION SPECTROSCOPY FOR TRACE ANALYSIS OF CHEMICAL PHASE AND COMPOSITION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr David B Fenner
Award Amount: $749,809.00
Abstract:
X-ray absorption spectroscopy (xas) based at synchrotron facilities is an established research tool in a variety of fields including biochemistry, catalysis, and materials science. for trace analysis, xas offers important phase information as well as elemental composition. commercialization will… More

Epitaxial Thin-Film Pyroelectric Infrared Arrays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Dr.david B. Fenner
Award Amount: $58,911.00
Abstract:
This Phase I project will develop certain innovations in silicon wafer micromachining, and pulsed-laser deposition, to fabricate arrays of pyroelectric detectors from epitaxial metal-oxide thin films. These pyroelectric materials will be ferroelectric metal-oxides and hence have very large electric… More

INSTRUMENT FOR MONITORING FINE, RESPIRABLE PARTICULATE MATTER IN FLUE GASES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Mr. James R. Markham
Award Amount: $64,836.00
Abstract:
The flue gases of combustion-type power plants contain small, respirable ash andfume particles which originate from the inorganic species in the fuel. Coalburning power plants, for example, have a notorious reputation for spewing outflue gas particles originating from the mineral mater in the coal.… More

ADVANCED INFRARED SYSTEMS FOR DETECTION OF BUILDING FIRES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Michael A Serio
Award Amount: $199,876.00
Abstract:
Fires kill nearly 10,000 people each year in the u.s. and cause nearly 300,000 injuries and over 6 billion dollars in property damage. the per capita loss of life due to fires in the u.s. is higher than for any other industrial country. consequently, there is a great need for additional research on… More

Rapid Thermal Annealing Process with Real-Time Monitoring for SiO2 Layer Formation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Peter Solomon
Award Amount: $735,353.00
Abstract:
Future manufacturing of integrated circuits (IC's), will require analytical instrumentation that can provide on-line process monitoring linked to real time process control. Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy can be effectively utilized to meet this need. As an example, Advanced Fuel… More

In-Line Process Monitoring and Control for Poly-Silicon Formation Inside Cluster Tools

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Peter Rosenthal
Award Amount: $64,970.00

Preprocessing of Diesel Fuels for Use in Fuel Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Marek Wojtowicz
Award Amount: $64,935.00

Fiber Optic Sensors For Long Wavelength Pyrometry And Thermometry

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Anthony S. Bonanno , Sr. Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,903.00

Microwave-Assisted Control of NOx, NH3, and Nitrous Oxide Emissions

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Marek Wojtowicz
Award Amount: $64,905.00

High Resolution Imaging Spectrometer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Anthony S. Bonanno , Sr. Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,968.00

On-Line Control of Particulate and Volatile Air Toxic Emmissions from Thermal Treatment Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Chad Nelson
Award Amount: $64,905.00

Blackbody Reference For Infrared Imaging Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: James R. Markham , Manager, New Technology Resear
Award Amount: $64,942.00

HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTING JOSEPHSON JUNCTIONS ON SILICON SUBSTRATES FOR RF COMMUNICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Peter Rosenthal, Ph.D.
Award Amount: $368,226.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop manufacturable high-temperature superconducting (HTS) Josephson junctions on silicon substrates. This technology will make available a wide range of silicon fabrication methods, allowing superconducting and semiconducting circuit elements on the same chip. The ultimate goal is… More

EXITAXIAL FERROELECTRIC/COMDUCTIVE OXIDE THIN-FILM HETEROSTRUCTURES ON SILICON FOR MICROELECTRONICS APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Qi Li
Award Amount: $299,171.00
Abstract:
Important technologic obstacles must be removed before semiconductor devices monolithically integrated with oxide ferroelectrics can become a practical reality. the innovations of the program are; (1) advancing thin-film deposition technology to achieve fully epitaxial growth of ferroelectric films… More

A Comprehensive Model of Biomass Pyrolysis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Michael A. Serio , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Over the next decade there will be a renewed emphasis on the production of chemicals and liquid fuels from biomass, the use of agricultural wastes as feedstocks, and the development of crops and farming techniques optimized for fuel production. In view of the tremendous diversity of biomass… More

An Intelligent Sensor Subsystem for Combustion Control in Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Pang-jen Kung
Award Amount: $69,513.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will fabricate an array of gas-sensing elements from pulsed-laser deposited (PLD) metal oxide thin films on silicon wafers, which will be integrated with fiberoptics and a digital signal processor (DSP) for device operation, readout, and signal… More

GAS STORAGE USING MICROPOROUS CARBON ADSORBENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Marek A. Wojtowicz , Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,906.00

