A Hybrid Pyrolysis/Incineration System for Solid Waste Resource Recovery
Both pyrolysis and incineration steps have been considered as the key solid waste processing step for a Controlled Ecological Life Support System (CELSS). Pyrolysis is more amenable to handling mixed solid waste streams in a microgravity environment, but produces a more complex product stream. Incineration produces a simpler product stream, but the incineration of mixed solids is a complex unit operation in a microgravity environment. Pyrolysis is endothermic and requires no oxygen, while incineration is exothermic and requires oxygen. This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project addresses the feasibility of integrating pyrolysis and incineration steps into a system for processing of spacecraft solid wastes. This integration will take advantage of the best features of each process and result in an overall reduction in the system complexity and Equivalent System Mass (ESM). The objective of the Phase I study is to demonstrate the feasiblity of this integration process using a combination of bench scale experiments and modeling studies. This will be accomplished in four tasks: 1) Design and construct bench scale unit; 2) laboratory studies on solid waste processing; 3) evaluation of laboratory results; 4) preliminary design of Phase II prototype.
Small Business Information at Submission:
Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
87 Church Street East Hartford, CT 06108
Number of Employees: