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Company Information:

Company Name:
Aerodyne Research, Inc.
Address:
45 Manning Road
Billerica, MA 01821-
Phone:
(978) 932-0290
URL:
EIN:
42471226
DUNS:
30817290
Number of Employees:
75
Woman-Owned?:
No
Minority-Owned?:
No
HUBZone-Owned?:
No

Commercialization:

Has been acquired/merged with?:
N/A
Has had Spin-off?:
N/A
Has Had IPO?:
N/A
Year of IPO:
N/A
Has Patents?:
N/A
Number of Patents:
N/A
Total Sales to Date $:
$ 0.00
Total Investment to Date $
$ 0.00
POC Title:
N/A
POC Name:
N/A
POC Phone:
N/A
POC Email:
N/A
Narrative:
N/A

Award Totals:

Program/Phase Award Amount ($) Number of Awards
SBIR Phase I $17,325,028.00 211
SBIR Phase II $58,658,498.00 95
STTR Phase I $1,464,822.00 15
STTR Phase II $3,748,751.00 5

Award List:

Abstract:
The object of the proposed study is to conduct an evaluation of the feasibility and predicted performance of a class of pulsed space power systems characterized by the use of (a) inter-pulse energy storate in flywheels, (b) thermal storage for intermediate times (1 hour), (c) a solar driven closed… More
Abstract:
We propose to combine the tools of image generation, statistical image analysis and target recognition cues to produce an automatic image interpreter which can be applicable to realistic identification system will call on the synthesis module to search for inconsistencies in geometry and grey level… More

HYDROCARBONS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$35,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Dr. andrew freedman , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Abstract:
Chlorinated aromatic hydrocarbons have been identified as a class of compounds which pose a potent health hazard to the general population. molecules such as tetra-chlorinated dibenzo dioxins and furans, polychlorinated biphenyls (pcbs), and various insecticides and herbicides such as silvex and… More

MAGNESIUM COMPOSITE MATERIAL FOR ADVANCED ROTARY AIRCRAFT

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
John h. caulfield , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Abstract:
The objective of this program is to develop an automated holographic diagnostic technique to be used in obtaining the basic data needed to assess and validate nasa's predictive computer codes. phase i is to show that automatedinterpretation of holographic double pulsed records is feasible and that… More

RAYLEIGH SCATTERING AS A HIGH TEMPERATURE COMBUSTION DIAGNOSTIC METHOD

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Kurt D. Annen
Abstract:
N/a

A NOVEL CORRELATION FLUX METER FOR METHANE

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$35,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Dr. C.e. Kolb/h.j. Caulfi
Abstract:
N/a

RAYLEIGH SCATTERING AS A HIGH TEMPERATURE COMBUSTION DIAGNOSTIC METHOD

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1984 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$392,409.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Kurt D. Annen
Abstract:
This project evaluates the use of rayleigh scattering techniques for use as a temperature monitor in the severe environment of gas turbines. potential advantages of this technique over all other presently used methods are high accuracy (+/-10k), ease of installation, high spatial and temporal… More

OPTICAL SYSTOLIC ARRAY PROCESSORS WERE INVENTED BY THE PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR TWO YEARS AGO AND HAVE BECOME THE SUBJECT OF INTENSE INTEREST IN THE UNITED STATES, THE SOVIET UNION, AND JAPAN.

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. h.j. caulfield , RESEARCH SCIENTIST
Abstract:
Optical systolic array processors were invented by the principal investigator two years ago and have become the subject of intense interest in the united states, the soviet union, and japan. they offer the speed of supercomputers (tens of gigaflops per module) with much lower cost, volume, and power… More

IN THIS STUDY, WE PROPOSE TO INVESTIGATE A NEW TYPE OF PLASMA ION SOURCE IN WHICH IONS ARE PRODUCED BY THE LASER PHOTODISSOCIATION OF A THALLIUM HALIDE VAPOR, SUCH AS OR .

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Gerald w. stewart , DIRECTOR
Abstract:
In this study, we propose to investigate a new type of plasma ion source in which ions are produced by the laser photodissociation of a thallium halide vapor, such as or . using an excimer laser as a light source, it should be possible to produce approximately 10(18) cm(-3) , and or ion pairs per… More

THIS IS A PROJECT TO ESTABLISH THE FEASIBILITY OF A TECHNIQUE FOR FORMING HOLOGRAMS FOR THREE DIMENSIONAL IMAGES OF COMPUTER-GENERATED OBJECTS IN REAL-TIME POINT BY POINT.

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,926.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Edwin s. gaynor , INVESTIGATOR
Abstract:
This is a project to establish the feasibility of a technique for forming holograms for three dimensional images of computer-generated objects in real-time point by point. this proprietary technique is a method for quickly moving points of light through a three-dimensional object volume. this new… More

IMAGING INFRARED SCENE PROJECTOR

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,462.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
H. J. Caulfield
Abstract:
N/a

AN OPEN PATH DIODE LASER FLUX METER FOR TRACE GASES OF BIOGENIC ORIGIN

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,858.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Alan C. Stanton , Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

OPTIMAL SILICON CARBIDE PRODUCTION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,897.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Joda C. Wormhoudt , Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

HIGH SPEED HOLOGRAPHIC SWITCH FOR VLSI INTERCONNECT

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,671.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
H. J. Caulfield
Abstract:
N/a

A NOVEL CORRELATION FLUX METER FOR METHANE

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1985 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$241,838.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Dr. C.e. Kolb/h.j. Caulfi
Abstract:
Aerodyne's spectral correlator technology will be adapted todetection of methane in its 3.3 um vibrational mode. the resulting fast (10 hz), accurate (better than 3% of ambient)infrared methane detector will be designed (phase i), ruggedized and optimized for field use (phase ii). when coupled to… More

HIGH SPEED HOLOGRAPHIC SWITCH FOR VLSI INTERCONNECT

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1985 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
H. J. Caulfield
Abstract:
This proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of switchable holograms in rapid (\ nanosecond) reprogramming of vlsi chips. the concept was chosen for high speed, low size, low cost, low power consumption, and minimum wiring. it will result in high flexibility and very rapid reprogramming but will… More

IMAGING INFRARED SCENE PROJECTOR

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1985 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$213,720.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
H. J. Caulfield
Abstract:
A totally new approach to high quality flicker-free ir movie projection involving grating encoded reflective images on film is described. this approach is demonstrated and capable of meeting each of the requirements of topic no. 29 as well as giving natural (not "monochrome") spectral shapes,… More

IN COMBUSTOR GAS STREAMS-

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,578.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. joel silver , PRINCIPAL INESTIGATOR
Abstract:
This study will attempt to develop a high-resolution, infrared instrument to monitor concentration levels of individual alkali molecular species in combustor gas streams. the formation of alkali sulfates on hot combustor surfaces leads to severe corrosion and fouling, raising operating costs and… More

THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH COMMUNITY HAS URGENT NEED FOR AN AUTOMATED, STAND-ALONE AQUATIC NUTRIENT ANALYZER.

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,940.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr d frankel , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Abstract:
The global environmental research community has urgent need for an automated, stand-alone aquatic nutrient analyzer. preliminary studies at aerodyne have shown that excimer laser vaporization of water droplets can be achieved. spectrally resolved emission from dissolved species or their excited… More

A DIODE LASER FLUXMETER FOR MEASUREMENT OF ATMOSPHERIC DRY DEPOSITION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,683.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Alan C. Stanton , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

ASSISTED SPECTROSCOPY

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,944.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr andrew freedman
Abstract:
A novel microprobe analysis technique which has the potential for extremely sensitive quantative measurements of surface and bulk concentrations as well as depth profiles is proposed. this technique uses two pulsed lasers to vaporize and probe the surface layers and is thus called profile analysis… More

A DIODE LASER FLUXMETER FOR MEASUREMENT OF ATMOSPHERIC DRY DEPOSITION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$429,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Alan C. Stanton , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
This study is to develop instrumentation to measure dry deposition rates of atmospheric trace gases im- portant in studies of acidic deposition. the method is based on the well-established eddy correlation technique and will use a tunable diode laser source combined with an open-path multipass… More

OPTIMAL SILICON CARBIDE PRODUCTION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$499,900.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Joda C. Wormhoudt , Investigator
Abstract:
It is desirable to enhance the ability to make high purity silicon carbide crystals to be used in monitoring instruments and sensors for use in harsh environments. a significant advancement in sic production has been made at nasa-lewis. the objective of this project is to optimize the nasa-lewis… More

AN OPEN PATH DIODE LASER FLUX METER FOR TRACE GASES OF BIOGENIC ORIGIN

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$373,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Alan C. Stanton , Investigator
Abstract:
The purpose of this project is to design and develop an instrument to measure fluxes of trace gases in order to determine their sources and sinks in the biosphere. the method is based on the well established eddy correlation technique and would use a tunable diode laser source combined with a unique… More

TECHNIQUES DEVELOPMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,982.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr morton camac
Abstract:
The development of a device based on the spectral correlation technique is proposed. the small, hand-held device will detect fuel vapor in concentrations as low as 1 ppm based on the infrared absorption characteristics of the fuel vapor. the spectral correlation technique allows the device to… More
Abstract:
Survival in near-future battlefield scenarios may depend upon the use of holographic optical elements (hoes) whose unique functions serve: to protect personnel from eye-damaging radiation, to simplify aircraft pilot visual function, and to provide vastly improved communitions and signal processing… More

APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,990.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr john h gruninger
Abstract:
We propose to develop the tools for the determination and evaluation of knowledge bases for infrared image interpretation systems. our approach is based on a three dimensional modeling system which will contain phenomenology from which images can be synthesized. the three dimensional model will be… More

LASER-INDUCED SURFACE CHEMICAL EPITAXY: A NOVEL THIN FILM DEPOSITION TECHNIQUE

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr Charter Stinespring
Abstract:
N/a

HYPERVELOCITY OXYGEN SOURCE FOR THE STUDY OF ATOM-SURFACE INTERACTIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr Andrew Freedman
Abstract:
N/a

A BORON ASSISTED COMBUSTION MODEL WITH SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS DEVELOPMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$68,996.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr Charles E Kolb
Abstract:
N/a

MOSAIC INFRARED SCENE SIMULATOR

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,101.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

LASER-INDUCED SURFACE CHEMICAL EPITAXY: A NOVEL THIN FILM DEPOSITION TECHNIQUE

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$177,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr Charter Stinespring
Abstract:
This proposal identified a new type of laser-induced epitaxial growth process termed laser-induced surface chemical epitaxy (lsce), and addresses key issued relating to the feasibility of the techniques. the potential advantages of lsce include layer-by-layer control over stoichiometry, abrupt… More

DEVELOPMENT OF A MICROGRAVITY FILM PROCESSOR

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Conventional film processing techniques are not designed for use in low-gravity environments, because of the difficulties associated with confining free liquids while permitting the introduction and transport of roll films into and through these liquids. in this technique, viscous processing… More

A SOLID STATE SPECTRAL LINE DISCRIMINATOR FOR REMOTE SENSING OF CLOUD PROPERTIES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$40,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The oxygen molecule has a number of weak absorption lines inthe 7000 a spectral region. by cooling, the r1 line of ruby(a12o3 : cr+3) can be shifted to coincide with 50% absorption at line center in the solar spectrum. ruby fluoresces with high quantum efficiency, with a time constant of… More

DEPOSITION OF AMORPHOUS CARBON FILMS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$40,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The proposed research will investigate the deposition of amorphous carbon thin films using a novel laser assisted deposition technique. in the phase i research, aerodgne research, inc. will determine the ability of the deposition technique to control the carbon bonding in the thin film. in the phase… More

MOSAIC INFRARED SCENE SIMULATOR

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
A mosaic infrared scene simulator (miss) provide a simulation with 10 to the 6th power or more individually setable pixels. the miss uses a microlithographic process to generate a mosaic of individual diffraction gratings with the diffraction efficiency of each pixel being set in the grating… More

ADVANCED IRCM SOURCE

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,995.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Jonathan b lurie
Abstract:
Future threat infrared missile seekers will possess the capability to effectively discriminate against ir decoy flares. new decoy fuels must be identified which provide a good spectral match between decoys and helicopters, and which have improved total radiant intensity and burning characteristics.… More

NO(2) CHEMILUMINESCENT IMAGING FOR LOW DENSITY FLOW VISUALIZATION AND VELOCITY MEASUREMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,972.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr morton camac
Abstract:
*appendix "b" not received

A NON-INTRUSIVE TURBINE TEMPERATURE FOR DIAGNOSTIC AND MONITORING APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,965.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Kurt d annen
Abstract:
Accurate measurements of turbine blade temperatures are important in monitoring turbine health and performance and in diagnosing problems. current intrusive and optical techniques have shortcomings. thermocouples have problems with durability and accuracy. two color pyrometry lso encounters problems… More