Sensors for Performance Monitoring of Advanced Gas Turbines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Mr. James R. Markham , Manager, New Technology
Award Amount: $74,927.00

On-Line Control of Particulate and Volatile Air Toxic Emmissions from Thermal Treatment Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Chad Nelson
Award Amount: $249,734.00

Advanced FT-IR Gas Analysis Instrument for Improved Process Monitoring and on-site Characterization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James R. Markham
Award Amount: $79,853.00

SBIR PHASE I: Simultaneous Mercury, SO2, and NOx Control in Coal Combustion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Marek Wojtowicz
Award Amount: $74,960.00

AN FT-IR BASED INSTRUMENT FOR THE EVALUATION OF SYNTHETIC LUBRICANTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael Serio
Award Amount: $734,452.00
Abstract:
A typical Air Force base will produce several thousand gallons per year of used turbine engine lubricants. These lubricants can be collected on site and sold at relatively low cost for other uses (e.g., plasticizer). The potential for contamination of the collected lubricants, particularly with… More

Advanced FT-IR Gas Analysis Instrument for Improved Process Monitoring and on-site Characterization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James R. Markham
Award Amount: $734,452.00
Abstract:
The Air Force has requirements for site cleanup and environmental compliance related to contaminated groundwater. Remedial operations of water contaminated with volatile organic compounds (VOCs) presently utilize technologies such as air stripping, activated carbon treatment, reverse… More

Thermal Stability Enhancement of JP-5

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Michael A. Serio
Award Amount: $69,999.00
Abstract:
Additive technology has been developed which will extend the operating temperature of common aviation fuels like JP-5. However, the currently available additive packages cannot extend the operating temperature high enough to meet the anticipated requirements of future gas turbine engine… More

Portable Reflectometer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mr. James R. Markham
Award Amount: $98,089.00
Abstract:
The AF requires a portable instrument to measure thermal reflectance signatures from target surfaces. In the field, measurements include 1) total integrated scatter; 2) retro-reflected scatter; 3) angular scatter from normal incidense to 75 degrees off-normal; and 4) parallel and perpendicular… More

Improved Silicon on Insulator (SOI) Manufacturing Technology for Low Power, High Speed, Radiation Hard Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Peter Solomon
Award Amount: $59,503.00
Abstract:
SOI technology offers the potential for creating radiation hard integrated circuits which can operate at low power and high speed. These advances are important for DoD and space applications and for battery operated devices. SOI is excellent for rad-hard applications because dielectric isolation of… More

Infrared Spectrometer on a Chip

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David Hamblen
Award Amount: $99,841.00
Abstract:
Infrared spectroscopy has ong been recognized as an excellent tool for sending and monitoring chemical species and thermal signatures. There is a need for low-cost devices which can be used in these applications. Advanced Fuel Research Inc (AFR) is presently developing a micro-machined graded… More

Sensors for Performance Monitoring of Advanced Gas Turbines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Mr. James R. Markham , Manager, New Technology
Award Amount: $749,956.00
Abstract:
40246 November 6, 1996 Advanced Fuel Research, Inc. Advanced thermal coating materials are being developed for use in the combustor section of high performance turbine engines. To optimize their use, accurate surface temperature measurements are… More

On-Site Multiple Pollutant Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr. James R. Markham
Award Amount: $69,760.00
Abstract:
Major improvements in process control, compliance monitoring, and environmental decisionmaking could be made if more accurate, less costly, more rugged techniques were available for continuous monitoring of multiple gas phase pollutants. As part of the solution, Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR)… More

Preprocessing of Diesel Fuels for Use in Fuel Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Marek Wojtowicz
Award Amount: $293,621.00

In-Line Process Monitoring and Control for Poly-Silicon Formation Inside Cluster Tools

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Peter Rosenthal
Award Amount: $299,944.00

GAS STORAGE USING MICROPOROUS CARBON ADSORBENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Marek A. Wojtowicz , Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $599,955.00

RAPID DRUG ASSAY BY SURFACE ENHANCED RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Farquharson, stuart
Award Amount: $92,933.00

SBIR Phase I: High-Speed, In-Line Gas Monitoring for Control of Gas Mixing in Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Chad Nelson
Award Amount: $74,889.00

SBIR Phase I: Adaptive Control of Chemical Processes Based on Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: James Markham
Award Amount: $99,806.00

The Manaufacture of Carbon Black Oils Derived from Scrap Tires

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Solid State Polarimeter

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Harri Latvakoski
Award Amount: $99,450.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $224,966.00

