High Performance Compressor Cooling
High pressure ratio compressor operation is enabled by blade cooling, based on an evaporation / condensation cycle. The blade or blisk temperature is defined by the vaporization temperature of a working fluid internal to the blade, with heat transferred to an integral condenser at each blade root. This approach provides heat rejection to a cool, low pressure fluid, such as engine lubricating oil, with subsequent transfer to the fuel flow for complete energy recovery. Conventional film cooling technology, as developed for turbine blades using compressor bleed air, is not applicable to high the pressure compressor stage, due to lack of an acceptable high pressure cooler air supply. This approach to compressor cooling essentially eliminates the usual blade structure temperature constraint on overall compression ratio. This basic cooling technology has also been explored for application to the rotating turbine stages, with substantial cycle benefits identified. This blade cooling approach thus enables turbomachinery operation at high flight mach number, at high overall compression ratio, with very high turbine inlet temperature. The result is high efficiency air breathing propulsion at high flight Mach number.
Small Business Information at Submission:
Aerodyne Research, Inc.
45 Manning Road Billerica, MA 01821
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