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Company Information:

Name: American Research Corporation of Virginia
Address: 1509 Fourth Street
P.O. Box 3406
Radford, VA 24143 0340
Located in HUBZone: No
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
URL: N/A
Phone: (540) 731-0655

Award Totals:

Program/Phase Award Amount ($) Number of Awards
SBIR Phase I $7,635,815.00 110
SBIR Phase II $17,348,060.00 43
STTR Phase I $100,000.00 1

Award List:

ELECTROMAGNETIC DETECTION OF STRESS AND CRACK PROPAGATION IN CRITICAL AIRCRAFT COMPONENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $67,994.00

LASER STAMPING OF AMORPHOUS ALLOYS USED IN MOTORS, TRANSFORMERS & SECURITY SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Russell J Churchill
Award Amount: $29,000.00

LASER GENERATED SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVES FOR FLAW DETECTION IN TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOT
Principal Investigator: Dr. Russell J. Churchhill , President
Award Amount: $49,820.00

EDDY CURRENT NONDESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION OF LASER GLAZED METALLIC SURFACES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. R.j. Churchill , President
Award Amount: $50,000.00

LASER DIAGNOSTICS OF MICROBIAL POPULATIONS IN FOOD PROCESSING SYSTEMS.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Russell J. Churchill
Award Amount: $49,000.00

ELECTROMAGNETIC DETECTION OF STRESS AND CRACK PROPAGATION IN CRITICAL AIRCRAFT COMPONENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $480,554.00
Abstract:
Non-destructive testing research has been primarily concerend with defect detection and characterization with relatively little effort on ndt techiques for measuring stress, predicting fatigue damage prior to cracking and monitoring of crack propagation in critical aircraft components. these… More

EDDY CURRENT NONDESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION OF LASER GLAZED METALLIC SURFACES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. R.j. Churchill , President
Award Amount: $490,244.00
Abstract:
Laser treatment of metallic surfaces encompasses hardening, alloying, cladding, penetration welding and laser glazing depending upon the properties of the laser and the duration of application. of interest in this proposal is laser glazing which utilizes the high power densities of focused laser… More

LASER GENERATED SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVES FOR FLAW DETECTION IN TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOT
Principal Investigator: Dr. Russell J. Churchhill , President
Award Amount: $298,922.00
Abstract:
Transportation system studies require in-service inspection using nondestructive evaluation (nde) techniques for flaw detection and characterization. in cases where such defects are small compared with the thickness of the section, ultrasonic methods are considered to be the most suitable. it would… More

LASER DIAGNOSTICS OF MICROBIAL POPULATIONS IN FOOD PROCESSING SYSTEMS.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Russell J. Churchill
Award Amount: $249,000.00
Abstract:
Food processing industries require microbial and metabolite data for ingredient control and product optimization. current measurement techniques do not provide sufficient speed of response to permit their use in on-line product diagnosis and control. to alleviate this situation the present proposal… More

CHARACTERIZATION OF DAMAGE IN COMPOSITE ROCKET MOTOR CANISTERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: R C Stiffler
Award Amount: $61,422.00

CHARACTERIZATION OF DAMAGE IN COMPOSITE ROCKET MOTOR CANISTERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: R C Stiffler
Award Amount: $499,000.00
Abstract:
The inherent anisotropy and inhomogeneity of composite materials make damage detection and characterization different than that of homogeneous isotropic materials. both in quality assurance and maintainability, tests based on strong and well understood principles must be established in order to… More

LASER STAMPING OF AMORPHOUS ALLOYS USED IN MOTORS, TRANSFORMERS & SECURITY SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Russell J Churchill
Award Amount: $195,000.00
Abstract:
The newly discovered amorphous alloys having unique mechani-cal and electromagnetic properties are becoming available invery thin and narrow strips which do not lend themselves to convenient and efficient methods of manufacturing. it isnecessary to process these alloys for new applications in ways… More

LASER FIBER OPTIC SENSOR FOR HUMAN BIOMAGNETIC MEASUREMENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr R J Churchill
Award Amount: $67,240.00

MINIATURE ELECTRON BEAM ACCELERATOR INCORPORATING ELECTRON SOURCE AND HIGH GRADIENT ACCELERATION MECHANISM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Dr M G Niimura
Award Amount: $67,349.00

"INTELLIGENT INTERFACE FOR IMPROVED COMMUNICATION BETWEEN HANDICAPPED PERSONS AND COMPUTERS AND ROBOTS".