Whole Wafer Thermal Imaging for Real-Time Process Monitoring and Control

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Harri Latvakoski
Award Amount: $99,816.00

Macroscopic and Molecular Interactive Simulations for Physical Science Education

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael Serio
Award Amount: $99,698.00

Gas Turbine Engine Performance Monitor for Reduce Emissions

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $69,721.00
Abstract:
Not Available The intent of this research is to develop an advanced nozzle for mixing and reacting iodine (I (sub 2) or I) and singlet-delta oxygen [O (sub 2) ((sup 1) increment)] flows in COIL devices. The ultimate goal is to develop a more efficient COIL. Specific avenues for the proposed… More

Pyrolysis Processing for Solid Waste Resource Recovery in Space

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Yonggang Chen, Senior Research Engineer
Award Amount: $69,945.00

Study of Agent Effectiveness in Suppression of Aircraft Post-Crash Cabin Fires Using Advanced FT-IR Diagnostics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Yonggang Chen, Senior Research Engineer
Award Amount: $69,998.00

New Optical Coupling of Infrared Analyzers to Industrial Processes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $99,966.00
Abstract:
Not Available Intelligent Automation, Inc. proposes to develop the Team Readiness Assessment Program (TRAP). TRAP will be an assessment tool to measure the effectiveness of training battle groups in the performance of mission essential tasks as individuals or as a team. TRAP will use Latent… More

Improved Carbon Molecular Sieve Membranes for Oxygen-Nitrogen Separation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $99,993.00
Abstract:
Not Available Modus Operandi, Inc. (MO) enthusiastically proposes an innovative strategy for managing and optimizing the allocation of scarce flight training resources that enhances management's decision making and planning capabilities through the innovative use of modeling and decision analysis… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Mr. James R. Markham
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Mr. James R. Markham
Award Amount: $294,667.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James R. Markham, Chief Executive Officer
Award Amount: $99,937.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: David Marran, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $74,906.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Stuart Farquharson
Award Amount: $69,771.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Michael A. Serio, President
Award Amount: $99,689.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Harri Latvakoski
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Yonggang Chen, Senior Research Engineer
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Stuart Farquharson
Award Amount: $99,550.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Yonggang Chen, Senior Research Engineer
Award Amount: $599,758.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Harri Latvakoski
Award Amount: $399,991.00
Abstract:
Not Available This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop a real-time, whole wafer sensor for process monitoring and fault detection in advanced semiconductor and thin film fabrication processes. The production of future semiconductor and optoelectronic devices will… More

Nanostructured Externally Cure-Initiated Thermally and Electrically Conductive Adhesives

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Marek A. Wojtowicz, Manager, Hydrocarbons Group
Award Amount: $99,925.00
Abstract:
65805 High rate energy storage devices, such as ultracapacitors, are a critical enabling technology for hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). The best electrode materials for use in electric double-layer capacitors (EDLC) possess three characteristics: (1) high surface area; (2) high electrical… More

Smart Condition Monitor for High Temperature Turbine Blades

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: James R. Markham, Chief Executive Officer
Award Amount: $99,877.00
Abstract:
65030 Advanced gas turbine engines for energy generation suffer turbine blade failure due to overheating, resulting in loss of energy generation and high repair costs. New in-service diagnostics are required to provide lifetime predictions and warnings for the impending catastrophic failure of… More

Combinatorial Synthesis and Screening of Sensing Nanomaterial for Warfare Agents

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Stuart Farquharson, Vice President
Award Amount: $119,977.00
Abstract:
The overall goal of the proposed program is to provide military personnel with a hand-held analyzer capable of detecting chemical and biological agents, as well as toxic industrial chemicals. This will be accomplished through the use of a newnanocomposite material (metal-doped sol-gel) that… More

SBIR Phase I: Nanomaterial for Microchip Chemical Sensors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Stuart Farquharson
Award Amount: $99,993.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop a novel microchip chemical analyzer that incorporates a new nanomaterial that performs both separation and detection of small quantities of chemicals and biochemicals. This will be accomplished by developing the required… More

Fuel State and Additive Analyzer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stuart Farquharson, VP/Dir Raman Products
Award Amount: $99,993.00
Abstract:
Fuels in high altitude and latitude aircraft (e.g., the U-2) must have freezing point temperatures well below -60 ¿C, and must maintain flow to similar temperatures (e.g., viscosity of ~ 6 cSt). JPTS, a high purity kerosene based fuel has the requiredproperties, but costs ~ 3 times more than… More