A THREE-DIMENSIONAL DISPLAY FOR EMISSION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,976.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Mr david e willoughby
Abstract:
The object of the planned research is to demonstrate the feasibility of producing a true three-dimensional (3-d) display for viewing the imagery produced by emission computed tomography systems in the field of medicine. the ultimate objective is to display hard and/or soft copy computer-generated… More

3-D DISPLAY OF VOLUMETRIC DATA UTILIZING ELECTRONIC AND HOLOGRAPHIC DISPLAYS WITH MOTION PARALLAX

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
HHS
Principal Investigator:
Jeffrey kulick phd
Abstract:
Medical imaging systems are now producing imagery of such complexity that the traditional slice presentations are insufficient for communicating the information to the observer. current display techniques, such as producing 2-dprojections of 3-d data, are a step in the right direction. this program… More

ATOMIC CHLORINE SOURCE FOR SEMICONDUCTOR ETCHING STUDIES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$40,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

SYNTHETIC MODELING OF SHIPBORNE IRST CLOUD/SEA INFRARED RADIANCE SCENES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,990.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Dr Robert Guguenin
Abstract:
N/a

A BORON ASSISTED COMBUSTION MODEL WITH SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS DEVELOPMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr Charles E Kolb
Abstract:
Solid boron has long been recognized as a potential high volumetric density propellant for volume limited rocket and air breathing propulsion systems. however, achieving this potential has been difficult due to low combustion and heat release efficiencies in conventionally designed combustors. a… More

HYPERVELOCITY OXYGEN SOURCE FOR THE STUDY OF ATOM-SURFACE INTERACTIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$446,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr Andrew Freedman
Abstract:
Space-based facilities face an unexpectedly hostile environment at orbital altitudes due to chemical interactions with atomic oxygen at the high velocities of orbiting spacecraft. degradation and erosion of materials facing into the atmospheric wind pose a threat to the effective life and utility of… More

RUBY CRYSTAL CHLOROPHYLL FLUOROMETER FOR MEASUREMENTS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS RATES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,981.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr paul kebabian
Abstract:
The purpose of this proposal is to design, construct and test a laboratory version of a passive chlorophyll fluorescence sensor suitable for monitoring large areas of vegetation (> 1 m2). the line discriminator method we propose exploits a coincidence between an absorption line ofatmospheric oxygen… More

SYNTHETIC MODELING OF SHIPBORNE IRST CLOUD/SEA INFRARED RADIANCE SCENES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$489,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Dr Robert Guguenin
Abstract:
This project will define a computer simulation capability that can synthesize cloud clutter and sea radiance scenes measured by shipborne irst sensors. the capability will be an expansion of ari's existing aerie (aerodyne infrared earth) ir background radiance simulation code, developed to… More

EVALUATION OF THE NEUTRAL XENON LASER FOR INFRARED MEASUREMENT OF NITROUS OXIDE FROM COMBUSTION SOURCES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Dr paul kebabian
Abstract:
Nitrous oxide is an important trace atmospheric species which plays a key role in the atmospheric greenhouse problem as well as the destruction of stratospheric ozone. its concentration in the atmosphere is rising due to anthropogenic sources related to agricultural productivity and the burning of… More

AN OPTICAL IMPULSE GENERATOR

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr roger s putnam
Abstract:
There is a need for an inexpensive, compact, low maintenance sub-picosecond optical pulse source to drive an optically sampled and triggered oscilloscope. adequate laser sources presently occupy ten square feet and require regular maintenance, 20 kw of electricity, and cooling water; and they… More

ATMOSPHERIC TRACE GAS FLUX METER USING TUNABLE DIODE LASERS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Mark S Zahniser
Abstract:
N/a

CONTROLLED EMITTANCE MATERIAL FOR IR SIGNATURE SUPPRESSION APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,935.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr Robert L Huguenin
Abstract:
N/a

A DIODE LASER-BASED DIRECT GRADIENT SENSOR FOR MONITORING ATMOSPHERIC DRY DEPOSITION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Stuart M Anderson
Abstract:
N/a

INFRARED DECOY SPECTRAL SIGNATURE MODIFICATION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,955.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Dr Kurt D Annen
Abstract:
N/a

ATOMIC CHLORINE SOURCE FOR SEMICONDUCTOR ETCHING STUDIES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$228,829.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Clean sources of atomic chlorine are required for mechanistic studies of semiconductor etching processes. in this proposal, aerodyne research, inc. describes modifications to an existing ultrahigh vacuum compatible, effusive beam, microwave discharge fluorine atom source which would allow its use as… More

ATMOSPHERIC TRACE GAS FLUX METER USING TUNABLE DIODE LASERS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$224,409.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Mark S Zahniser
Abstract:
The purpose of the proposed study is the development of instrumentation to measure fluxes of atmospheric trace gases to or from the earth's surface. the method we proposeis based on the well established eddy correlation technique and would use a tunable diode laser light source combined with a… More

A DIODE LASER-BASED DIRECT GRADIENT SENSOR FOR MONITORING ATMOSPHERIC DRY DEPOSITION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$488,144.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Stuart M Anderson
Abstract:
The purpose of this study is the development of instrumentation to measure dry deposition rates of atmospheric trace gases. the method is based on the concentration gradient technique and will use a tunable diode laser light source combined with long line-of-sight absorption paths to detect trace… More

INFRARED DECOY SPECTRAL SIGNATURE MODIFICATION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$206,130.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Dr Kurt D Annen
Abstract:
Present infrared decoys for protection of navy ships are reliable, high intensity combustion sources. however, their emission spectra have characteristics which allow them to be distinguished from the ships they are intended to protect. it is desirable to develop modified fuels whose combustion… More

IN-SITU OPTICAL PROPERTY MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUE

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Edward R Niple
Abstract:
A two element approach to making in-situ ir optical property measurments on aircraft engine exhaust system components is proposed. the first element is a portable, field usable system to measure brdf based on a novel spectrometer design with no moving parts and high optical throughput. this measures… More

ULTRAVIOLET/VISIBLE PLUME SIGNATURES OF MANEUVERING REENTRY VEHICLES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$66,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr Charles E Kolb
Abstract:
The optical signature of a reentry vehicle can be an important detection, identification and/or tracking diagnostic for technical intelligence and/or ballistic missile defense purposes. below approximately 100 km the emission and/or solar scattered signatures from exhaust plumes associated with… More

DEVELOPMENT OF CONCENTRATION MODULATED ABSORPTION AS A COMBUSTION DIAGNOSTIC

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,980.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Kurt D Annen , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Using concentration modulated spectroscopy, this study will extend work in laser techniques for point measurements in complex combustion systems to high sensitivity measurement of concentrations of a wide variety of molecular species. this technique, which uses a single laser to both perturb… More

HIGH POWER PICOSECOND DIODE LASER

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,350.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr Roger Putnam
Abstract:
We are proposing to build a compact laser pulse source whichis the bottleneck in the critically needed instrument known as the ultrafast optically triggered oscilloscope. adequatelaser pulsers presently occup 10 square feet, require continuous maintenance and consumer 15 kilowatts of electricity.… More

AUTOMATIC TARGET MODEL DEGRADATION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
John A Conant
Abstract:
N/a

A CARBON-13 ISOTOPE ANALYZER

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,945.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Mark S Zahniser , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

FLUORINATED DIAMOND THIN FILMS FOR TRIBOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$74,996.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Dr Charter D Stinespring
Abstract:
N/a

CONTROLLED EMITTANCE MATERIAL FOR IR SIGNATURE SUPPRESSION APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$406,767.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr Robert L Huguenin
Abstract:
Skin coatings for ir signature suppression require more than simple emissivity control. control of the directional distribution of emitted/reflected radiation and active heating or cooling are also necessary. the radiance from the object needs to approximate the radiance from the background over a… More

FLUORINATED DIAMOND THIN FILMS FOR TRIBOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$567,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Dr Charter D Stinespring
Abstract:
An approach is being investigated for the fluorination of diamond thin films for tribological applications. the approach uses low pressures of f and/or cfx free radicals. to demonstrate the feasibility of this approach, data is being collected on: fluorination kinetics, the composition and structure… More

A CARBON-13 ISOTOPE ANALYZER

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$208,923.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Mark S Zahniser , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Isotopic carbon analysis provides a valuable tool for studies of metabolic pathways and for tracing carbon transformations in the environment. this proposal would develop an optical technique for the convenient measurement of carbon isotopic ((13)c/(12)c) ratios. the instrument will utilize a linear… More

LONG-PATH INTRACAVITY LASER SPECTROMETER FOR THE MEASUREMENT OF ATMOSPHERIC TRACE GASES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,999.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
J Barry Mcmanus , Sr Research Scientist
Abstract:
We propose to investigate a technique for increasing the sensitivity of intracavity laser absorption spectroscopy, with application to the detection and measurement of trace gases in the atmosphere. the technique that we will investigate is to place a multipass absorption cell within the resonant… More

TEMPERATURE/SHOCK POSITION SENSOR FOR HIGH PRESSURE OXYGEN SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Kurt D. Annen , Principal Research Engineer
Abstract:
High pressure oxygen lines are common components of space flight systems. a problem associated with these lines is the potential for pneumatic impact initiated ignition causedby the adiabatic compression of the residual oxygen in a line when it is opened to the high pressure oxygen source. a… More

ATOMIC LAYER EPITAXY OF DIAMOND

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$62,379.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Andrew Freedman
Abstract:
The ability to grow heterospitaxial thin films of diamond is limited in part by the propensity of such films to nucleate at multiple sites without proper orientation. we propose to develop a 2-dimensional growth process by atomic layer epitaxy (ale) using advanced molecular beam techniques. the… More

MICROWAVE ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERTER USING PARALLEL OPTICAL SAMPLING

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$57,200.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr Roger S Putnam
Abstract:
We propose to demonstrate an optical analog-to-digital converter for microwave analog signals which utilizes a single electrooptic broadband velocity matched travelling wave modulator but with multiple pulsed optical beams to sample the signal and multiple standard electronic a/d's to accomplish the… More

PASSIVE NON-COOPERATIVE TARGET RECOGNITION SENSOR

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$60,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Malcolm A Lecompte
Abstract:
The polarization characteristics of aircraft infrared signatures have been studied as a means to enhance the performance of long range passive infrared detection systems operating in the presence of clutter. these studies also generated evidence that the amount and angle of polarization as well as… More

REENTRY VEHICLE BODY SIGNATURE SIMULATION IN THE ULTRAVIOLET TO INFRARED SPECTRUM

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$57,600.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Stephen Y Yun
Abstract:
The proposed program would provide the air force ballistic systems division (bsd) with an engineering level signature modeling capability for various types of reentry vehicles (rvs) during the midcourse phase. the present aerodyne research, inc. (ari) spirits signature model offers the bassis for… More

PATTERNED ETCHING OF INFRARED DETECTOR ARRAYS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$59,890.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Andrew Freedman
Abstract:
We propose to develop a patterned etching technique for infrared detector arrays based on photo-induced etching of hgcdte that is compatible with the ultra-high vacuum environment of a molecular beam epitaxy apparatuses. the phase i research focuses on establishing the efficacy of suitable gas phase… More

ICING PREVENTION BY NUCLEATION OF ICE PARTICLES IN FRONT OF SUBSONIC AIRCRAFT

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,999.00
Agency:
DOT
Principal Investigator:
Dr Douglas R Worsnop , Principal Research Scientist
Abstract:
We propose the investigation of nucleation processes capableof causing the freezing of supercooled water droplets in front of a moving subsonic aircraft. the goal is to developa nucleation mechanism capable of freezing the water droplets far enough in front of the moving plane so that by the time… More

A COLD FLOW TEST FACILITY FOR IR SUPPRESSORS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$60,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
R C Miake-lye
Abstract:
N/a

ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Paul L. Kebabian , Principal Research Engineer
Abstract:
Atmospheric carbon monoxide (co) is important both as an anthropogenic pollutant and as a participant in the photochemistry of the (nominally) unpolluted atmosphere. inthe latter context, there exists a need for a simple and convenient instrument to measure co concentrations in the range of a few… More

LASER BASED METHYL RADICAL MONITORING FOR PROCESS CONTROL IN DIAMOND CVD DEPOSITION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$60,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
Paul Kebabian , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The methyl radical is a key species in the formation of cvd diamond, for which there is a need for an on-line monitor usable in industrial production of cvd diamond. we propose to monitormethyl radical concentrations using the absorption of the infrared output of a neutral xenon laser at 3217.75… More

OZONE DEPLETION POTENTIAL DETERMINATION OF SHIPBOARD FIRE EXTINGUISHING AGENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Dr David D Nelson , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Halon 1301 (cf3br) is currently in wide spread use on naval vesselsas an effective and non-toxic active agent in fire suppression systems. unfortunately, future manufacture and use of cf3br may be severely restricted due to its role as a potent agent in stratospheric ozone depletion chemistry.… More

A NITRIC ACID DRY DEPOSITION EDDY CORRELATION FLUXMETER

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Mark S Zahniser
Abstract:
Nitric acid in the gas phase is one of the most abundant trace nitrogen oxide species in the atmosphere. its deposition at the surface provides the major sink for nox and is a significant component of acid precipitation. the goal of this project is to develop an instrument to measure the surface… More

MODEL BASED SYNTHETIC DISCRIMINANT FUNCTIONS FOR PATTERN RECOGNITION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Frank J Iannarilli Jr , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The synthetic discriminant function (sdf) offers real time discrimination of high-value targets from other objects and clutter. given the army micom mission, sdfs promise greater performance over reticle-basedor simpler imaging seeker designs. an sdf must both discriminate effectively and locate… More

TARGET RECOGNITION USING SPECTRAL/SPATIAL TECHNIQUES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$58,305.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Frank J Iannarilli Jr , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

ATOMIC LAYER EPITAXY OF DIAMOND FILMS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,770.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Dr Andrew Freedman , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

AUTOMATIC TARGET MODEL DEGRADATION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$482,598.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
John A Conant
Abstract:
Hardware-in-the-loop sensor testing puts strong constraints on target modeling due to the needs for high speed and accuracy. these constraints can be met by specific approaches to geometric and radiance degradation. geometric degradation must preserve the overall object shape, and the major regions… More

A COLD FLOW TEST FACILITY FOR IR SUPPRESSORS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$358,345.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
R C Miake-lye
Abstract:
The present need to test ir supperssors on application engines incurs significiant costs due to the requirements of a full-scale engine including: its fuel ue, safe exhaust disposal, and the necessity of utilizing full-scale, heat-rated suppressor prototypes. these costs can be reduced using a… More

ATOMIC LAYER EPITAXY OF DIAMOND FILMS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Dr Andrew Freedman , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
We are developing a molecular beam epitaxy approach to grow epitaxial diamond thin films for electronic devices. with halogen atoms and halocarbon free radicals to control the deposition we will overcome the propensity of typical diamond deposition processes to grow 3-dimensional micro-crystalline… More

A TUNABLE LASER BASED MONITOR FOR ATMOSPHERIC HO2

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,989.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Dr Mark S Zahniser
Abstract:
The hydroperoxyl radical (ho2) is an important atmospheric trace species which participates in the formation and destruction of ozone in both the troposphere and the stratosphere. together with the hydroxyl radical (oh) it forms catalytic cycles which result in the oxidation of compounds released at… More

DEVELOPMENT OF A PORTABLE REAL TIME SUBSURFACE METHANE/ETHANE DETECTOR SYSTEM FOR NATURAL GAS EXPLORATION AND LEAK/SEEPAGE LOCATION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This project studies an efficient and innovative natural gas exploration system composed of a highly sensitive, portable, real time, infrared laser detection system for methane and ethane coupled to a portable shallow drilling system and an automated data mapping system. this same system will be… More

A CHLOROPHYLL FLUORESCENCE SENSOR FOR ECOLOGICAL STUDIES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Paul L. Kebabian , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
We propose to measure chlorophyll fluorescence in the oxygena band, where atmospheric oxygen spectrally excludes incident sunlight. a cell containing low pressure oxygen will be used as a narrow band filter to absorb chlorophyll fluorescence photons at the a band line centers, and later re-emit them… More

An Underwater High-Pressure Gauge for Warhead Evaluation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$59,214.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Dr Paul L Kebabian
Abstract:
change induced in the wavelength of ruby R-line fluorescence. Timehe resolution will be 0.1 microsecond. Axi innovative detector of this wavelength shift avoids the need for a dispersive optical system and streak camera, as previously used. The fluorescence will be excited by an argon ion laser.… More

TURBOMACHINERY TEMPERATURE MEASURMENTS USING AN O2 LIF FLOWFIELD DIAGNOSTIC

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,989.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Kurt D. Annen
Abstract:
N/a

TUNABLE INFRARED DIODE LASER ARRAYS FOR HIGH-PERFORMANCE SPECTROMETERS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Roger S. Putnam
Abstract:
N/a

DETERMINATION OF THE MICROSTRUCTURE DISTRIBUTION OF AEROGELSIN CHERENKOV DETECTORS USING HIGH RESOLUTION SPECTROSCOPY

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,075.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Michael L. Burns
Abstract:
N/a

STRATOSPHERIC OZONE PERTURBATION BY SUB-MICRON A1203 PARTICLES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$17,971.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Andrew Freedman
Abstract:
N/a

AERODYNAMIC CONTRAIL PREDICTION AND CONTROL

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$60,047.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
Richard Miake-lye
Abstract:
N/a

TARGET RECOGNITION USING SPECTRAL/SPATIAL TECHNIQUES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$496,968.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Frank J Iannarilli Jr , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The emergence of eo multispectral imaging technolgoy motivates exloration of potential improvements in automatic target recognition (atr) system performance using novel spectral/spatial techniques. suchconcepts offer a promising combination of complementary techniques, with the spectral componenet… More

AERODYNAMIC CONTRAIL PREDICTION AND CONTROL

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$246,075.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
Richard Miake-lye
Abstract:
The exhaust gases leaving an aircraft that is flying at altitudes in the high troposphere and lower stratosphere (30,000 to 60,000 ft) are subject to cold temperatures as they mix with the ambient air. aerodyne research, inc. (ari) has re- cently made signif icant contributions in tackling physical… More

STRATOSPHERIC OZONE PERTURBATION BY SUB-MICRON A1203 PARTICLES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$738,343.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Andrew Freedman
Abstract:
Aluminized composite solid rocket motore (srm's) are a key component of us space launch and strategic rocket systems. these systems, which include the space shuttle's strap-on boosters, produce copious amounts of alumina (a1203) exhaust particles in both the micron and submicron size regions. a… More

AN IN-SITU TESTER FOR SEAL INTEGRITY OF MULTIPLE PANE WINDOWS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$74,954.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Paul L Kebabian
Abstract:
In-situ performance characterization of advanced glazing materials could help manufacturers and building inspectors in the implementation of utility incentive programs. one of the more widely used advanced glazing materials is the multiple pane window, in which the space between the panes is sealed… More

Open-Path IR Absorption for Airborne Measurements of Stratospheric Trace Gases

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,907.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Mark S. Zahniser
Abstract:
N/a

TURBOMACHINERY TEMPERATURE MEASURMENTS USING AN O2 LIF FLOWFIELD DIAGNOSTIC

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$444,087.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Kurt D. Annen
Abstract:
N/a

Enhanced Fuel Burning Rate in Hybrid Chemical Rockets

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$48,592.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
David B. Stickler
Abstract:
N/a

Open-Path IR Absorption for Airborne Measurements of Stratospheric Trace Gases

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$496,238.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Mark S. Zahniser
Abstract:
Infrared absorption, using tunable diode lasers from aircraft and balloon platforms measures stratospheric trace gas. The goal of this project is to develop a new open-path absorption cell suitable for in situ measurements of reactive trace species from an aircraft platform. The open-path design, in… More

Development of an Effective IR Decoy with Minimal Visible Signature

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$79,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Mr. Kurt Annen
Abstract:
Nighttime operations are very attractive for the U.S. Armed Forces since these conditions generally maximize their advantage over the opposing forces. The deployment of IR countermeasures to protect aircraft from heat-seeking missiles, however, may remove the advantage of nighttime conditions and… More

FERROELECTRIC SELF-ASSEMBLED MONOLAYERS AS PYROELECTRIC MATERIALS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$64,985.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Gary N Robinson
Abstract:
Ferroelectric self-assembled monolayers are being created by chemically modifying monolayers of adsorbed n-alkanethiols in vacuum. the surface potentials of the resulting thin films are measured as a function of temperature and pyroelectric coefficients and figures of merit for the modified films… More

Neutral-Gas Laser, Multipass-Cell Instrument for Monitoring Hydrazines

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,585.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Joda C. Wormhoudt
Abstract:
NASA space flight equipment test facilities require a monitoring device for airborne vapors of the rocket fuels hydrazine, monomethylhydrazine (MMH) and unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine (UDMH). The ideal monitor will be portable, respond rapidly and specifically to hydrazines, and be sensitive at the… More

LASER ABSORPTION METHANE ISOTOPE ANALYZER

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$64,988.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Paul Kebabian
Abstract:
Analysis of the stable isotopes in atmospheric methane samples can be used to identify local sources and to define the global budget of this radiatively important greenhouse gas. the project is developing a portable and less expensive alternative to isotope mass spectrometry for measuring (13)ch4… More

Infrared Detection of Atmospheric Corrosion on Metallic Surfaces

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$79,957.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr. A. Freedman/g. N. Rob
Abstract:
The objectiwe of this proposal is to develop a versatile, inexpensive, and portable spectroscopic probe to quantify the atmospheric corrosion of metal surfaces on aircraft. Since many metals form insoluble salts as products of corrosion reactions, it should be possible to monitor the extent of metal… More

A TUNABLE ROOM TEMPERATURE INFRARED LASER FOR MEASURING ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTANTS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$74,911.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Roger S Putnam
Abstract:
N/a

Sensor Fusion Modeling to Support Combat Identification

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$59,990.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Edward R. Niple
Abstract:
N/a

A TUNABLE LASER BASED MONITOR FOR HOCI AND HCI IN THE MARINE TROPOSPHERE

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$64,958.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
David D Nelson
Abstract:
N/a

Sensor Fusion Modeling to Support Combat Identification

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$3,750,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Edward R. Niple
Abstract:
The process of designing and evaluating advanced aircraft coatings can be made more efficient, more robust, and less expensive through application of highly accurate and flexible computer models. The General Scattered Light (GSL) model is such a signature analysis tool, but its potential is… More

A TUNABLE ROOM TEMPERATURE INFRARED LASER FOR MEASURING ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTANTS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,897.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Roger S Putnam
Abstract:
Solid state laser sources currently available for measuring greenhouse gases, combustion products, and other species across the 3 to 30 micron region are lead salt diode lasers which operate at liquid nitrogen temperatures. practical problems include the need for cryogenic cooling, erratic tuning… More

A NITROGEN DIOXIDE MONITOR BASED ON NONDISPERSIVE VISIBLE OPTICAL DETECTION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Paul Kebabian
Abstract:
The problem addressed in this project is the need to monitor oxides of nitrogen(NOx, ie NO and NO2) levels in the combustion gases of stationary sources suchas power plants in order to facilitate on-line control of the scrubbers that willbe used to remove those pollutants. Since the measurements… More

A Smart IR Fire Detection System

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOC
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Edward R. Niple , Principal Systems Scientist
Abstract:
Smart IR technology has advanced at a rapid pace over the last two decades, pushed along by primarily defense-related requirements. This includes such breakthroughs as Acousto-Optic Tunable Filters and microbolometer detector arrays. Coupled with the continuing growth in microprocessor power, this… More

Analysis Tools For Spectrally Resolved And Broadband Infrared Imaging Data

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,922.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Kurt D. Annen , Principal Research Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

An Optical Water Vapor Sensor for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Paul L. Kebabian
Abstract:
N/a

A Passive Two-Band Sensor For Sunlight Excited Chlorophyll Fluorescence

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,683.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Paul L. Kebabian , Principal Research Engineer
Abstract:
N/a

Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometric Instrument for Multiple Species Measurements from a Remotely Piloted Vehicle

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Richard C. Xiake-lye
Abstract:
N/a

A Nitrogen Dioxide Detector for the Clean Troposphere

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Mark Zahniser
Abstract:
N/a

Evaporative Turbine Blade Cooling Using a Return Flow Cascade

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$80,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
David B. Strickler
Abstract:
N/a

A TUNABLE LASER BASED MONITOR FOR HOCI AND HCI IN THE MARINE TROPOSPHERE

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$398,094.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
David D Nelson
Abstract:
The possibility that atomic chlorine concentrations in the marine surface layer are large enough to compete with oh as the major tropospheric oxidizer has received considerable speculation. chlorine atoms participate in the oxidation of hydrocarbons and dimethyl sulfide and can also directly… More

Evaporative Turbine Blade Cooling Using a Return Flow Cascade

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,968.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
David B. Strickler
Abstract:
High intensity cooling of expansion turbine blades is proposed, using a self-stabilized evaporation/condensation process within each blade. The result is low blade structural temperature, with waste heat delivered to a low pressure air flow. This is a key technology requirement for development of… More

High Performance UAV System Design Based on High Power Microturbine Technology

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
David Stickler
Abstract:
A radical, high performance system design concept for UAV missions is proposed. Its characteristics derive directly from propulsion and power generation capabilities inherent in microturbine technology under development at MIT. The proposed vehicle configurations is an oblate spheroid, giving a… More

A Low Level Tritium Monitor Based on a Multi-Phase Scintillator Material

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Paul L. Kebabian , Principal Research Engineer
Abstract:
41068 November 20, 1996 Aerodyne Research, Inc. Scintillation phosphors, materials commonly used in particle detectors, emit a photon of light when struck by a subatomic particle, and the light flashes are counted as an indicator of atomic decay. This… More

SBIR PHASE I: Modifying Hard Carbon Coatings for Improved Tribological Properties

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Qing Dai
Abstract:
N/a

An Optical Water Vapor Sensor for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Paul L. Kebabian
Abstract:
N/a

A Nitrogen Dioxide Detector for the Clean Troposphere

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$297,933.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Mark Zahniser
Abstract:
N/a

A Passive Two-Band Sensor For Sunlight Excited Chlorophyll Fluorescence

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$586,290.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Paul L. Kebabian , Principal Research Engineer
Abstract:
N/a

Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometric Instrument for Multiple Species Measurements from a Remotely Piloted Vehicle

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$596,065.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Richard C. Xiake-lye
Abstract:
An atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometer (APCIMS) will be designed to optimally measure a variety of gaseous species involved in marine boundary layer chemistry and condensation processes. The design of the instrument will modify prior technology, developed at the Geophysics… More

Data Management for Imaging Spectrometers

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Kurt D. Annen
Abstract:
Imaging spectrometers are a powerful new tool for performing hyperspectral measurements for remote sensing, environmental monitoring, and target detection and characterization applications. The major problem associated with hyperspectral measurements now, however, is not the technology for… More

A Miniature Internal Combustion Engine for Micro Air Vehicle Propulsion and Power

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$98,500.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
Kurt Annen
Abstract:
Micro Aerial Vehicle (¿AVs) will open up a wide range of new missions for the US Armed Forces, but also present a new set of technical challenges. The power and propulsion system will have a significant impact on the ultimate capabilities and range of missions of ¿AVs. While advanced battery… More

An Advanced Technology Chemical and Biological Agent Standoff Detection System

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
Kurt Annen
Abstract:
Standoff detection of chemical and biological agent clouds is extremely important for the protection of US armed forces. We propose a system that will successfully perform stand off detection of both chemical and biological agents using a unique combination of advanced technologies. An imaging… More

Laser Diode Array for Multiple Pollutant Monitoring

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,765.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. J. Barry McManus
Abstract:
Infrared tunable diode laser spectrometers provide a highly effective means of measuring trace concentrations, with either remote sensing or with advective sampling. It is often desirable to measure more than one trace gas at a time. This is especially true when gas emissions are strongly… More

Visualization Of High Nox Regions In Combusters For Design Cycle Time Improvement

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Kurt D. Annen , PRINCIPAL RESEARCH ENGINEER
Abstract:
N/a

High Performance UAV System Design Based on High Power Microturbine Technology

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$380,028.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
David Stickler
Abstract:
A radical, high performance system design concept for UAV missions is proposed. Its characteristics derive directly from propulsion and power generation capabilities inherent in microturbine technology under development at MIT. The proposed vehicle configurations is an oblate spheroid, giving a… More

An Infrared Polarimetric Hyperspectral Imaging Sensor for Low False Alarm Rate Target Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$746,469.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Kurt D. Annen
Abstract:
Imaging spectrometers are a powerful new tool for performing hyperspectral measurements for remote sensing, environmental monitoring, and target detection and characterization applications. The major problem associated with hyperspectral measurements now, however, is not the technology for… More

Linearly Oscillating Miniature Internal Combustion Engine (MICE)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$375,141.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
Kurt Annen
Abstract:
Micro Aerial Vehicle (¿AVs) will open up a wide range of new missions for the US Armed Forces, but also present a new set of technical challenges. The power and propulsion system will have a significant impact on the ultimate capabilities and range of missions of ¿AVs. While advanced battery… More

Passive Remote Sensor for the Measurment of Terrestrial Carbon Changes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Andrew Freedman , Principal Scientist
Abstract:
50734-98-I Passive Remote Sensor for the Measurment of Terrestrial Carbon Changes--Aerodyne Research, Inc., 45 Manning Road, Billerica, MA 01821-3934; (978) 663-9500 Dr. Andrew Freedman, Principal Investigator Dr. Charles E. Kolb, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-98ER82520 Amount: … More

DISTRIBUTED APERTURE E-O SYSTEM FOR TRACKING AND DESIGNATION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$80,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr Edward J Niple
Abstract:
A small number of conformal E-O sensors distributed over the surface of an aircraft can provide field of view coverage for Missile Warning, IRST and FLIR viewing. An innovative technique (Spatial Modulation) is used to allow a low density IR focal plane array to provide the necessary high… More

A FIBER OPTIC-LINKED NITROGEN DIOXIDE POINT SENSOR

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

Non-cooperative Identification of Aircraft Using Spaceborne IR Polarimetric Hyperspectral Imaging

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Frank Iannarilli Jr
Abstract:
N/a

IR Polarimetric Ocean Sensing Imager

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOC
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

Return Flow Cascade Cooling of Turbine Rotor Blades

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,773.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
David Stickler
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,294.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr Edward J Niple
Abstract:
N/a

A Non-Cryogenic Tunable Diode Laser Monitor for On-Road Vehicle Emissions

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Not Available This proposal addresses the problem of placement or rearrangement of antennas and ground stations in a satellite support network that will provide good network performance at low cost. The problem is motivated by the economic concerns associated with consolidation of satellite support… More

An Ultra-Wide Intensity Range Radiometric Standard

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Paul L. Kebabian, Principal Engineer
Abstract:
N/a

Non-cooperative Identification of Aircraft Using Spaceborne IR Polarimetric Hyperspectral Imaging

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$743,234.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Frank J. Iannarilli, Jr.
Abstract:
N/a

Return Flow Cascade Cooling of Turbine Rotor Blades

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$746,686.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
David B. Stickler
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. David D. Nelson
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$294,899.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. David D. Nelson
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator:
John Zhang, Senior Engineer
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,895.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
John Zhang, Snior Engineer
Research Institution:
MASSACHUSETTS INST. OF TECHNOLOGY
RI Contact:
Ahmed Ghoniem
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Andrew Freedman, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Leah R. Williams, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
John B. McManus, Principal Research Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Frank J. Iannarilli, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
J. Barry McManus
Abstract:
Not Available The proposed instrument will assist in the simultaneous chemical and mineralogic analysis of microsamples of soil, rocks and minerals by x-ray fluorescence and x-ray diffraction. The innovations include a compact, low-average power, high-peak power, microfocus x-ray source (tube) that… More

Remote Sensing Instrument for On-Road Heavy-Duty Diesel NOx and PM Emissions

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

Hemispherical Mercuric Iodide Detector

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Mark S. Zahniser, Principal Research Scientist
Abstract:
65821 Aircraft measurements of ammonia and nitric acid can provide critical information on the sources and sinks of these atmospheric nitrogen species. This is important in understanding air quality, aerosol formation, visibility, and the impact of energy production and usage on global climate… More

Chlorophyll Fluorescence-Based Plant Health Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Andrew Freedman, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
This project concerns the development of a sensor intended to remotely monitor plant stress using active stimulation of plant chlorophyll fluorescence. The intensity and spectral band shape of leaf chlorophyll fluorescence in green plants has been linked to the physiological status of the plants and… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I (SBIR) project will develop a new class of real time aerosol mass spectrometers (AMSs) for analysis of respirable powder and liquid aerosol in pulmonary drug delivery systems. Three parameters control the effective delivery of drugs to the lungs: (1)… More

Multiple jet engine pollutant measurement with tunable diode laser arrays

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
John 1. McManus, Principal Research Scientist
Abstract:
This SBIR Phase1 project will involve the development of a novel method of simultaneously measuring multiple trace chemical species in jet engine exhaust, based upon an extension of the technology of tunable diode laser (TDL) spectroscopy. We will develop and demonstrate a new means of combining the… More

Multiple jet engine pollutant measurement with tunable diode laser arrays

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
John 1. McManus, Principal Research Scientist
Abstract:
This SBIR Phase1 project will involve the development of a novel method of simultaneously measuring multiple trace chemical species in jet engine exhaust, based upon an extension of the technology of tunable diode laser (TDL) spectroscopy. We will develop and demonstrate a new means of combining the… More

High Performance Compressor Cooling

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
David Stickler, Executive Vice President
Abstract:
High pressure ratio compressor operation is enabled by blade cooling, based on an evaporation / condensation cycle. The blade or blisk temperature is defined by the vaporization temperature of a working fluid internal to the blade, with heat transferred to an integral condenser at each blade root.… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Joda Wormhoudt
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project has as its goal the demonstration of the feasibility of an optical alloy analysis instrument based on a microchip laser excitation source. This instrument will determine elemental composition using laser-induced plasma spectroscopy… More

Widely Tunable Infrared Laser Spectrometer for Measurement of Isotopic Ratios of Carbon Cycle Gases

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Mark S. Zahniser, Principal Research Scientist
Abstract:
60520 The atmospheric abundance of carbon dioxide and methane have increased dramatically during the industrial era. Since these increases can perturb the global climate, it is vital to understand and quantify the factors controlling them. This is difficult because CO2 and CH4 have a wide… More

Widely Tunable Infrared Laser Spectrometer for Measurement of Isotopic Ratios of Carbon Cycle Gases

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$680,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Mark S. Zahniser, Principal Research Scientist
Abstract:
60520 The atmospheric abundance of carbon dioxide and methane have increased dramatically during the industrial era. Since these increases can perturb the global climate, it is vital to understand and quantify the factors controlling them. This is difficult because CO2 and CH4 have a wide… More

Development of a Versatile Aircraft Aerosol Mass Spectrometer for Organic Aerosol Analysis

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
John T. Jayne, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
60921 Although there are large uncertainties in the quantification of aerosol particles, they have important effects on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health. Organic compounds, generated from energy related activities, are known to constitute a large fraction of the ambient… More

Development of a Versatile Aircraft Aerosol Mass Spectrometer for Organic Aerosol Analysis

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$725,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
John T. Jayne, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
60921 Although there are large uncertainties in the quantification of aerosol particles, they have important effects on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health. Organic compounds, generated from energy related activities, are known to constitute a large fraction of the ambient… More

Development of a Quantum Cascade Laser-Based Detector for Ammonia and Nitric Acid

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
65821 Aircraft measurements of ammonia and nitric acid can provide critical information on the sources and sinks of these atmospheric nitrogen species. This is important in understanding air quality, aerosol formation, visibility, and the impact of energy production and usage on global climate… More

Development of a Quantum Cascade Laser-Based Detector for Ammonia and Nitric Acid

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
65821 Aircraft measurements of ammonia and nitric acid can provide critical information on the sources and sinks of these atmospheric nitrogen species. This is important in understanding air quality, aerosol formation, visibility, and the impact of energy production and usage on global climate… More

Development of a High Precision, Quantum Cascade Laser-Based Detector for Carbon Dioxide and Carbon Monoxide

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Research Institution:
President and Fellows of Harvard College
RI Contact:
Dahlman Roger
Abstract:
70814 Measurements of atmospheric concentrations of CO2 and CO from aircraft and remote sites play a central role in strategies for quantifying the sources and sinks of carbon and for controlling global warming from greenhouse gas emissions. A highly sensitive, automated, and robust sensor… More

SBIR/STTR Phase II: Automated Analyzer for Drug Delivery Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$499,378.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project will develop a new analytical tool for characterizing drug delivery aerosols and powders. This instrument will be based on a previously developed aerosal mass spectrometer that provides real-time size distribution and chemical composition… More

SBIR/STTR Phase II: Microchip-Laser-Based Optical Alloy Analysis Instrument

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project concerns the development of an optical alloy composition sensor based on laser induced plasma spectroscopy. A key element of the sensor is the use of a microchip laser excitation source. The technology has the capability to detect… More

SBIR/STTR Phase II: Microchip-Laser-Based Optical Alloy Analysis Instrument

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$499,957.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project concerns the development of an optical alloy composition sensor based on laser induced plasma spectroscopy. A key element of the sensor is the use of a microchip laser excitation source. The technology has the capability to detect… More

SBIR/STTR Phase II: Automated Analyzer for Drug Delivery Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project will develop a new analytical tool for characterizing drug delivery aerosols and powders. This instrument will be based on a previously developed aerosal mass spectrometer that provides real-time size distribution and chemical composition… More

SBIR/STTR Phase I:Development of a high precision, autonomous quantum cascade laser-based detector for methane and nitrous oxide

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Phase I project is to develop a compact and autonomous, high precision monitor for the potent greenhouse gases, methane and nitrous oxide. This proposal is submitted under the Geoscience Instrumentation subtopic (subtopic E) of the Electronics topic.… More