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: ED
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $30,000.00

MICROWAVE NDE SENSOR FOR IN-PROCESS CONTROL IN THE MANUFACTURE OF CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Dr P W Chan
Award Amount: $66,759.00

"INTELLIGENT INTERFACE FOR IMPROVED COMMUNICATION BETWEEN HANDICAPPED PERSONS AND COMPUTERS AND ROBOTS".

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: ED
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $199,942.00
Abstract:
Many handicapped persons are restricted because they lack the necessary capabilities to interface effectively within atechnological society. however, technology itself has provided some compensation for a number of physical linitat ions through the use of computers. yet, there remains the need to… More

MINIATURE ELECTRON BEAM ACCELERATOR INCORPORATING ELECTRON SOURCE AND HIGH GRADIENT ACCELERATION MECHANISM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Dr M G Niimura
Award Amount: $249,804.00
Abstract:
Light weight, high energy charged particle beam production is feasibile when the acceleration potential is generated from an inductive energy storage system. an intensive, copious x-ray radiation source is therefore obtainable simultaneously through the high-current electron beam and metal target… More

MICROWAVE NDE SENSOR FOR IN-PROCESS CONTROL IN THE MANUFACTURE OF CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Dr P W Chan
Award Amount: $249,871.00
Abstract:
The intelligent processing of materials is a novel concept in materials processing in which information from real time, in-situ microstructural sensors and process models are combined with artificial intelligence approaches to control a materials process. the insitu sensors are a key to this… More

LASER FIBER OPTIC SENSOR FOR HUMAN BIOMAGNETIC MEASUREMENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr R J Churchill
Award Amount: $122,364.00
Abstract:
Biomagnetic measurements can now make unique and significant contributions to the study of activity in the human body. most measurements are made with the squid magnetometer which has several major disadvantages. the long term target of opportunity in this proposal is the development of a compact,… More

LASER SPECKLE INSTRUMENT WITH HAND-HELD PROBING HEAD FOR NONCONTACTING INSPECTION OF ADVANCED MATERIALS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr adel sarrafzadeh
Award Amount: $49,885.00
Abstract:
The materials of aerospace components are subjected to high temperatures and strong aerodynamic forces during propulsion. therefore, innovations in non-invasive sensor technologies are required for the measurement of structural physical properties. fiber optic viewing probes and other optical… More

MICROWAVE EDDY CURRENT NONDESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION OF MERCURY CADMIUM TELLURIDE (HG CD TE) MATERIALS AND DEVICES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr russell j churchill
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Electronic components and systems for use in defense applications have requirements of material uniformity, quality electrical connections, microstructural integrity and freedom from stress and defects. although the electronics industry has been successful in meeting many of these conditions, the… More

BATTERY-POWERED HANDHELD AND RUGGED MILLIMETERWAVE SOURCE AND THE APPLICATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr m g niimura
Award Amount: $58,570.00
Abstract:
There is a need for small, compact, and rugged sources that operate in the 0.7-2mm wavelength region. such a source would be solid state but the overall system will mostlikely not be so compact if the wideband frequency tunability is desired. the conceptual solid-state (in-as) gyrotron is wide-band… More

LASER-BASED ULTRASONIC EXCITATION AND SPECKLE INTERFEROMETRIC DETECTION SYSTEMS FOR NONDESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION OF HIGH-TEMPERATURE CERAMICS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr adel sarrafzadeh
Award Amount: $49,898.00
Abstract:
The use of advanced materials such as ceramics, ceramic composites, and high temperature coatings has led to improved performance of critical heat engine and energy-related components and systems. however, the requirements for nondestructive evaluation (nde) of ceramic materials resulting from… More