Crested Tunnel Barriers for Fast, High Density, Nonvolatile Memory Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: STATE UNIV. OF NEW YORK STONY BROOK
Principal Investigator: David G. Hamblen, Vice-President
Award Amount: $99,494.00
RI Contact: Ivar Strand
Abstract:
Crested multi-layer tunnel barriers have been proposed, which offer a revolutionary solution to overcome density to speed trade-offs characteristic of present data storage technologies. Practical implementation of the proposed technology will involve useof thin film materials which are readily… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: James R. Markham, Chief Executive Officer
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
This subtopic solicited Phase I R&D for an advanced Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) system that would provide fast-scanning high resolution (3 scans/sec at 1cm-1 resolution), low noise, mid-infrared measurements for characterization of spray flames. In Phase I, Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.… More

Control Sensor for Turbine Engine Augmentor Rumble and Screech

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James Markham, Chief Executive Officer
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
During aircraft turbine engine operation, augmentor (afterburner) operation is often associated with combustion instabilities (oscillations) that can be potentially detrimental to the turbine engine if the resonant amplitude levels are excessive.Oscillation in the frequency range of 50-100 Hz is… More

Control Sensor for Turbine Engine Augmentor Rumble and Screech

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James Markham, Chief Executive Officer
Award Amount: $449,949.00
Abstract:
During aircraft turbine engine operation, augmentor (afterburner) operation is often associated with combustion instabilities (oscillations) that can be potentially detrimental to the turbine engine if the resonant amplitude levels are excessive.Oscillation in the frequency range of 50-100 Hz is… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: James R. Markham, Chief Executive Officer
Award Amount: $289,568.00
Abstract:
This subtopic solicited Phase I R&D for an advanced Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) system that would provide fast-scanning high resolution (3 scans/sec at 1cm-1 resolution), low noise, mid-infrared measurements for characterization of spray flames. In Phase I, Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Scott Echerer
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Scott Echerer
Award Amount: $499,997.00

Combinatorial Synthesis and Screening of Sensing Nanomaterial for Warfare Agents

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Stuart Farquharson, President
Award Amount: $729,995.00
Abstract:
"The overall goal of the proposed program is to provide military personnel with a hand-held analyzer capable of detecting chemical and biological agents, as well as toxic industrial chemicals. This will be accomplished through the use of a newnanocomposite material (metal-doped sol-gel) that… More

High-Performance Carbon Materials for Ultracapacitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Marek A. Wojtowicz
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
65805 High rate energy storage devices, such as ultracapacitors, are a critical enabling technology for hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). The best electrode materials for use in electric double-layer capacitors (EDLC) possess three characteristics: (1) high surface area; (2) high electrical… More

High-Performance Carbon Materials for Ultracapacitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Marek A. Wojtowicz
Award Amount: $749,775.00
Abstract:
65805 High rate energy storage devices, such as ultracapacitors, are a critical enabling technology for hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). The best electrode materials for use in electric double-layer capacitors (EDLC) possess three characteristics: (1) high surface area; (2) high electrical… More

Low-Cost Mercury Sorbents Derived From Waste Tires

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Marek A. W?jtowicz
Award Amount: $69,999.00
Abstract:
This project addresses two environmental problems: (1) removal and recovery of mercury from combustion/incineration flue gas with concurrent control of SO2 and NOx; and (2) reprocessing of waste tires into value-added products. Coal combustion and incineration of municipal and hazardous wastes… More

Utilization of Space Waste to Manufacture Sorbents for Trace-Contaminant Removal

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Marek A. Wojtowicz, Manager, Hydrocarbons Group
Award Amount: $69,994.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project addresses the feasibility of producing regenerable sorbents for trace-contaminant control (mainly for on-board waste incineration systems) using a by-product (char) of an on-board waste pyrolysis process. The overall objective is to develop a… More

Low-Cost Mercury Sorbents Derived From Waste Tires

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Marek Wojtowicz
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
In this research project, Advanced Fuel Research, Inc., addresses two important environmental problems: (1) removal and recovery of mercury from combustion/incineration flue gas, and (2) reprocessing of waste tires into value-added products. Coal combustion and incineration of municipal and… More

New Technique to Identify the Onset of Combustion Instability

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: James R. Markham, Chief Executive Officer
Award Amount: $69,886.00
Abstract:
Combustion instability in air breathing propulsion engines can lead to catastrophic consequences. Unfortunately, as engines are operated at conditions to minimize pollutant emissions, the risk of crossing the boundary to unstable combustion increases. This Phase I project twill demonstrate the… More

Low-Cost Mercury Sorbents Derived From Waste Tires

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Marek Wojtowicz
Award Amount: $224,678.00
Abstract:
In this research project, Advanced Fuel Research, Inc., addresses two important environmental problems: (1) removal and recovery of mercury from combustion/incineration flue gas, and (2) reprocessing of waste tires into value-added products. Coal combustion and incineration of municipal and… More

Emissions Reduction by Catalytic Reformulation of Jet Fuel

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: James R. Markham, Chief Executive Officer
Award Amount: $99,993.00
Abstract:
"Many of the naval bases proposed to accept deployment of the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) are in non-attainment of the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for the emissions of ozone precursors: oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and reactive volatile organiccompounds (VOCs). The emissions of… More

Low-Cost Mercury Sorbents Derived From Waste Tires

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Marek A. Wojtowicz
Award Amount: $69,999.00
Abstract:
In this research project, Advanced Fuel Research, Inc., addresses two important environmental problems: (1) removal and recovery of mercury from combustion/incineration flue gas, and (2) reprocessing of waste tires into value-added products. Coal combustion and incineration of municipal and… More

Crested Tunnel Barriers for Fast, High Density, Nonvolatile Memory Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: STATE UNIV. OF NY STONY BROOK
Principal Investigator: David G. Hamblen, Vice-President
Award Amount: $500,000.00
RI Contact: Lydia Chabza
Abstract:
Crested multi-layer tunnel barriers have been proposed, which offer a revolutionary solution to overcome density to speed trade-offs characteristic of present data storage technologies. Practical implementation of the proposed technology will involve useof thin film materials that are readily… More

Real-Time Optical Smoke Meters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James R. Markham, Chief Executive Officer
Award Amount: $99,879.00
Abstract:
The SAE smoke number has been an important measurement for prevention of black, sooty plumes in military and commercial aviation. The current method, however, requires the use of a complex extraction system to bring engine exhaust through a filter paper,and then requires a person to remove the soot… More

A Hybrid Pyrolysis/Incineration System for Solid Waste Resource Recovery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Michael Serio, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,920.00
Abstract:
Both pyrolysis and incineration steps have been considered as the key solid waste processing step for a Controlled Ecological Life Support System (CELSS). Pyrolysis is more amenable to handling mixed solid waste streams in a microgravity environment, but produces a more complex product stream.… More

Carbon-Supported Amine Sorbent Monoliths for Carbon Dioxide Removal

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Marek Wojtowicz, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,998.00
Abstract:
The NASA objective of expanding the human experience into the far reaches of space will require the development of regenerable life support systems. On-board carbon dioxide (CO2) removal units play a key role in such systems ensuring high quality cabin air for crew members. Similar but more compact… More

Low-Cost Mercury Sorbents Derived From Waste Tires

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Marek A. Wojtowicz
Award Amount: $224,678.00
Abstract:
In this research project, Advanced Fuel Research, Inc., addresses two important environmental problems: (1) removal and recovery of mercury from combustion/incineration flue gas, and (2) reprocessing of waste tires into value-added products. Coal combustion and incineration of municipal and… More

Microporous Carbon for Radiation Shielding and Hydrogen Storage

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Eric Rubenstein, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,991.00
Abstract:
Advanced Fuel Research, Inc. (AFR) has developed a technology to provide radiation shielding, while simultaneously increasing the capacity of hydrogen storage tanks. This technology uses carbon foam filler with a complex pore structure (?microporosity?). The tank with the filler has,… More

Real-Time Optical Smoke Meters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James R. Markham
Award Amount: $549,856.00
Abstract:
The SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) 1179C is the regulatory method for determining the exhaust Smoke Number from jet engines. This methodology is slow and cumbersome and requires handling and analyzing paper filters which have been exposed to the jet engine exhaust effluent which has been… More

Carbon-Supported Amine Sorbent Monoliths for Carbon Dioxide Removal

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Marek Wojtowicz, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $589,921.00
Abstract:
The NASA objective of expanding the human experience into the far reaches of space will require the development of regenerable life support systems. On-board carbon dioxide (CO2) removal units play a key role in such systems ensuring high quality cabin air for crew members. Similar but more compact… More

A Hybrid Pyrolysis/Incineration System for Solid Waste Resource Recovery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Michael A. Serio, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,944.00
Abstract:
The objective of the Phase I SBIR program was to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating pyrolysis and incineration steps into a system for processing of spacecraft solid wastes. The Phase I study involved a combination of bench scale experiments and data analysis. This work was accomplished in… More

Innovative TBC Blade Imaging System for Surface Temperature Mapping

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James R. Markham, Chief Executive Officer
Award Amount: $99,863.00
Abstract:
Sensors are vital during advanced turbine engine development testing. Sensor data expedite engine development programs and bring new advanced propulsion and ground-power engines to market sooner. Ceramic thermal barrier coating (TBC) on first-stage turbine blades is now a vital component of advanced… More

