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High throughput screen of behavior using piezo-imaging

Award Information

Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
65528
Program Year/Program:
2005 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
RR017182
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
AFASCI, INC.
522 Second Avenue REDWOOD CITY, CA 94063-3848
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Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 2
Fiscal Year: 2005
Title: High throughput screen of behavior using piezo-imaging
Agency: HHS
Contract: 2R44RR017182-02
Award Amount: $744,109.00
 

Abstract:

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Neurobehavioral assessments, including arousal activity level and sleep pattern, are endpoints of global nervous system function. Virtually all pathological conditions, particularly neuropsychological disorders such as anxiety and depression, and a variety of different classes of drugs, can lead to the alteration of behavior and disturbance of sleep. Although a battery of behavioral assessments is frequently conducted in animals exposed to new compounds or in genetically altered mice (e.g., gene knockout), sleep assessments are rarely performed in these subjects because of the technical difficulty of using electroencephalographs (EEGs) and electromyographs (EMGs). In general, behavioral assessments and drug behavioral safety and efficacy screening in animals have become a bottleneck in the modern drug discovery process because of the lack of high-throughput screening (HTS) tools available. Promising results obtained in our SBIR Phase I feasibility study have demonstrated that the non-invasive piezoelectric (piezo)-system is not only capable of monitoring sleep/wake activity, but can also detect abnormal behavior such as tremors and seizures in mice. In the proposed Phase II project, we will expand this novel approach by incorporating other proven biosensor technologies (e.g., imaging tracking and force transducers) into an individual piezo-homecage to create a flexible and comprehensive behavioral assay toolkit. Our specific aims are to (1) extend the current piezo monitoring application by integrating it with other biosensors, (2) refine algorithms for pattern recognition of characteristic behavior and improve software to enable fully automated data analysis, and (3) validate this novel system with pharmacological studies in mice and by comparison with conventional methods. Multiple behavioral parameters generated from this non-invasive and efficient homecage monitor will provide integrated information about agent or gene mutant effects on specialized functions of the animal. This versatile system will provide a high-throughput in vivo screening tool that can accelerate the complex process of new drug discovery and ultimately help to identify safer and more effective therapeutic agents.

Principal Investigator:

Xinmin S. Xie
6507845658
simonxie@afasci.com

Business Contact:

Xinmin Xie
6507845658
SIMONXXIE@HOTMAIL.COM
Small Business Information at Submission:

Afasci, Inc.
Afasci, Inc. 2633 Martinez Dr Burlingame, CA 94010

EIN/Tax ID: 770605651
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No