DIVER MONITORING SYSTEM FOR PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASUREMENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Dr s s lane , SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $30,000.00
Abstract:
The monitoring of diver physiological variable, such as heart and respiratory rates, muscle fatigue and body core temperature, is of great importance because divers occasionally exceed safe physiological limits. divers are called onto perform tasks which require a high level of exertion, often under… More

MICROWAVE SENSORS FOR MACHINE VISION INSPECTION IN FOOD PROCESSING SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Dr Russell J Churchill
Award Amount: $50,000.00

TUNABLE-WAVELENGTH COMPACT MILLIMETERWAVE RADAR FOR CLOUD MAPPING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr M G Niimura
Award Amount: $50,000.00

FIBER OPTIC SENSOR FOR IMPROVED IMMUNOASSAY FOR PATHOGENS IN SEAFOOD

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Dr. russell j. churchill
Award Amount: $30,000.00
Abstract:
The impact of industrialization in coastal regions and the degradation of environmental conditions in the vicinity of seafood producing regions has become evident from the quality of foods produced in these regions. affinity purified polyclonal antibodies are being developed to provide a rapid… More

MICROWAVE SENSORS FOR MACHINE VISION INSPECTION IN FOOD PROCESSING SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Dr Russell J Churchill
Award Amount: $200,000.00
Abstract:
Although automation technology is finding widespread use in many industries, the food industry is only just beginning tointroduce such technology in production facilities. in particular, there is a need to increase research and development efforts in a number of areas including new sensors and… More

NEW AND IMPROVED FERRIMAGNETIC MATERIALS FOR HIGH FREQUENCY TRANSFORMERS AND INDUCTOR COILS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr usha v vaseashta
Award Amount: $49,468.00
Abstract:
High premeability and low power loss head the requirements laid down for a good core material for inductance coils and transformers for the application in high efficiency power supply. recently ferrite materials, such as nickel-zinc-cobalt (niznco) ferrites have been used for transformer and… More

LASER ANNEALING OF PLASMA PROCESSED HIGH TC SUPERCONDUCTING MATERIALS AND DEVICES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr R J Churchill
Award Amount: $49,000.00

LASER INCISION FOR MECHANICAL REINFORCEMENT OF WOOD-BASED COMPOSITE MATERIAL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Howard P Groger
Award Amount: $50,000.00

LASER ALLOYING OF PLASMA-DEPOSITED COATINGS FOR PROTECTION AGAINST ATOMIC OXYGEN

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Dr Russell J Churchill
Award Amount: $49,812.00

LASER ANNEALING OF PLASMA PROCESSED HIGH TC SUPERCONDUCTING MATERIALS AND DEVICES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr R J Churchill
Award Amount: $225,000.00
Abstract:
Recent advances in the formulation and processing of high critical temperature (high tc) superconducting materials present the opportunity of producing components such as integrated circuits, sensors, superconducting quantum interference devices (squid), microwave generators and detectors, microwave… More

LASER INCISION FOR MECHANICAL REINFORCEMENT OF WOOD-BASED COMPOSITE MATERIAL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Howard P Groger
Award Amount: $195,000.00
Abstract:
Developments in the science and adhesion and adhesive bond- ing have let to increased efficiency in the use of forest products. however, to improve the productivity of fabrica- tion operations and to expand the use of wood-based materialinto applications in which improved shear and bending strength… More

COMPARISON OF THE PRODUCTIVITY OF DIAGRAMMATIC AND TEXTUAL PROGRAMMING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr R W Wygant
Award Amount: $499,571.00
Abstract:
The present trend in human/computer interfaces is the use of visual, iconic manipulation for computer control. the application of a visual interface can be adapted to use in programming languages. the proposed research and testing program will be carried out to determine if a diagrammatic… More

ASBESTOS DETECTION BY MULTIPLE FOCAL PLANE MICROSCOPIC FLUORESCENCE IMAGING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr Roger W Wygant
Award Amount: $49,945.00
Abstract:
There exists a need for methods of in situ determination of asbestos prescence and concentration in both material specimens and in airborne samples. the detection systems should be portable, rapid, reliable, easy to use and safe. this proposal suggests an optical technique employing digital image… More