Processing of Poultry Manure for Fuel Gas Production

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Michael A. Serio
Award Amount: $79,849.00
Abstract:
Agricultural activities produce large quantities of animal wastes in the form of manures. Currently, the accumulation of manures from animal husbandry operations is a serious threat to water supplies. The technology for conversion of poultry manure into fuel gases by using heat can be integrated… More

Carbon Dioxide Recovery from Combustion Flue Gas Using Carbon-Supported Amine Sorbents

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Marek A. Wojtowicz, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,969.00
Abstract:
75640-This project addresses the environmental problem of the removal and recovery of carbon dioxide (CO2) from combustion/incineration flue gas in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Specifically, carbon-dioxide will be removed from flue gas by using sorbents based on amines that are… More

Panoramic Stereoscopic Video System for Remote-Controlled Robotic Space Operations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: James J. Scire, Jr., Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,982.00
Abstract:
This Phase I project will demonstrate the feasibility of providing panoramic stereoscopic images for remote-controlled robotic space operations using three fixed-position cameras. Remote-controlled robot operations are an important element in orbital and planetary space missions. Advanced display… More

Innovative TBC Blade Imaging System for Surface Temperature Mapping

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James R. Markham, Chief Executive Officer
Award Amount: $749,947.00
Abstract:
Sensors are vital during advanced turbine engine development testing. Essential data expedite engine development programs and accordingly bring new advanced propulsion and ground-power engines to market sooner. Ceramic thermal barrier coating (TBC) on first-stage turbine blades is now a vital… More

Processing of Poultry Manure for Fuel Gas Production

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Michael A. Serio, Chief Executive Officer
Award Amount: $296,000.00
Abstract:
Agricultural activities produce large quantities of animal wastes in the form of manures. Currently, the accumulation of manures from animal husbandry operations is a serious threat to water supplies and challenges the capacity of existing landfills. However, this potential problem also represents… More

Panoramic Stereoscopic Video System for Remote-Controlled Robotic Space Operations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: James Scire, Jr., Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,887.00
Abstract:
In this project, the development of a novel panoramic, stereoscopic video system was proposed. The proposed system, which contains no moving parts, uses three-fixed position cameras equipped with NASA's Panoramic Refracting Optic (PRO) to generate stereoscopic images over a hemispherical work area.… More

Radiation Shielding and Hydrogen Storage with Multifunctional Carbon

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Eric Rubenstein, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
This project addresses two vital problems for long-term space travel activities: radiation shielding and hydrogen storage for power and propulsion. While both problems have been studied for many years, there is currently no satisfactory technology for providing adequate non-parasitic shielding. … More

Distributed System for Field Detection of Stray Energy from Laser Weapons

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James J. Scire, Jr., Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $99,983.00
Abstract:
A number of high-energy laser weapons currently under development by and for the U.S. military will provide our armed forces with capabilities that are unmatched by conventional armaments. Laser weapons allow targets to be destroyed from remote locations without the delays associated with the… More

Propulsion System Performance and Health Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James R. Markham, Chief Executive Officer
Award Amount: $99,948.00
Abstract:
The innovation proposed is a flight-worthy optical sensor that will monitor propulsion system performance and health characteristics, including identifying the onset of combustion instability, in air-breathing engines such as turbojets and ramjets. It is an innovation for three reasons: 1) the… More

STTR Phase I: Development of an Artifical Star Stimulation and Modeling Tool for Astronomy with Science and Teaching Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Research Institution: Yale University
Principal Investigator: Eric P. Rubenstein, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,998.00
RI Contact: Charles Bailyn
Abstract:
This Small Business Technology Transfer Phase I research project's objectives are to build and validate an artificial star simulation application for the study of astronomical objects, and to assess its commercial potential for the professional and serious amateur astronomer communities. The… More

Modeling, Testing and Deploying a Multifunctional Radiation Shielding / Hydrogen Storage Unit

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Eric Rubenstein, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,988.00
Abstract:
This project addresses two vital problems for long-term space travel activities: radiation shielding and hydrogen storage for power and propulsion. While both problems have been studied for many years, there is currently no satisfactory technology for providing adequate non-parasitic shielding. … More

Characterizing and Manufacturing Multifunctional Radiation Shielding Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Eric Rubenstein, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,998.00
Abstract:
This project addresses two vital problems for long-term space travelactivities: radiation shielding and hydrogen storage for power and propulsion. While both problems have been studied for many years, there is currently no satisfactory technology for providing adequate non-parasitic shielding. … More