Imaging Spectropolarimetric Sensor for Airborne and Ground Based Retrieval of Aerosol Properties

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Stephen Jones, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Aerodyne Research will develop, demonstrate and market HySPAR, the HyperSpectral Polarimeter for Aerosol Retrievals. Our HySPAR commercial market will comprise both product sales (selling copies of the sensor) and R&D-level aerosol field measurement services. HySPAR employs snapshot multi-angle… More

Imaging Spectropolarimetric Sensor for Airborne and Ground Based Retrieval of Aerosol Properties

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$599,960.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Stephen Jones, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Aerodyne Research will develop, demonstrate and market HySPAR, the HyperSpectral Polarimeter for Aerosol Retrievals. Our HySPAR commercial market will comprise both product sales (selling copies of the sensor) and R&D-level aerosol field measurement services. HySPAR employs snapshot multi-angle… More

SBIR/STTR Phase I:Development of a Time of Flight Aerosol Mass Spectrometer for Atmospheric Aerosol Analysis

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project addresses the accurate measurement of the composition and microphysics of atmospheric aerosols that have significant implications for global and regulatory environmental issues. This project would replace the quadrupole mass-spectrometer… More

Chlorophyll Fluorescence-Based Plant Health Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Andrew Freedman, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
This project concerns the development of a sensor intended to remotely monitor plant stress using active stimulation of plant chlorophyll fluorescence. The intensity and spectral band shape of leaf chlorophyll fluorescence in green plants has been linked to the physiological status of the plants and… More

Chlorophyll Fluorescence-Based Plant Health Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Andrew Freedman, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
This project concerns the development of a sensor intended to remotely monitor plant stress using active stimulation of plant chlorophyll fluorescence. The intensity and spectral band shape of leaf chlorophyll fluorescence in green plants has been linked to the physiological status of the plants and… More

Quantum Cascade Laser Monitor for N0, N02 and 03

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOC
Principal Investigator:
David Nelson, Principal Research Scientist
Abstract:
This project will develop a high accuracy monitor for the photo-chemically coupled pollutants nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide and ozone using infrared absorption spectroscopy with quantum cascade (QC) lasers. The target molecules are monitored at air quality stations worldwide using instruments,… More

Remote Sensing Instrument for Particulates and NOx From Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
To assess the effectiveness of new controls, new measurement techniques are needed to measure emissions from in-use diesel vehicles. The goal of this project is to develop a portable remote sensing instrument for particulate matter (PM) and gaseous pollutants. Aerodyne Research, Inc., already has… More

Remote Sensing Instrument for Particulates and NOx From Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$224,647.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
To assess the effectiveness of new controls, new measurement techniques are needed to measure emissions from in-use diesel vehicles. The goal of this project is to develop a portable remote sensing instrument for particulate matter (PM) and gaseous pollutants. Aerodyne Research, Inc., already has… More

Lightweight Scaled-Up Linearly-Oscillating Miniature Engine for Portable Electric Power

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$119,722.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Kurt D. Annen, Principal Engineer
Abstract:
"Microscale power technologies have the potential to fill an emerging military need for portablepower generation at the 500 W level for the Objective Force dismounted soldier. This requires,however, scale-up of these technologies to the 500 W level and the ability of the technologies touse… More

Advanced, Aerosol Mass Spectrometer for Aircraft Measurement of Organic Particulate Matter

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
72904B03-I Aerosol particles have important effects on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health; yet large uncertainties remain in quantifying their chemical composition and atmospheric transformations. A significant part of the anthropogenic aerosol is generated from energy-related… More

Miniature Engine/Generator for 500 W Portable Electric Power Using Logistics Fuels

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$729,597.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Kurt Annen, Principal Engineer
Abstract:
A scaled-up miniature engine can fill an emerging military need for portable power generation at the 500 W level for the Objective Force dismounted soldier. Aerodyne Research, Inc. will scale up its miniature IC engine (MICE) technology, that wasinitially developed at the 10 W scale, to provide 500… More

Quantum Cascade Laser Monitor for N0, N02 and 03

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
DOC
Principal Investigator:
David Nelson
Abstract:
This project will design and deliver a high accuracy monitor for the photo-chemically coupled pollutants nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide and ozone using infrared absorption spectroscopy with quantum cascade (QC) lasers. The target molecules are monitored at air quality stations worldwide using… More

Cavity Attenuation Phase Shift Spectroscopic Detection of Nitrogen Dioxide

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
72080S03-I Nitrogen dioxide emissions are regulated by a national ambient air quality standard under the 1970 Clean Air Act. The prevalent means of detection, a chemiluminescence-based monitor (the so-called NOx box), often provides inaccurate readings for nitrogen dioxide in the presence of other… More

Location and Yield of Nuclear Events Using Radionuclide Monitoring Data and Inverse Plume Modeling

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator:
Robert C. Brown, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
A worldwide network of radionuclide monitoring stations has been established to monitor radioactive fall-out from nuclear tests. These stations sample the air for radioactive particulates and Xenon on a daily basis. This project is to develop a softwaresystem to determine the location, timing, and… More

Location and Yield of Nuclear Events Using Radionuclide Monitoring Data and Inverse Plume Modeling

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,593.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator:
Robert C. Brown, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
A worldwide network of radionuclide monitoring stations has been established to monitor radioactive fall-out from nuclear tests. These stations sample the air for radioactive particulates and Xenon on a daily basis. This project is to develop a softwaresystem to determine the location, timing, and… More

SBIR Phase I: Innovative Aerosol Collector for On-Line Analysis of Organics

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Douglas Worsnop
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project proposes to adressss the critical need for improved measurements of individual organic compounds in aerosol particles. Aerosols are crucially important due to their effects in global climate and human health, as well to industrial… More

Quantum Cascade Laser Monitor for N0, N02 and 03

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$300,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOC / NIST
Principal Investigator:
David Nelson
Abstract:
This project will design and deliver a high accuracy monitor for the photo-chemically coupled pollutants nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide and ozone using infrared absorption spectroscopy with quantum cascade (QC) lasers. The target molecules are monitored at air quality stations worldwide using… More

Predictive Polarimetry Atmospherics Closure System (PPACS)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,995.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
John A. Conant, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
AFRL/VSSS is the lead Air Force group for providing the DoD community with physics-based predictive models critical to assessing the utility of optical spectro-polarimetric sensing (SPS) for aerospace reconnaissance and target cueing. AFRL/VSSS ispresently upgrading the government-standard MODTRAN… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

Aerosol Mass Spectrometer for Aircraft Sampling using Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
John T. Jayne, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Aerosol particles play an important role in visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health, although large uncertainties remain in quantifying their impacts which depend on their chemical composition and atmospheric transformations. An innovativeaerosol mass spectrometer has been recently… More

Biothreat Detection with Improved Background Rejection

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,986.00
Agency:
HHS
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The Quartz Crystal Microbalance (QCM) is a well-established technology for quantifying small changes in mass. The long-term objective of this program is to improve the QCM so that it is suitable for use as a field test for the common, foodborne bacteria. To do… More

Portable Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) Sensor for Detection of Biological Agents

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$119,743.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Joda C. Wormhoudt, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Detection and identification of biological agents are challenging tasks, requiring the assessment of a variety of sophisticated analysis techniques. This proposal addresses what is agreed to be the most dangerous threat, agent delivery in aerosol form.Our goal is to develop a field-portable laser… More

Portable Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) Sensor for Detection of Biological Agents

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$730,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Joda Wormhoudt, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
This project concerns the development of a biothreat detector which utilizes laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). Innovations include use of a very high frequency (2 kHz) pulsed laser and a reduced pressure inlet, both of which are required todetect and identify single particles. This… More

Advanced Aerosol Mass Spectrometer for Aircraft Measurement of Organic Particulate Matter

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
72904-Aerosol particles have important impacts on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health, although large uncertainties remain on their quantification. A significant part of the anthropogenic aerosol is generated from energy-related activities, and organic compounds are known to… More

Cavity Attenuation Phase Shift Spectroscopic Detection of Nitrogen Dioxide

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
72080-Nitrogen dioxide emissions are regulated by a national ambient air quality standard under the 1970 Clean Air Act. The prevalent means of detection, a chemiluminescence-based monitor (the so-called NOx box), often provides inaccurate readings for nitrogen dioxide in the presence of other… More

Predictive Polarimetry Atmospherics Closure System (PPACS)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,542.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
AFRL/VSSS is the lead Air Force group providing the DoD community with physics-based predictive models critical to assessing the utility of EO/IR spectro-polarimetric sensing for aerospace reconnaissance and target cueing. AFRL/VSSS is presently upgrading the government-standard MODTRAN atmospheric… More

Aerosol Mass Spectrometer for Aircraft Sampling using Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$449,348.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
John T. Jayne, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Aerosol particles play an important role in visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health, although large uncertainties remain in quantifying their impacts which depend on their chemical composition and atmospheric transformations. An innovative aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS)has been… More

Sonde Deployable Carbon Dioxide Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
76321-Predictions of global warming caused by human activities rely on complex models, which include time variable sources and sinks of atmospheric gases such as carbon dioxide. Reliable modeling depends on the existence of accurate and frequently-taken atmospheric profiles of these greenhouse… More

Compact, Autonomous 13CO2 Flux Monitor Using Pulsed Difference Frequency

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
75422-The increase of atmospheric CO2 from fossil fuel combustion is a major contributor to global warming and climate change. Improved measurement technology for directly determining the exchange fluxes of the stable isotopes of CO2 is crucial to understanding the natural carbon cycle, which… More

Development of Soft-Ionization for Particulate Organic Detection with the Aerodyne Aerosol Mass Spectrometer

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
75716-Aerosol particles in the atmosphere have important effects on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health. A significant part of anthropogenic aerosols is generated from energy-related activities, and organic compounds are known to constitute a significant fraction of ambient… More

Demonstration of a Continuous, Real-Time PM2.5 Chemical Speciation Monitor Based on an Aerosol Mas Spectrometer

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Douglas R. Worsnop, Dir.Cntr for Aerosol & Cloud Chem
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project addresses the need for improved monitoring technologies for continuous particulate mass and chemical speciation of ambient aerosols. Aerodyne Research, Inc. will develop a prototype Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor (ACMS) that measures… More

Hand-Held Phytoremediation Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
75169-There is a need to monitor the efficiency of phytoremediation, in which green plants are used to extract and remove metals, radionuclides, and other contaminants from soil, subsurface sediments, or ground water. In particular, the concentration and partitioning of the contaminants in plant… More

Compact, Autonomous, Carbon Isotope Flux Monitor Using Difference Frequency Generation Infrared Absorption

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
75422B The increase of atmospheric CO2 from fossil fuel combustion is a major contributor to global warming and climate change. Improved measurement technology for directly determining the exchange fluxes of the stable isotopes of CO2 is crucial to understanding the natural carbon cycle, which… More

Development of Soft-Ionization for Particulate Organic Detection with the Aerodyne Aerosol Mass Spectrometer

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
75716S Aerosol particles in the atmosphere have important effects on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health. A significant amount of anthropogenic aerosols is generated from energy-related activities, and organic compounds are known to constitute a significant fraction of ambient… More

Demonstration of a Continuous, Real-Time PM2.5 Chemical Speciation Monitor Based on an Aerosol Mas Spectrometer

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$295,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Douglas R. Worsnop, Dir.Cntr for Aerosol & Cloud Chem
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project addresses the need for improved monitoring technologies for continuous particulate mass and chemical speciation of ambient aerosols. Aerodyne Research, Inc. will develop a prototype Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor (ACMS) that measures… More

Innovative Aerosol Collector for On-Line Analysis of Individual Particulate Organics

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,989.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
79105S05 As plasma modeling and simulation become mature, virtual diagnostics can become an option for tokamak research in the fusion energy program. A virtual diagnostics toolset that allows direct comparison of numerical simulation with tokamak measurements would provide an invaluable tool for… More

Characterization of Carbonaceous Particles: Aerosol Mass Spectrometry and Light Scattering

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,994.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
79508S05 Aerosol particles have important effects on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health. A large fraction of the anthropogenic aerosol is generated from energy-related activities, and organic compounds are known to constitute a significant fraction of ambient aerosol mass in… More

Formaldehyde and Hydrogen Peroxide Instrument for Flight Based Measurements

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$74,741.00
Agency:
DOC
Principal Investigator:
Scott C. Herndon, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
Hydrogen peroxide formation represents a loss of gas phase HOx and results in the transfer of atmospheric oxidative capacity to the liquid phase. Measurements of formaldehyde and H2O2 are vital to fully elucidate the atmospheric mechanisms associated with ozone formation and the formation of… More

Reducing Complex Physico-Chemical Model Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Robert C. Brown, Principal Scientist
Research Institution:
PRINCETON UNIV.
RI Contact:
Michelle D. Christy
Abstract:
An important and fundamental challenge in science and engineering is the need to understand the system output variables (model predictions, measured observables) and their relation to the system¿¿s input variables (model inputs, specified experimental conditions). This project proposes to address… More

Breath Analysis using Quantum Cascade Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,926.00
Agency:
HHS
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The analysis of components in human breath is a powerful non-invasive technique for the diagnosis and monitoring of asthma, cystic fibrosis (CF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The presence of elevated levels of nitric oxide (NO), carbon… More

Development of a Sensitive, Autonomous Quantum Cascade Laser-Based Detector for Ammonia

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$80,000.00
Agency:
USDA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The USDA recognizes the need for improved instrumentation to monitor atmospheric ammonia which is a major environmental concern and a health hazard. Ammonia is a public health concern at high levels, as can be found in animal feed lots. At low levels, ammonia is a source of particulates which are… More

Chemical Quick Quench Probe for Engine Emissions Measurements

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Paul E. Yelvington, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
A need exists to determine the true chemical composition of the exhaust gases from aircraft engines, aircraft combustors and rocket engines. Measurements of these high-speed reacting flows are important for determining the combustion efficiency of these devices and guiding efforts to engineer… More

High Burn Rate Hybrid Fuel for Improved Grain Design

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,998.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
David Stickler, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
A novel type of fuel providing high burning rate for hybrid rocket applications is proposed. This fuel maintains a hydrodynamically rough surface to radically enhance convective heat transfer rate, and hence the fuel burn rate. This is achieved by incorporating a particulate fuel material… More

Renewable Electric Energy Source for Special Operations Force (SOF) Maritime Combatant Craft

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,908.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / SOCOM
Principal Investigator:
Charles E. Kolb, President
Abstract:
An electric power source is needed that is two-man portable or lighter, operates on logistics fuels (JP-8, diesel), is quiet, and has a low thermal signature. We propose the MICE (Miniature Internal Combustion Engine) generator that is currently being developed by Aerodyne Research to deliver 500 W… More

Innovative Aerosol Collector for On-Line Analysis of Individual Particulate Organics

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,074.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Atmospheric aerosol particles play an important role in the earth¿s climate, visibility, acid deposition, and human health. Detailed chemical characterization of ambient aerosol particles is necessary in order to fully understand the physical and chemical processes underlying the formation and… More

Characterization of Carbonaceous Particles: Aerosol Mass Spectrometry and Light Scattering

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$748,839.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Aerosol particles have important effects on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health. A large fraction of the anthropogenic aerosol is generated from energy-related activities, and organic compounds are known to constitute a significant fraction of ambient aerosol mass in many… More

Reducing Complex Physico-Chemical Model System

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / STTR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,352.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Paul E. Yelvington, Senior Engineer
Research Institution:
PRINCETON UNIV.
RI Contact:
Herschel Rabitz
Abstract:
High-Dimensional Model Representation (HDMR) is a technique for efficiently representing the input/output behavior of a complex system. HDMR is a useful tool for scientists and engineers in two common circumstances. The first is when a computationally-exp

Development of a Sensitive, Autonomous Quantum Cascade Laser-Based Monitor for Amonia

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$296,000.00
Agency:
USDA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Emission of ammonia to the atmosphere is a major environmental concern and a potential health hazard, but the accurate measurement of ammonia sources requires improved instrumentation. There is an immediate need for such instrumentation for both monitoring and research in agriculture, climate… More

Miniature Generator Power for Advanced Prostheses

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,944.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Research Institution:
VANDERBILT UNIV.
RI Contact:
Carol L. Hachey
Abstract:
The capabilities of current prostheses are substantially limited by the lack of suitable high energy density portable power. Specifically, current myoelectric prostheses utilize rechargeable batteries, which provide typically less than 10% of the daily energy required for typical activities of… More

Temperature Programmed Thermal Desorption Aerosol Mass Spectrometry (TPTDAMS) for Determining Organic Aerosol Composition

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,999.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Aerosol particles have important impacts on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health; yet, large uncertainties remain in quantifying their chemical composition and atmospheric transformations. A large part of the anthropogenic aerosol is generated from energy-related activities, and… More

ABL (Airborne Laser) Detection Sensor Improvements

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Frank J. Iannarilli, Principal Scientist
Research Institution:
UNIV. OF NOTRE DAME
RI Contact:
Shanda L. Wirt
Abstract:
The first sentinel of ABL's present target acquisition suite is a passive infrared search and track sensor of 1970s vintage, which we propose replacing with HyPAWS. HyPAWS is a low-cost passive wide-field of view staring sensor. Several such units suffice to provide full 360-degree view coverage. … More

CAPS-Based Particle Single Scattering Albedo Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Aerosol particles affect the radiative balance of the earth directly, by scattering and absorbing solar and terrestrial radiation, and indirectly, by acting as cloud condensation nuclei. It is now recognized that the atmospheric loading of aerosols, generated through human activities, can influence… More

Acrolein Monitor Using Quantum Cascade Laser Infrared Adsorption

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Joanne H. Shorter, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Acrolein (CH2=CHCHO) has been identified by the U.S. Clean Air Act as a hazardous air pollutant because of its adverse health effect, particularly on respiratory systems. There are both anthropogenic and natural sources of acrolein in the environment. Acrolein is produced by combustion sources… More

Alternative Power Source for Small Unmanned Ground Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,995.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Kurt D. Annen, Principal Engineer
Abstract:
Current small robotic platforms, or small unmanned ground vehicles (SUGV's), are facing increased mission requirements. The power supply capability of these SUGV's is frequently the limiting factor in the ability to meet the increased demands of additional electronics and sensors, and longer… More

STTR Phase I: Soil Carbon Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Research Institution:
Univ of FL
RI Contact:
James D. Winefordner
Abstract:
This Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Phase I Project concerns the development of field-based analytical instrumentation for the determination of carbon content in soil. The instrumentation will employ laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy utilizing detection of atomic carbon ultraviolet… More

A Low Cost, Absolute Ambient Carbon Dioxide Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,996.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Research Institution:
Harvard University
RI Contact:
Jennifer Mahoney
Abstract:
Although carbon dioxide is monitored worldwide at hundreds of monitoring stations, existing monitoring methods, which rely on the use of high pressure calibration gas cylinders, are both labor intensive and expensive. Thus, there is a pressing need for an affordable, highly-accurate (1 part in… More

Broadly Tunable Quantum Cascade Laser Technology for Remote Sensing

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,994.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Research Institution:
Rice University
RI Contact:
Nancy Nisbett
Abstract:
National security interests related to the nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction require the remote detection of trace gases associated with the nuclear fuel cycle. Newly developed, mid-infrared, quantum cascade lasers have the potential to contribute to this application. These small… More

Particle Sampling System Designed to Simulate Aging of Aircraft Exhaust Plumes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Paul E. Yelvington, Senior Engineer
Abstract:
Emissions performance of military engines has taken on an increasingly prominent importance for the DoD in recent years. Military bases which lie in areas that are out of compliance with EPA regulations are required to participate in that state's plan to come into compliance and improve the… More

Real-time system for measuring gas turbine particle emission indices

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Timothy B. Onasch, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
The goal of the overall SBIR project is to enable fast, real-time measurements of the shape factor and density of particulate matter emitted by gas turbine engines in the size range of 20 to 600 nm using a modified version of the Aerodyne aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS). Such information is… More

Development of Aircraft Borne 13CH4 Analyzer Using a Continuous Wave Quantum Cascade Infrared Laser Spectrometer

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Methane is the second most important atmospheric greenhouse gas after CO2, yet its global sources and sinks are still inadequately characterized. Recent observations that industrial plants may account for a substantial fraction of atmospheric methane have lead to an increased emphasis on studies of… More

Variable Remapping of Airborne Imagery

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$79,954.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Frank J. Iannarilli, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Recent enabling technologies are allowing Navy F18 strike aircraft and UAVs to work together fist-in-glove for close-quarters urban combat. Our proposal for TV2 (Targeting Video from VIVID) ties together these assets ever more effectively. TV2 remaps UAV target imagery into targeting imagery as… More

Aerosol Mass Spectrometry via Laser-Induced Incandescence Particle Vaporization

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Aerosol particles have important impacts on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health. A large fraction of the anthropogenic aerosol is generated from energy-related activities, and carbonaceous species are known to constitute a significant fraction of ambient aerosol mass in many… More

Chemical Quick-Quench Probe for Aircraft Engine Emissions Measurements

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,333.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Paul E. Yelvington, Senior Engineer
Abstract:
The chemical composition of the exhaust streams of aircraft engines (augmented and non-augmented) and combustors are required for the determination of combustion efficiency and for understanding pollutant formation. Typically, extractive sampling is used to measure aircraft emissions; however, these… More

Ultrasound Assisted Oxidative Desulfurization of JP-8 Fuel

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Michael Timko, Senior engineer
Research Institution:
MIT
RI Contact:
Angela Olsen
Abstract:
The Army has identified solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) power systems as a potential solution to a variety of power needs ranging from roughly 0.1 - 100 kW. Reformed JP-8, the Army logistics fuel, can be used as the feed, but the fuel sulfur content must first be reduced to 10 ppm. We plan to test a… More

Broadly Tunable Quantum Cascade Laser Technology for Remote Sensing

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / STTR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,700.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Research Institution:
Rice University
RI Contact:
Henn Langberg
Abstract:
National security interests related to the nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction require the remote detection of trace gases associated with the nuclear fuel cycle. Newly developed, mid-infrared, quantum cascade lasers have the potential to contribute to this application. These small… More

Non-Contact Sampling Wand For The Detection Of Trace Explosives Material

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DHS
Principal Investigator:
Joda Wormhoudt, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Aerodyne Research, Inc. proposes to design, build and test a non-contact sampling wand intended for the detection of energetic materials which will involve collection and subsequent concentration of particles, and real-time coupling to a hand-held ion mobility spectrometer-based detector. This… More

CAPS-Based Particle Single Scattering Albedo Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Aerosol particles affect the radiative balance of the earth directly, by scattering and absorbing solar and terrestrial radiation, and indirectly, by acting as cloud condensation nuclei. It is now recognized that atmospheric loading of aerosols, generated through human activities, can exert an… More

Acrolein Monitor Using Quantum Cascade Laser Infrared Adsorption

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$344,976.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Joanne H. Shorter, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
If the QRCFC penetrated just 20% of the truck APU market, it will result in the reduction of over 12,000 tons of NOx, 20160 tons of CO, 544 tons of particulate, and 1.5 million tons of CO2 emissions each year. Besides this important application, the QRCFC could also provide similar benefits to… More

Breath Analysis using Quantum Cascade Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$744,720.00
Agency:
HHS
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The analysis of components in human breath is a powerful non-invasive technique for the diagnosis and monitoring of asthma, cystic fibrosis (CF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The presence of elevated levels of nitric oxide (NO), carbon… More

Variable Thrust Hybrid Propulsion for Mission Flexibility

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator:
David B. Stickler, Executive Vice-President
Abstract:
A novel type of high burning rate hybrid rocket fuel is an enabling technology for a wide range of DoD rocket propulsion applications. This fuel system has been demonstrated to provide burn rate at least four times that of conventional polymers, while retaining the physical properties and specific… More

An Adaptive Chemistry Approach to Modeling Emissions Performance of Gas Turbine Combustors

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,999.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Hsi-Wu Wong, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
In this proposed SBIR project, we seek to implement the Adaptive Chemistry methodology in existing CFD codes used to investigate the emissions performance of gas turbine engine combustors. We will demonstrate the feasibility of integrating Adaptive Chemistry algorithms to current CFD codes. We will… More

Multispectral Particle Absorption Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Andrew Freedman, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project concerns the development of a multi-wavelength monitor that will provide rapid, real-time measurement of the average aerosol absorption coefficient in the parcel of sample air. This monitor will employ Aerodyne's proprietary Cavity Attenuated… More

Spacecraft Cabin Particulate Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Andrew Freedman, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
We propose to design, build and test an optical extinction monitor for the detection of spacecraft cabin particulates. This monitor will be sensitive to particle sizes ranging from a few nanometer to tens of micrometers in diameter. Designed to utilize commercial off-the-shelf components, the… More

Utilizing Optical Defocusing and Computational Imaging for Laser Intensity Reduction at CCD Focal Planes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,753.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Stephen H. Jones, Principal Engineer
Abstract:
Devising a means to reduce the fluence at the image sensor by a factor of 100 would eliminate the threat from all but the largest, cumbersome sources. We propose that the needed fluence reduction can be achieved by operating the existing imager at a strongly defocused setting, and applying… More

A Sensitive and Affordable Compact Ammonia Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Joanne H. Shorter, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Ammonia has an important role in the chemistry of the atmospheric environment and air quality. Ammonia emissions are a major environmental concern, yet they remain poorly quantified. There is a need for a sensitive ammonia instrument to monitor emissions and evaluate their effects on the local and… More

