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A Compact, Efficient Pyrolysis/Oxidation System for Solid Waste Resource…

Award Information

Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
90555
Program Year/Program:
2009 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
084979
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
87 Church Street East Hartford, CT 06108-3728
View profile »
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2009
Title: A Compact, Efficient Pyrolysis/Oxidation System for Solid Waste Resource Recovery in Space
Agency: NASA
Contract: NNX09CC55P
Award Amount: $99,782.00
 

Abstract:

Both pyrolysis and oxidation steps have been considered as the key solid waste processing step for a Controlled Ecological Life Support System (CELSS). Pyrolysis is more amenable to handling mixed solid waste streams in a microgravity environment, but produces a more complex product stream. Oxidation (incineration) produces a simpler product stream, but the oxidation of mixed solids is a complex unit operation in a microgravity environment. Pyrolysis is endothermic and requires no oxygen, while oxidation is exothermic and requires oxygen. A previous NASA SBIR Phase I and Phase II project has successfully integrated pyrolysis of the solid waste and oxidation of the fuel gases into a single, batch processing prototype unit. This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project addresses the feasibility of integrating pyrolysis, tar cracking, and oxidation steps into a compact, efficient system for processing of spacecraft solid wastes. This integration will result in a reduction in energy consumption, an overall reduction in system complexity, and a lower Equivalent System Mass (ESM). The objective of the Phase I study is to demonstrate the feasibility of this integration process using bench scale experiments. This will be accomplished in three tasks: 1) design and construct integrated bench scale unit; 2) laboratory studies using simulated solid waste sample; 3) evaluation of laboratory results and preliminary design of Phase II prototype.

Principal Investigator:

Michael Serio
Principal Investigator
8605289806
mserio@AFRinc.com

Business Contact:

Michael Serio
Business Official
8605289806
mserio@AFRinc.com
Small Business Information at Submission:

Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
87 Church Street East Hartford, CT 06108

EIN/Tax ID: 061016313
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees:
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No