NEURAL NETWORK INTERFACE FOR UPPER EXTREMITY PROSTHESIS CONTROL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: ED
Principal Investigator: Dr. Russell J Churchill
Award Amount: $30,000.00
Abstract:
A natural function prosthesis interface for amputees and victims of upper extremity dysfunction can be accomplished using an intelligent controller to interpret the available neural signal data for control of a robotic arm. the goal is to develop a sufficiently sophisticated natural function… More

COMPARISON OF THE PRODUCTIVITY OF DIAGRAMMATIC AND TEXTUAL PROGRAMMING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr R W Wygant
Award Amount: $49,995.00

MEMORY-ASSIST DEVICE TO IMPROVE PRESCRIPTION COMPLIANCE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00

TUNABLE-WAVELENGTH COMPACT MILLIMETERWAVE RADAR FOR CLOUD MAPPING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr M G Niimura
Award Amount: $499,949.00
Abstract:
There is a need of a mm-wave radar to record the internal structure of smoke obscurant clouds generated during the tests. millimeter wave radar with 7.5m range resolution and 0.5 degree angular resolution are required. the millimeter wave radar to be developed under this proposal is frequency… More

APPLICATION OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS TO MACHINE VISION FLAME DETECTION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: John A Neal Iii
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Current technique of optical flame detection rely on the use of narrow bandwidth sensors which have been demonstrated to be prone to false alarms. to address this need, american research corporation of virginia (arcova) proposes to develop an intelligent machine vision interface for the detection… More

POTENTIAL-WELL CONSERVED HELICITY INJECTED ELECTRON-BEAM-DRIVEN MILLIMETER WAVE SOURCE MODIFIED ORBITRON

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr M G Niimura
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The objective of this proposal is to develop a more efficient, high power millimeter wave source by modifying the original orbitron maser. the original orbitron is driven by a single power supply (i.e.a small capacitor) which generates an axisymmetric logarithmic potential-well as radially directing… More

POLARON INDUCED RESONANCE MECHANISMS OF DEUTERIUM-LITHIUM FUSION IN A CRYSTALLINE PALLADIUM LATTICE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr M G Niimura
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Conventional fusion processes are not expected to achieve break-even within the next decade. cold fusion is an exciting option, since it offers an inexpensive alternative and some claim break-even has already been achieved. however, to dat, no in-depth theoretical study of cold fusion has been… More

LASER BRAZING PROCESS DEVELOPMENT FOR CERAMIC-TO-METAL JOINING OF RADOME COMPONENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr R J Churchill
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
There is a need for unique joing/bonding processes that can directly join ceramic ir and rf dome components to cylindrical metal surfaces. exposure to the high temperatures associated with conventional brazing processes can degrade the optical properties of materials and promote chemical reaction… More

NONINTRUSIVE PHOTOACOUSTIC CHARACTERIZATION OF CRITICAL PROPERTIES IN HIGH TC SUPERCONDUCTING MATERIALS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr Adel Sarrafzadeh , Research Scientist
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The recent discovery of new high temperature superconductor systems has created a need to develop compatible measurementtechniques to characterize the electrical, structural, acoustic and optical properties of these materials. although many standard methods of measuring conventional superconducting… More

INTEGRATED PLANAR MAGNETIC DEVICES FOR MEGA-HERTZ FREQUENCY HIGH DENSITY POWER SUPPLIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr Usha Varshney
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Recent developments in very high speed integrated circuits (vhsic) have led to the need for high efficiency and power denity resonant mode and switched mode power supplies, operating at frequencies in excess o 1 megahertz (mhz). the specifications for these power supplies are stingent due to… More

LASER SPECKLE INTERFEROMETER FOR SURFACE ACOUSTIC DISPLACEMENT MEASUREMENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Adel Sarrafzade , Research Scientist
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Advances in real-time measurement techniques for characterizing structural and propulsion system properties require accurate measurement of dynamic properties importantto the design of advanced aeronautical and aerospace vechicles. the specific innovation addressed by this proposal is the employment… More

LASER DEPOSITION OF MODULATED-STRUCTURE FERROELECTRIC THIN FILMS FOR NON-VOLATILE MEMORIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr Usha V Vaseashta
Award Amount: $50,000.00