Ultrasound Assisted Oxidative Desulfurization of JP-8 Fuel

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / STTR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Michael Timko, Senior Engineer
Research Institution:
MIT
RI Contact:
Angela Olsen
Abstract:
The objective of this work is to develop a compact, robust process that reduces the sulfur content of jet fuel to less than 10 ppm prior to its reformation and use in a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) fuel cell. The target power range of the SOFC is 2 kW. In addition to military applications, the… More

Particle Sampling System Designed to Simulate Aging of Aircraft Exhaust Plumes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$597,964.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Paul Yelvington, Principal Engineer
Abstract:
ARI is developing an aircraft exhaust sampling system that transitions condensable species to the condensed phase in a manner that mimics what happens when the exhaust is emitted into the atmosphere. Standard engine-exit plane measurements are not suitable for these volatile particles because they… More

Aerosol Mass Spectrometry via Laser-Induced Incandescence Particle Vaporization

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Aerosol particles have important impacts on visibility, acid deposition, human health, and climate. A large fraction of the anthropogenic aerosol is generated from energy-related activities known to contribute a significant fraction of ambient aerosol mass in many locations. Black carbon, formed in… More

Variable Remapping of Airborne Imagery

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$736,127.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Frank Iannarilli, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Cooperative targeting technologies enable F18 strike aircraft and tactical UASs (Unmanned Aircraft Systems) to work together to provide close air support, particularly in close-quarters urban combat. VRAI ("Variable Remapping of Airborne Imagery") ties together these assets more effectively,… More

Low-Cost, Multispectral Particle Extinction Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Aerosol particles affect the radiative balance of the earth directly, by scattering and absorbing solar and terrestrial radiation, and, indirectly, by acting as cloud condensation nuclei. It is now recognized that the atmospheric loading of aerosols generated through human activities can exert an… More

Development and Characterization of a Thermal Denuder for Aerosol Volatility Measurements

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Aerosol particles have important impacts on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health, although large uncertainties remain in quantifying their chemical composition and atmospheric transformations. However, of the organic aerosol mass, only a small fraction has been compositionally… More

Dual Laser Isotopic Flux Monitor for Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The increase of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the Earth¿s atmosphere is the most important driver of global warming. In order to predict future carbon dioxide concentrations under various mitigation strategies, a better quantitative understanding of the sources and sinks of atmospheric carbon dioxide is… More

Development of Aircraft Borne 13CH4 Analyzer Using a Continuous Wave Quantum Cascade Infrared Laser Spectrometer

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Methane (CH4) is the second most important atmospheric greenhouse gas after CO2, yet its global sources and sinks are still inadequately characterized. Monitoring the isotopic composition of atmospheric methane is one of the most promising approaches to closing the methane budget. Recent claims… More

Characterization of Particulate Organic via Combined Thermal Desorption Aerosol Gas Chromatography and Aerosol Mass Spectrometry (TAG-AMS)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Aerosol particles have important impacts on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health. A large fraction of the anthropogenic aerosol is generated from energy-related activities, and organic compounds are known to constitute a significant fraction of ambient aerosol mass in many… More

A Sensitive and Affordable Compact Ammonia Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$345,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Joanne H. Shorter, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Ammonia has an important role in the chemistry of the atmospheric environment and air quality. Ammonia emissions are a major environmental concern, yet they remain poorly quantified. There is a need for a sensitive ammonia instrument to monitor emissions and evaluate their effects on local and… More

An Absolute C02 Monitor with Extremely High Accuracy

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Research Institution:
Harvard University
RI Contact:
Geariod Griffin
Abstract:
Carbon dioxide is monitored worldwide at hundreds of monitoring stations. However, existing methods rely on the use of high pressure calibration gas cylinders, which are both labor intensive and expensive. Thus, there is a pressing need for an affordable, highly accurate (at least 1 part in 3000)… More

Non-Dispersive Atomic Absorption System for Engine Health Monitoring

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,993.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Joda Wormhoudt, Principal Investigator
Research Institution:
University of Florida
RI Contact:
N/A
Abstract:
We propose to design, construct and test a first implementation of a non-dispersive technique for the measurement of atomic absorption in the plumes of liquid rocket engines in altitude test facilities. Led by NASA Stennis Space Center (SSC), the observation of metal atom emission from liquid… More

SBIR Phase I: Real Time Anesthesia Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$150,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project proposes to develop a clinical monitor for propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol), an intravenous anesthetic drug widely used in general surgery and as a sedative agent in the intensive care unit (ICU) because of its favorable safety profile and… More

Spacecraft Cabin Particulate Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Andrew Freedman, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
We have built and tested an optical extinction monitor for the detection of spacecraft cabin particulates. This sensor sensitive to particle sizes ranging from a few nanometer to tens of micrometers in diameter. Designed to utilize commercial off- the-shelf components, the monitor, once calibrated,… More

Low Visibility Decoy Flare

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,975.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / SOCOM
Principal Investigator:
Kurt D. Annen, Principal Engineer
Abstract:
Low visibility flares offer significant advantages for nighttime protection of rotary wing vehicles. Aerodyne Research Inc (ARI) and its teaming partner ATK propose flares having nearly same intensity in IR bands of interest while having greatly reduced visibility. The Phase I program will build… More

Multispectral Particle Absorption Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Andrew Freedman, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project concerns the development of a multi-wavelength monitor that will provide rapid, real-time measurement of the average aerosol absorption coefficient in a parcel of sample air. This monitor will employ Aerodyne's patented Cavity Attenuated Phase… More

Characterizing JP-10 High Temperature Decomposition Chemistry using RMG - An Automatic Reaction Mechanism Generator

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Oluwayemisi O. Oluwole, Senior Chemical Engineer
Research Institution:
MIT
RI Contact:
Chanell L. Rome
Abstract:
Aerodyne Research, Inc. (ARI) and MIT are collaborating to establish the feasibility of fully characterizing the complex chemistry of JP-10 high temperature decomposition, in the presence of oxygen, using a novel automatic reaction mechanism generation tool (RMG) developed at MIT. JP-10 is a very… More

An Ultra-Sensitive, Size Resolved Particle Mass Measurement Device

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,995.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Michael Timko, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The characterization of aircraft particulate matter (PM) emissions has benefited greatly by the Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (AMS) by providing size resolved compositional information. AMS data have been critical to much of our understanding of aircraft PM emissions, but it has limited utility in… More

Characterization of Particulate Organic via Combined Thermal Desorption Aerosol Gas Chromatography and Aerosol Mass Spectrometry (TAG-AMS)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,869.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Although aerosol particles have important impacts on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health, large uncertainties remain in quantifying their chemical composition and atmospheric transformations. Particularly lacking are real-time, quantitative instruments for the identification,… More

High Precision C0S Monitor to Constrain the Partitioning of C02 Fluxes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Distinguishing between photosynthetic uptake and respiratory emission of CO2 from plants is a difficult problem; yet, determining the small difference between these two parameters is crucial for determining the net ecosystem exchange of CO2 between the atmosphere and the biosphere. Carbonyl sulfide… More

Development and Characterization of a Compact Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor (ACSM)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Aerosol particles have important impacts on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health. A large fraction of these aerosols are generated from energy-related activities. These organic aerosols can be directly emitted from combustion sources or formed through gas-phase reactions of… More

Dual Laser Isotopic Flux Monitor for Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,858.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The increase of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the Earth¿s atmosphere is the most important driver of global warming. In order to predict future carbon dioxide concentrations under various mitigation strategies, a much better quantitative understanding of the sources and sinks of atmospheric carbon… More

Nitrogen Dioxide and Light-Absorbing Carbon Sensors for Personal Exposure Assessm

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$1,993,190.00
Agency:
HHS
Principal Investigator:
Andrew Freedman
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project addresses the need for the development of field deployable, sensors which provide real- time quantitative measurements at point-of-contact of airborne species that are injurious to human health - in this p articular case, nitrogen dioxide and… More

Volatility-Resolved Measurements of Total Gas-Phase Organic Compounds by High Resolution Electron Impact Mass Spectrometry

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Aerosol particles have important impacts on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health. A large fraction of these aerosols are generated from energy-related activities, and these organic compounds are known to constitute a significant fraction of ambient aerosol mass. Recently… More

An Absolute C02 Monitor with Extremely High Accuracy

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / STTR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,787.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Research Institution:
Harvard University
RI Contact:
Geariod Griffin
Abstract:
Carbon dioxide is monitored with high precision at hundreds of monitoring stations, world-wide. Those measurements rely upon frequent calibration using high pressure gas cylinders, which must be certified and then shipped to remote locations. Current calibration procedures are both labor intensive… More

Aerosol Plasmon-Enhanced Laser Desorption Ionization

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Joda Wormhoudt, Principal Scientist
Research Institution:
University of Massachusetts Amherst
RI Contact:
Carol P. Sprague
Abstract:
Aerodyne Research, Inc. (ARI) and The University of Massachusetts at Amherst will collaborate to develop a novel technique for efficient mass spectrometric analysis of high molecular weight analytes such as proteins and polymers. Laser desorption and ionization with minimal analyte fragmentaton… More

Developing a Detailed Chemical Kinetic Model for C-SiC-SiO2-Rubber Composite Materials Exposed to High Temperature, High Pressure, Oxidizing Environme

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Hsi-Wu Wong, Senior Engineer
Research Institution:
Northwestern University
RI Contact:
Christine Beglinger
Abstract:
The objective of this proposed Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) effort is to develop an experimentally-validated, highly detailed chemical kinetic reference model of surface chemistry for C-SiC-SiO2 rubber composite materials exposed to high temperature, high pressure, oxidizing… More

Ultrasensitive, Fast-Response Size-Dependent Soot Spectrometer

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Andrew Freedman, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
We propose to develop a "black carbon" (soot) monitor for measuring non-volatile particulate emissions from gas turbine engines employing a proprietary optical extinction measurement technique based on cavity attenuated phase shift spectroscopy (CAPS) operting in conjunction with a differential… More

Characterizing JP-10 High Temperature Decomposition Chemistry using RMG - An Automatic Reaction Mechanism Generator

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / STTR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,913.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Oluwayemisi Oluwole, Sr. Chemical Engineer – (978) 932-0270
Research Institution:
M.I.T.
RI Contact:
Chanell Rome
Abstract:
Aerodyne Research, Inc. (ARI) and MIT are collaborating to extend their successful Phase I effort to fully develop and validate a comprehensive JP-10 combustion mechanism, using a novel automatic reaction mechanism generation tool (RMG) developed at MIT. JP-10 is a very attractive, but complex fuel… More

An Ultra-Sensitive, Size Resolved Particle Mass Measurement Device

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$599,999.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
James Akimchuk, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
By providing size resolved compositional information, the Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (AMS) has greatly advanced understanding of aircraft particulate matter (PM) emissions. AMS data have been critical to much of our understanding of aircraft PM emissions, but in the past it has had limited utility in… More

An Adaptive Chemistry Approach to Modeling Emissions Performance of Gas Turbine Combustors

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$599,845.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Hsi-Wu Wong, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations for combustion do not currently have the predictive capability typically found for non-reacting flows due to the prohibitively high computational cost incurred when one introduces detailed chemical kinetics. In this SBIR project, we propose a novel… More

Plug & Play Integrated Hybrid Power System for Humanoid Robot

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,912.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Kurt D. Annen, Principal Engineer
Abstract:
Robotic platforms, such as humanoid robots and unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) are significantly contributing to the capabilities of the U.S. Army. The BEAR humanoid robot offers exceptional capabilities for a robotic platform, but its mission duration is substantially constrained by the low… More

PM 2.5 Emissions Reduction for Two-Stroke Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Kurt D. Annen
Abstract:
Small particulate emissions, such as those that fall within the PM2.5 classification, have a substantial negative effect on air quality and human health. Significant sources of PM2.5 emissions are small two-stroke engines that are used in outdoor power equipment such as leaf blowers, chain saws, and… More

Recovery Act - Vaporization Cooling for IGCC Turbines

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$147,327.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Electrical power generation consumes a large fraction of the nations fossil fuel, notably coal, and produces significant CO2 emissions. Gas turbine based cycles such as IGCC are constrained by turbine component temperature limits, and consequently have potential for lower fuel consumption and… More

Chemical Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer for Particle and Gas-Phase Organic Speciation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,949.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Aerosol particles have important impacts on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health, although large uncertainties remain in quantifying their chemical composition and atmospheric transformations. A large fraction of the anthropogenic aerosol is generated from energy-related… More

High Sensitivity SO2 Monitor using Quantum Cascade Laser IR Absorption

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
SO2 is an important ubiquitous aerosol precursor with anthropogenic, biogenic and geogenic sources. The sulfate aerosol produced from atmospheric oxidation of SO2 has a negative radiative forcing component that is highly uncertain due to its direct and indirect effects. Due to its potency as a… More

