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Planar Microfluidic Membraneless Fuel Cells

Award Information

Department of Defense
Award ID:
Program Year/Program:
2003 / STTR
Agency Tracking Number:
Solicitation Year:
Solicitation Topic Code:
Solicitation Number:
Small Business Information
-9 2 -6.LLC
26 Beckett Way, Suite 2 Ithaca, NY 14850
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Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2003
Title: Planar Microfluidic Membraneless Fuel Cells
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Contract: DAAD1903C0100
Award Amount: $100,000.00


The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of developing compact 1-10 W fuel cell systems based on the novel, revolutionary, concept of planar microfluidic membraneless fluid cell (PM2FC) recently invented and demonstrated by theauthors of this proposal. The PM2FC concept is closely related to microchannel, membraneless fuel cells (MMC's) that have been previously described in the literature. Just as for MMC's, the PM2FC concept is based on laminar flow of fuel and oxidantsolutions separated by a virtual membrane that allows for proton conductivity, while minimizing mixing of the two solutions. The novel PM2FC design proposed offers an exciting opportunity for fabricating industrially-scalable models of 1-10W (andostensibly higher) membraneless fuel cells. Issues that will be addressed in the Phase I of this project include: (1) cell geometry optimization; (2) materials issues, such as electrode type and microstructure; and (3) new fuel/oxidizer combinations,emphasizing those that have proven unsuitable for conventional PEM-based fuel cells. The need for a compact, reliable, light fuel cell, capable of increased power and fewer logistics problems cannot be overstated. Both military, Army in particular, andindustry are working intensely on developing such devices. The PM2FC design, if successful, will open remarkable opportunities both for federal and civil markets. In this case, -9 2-6.LLC will enter in R&D agreements with ARO and ARL, to assure that thenew fuel cell will be designed and built according to the military specifications in the shortest possible time.In the commercial sector, the company plans to pursue various applications, mainly in small power sources for consumer electronics - the market that might grow extremely rapidly in the coming years. The plan is to build a successful manufacturing facilityin Ithaca, NY, - an area with a high concentration of skillful labor, which, unfortunately, has lately seen a significant economic downturn.

Principal Investigator:

Hector Abruna

Business Contact:

Joseph Salsbury
Small Business Information at Submission:

-9 2 -6.LLC
26 Beckett Way, Suite 2 Ithaca, NY 14850

Number of Employees:
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Research Institution Information:
Office of Sponsored Programs, 120 Day Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853
Contact: Kimberly Hayes
Contact Phone: (607) 255-6841
RI Type: Nonprofit college or university