Technology enhanced science education.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: ED
Principal Investigator: Peter Solomon
Award Amount: $99,723.00
Abstract:
There is a troubling decline in the number of US citizens training to become scientists and engineers. There are insufficient numbers of qualified science teachers in the middle schools, where interest in science must be kindled. Technology enhanced learning environments (TELEs), which could improve… More

Methodology for Identification on High Value Biomass Feedstocks

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Michael A. Serio, President
Award Amount: $79,979.00
Abstract:
Up until the early twentieth century, several commodity chemicals were produced by the pyrolysis of hardwoods (e.g., methanol, acetic acid, acetone) or the extraction of softwoods (turpentine, terpenes, rosins, pitches, and tars). The expected long term increase in petroleum and natural gas prices… More

Technology enhanced science education

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: ED
Principal Investigator: Peter Solomon
Award Amount: $99,723.00
Abstract:
There is a troubling decline in the number of US citizens training to become scientists and engineers. There are insufficient numbers of qualified science teachers in the middle schools, where interest in science must be kindled. Technology enhanced learning environments (TELEs), which could improve… More

DYNAMIC-STRAIN MEASUREMENT SYSTEM FOR AIRCRAFT-ENGINE TEST CELLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James J. Scire, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $99,973.00
Abstract:
Modern turbine engines undergo extensive ground testing in test cells during development. These engines are instrumented with numerous strain gages for high-frequency dynamic strain measurements. Currently, analog signals from these gages are routed out of the test cell to remote data acquisition… More

A Modular, Skid-Mounted Biomass Pyrolysis Unit

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Marek A. Wojtowicz, Dr
Award Amount: $99,996.00
Abstract:
Political, economic, and environmental considerations require that the national dependence on petroleum-based transportation fuels, especially imported oil, be reduced by accelerating the development of domestic renewable alternatives. The United States has the potential to generate, sustainably,… More

Technology enhanced science education

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: ED
Principal Investigator: Peter Solomon
Award Amount: $749,952.00
Abstract:
There is a troubling decline in the number of US citizens training to become scientists and engineers. There are insufficient numbers of qualified science teachers in the middle schools, where interest in science must be kindled. Technology enhanced learning environments (TELEs), which could improve… More

Graded Interference Filter Spectrometer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Joseph Cosgrove, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $69,976.00
Abstract:
The release of volatile organic compounds from industrial processes can have negative impacts on the environment while also posing significant health and safety concerns. In the environment, many of these chemical are considered precursors to ground-level ozone, which is the primary component of… More

Distributed System for Field Detection of Stray Energy from Laser Weapons

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James J. Scire, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $589,322.00
Abstract:
The Air Force is in need of a system to measure stray laser energy during the open-air test-range firing of high-energy laser weapons such as the Airborne Laser. In Phase I, a laboratory-scale system composed of four hemispherical-imaging laser-scattering detectors was constructed to monitor light… More

Radiological Source Surveillance With V-RADS Video-Centric Radiatiion Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Eric P. Rubenstein, Senior Physicist
Award Amount: $149,627.00
Abstract:
Radiological sources are in everyday use in numerous industries. Illicit removal of this material from storage could result in construction of a Radiological Dispersal Device or Dirty Bomb. A pervasive means of securing radiological materials and identifying breaches in security is required.… More

SBIR Phase I: A Staged Pyrolysis and Combustion Process for Solid Waste Recycling in Fast Food Restaurants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael A. Serio, PhD
Award Amount: $99,933.00
Abstract:
The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will employ a staged pyrolysis and combustion process as a method to ""recycle"" mixed solid waste materials (paper and plastic packaging, and food scrap) from restaurants. The hydrogen-rich fuel gases generated from these solid waste… More

SBIR: Improved High-Performance Ultracapacitor Electrodes for Hybrid Vehicles and Other Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Marek A. Wojtowicz, PhD
Award Amount: $99,997.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project addresses the development of improved high-performance, low-cost carbon electrodes for ultracapacitors. The proposed innovation is the use of proprietary carbon-preparation techniques to produce high-performance, low-cost carbon… More

High-Speed Thermal Imaging of In-Service TBC Blades

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James R. Markham, Chief Executive Officer
Award Amount: $99,990.00
Abstract:
Ceramic thermal barrier coating (TBC) on first-stage turbine blades is a vital component of advanced engines under development for future military aircraft, protecting the metal alloy blades from the extreme combustion temperature in these high-performance engines. TBC must be proven as a reliable… More