High Precision C0S Monitor to Constrain the Partitioning of C02 Fluxes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$990,610.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Assessment of CO2 exchange between the atmosphere and the biosphere remains one of the largest uncertainties in predicting carbon sequestration by vegetative uptake on a global basis. Distinguishing between photosynthetic uptake and respiratory emission of CO2 is difficult, due to the small… More

Dual Quantum Cascade Laser System For Simultaneous Measurements of 13CH4 and CH3D Methan Isotopolgues

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Methane is the second most important atmospheric greenhouse gas after CO2 yet its global sources and sinks are still inadequately characterized. Monitoring the isotopic composition of atmospheric methane is one of the most promising approaches to closing the methane budget. Detailed process… More

Development and Characterization of a Compact Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor (ACSM)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$851,389.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Aerosol particles have important impacts on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health, although large uncertainties remain in quantifying their chemical composition and atmospheric transformations. A large fraction of the anthropogenic aerosol is generated from energy-related… More

Volatility-Resolved Measurements of Total Gas-Phase Organic Compounds by High Resolution Electron Impact Mass Spectrometry

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$950,229.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Aerosol particles have important impacts on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health, although large uncertainties remain in quantifying their chemical composition and atmospheric transformations. A large fraction of the anthropogenic aerosol is generated from energy-related… More

In Situ Particle Asymmetry Factor Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Andrew Freedman, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Aerosol particles affect the radiative balance of the earth directly, by scattering and absorbing solar and terrestrial radiation, and indirectly, by acting as cloud condensation nuclei. It is now recognized that the atmospheric loading of aerosols generated through human activities can exert an… More

An Instrument to Measure Aircraft Sulfate Particle Emissions

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Michael Timko, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Aircraft particle emissions contribute a modest, but growing, portion of the overall particle emissions budget. Characterizing aircraft particle emissions is required to improve aircraft combustor design and aircraft operating practices. Aircraft particle emissions are a complex mixture of soot… More

New Combustion CFD Algorithms Designed for Rapid GPU Computations

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,996.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Oluwayemisi Oluwole, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
We propose development of new algorithms specifically designed to exploit the highly parallel structure of graphics processing units (GPUs) for performing the following most expensive, but parallelizable computations in combustion CFD: (1) Chemical kinetics source term (including Jacobian matrix)… More

Non-Thermal Soot Denuder

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Zhenhong Yu, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
We propose to develop a non-thermal soot denuder for measuring chemical components of the nucleation mode particulate matter emissions from gas turbine engines, in combination with an Aerodyne Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (AMS). This proposed approach will effectively eliminate the contribution of soot… More

Flash Cracking Reactor for Waste Plastic Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,986.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Lino Gonzalez, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
We propose to design, model, build, and test a novel flash cracking reactor to convert plastic waste, and potentially other unconventional hydrocarbon feedstocks, into tunable molecular weight fuels. The innovative reactor technology "flashes off" desired hydrocarbon products as they… More

Biomass to Olefins by Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,928.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Michael Timko, Dr. – 978-932-0280
Abstract:
Aerodyne Research Inc. (ARI) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) plan to develop an efficient catalytic system to convert biomass into olefins for the production of hydrocarbons in the gasoline, diesel, and/or jet fuel range by way of catalytic fast pyrolysis. Conversion of… More

Quantum Cascade Laser System for Simultaneous Measurements of 13CO and C18O Carbon Monoxide Isotopologues

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,696.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Joanne Shorter, Dr. – 978-932-0208
Abstract:
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a key sink for atmospheric OH and thus changes in carbon monoxide concentrations have an impact on the abundance and chemistry of many other atmospheric gases. However, the CO budget is not well determined. The global sources and sinks of CO are inadequately characterized.… More

Volatility and Polarity Separated Total Organic Aerosol using Thermal Desorption Modulated Chromatography

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,594.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
John Jayne, Dr. – 978-932-0233
Abstract:
Aerosol particles have important impacts on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health, although large uncertainties remain in quantifying their chemical composition and atmospheric transformations. A large fraction of the anthropogenic aerosol is generated from energy-related… More

High Sensitivity HNO3 Monitor using Continuous Wave Quantum Cascade Laser IR Absorption

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,825.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Mark Zahniser, Dr. – 978-932-0224
Abstract:
HNO3 (nitric acid) is an important aerosol precursor that is coupled to the removal of natural and anthropogenic NOx from the atmosphere. Tropospheric HNO3 is both a terminal product from NO2 oxidation, and an important aerosol precursor. HNO3 is highly soluable and is extremely effective at… More

Expanded Wavelength CAPS-Based Particle SSA Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$150,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Andrew Freedman, Dr. – 978-932-0296
Abstract:
Measuring the radiative forcing of aerosols is currently the focus of the Department of Energy Atmospheric Sciences Program. Aerosol particles affect the radiative balance of the earth directly, by scattering and absorbing solar and terrestrial radiation, and indirectly, by acting as cloud… More

High Sensitivity SO2 Monitor using Quantum Cascade Laser IR Absorption

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$942,893.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
SO2 is an important ubiquitous aerosol precursor with anthropogenic, biogenic and geogenic sources. The sulfate aerosol produced from atmospheric oxidation of SO2 has a negative radiative forcing component that is highly uncertain due to its direct and indirect effects. Due to its potency as a… More

Dual Quantum Cascade Laser System For Simultaneous Measurements of 13CH4 and CH3D Methan Isotopolgues

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$956,801.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Methane is the second most important atmospheric greenhouse gas after CO2 yet its global sources and sinks are still inadequately characterized. Monitoring the isotopic composition of atmospheric methane is one of the most promising approaches to closing the methane budget. Detailed process… More

Chemical Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer for Particle and Gas-Phase Organic Speciation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$969,972.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Aerosol particles have important impacts on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health, although large uncertainties remain in quantifying their chemical composition and atmospheric transformations. A large fraction of the anthropogenic aerosol is generated from energy-related… More

Innovative Power Generation Technologies for Thermal Battery Replacement

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$80,000.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Kurt Annen, Principal Engineer – (978) 663-9500
Abstract:
Thermal batteries are used to provide primary power for a range of devices and military systems, and are characterized by a very long shelf life, ability to operate from -65 degrees F to 200 degrees F, and a rapid rise time. Drawbacks of thermal batteries, however, include occasional unreliability,… More

Utilizing Optical Defocusing and Computational Imaging for Laser Intensity Reduction at CCD Focal Planes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$719,532.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Stephen Jones, Principal Engineer – (978) 663-9500
Abstract:
Sensor protection against agile-frequency lasers is a critical Army Technology Objective (ATO). We propose simple defocusing of existing sensor optics as a layer within the optical limiting (OL) stack. This requires no additional optical components, and promotes compatibility with other OL stack… More

Substrate-Enhanced Micro Laser Desorption Ionization Mass Spectrometry

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$125,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Joda Wormhoudt, Principal Investigator
Research Institution:
University of Massachusetts Amherst
RI Contact:
Jennifer Donais
Abstract:
Aerodyne Research, Inc. and the University of Massachusetts at Amherst will collaborate to develop laser desorption ionization (LDI) mass spectrometric analysis of organic analytes of interest in planetary exploration, based on microchip laser illumination. The key advantage of microchip lasers in… More

An Instrument to Measure Aircraft Sulfate Particle Emissions

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,997.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Michael T. Timko, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Aerodyne is developing a sulfate detection instrument, based on the Tunable Infrared Laser Differential Absorption Spectrophotometer (TILDAS) technology and therefore termed the "TILDAS-sulfate" instrument, for measurement of the size-resolved sulfate PM emissions of aircraft engine… More

Size-Selection Aerosol Characterization Instrument

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$79,991.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Michael T. Timko – (978) 932-0280
Abstract:
Problem Statement: In order to obtain energy independence from conventional sources, there is a significant interest in the production of biogas and“green energy” during wastewater treatment. Due to increased emphasis on sustainability and potential for additional revenue streams, utilities… More

Biomass to Hydrocarbons by Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$999,872.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Michael Timko, Dr. – 978-932-0280
Abstract:
The U.S. has a pressing need to develop technologies to convert non-food biomass resources into fuels and chemicals. Current technologies have major disadvantages, including poor product distributions, slow reaction rates, and high costs. We are working on a new pyrolysis technology to convert… More

Quantum Cascade Laser System for Simultaneous Measurements of 13CO and C18O Carbon Monoxide Isotopologues

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$999,722.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Joanne Shorter, Dr. – 978-932-0208
Abstract:
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a key sink for atmospheric OH and thus changes in carbon monoxide concentrations have an impact on the abundance and chemistry of many other atmospheric gases. Monitoring the isotopic composition of atmospheric carbon monoxide (13CO, C18O and CO) is one of the most promising… More

Volatility and Polarity Separated (VAPS) Total Organic Aerosol using Thermal Desorption Modulated Chromatography

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$999,854.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
John Jayne, Dr. – 978-932-0233
Abstract:
Aerosol particles have important impacts on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health, although large uncertainties remain in quantifying their chemical composition and atmospheric transformations. A large fraction of the anthropogenic aerosol is generated from energy- related… More

High Sensitivity HNO3 Monitor using Continuous Wave Quantum Cascade Laser IR Absorption

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$999,766.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Mark Zahniser, Dr. – 978-932-0224
Abstract:
Gas phase nitric acid (HNO3) is an important aerosol precursor that is coupled to the removal of natural and anthropogenic NOx from the atmosphere. HNO3 is highly soluble and is extremely effective at increasing the cloud droplet number density, and has been implicated in the reduction of average… More

Expanded Wavelength CAPS-Based Particle SSA Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$1,000,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Andrew Freedman, Dr. – 978-932-0296
Abstract:
Aerosol particles affect the radiative balance of the earth directly, by scattering and absorbing solar and terrestrial radiation, and indirectly, by acting as cloud condensation nuclei. It is now recognized that the atmospheric loading of aerosols can exert an influence on the … More

LED-Based Photoacoustic Particle Optical Absorption Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$150,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Andrew Freedman, Dr. – 978-932-0296
Abstract:
Measuring the radiative forcing of aerosols is currently the focus of the Department of Energy Atmospheric Sciences Program. Aerosol particles affect the radiative balance of the earth directly, by scattering and absorbing solar and terrestrial radiation, and indirectly, by acting as cloud… More

Compact High Precision Field Instrument for all Major Greenhouse Gases

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,982.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
J. McManus, Dr. – 978-932-0281
Abstract:
To quantify emissions of greenhouse gases in field settings, high precision and fast response trace gas measurements are needed. High precision and fast response allow measurements of emissions by means of correlation with wind fluctuations (eddy correlation method). While such instruments exist… More

Plug&Play Integrated Hybrid Power System for Humanoid Robot

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$415,514.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Kurt Annen, Principal Engineer – (978) 663-9500
Abstract:
A robotic platform, such as the BEAR humanoid robot, offers exceptional capabilities but its mission duration is severely constrained by its batteries energy capacity. For maximum operational flexibility, the power source must be contained within the BEAR outer form and not attached externally to… More

Development of a Novel Aerosol Mass Spectrometric Technology for Rapid and Sensit

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$246,678.00
Agency:
HHS
Principal Investigator:
Manjula Canagaratna – 978-932-0214
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Development of a Novel Aerosol Mass Spectrometric Technology for Rapid and Sensitive Biomonitoring of Environmental Toxicants Name, address, and telephone number of the Principal Investigator: Dr. Manjula Canagaratna,Aerodyne Research, Inc., 45 Manning Rd.,… More

Ultra-High Precision Laser Isotope Monitor for 13CO2, CO180 and CO170

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$94,992.00
Agency / Branch:
DOC / NOAA
Principal Investigator:
David D. Nelson, Ph.D, Vice President – (978) 932-0207
Abstract:
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to the atmosphere are primary drivers of global climate change and hence there is a crucial need to quantify their sources and sinks. A general technique to constrain source and sink strengths is the analysis of the relative proportions of isotopic variants of GHG's. … More

Algorithms for IR data

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,754.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Frank J. Iannarilli, Principal Scientist – (978) 663-9500
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: We and our team partner Emu Solutions, a University of Notre Dame spin-off, will implement and ultimately deliver ISiS_PFA (Image Stabilization in Silicon_PFA), an electronics hardware implementation of our recently-invented Polynomial Factor Analysis (PFA) jitter mitigation algorithm. … More

Innovative Approach for Modeling the Impact of Paint Gloss on Visual and Near IR Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$79,638.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Frank Iannarilli, Principal Scientist – (978) 663-9500
Abstract:
NAVAIR PMAs are motivated by substantial maintenance cost savings to switch aircraft paints from matte to glossy. Yet NAVAIR must confidently weigh these major cost savings against possibly serious survivability penalties from sun glints. To definitively answer these survivability trades, we propose… More