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Characterization of mesoscale weather prediction errors for dispersion modeling

Award Information

Agency:
Department of Defense
Branch:
Defense Threat Reduction Agency
Award ID:
74373
Program Year/Program:
2005 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
T041-003-0011
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
ATMOSPHERIC & ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, INC.
131 Hartwell Avenue Lexington, MA 02421 3126
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Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2005
Title: Characterization of mesoscale weather prediction errors for dispersion modeling
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Contract: HDTRA1-05-P-0031
Award Amount: $99,629.00
 

Abstract:

DTRA uses high-resolution mesoscale forecasts to drive HPAC, the DTRA dispersion modeling tool that generates critical forecasts of dosage resulting from releases of chemical, biological, or radiological agents. HPAC is designed to provide probablistic information based on estimates of the uncertainty of the input forecast fields of the meteorological variables (wind, temperature, etc.). We will develop and implement more accurate, reliable, and efficient means of specifying the forecast uncertainty. For speed and efficiency, which is especially needed in real-time applications of HPAC, we will use a combination of statistical methods and the feature calibration and alignment (FCA) technique to provide 5d (x,y,z,t,variable) estimates of the uncertainty of the input weather forecasts. In the future this information may be provided by using ensembles of forecasts. Our implementation of FCA uses a variational algorithm to partition errors into phase errors, bias (or amplification) errors, and residual small scale errors. We will derive error statistics for mesoscale forecasts in terms of the components of FCA, and use these statistics to define the variability parameters used as input to HPAC.

Principal Investigator:

Ross Hoffman
Senior Staff Scientist
7817612288
rhoffman@aer.com

Business Contact:

Cecilia Sze
President and CEO
7817612288
csze@aer.com
Small Business Information at Submission:

ATMOSPHERIC & ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, INC.
131 Hartwell Avenue Lexington, MA 02421

EIN/Tax ID: 042608324
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees:
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No