STTR PHASE I: In-situ Diagnostics and Process Control Based on Optical Emission Spectroscopy and Neural Networks for Manufacturing Thin Film Silicon Photovoltaic Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Research Institution: University of Delaware
Principal Investigator: Joseph Cosgrove, BS
Award Amount: $149,999.00
RI Contact: Stuart Bowden
Abstract:
The Small Business Technology Transfer Research (STTR) Phase I project will address the need for an advanced process control system for improved manufacturing of photovoltaic cells. Thin film silicon photovoltaic modules offer a potentially lower cost alternative to crystalline silicon modules… More

Radiological Source Surveillance With V-RADS Video-Centric Radiatiion Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Eric P. Rubenstein
Award Amount: $314,748.34
Abstract:
Radiological sources are in everyday use in numerous industries. Illicit removal of this material from storage could result in construction of a Radiological Dispersal Device or "Dirty Bomb." A pervasive means of securing radiological materials and identifying breaches in security is required.… More

A Compact, Efficient Pyrolysis/Oxidation System for Solid Waste Resource Recovery in Space

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Michael Serio, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,782.00
Abstract:
Both pyrolysis and oxidation steps have been considered as the key solid waste processing step for a Controlled Ecological Life Support System (CELSS). Pyrolysis is more amenable to handling mixed solid waste streams in a microgravity environment, but produces a more complex product stream.… More

High-Speed Thermal Imaging of In-Service TBC Blades

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James R. Markham, Chief Executive Officer
Award Amount: $749,999.00
Abstract:
Under sponsorship of the Air Force SBIR program, the small business Advanced Fuel Research, Inc. (AFR) is developing an innovative sensor system to map the surface temperature of thermal barrier coated (TBC) turbine blades during operational testing of advanced military jet engines. Temperature… More

Turbine Inlet Gas Temperature Measurement System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James J. Scire, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $99,994.00
Abstract:
Gas turbine engine development requires sensors to measure gas path properties in engines during ground testing. The data collected with these sensors are critical to the development of advanced engines with high performance, high efficiency, and low emissions. While instrumentation is available to… More

A Compact, Efficient Pyrolysis/Oxidation System for Solid Waste Resource Recovery in Space

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Michael Serio, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,858.00
Abstract:
Pyrolysis processing can be used in near term missions for volume reduction, water recovery (drying), stabilization, and enhanced water and oxygen recovery through thermochemical reactions. For longer term missions, the added benefits include production of fuel, multi-purpose carbon, and reactants… More

Turbine Inlet Gas Temperature Measurement System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: James J. Scire, Senior Engineer – (860) 528-9806
Award Amount: $749,995.00
Abstract:
The Air Force is seeking new technology that will provide the means to accurately measure and monitor turbine inlet gas temperature in gas turbine engines, particularly in advanced engines operating at very high temperatures (>3,100 degree F). In Phase I of this program, Advanced Fuel Research,… More

Laser Stethoscope for Use in Noisy Spacecraft Environments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: James J. Scire, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,987.00
Abstract:
Auscultation, or listening to internal sounds made by the body of a patient, is an important tool in medical diagnostics. Heart, lung, intestine, and circulatory function can be assessed through careful listening. There are numerous situations, however, where the faint sounds collected using an… More

Regenerable Trace-Contaminant Sorbent for the Primary Life Support System (PLSS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Marek A. Wojtowicz, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,997.00
Abstract:
The NASA objective of expanding the human experience into the far reaches of space requires the development of regenerable life support systems. This proposal addresses the development of a regenerable air-revitalization system for trace-contaminant (TC) removal for the space suit used in… More

High-Speed Thermal Imaging of In-Service TBC Blades

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: James R. Markham, Chief Executive Officer – (860) 528-9806
Award Amount: $784,997.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The Leadership Agreement signatures on this Commercialization Readiness Program (CRP) project Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Technology Transition Plan (STTP 2011-51) formalize an agreement to develop the technology maturation and transition strategies, and pending funding and… More

Torrefaction Processing of Human Fecal Waste

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Michael A. Serio, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $124,976.00
Abstract:
New technology is needed to collect, stabilize, safen, recover useful materials, and store human fecal waste for long duration missions. The current SBIR Phase I proposal will examine an innovative torrefaction (mild pyrolysis) processing system that can be used to sterilize feces and produce a… More

Regenerable Sorbent for Combined CO2, Water, and Trace-Contaminant Capture in the Primary Life Support System (PLSS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Marek A. Wojtowicz, Vice-President, Clean Energy
Award Amount: $124,996.00
Abstract:
The NASA objective of expanding the human experience into the far reaches of space requires the development of regenerable life support systems. This proposal addresses the development of an integrated air-revitalization system for the space suit used in Extravehicular Activities (EVAs). The… More