LASER-DRIVEN DIRECTIONAL SOLIDIFICATION IN HIGH TC SUPERCONDUCTING FIBERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr Usha V Vaseashta , Research Scientist
Award Amount: $50,000.00

LOW TEMPERATURE ION-BEAM-ASSISTED DEPOSITION OF FERROELECTRIC THIN FILMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Dr Usha V Vaseashta
Award Amount: $50,000.00

ROBOTIC INSPECTION OF CRUDE OIL CARRIER TANKS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr R J Chruchill
Award Amount: $50,000.00

CROSS-CORRELATION OPTICAL STRAIN SENSOR FOR WIND TUNNEL TEST INSTRUMENTATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Adel Sarrafzade , Research Scientist
Award Amount: $50,000.00

LASER ALLOYING OF PLASMA-DEPOSITED COATINGS FOR PROTECTION AGAINST ATOMIC OXYGEN

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Dr Russell J Churchill
Award Amount: $38,898.00
Abstract:
Atomic oxygen-induced degradation of materials in low earth orbit is a problem of great concern in the deployment of satellites, reflectors and mirror and antenna structures. in particular, the degradation of thin carbon-carbon composite materials by atomic oxygen restricts the operational life and… More

MEMORY-ASSIST DEVICE TO IMPROVE PRESCRIPTION COMPLIANCE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $430,744.00
Abstract:
The ever-increasing percentage of the u.s. population 65 years old or over presents a special problem to physicians and pharmacists: how to ensure that elderly people, who may suffer from memory impairments, will comply with a medication regimen. the goal of this project is to develop a miniature… More

LASER DEPOSITION OF MODULATED-STRUCTURE FERROELECTRIC THIN FILMS FOR NON-VOLATILE MEMORIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr Usha V Vaseashta
Award Amount: $458,901.00
Abstract:
Ferroelectric thin film devices offer a number of advantages for use as computer memories, including high bit-density, nonvolatile lowvoltage operation over a wide temperature range, short access and cycle times, and relatively high radiation hardness. to respond to the need of designiing and… More

LASER-DRIVEN DIRECTIONAL SOLIDIFICATION IN HIGH TC SUPERCONDUCTING FIBERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr Usha V Vaseashta , Research Scientist
Award Amount: $225,000.00
Abstract:
The discovery of high-temperature superconductivity in rare-earth copper oxide ceramic system has led to considerable research directed toward the development of electromagnetic components and devices. however, the application of high critical temperature (tc) superconductors has been limited… More

CROSS-CORRELATION OPTICAL STRAIN SENSOR FOR WIND TUNNEL TEST INSTRUMENTATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Adel Sarrafzade , Research Scientist
Award Amount: $499,999.00
Abstract:
Aerospace structures/models are subjected to high temperatures and strong aerodynamic forces under carefully controlled environmental conditions during instrumented laboratory testing. wind tunnel testing requires instrumentation which is rugged, reliable, accurate and provides test data quickly to… More

FRACTURE TOUGHNESS TESTING OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS USING HYBRID QUANTITATIVE NONDESTRUCTIVE TECHNIQUES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr. A. Sarrafzadeh , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Nondestructive techniques related to the quantitative characterization of mechanical properties are of high interest for developing better models of damage mechanics and failure processes in various types of engineering materials under a variety of loading and environmental conditions. traditional… More

ROBOTIC INSPECTION OF CRUDE OIL CARRIER TANKS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr R J Chruchill
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
The inspection of very large crude carriers (vlcc) for structural reliability is an important environmental concern. these large vessels transport crude oil in such quantities that the consequence of an oil spill due to a broken weld are very serious. improved techniques are needed to inspect vlcc… More

BATTLEFIELD ASSESSMENT AND DECISION ASSISTANCE SYSTEM USING NEURAL NETWORKS AND AN EXPERT SYSTEM DIRECTOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Mr John A Neal Iii , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The u.s. army has identified a need for computer-based decision aids for battlefield parameter analysis, logistics assessment and command decision recommendation. to address this need, american research corporation of virginia (arcova) proposes an artificially intelligent assessment and decision… More

