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A Desiccant Thermal and Humidity Control System

Award Information

Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
51644
Program Year/Program:
2001 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
NASA1742
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
Ail Research, Inc.
P.O. Box 3662 Princeton, NJ 08543
View profile »
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2001
Title: A Desiccant Thermal and Humidity Control System
Agency: NASA
Contract: N/A
Award Amount: $69,052.00
 

Abstract:

Environmental control and life support (ECLS) within closed environments must remove humidity from the air both to maintain crew comfort and to recycle potable water. The current state-of-the-art technology recovers water vapor by cooling air to below its dew point in a condensing heat exchanger. This requires chilled water at about 5 C as the cooling sink. However, desiccants can be used to recover water vapor without cooling the air to below its dew point. This allows 1) independent control of environment temperature and humidity, 2) the delivery of very low dewpoint air for special purposes, and 3) a higher design temperature for the coolant loop, with concomitant savings in weight for the thermal bus and radiator. Furthermore, desiccants can recover water vapor without creating water-wetted surfaces or producing saturated air. These characteristics, combined with the fact that many common liquid desiccant are biocidal, offers the possibility of a lighter weight water recovery system that is immune to bio-fouling and cannot inadvertently spread disease. Two novel desiccant Thermal and Humidity Control (THC) systems are evaluated in the proposed work. Their size, weight, power and resupply requirements will be compared to those of a THC system that uses a conventional condensing heat exchanger.

Principal Investigator:

Andrew Lowenstein
President
6094522950
ail@ailr.com

Business Contact:

Andrew Lowenstein
President
6094522950
ail@ailr.com
Small Business Information at Submission:

AIL Research, Inc.
P.O. Box 3662 Princeton, NJ 08543

EIN/Tax ID:
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees:
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No