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A Volatile Antibiotic Producing Fungus for Control of Soil-Borne and…

Award Information

Agency:
Department of Agriculture
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
61972
Program Year/Program:
2003 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
2003-00075
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
AgraQuest, Inc.
1530 Drew Avenue Davis, CA 95616
View profile »
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2003
Title: A Volatile Antibiotic Producing Fungus for Control of Soil-Borne and Postharvest Diseases
Agency: USDA
Contract: 2003-33610-13027
Award Amount: $75,000.00
 

Abstract:

NON-TECHNICAL SUMMARY: Agriculture is in need of safer products to replace methyl bromide and other synthetic fungicides. Soil-borne diseases caused by pathogens such as Pythium, Rhizoctonia, Verticillium and Phytophthora are a major problem in horticulture, field crop production and greenhouses causing root rots, wilts and loss of vigor and yield. Methyl bromide, a potent ozone-depleting agent being phased out by 2005, is frequently used as a soil fumigant before planting strawberries, tomatoes, peppers and other crops to control soil-borne diseases and pests. Harvested commodities such as fresh fruits are also highly susceptible to fungal decay and often require pre- or postharvest fungicide treatment to reduce losses. Many fungicides for postharvest use are being phased out due to toxicological concerns, and fungicide resistance has become widespread. The endophytic fungus Muscodor albus produces a mixture of low molecular weight volatile compounds that are toxic to other microorganisms. The Phase I research will include determination of conditions conducive to the biofumigant, identification of volatile components required for activity, evaluation of soil treatment and postharvest potential, and investigation of nutritional requirements for a commercially viable preparation. The results of this research will enable this biopesticide to be developed into a safe, biodegradable alternative to methyl bromide and synthetic fungicides for pre-plant soil treatment, greenhouse uses and postharvest fruit treatment.

Principal Investigator:

Denise C. Manker
Director
5307500150
dmanker@agraquest.com

Business Contact:

Pamela G. Marrone
President and CEO
5307500150
pmarrone@agraquest.com
Small Business Information at Submission:

AgraQuest, Inc.
1530 Drew Avenue Davis, CA 95616

EIN/Tax ID:
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No