MEASURING MAGNETIC FIELD STRUCTURE BEHIND A PROJECTILE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Mg Niimura , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Dms (diluted magnetic semiconductor) crystal will measure magnetic field strengths of a hypervelocity gun (hvg), with uniquely high directivity and spatial resolution, under a harsh electro-magnetic interference (emi) condition. knowledge of the magnetic field structure behind and ahead of a… More

THIN FILM SENSORS TO EVALUATE CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL THREATS TO ARMY STRUCTURES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Mr Howard F Groger , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00

Material Growth and Bandgap Engineering of DMS Crystals and Q-Switching and Isolation of Near/Mid IR Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: M.g. Niimura, Phd
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Development of reliable (Q-) switching and isolation materials is being sought for near-to-mid infrared lasers for safety, extended life and fiber optic communication. The voltage or E-field controlled (Q-) switching materials such as Pockels cells and liquid Kerr cells are not reliable for long… More

A HIGH-SPEED OPENING, COMPACT, HIGH REPETITION RATE OPENING SWITCH

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. M.g. Niimura
Award Amount: $48,544.00
Abstract:
A compact opening switch that can open (or turn-on) in sub-nanosecond times with peak power capability in gw regime and average power capability in 100 kw is sought for implementing compact pulsars. the phase i program will conduct an investigation and literature search to determine the opening… More

NEURAL NETWORK ASSESSMENT OF FACIAL EMOTIONAL EXPRESSION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Richard R Avent Iii
Award Amount: $48,540.00
Abstract:
The national institute of mental health has identified the need for methods of assessing emotional behavior to assist the tracking of normal and deviant developmental processes. in response to this need, we will develop a neural network-based machine vision systems for evaluation of emotional state… More

PERSONAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEM TO ASSIST CAREGIVERS IN MONITORING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Russell Churchill
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
This project will develop specifications for a personal communications system (pcs) to permit caregivers to monitor the well-being of elderly family members. the personal communications system would incorporate an active alert initiated by the older persons and a passive alert triggered by… More

VALIDATION OF FLIGHT-CRITICAL SYSTEMS BY AN AUTOMATIC TEST- PROCEDURE GENERATION TOOL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Mr. John A. Neal, Iii
Award Amount: $50,000.00

MUSIC THUNDERSTORM LOCATION FROM SPATIO-TEMPORAL E-FIELD MILL DATA

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr. M.g. Miimura
Award Amount: $50,000.00

NEW GRAPHICAL COMMUNICATION TACTILE SENSORS TO ASSIST INDIVIDUALS HAVING VISUAL DISABILITIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: ED
Principal Investigator: Dr Russell J Churchill , President
Award Amount: $30,000.00

Video Compression Using Neural Networks

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Mr. R. Richard Avent, Iii
Award Amount: $49,587.00

SELF-ASSEMBLED THIN FILM SENSORS FOR AQUACULTURE PROCESS CONTROL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Dr Russell J Churchill
Award Amount: $50,000.00

THIN FILM SENSORS TO EVALUATE CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL THREATS TO ARMY STRUCTURES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Mr Howard F Groger , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $476,816.00
Abstract:
Recent developments in international relations have led to the necessity for battle readiness in a region where chemical or biological warfare agents have been employed in the past. at present, little attention has been paid to methods for identifying the chemical or biological conditions of free… More

NEW GRAPHICAL COMMUNICATION TACTILE SENSORS TO ASSIST INDIVIDUALS HAVING VISUAL DISABILITIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: ED
Principal Investigator: Dr Russell J Churchill , President
Award Amount: $215,996.00
Abstract:
One of the major obstacles to education and employment of individuals with severe visual disabilities is the inability to access visual images found in the educational setting or required for satisfactory performance in the workplace. efforts to provide access to visual images have included… More

SELF-ASSEMBLED THIN FILM SENSORS FOR AQUACULTURE PROCESS CONTROL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Dr Russell J Churchill
Award Amount: $220,000.00
Abstract:
The rapid increase in world seafood production by aquacultural processes has placed a competitive burden on the united states fishing and fish farming industries. economic pressures have dictated the development of high density closed-cycle aquaculture (hdcca) unit operations to provide seafood… More

