USA flag logo/image

An Official Website of the United States Government

FT-IR INSTRUMENTATION FOR SOLAR CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL PROCESSES

Award Information

Agency:
Department of Energy
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
11675
Program Year/Program:
1991 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
11675
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
87 Church Street East Hartford, CT 06108-3728
View profile »
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 2
Fiscal Year: 1991
Title: FT-IR INSTRUMENTATION FOR SOLAR CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL PROCESSES
Agency: DOE
Contract: N/A
Award Amount: $499,738.00
 

Abstract:

THE U.S. EPA ESTIMATES THAT 290 MILLION TONS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE ARE PRODUCED ANNUALLY IN THE U.S. THE MOST PROMISING METHOD FOR THE PERMANENT DISPOSAL OF ORGANIC WASTES IS HIGH-TEMPERATURE INCINERATION. WHILE SOLAR INCINERATION OFFERS SIGNIFICANT PROMISE AS A WASTE DISPOSAL TECHNOLOGY, THERE IS A STRONG NEED FOR ON-LINE AND IN-SITU DIAGNOSTICS DURING THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PROCESS AND FOR EVENTUAL USE IN PROCESS CONTROL. THE INNOVATION OFFERED IN THIS PROPOSAL IS THE APPLICATION FOR FOURIER TRANSFORM INFRARED (FT-IR) SPECTROSCOPY TO MAKE THREE KINDS OF MEASUREMENTS IN A SOLAR INCINERATOR: 1) HIGH SENSITIVITY MEASUREMENTS (PPB LEVELS) OF THE PRODUCT STREAM TO VERIFY THE DESTRUCTION OF THE HAZARDOUS WASTE, 2) MEASUREMENTS OF SPECIES CONCENTRATIONS AND TEMPERATURES WITHIN THE REACTOR ENVIRONMENT, AND 3) MEASUREMENT OF TEMPERATURES OF SURFACES IN THE REACTOR. FOR THE PRODUCT STREAM ANALYSIS, THE PHASE I PROJECT WILL PERFORM LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS TO DETERMINE THE CONCENTRATION DETECTION LIMITS FOR IMPORTANT HAZARDOUS WASTES AND PICS. FOR THE IN-SITU DIAGNOSTICS, WE WILL DETERMINE THE GEOMETRY REQUIRED FOR THE MEASUREMENTS AND PERFORM LABORATORY SIMULATIONS OF THESE MEASUREMENTS. IT ISPOSSIBLE TO MEASURE THE CO2 AND H2O GAS TEMPERATURES EVEN WITH THE POTENTIAL INTERFERENCE OF THE CONCENTRATED SUNLIGHTSINCE, IN THE REGIONS OF THE SPECTRUM WHERE THESE GAS TEMPERATURES ARE MEASURED, THE SUNLIGHT HAS BEEN ABSORBED BYTHE ATMOSPHERE AND SO NO INTERFERENCE OCCURS. FINALLY, THE FT-IR SYSTEM WILL BE BROUGHT TO THE SOLAR ENERGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR A ONE TO TWO WEEK PERIOD DURING WHICH ALL ASPECTS OF THE MEASUREMENTS WILL BE TESTED.

Principal Investigator:


0

Business Contact:

Small Business Information at Submission:

Advanced Fuel Research Inc.
87 Church Street East Hartford, CT 06108

EIN/Tax ID:
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No