Infrared Differential Reflectometer for Rapid Inspection of Aircraft Subsurface Corrosion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Russell J Churchill
Award Amount: $48,824.00
Abstract:
Subsurface corrosion has been implicated in a number of incidents in which aircraft have demonstrated a loss of structural integrity leading to emergency procedures and in one case, the loss of human life. Although several techniques are available to evaluate subsurface corrosion, no method has… More

ANALYSIS AND CONTROL OF MAGNETIC BEARINGS USING NEURAL NETWORKS FOR TURBINE ENGINE APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Russell J. Churchill
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The Air Force has identified a need for more advanced digital control methodologies to make feasible the application of active magnetic bearings to turbine engines. Achieving the goals for enhanced turbine rotor performance necessitates improved bearing control with associated compact size/weight,… More

Icon-Based Intelligent Tutoring System Utilizing Fuzzy Expert Systems and Multi-Media Gaming Simulations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Mr. John A. Neal, Iii
Award Amount: $49,930.00
Abstract:
See Charles River Analytic comment. It applies here also.

Digital Speckle Imaging for In Situ Monitoring and Characterization of Laser-processed Refractory Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Adel K. Sarrafzadeh
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The use of high-temperature laser densification/annealing techniques for enhancing materials surface characteristics has opened new opportunities in material/laser-process diagnostic instrumentation. Important issues in fabrication of reproducible refractory ceramic coating film lies in… More

FIBER-OPTIC FOURIER-TRANSFORM SPECTROMETER FOR FLUORESENCE MEASUREMENTS IN BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Russell J Churchill
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Fiber-optic sensors, in conjunction with fluorescence spectroscopy, has many uses in biochemistry, immunoassays, and closed-aquaculture systems. the use of in situ fluorescence measurement during field tests is hampered by the physical limitations of spectrometers related to their size, weight, and… More

Icon-Based Courseware for Alcoholism Assessment Training

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: R. Richard Avent III
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
NIAAA has identified the need for education materials which facilitate the training of health professionals and paraprofessionals in the use of various alcoholism assessment techniques and instruments. In response to this need, we will develop a icon-based courseware for alcoholism appraisal… More

Portable Computer¿Based Interrogator for Sleep Disorder

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Russell Churchill
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The objective of this contract is to develop monitoring technology to accurately screen patients on an outpatient basis by monitoring physiologic variables capable of indicating whether or not there is a need for future, more costly, sleep disorder testing. The Contractor shall perform the following… More

Interactive Computer Graphics for Teenage Sex Education

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: R. Richard Avent III
Award Amount: $22,118.00
Abstract:
The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development has identified the need for programs to delay the onset of sexual activity among adolescents and to increase contraceptive protection of the adolescents who are sexually active. In response to this need, we will develop a hypermedia-based… More

Laser Brazing Process for Joining Refractory Materials to Dissimilar Metals

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: James M. Glass
Award Amount: $50,000.00

VALIDATION OF FLIGHT-CRITICAL SYSTEMS BY AN AUTOMATIC TEST- PROCEDURE GENERATION TOOL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Mr. John A. Neal, Iii
Award Amount: $499,597.00

LASER CRYSTALLIZATION OF SPIN-ON FERROELECTRIC THIN FILMS FOR NON-VOLATILE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Usha Varshney
Award Amount: $50,000.00

Video Compression Using Neural Networks

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Mr. R. Richard Avent, Iii
Award Amount: $568,434.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Navy has identified a need for development of an innovative data compression technique to facilitate distribution of video and animated environmental products over low bandwidth communication channels. To address this need, American Research Corporation of Virginia (ARCOVA) proposes the… More

Multimedia Self-Help for Teenagers to Reduce Child Abuse

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: John Neal
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
The National Institute for Mental Health has reported the need for development and evaluationof behavioral self-help core materials for the promotion of health and healthy lifestyles. Teenage mothersare a particularly important segment of the population in need of such a self-help course devoted… More

Icon-Based Software Component Access Using a Structural Model Based on Partially Ordered Sets

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Chong Teck Ng
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has identified the need for representation, indexing, storage, and retrieval of reusable software components. To address this need, American Research Corporation of Virginia proposes the development of an icon-based software component access… More

PREATTENTIVE VISION BASED AUTOMATIC RECOGNITION OF SMOKE AND OBSCURANT CLOUDS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Chong Teck Ng
Award Amount: $65,000.00
Abstract:
Field tracking of smoke and obscurant clouds from forest fires or volcanoes requires determination of the two-dimensional cloud extent shown in visible images scanned from various angles about the clouds. at the present time, two-dimensional cloud extent is determined by an operator who manually… More

THIN FILM OPTICAL SENSORS FOR SUBSURFACE MONITORING OF ORGANIC WASTE BIODEGRADATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Howard P Groger
Award Amount: $65,000.00
Abstract:
The use of bioremediation procedures to treat organic wastes containing chlorinated solvents or concentrated organics provides an effective method of reducing subsurface contamination. however, the transition of microbially mediated biodegradation from laboratory studies to field-based methods has… More

Interactive Multimedia to Teach Asthma Self Management

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: R Avent
Award Amount: $78,754.00

MACHINE VISION RECOGNITION OF EMBLEMATIC FACIAL EXPRESSIONS TO FACILITATE HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERACTION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: ED
Principal Investigator: Chong Teck Ng , Research Scientist
Award Amount: $40,000.00

Hypermedia for Alcoholism Management Training

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Richard Avent
Award Amount: $75,000.00

Laser Brazing Process for Joining Refractory Materials to Dissimilar Metals

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: James M. Glass
Award Amount: $494,635.00

LASER CRYSTALLIZATION OF SPIN-ON FERROELECTRIC THIN FILMS FOR NON-VOLATILE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Usha Varshney
Award Amount: $295,932.00
Abstract:
Present manufacturing technologies for non-volatile ferroelectric random access memories (fram) are not sufficiently developed to ensure reproducible deposition of large-area, highly-oriented polycrystalline pzt (lead-zirconate-titanate) thin films on substrates compatible with semiconductor… More

Hypermedia for Alcoholism Management Training

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Richard Avent
Award Amount: $583,469.00
Abstract:
We will investigate and develop an interactive multimedia program for alcohol education targetedtoward children in grades 7, 8 and 9, inclusive. The program will contain interactive multimedia thatintegrates audiovisual technology, text, and graphics with computer simulated human interaction… More

Laser Welding Parametric Study to Predict Fracture Toughness of Metastable Beta Titanium Alloys

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr. Dale O. Kipp
Award Amount: $80,000.00
Abstract:
Recent advances in aerospace technology have created the demand for improved structural materials. A metastable beta titanium alloy, TIMETAL Beta-21S, has been identified as a potential alloy for application in hypersonic vehicles such as the National AeroSpace Plane (NASP) because of its high… More

Diode Laser-based Biosensor for Detection of Biological Warfare Agents

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Russell J. Churchill
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The need for simple and practical instrumentation for rapid identification and detection of biological agents has been recognized as an important research area in sensor development. Specific antibody/antigen binding, in conjunction with evanescent wave excited fluorescence sensing, has been applied… More

MACHINE VISION RECOGNITION OF EMBLEMATIC FACIAL EXPRESSIONS TO FACILITATE HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERACTION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: ED
Principal Investigator: Chong Teck Ng , Research Scientist
Award Amount: $250,000.00
Abstract:
Quadriplegics and other severely disabled individuals with diminished mobility below the neck are limited in the manner by which they may utilize computers and instrumentation that require manual manipulation and are thus precluded from pursuing a host of educational and employment opportunities. … More

LASER INDUCED FLUORESCENCE MONITORING OF SOLVENT RECOVERY PROCESSES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Russell J. Churchill
Award Amount: $65,000.00
Abstract:
Developments in on-site spent solvent recovery have implications for reducedenvironmental pollution in the dry cleaning, furniture and paint manufacturingindustries as well as in a range of commercial services. Effluents from solventrecovery operations include fugitive emissions, vent stack gases… More

Electromagnetic Resonance Sensors for Determination of Moisture Content in Concrete

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Dr. Russell J. Churchill , Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The overall quality and the comprehensive strength, in particular, of concrete are critically dependent on the water content in the concrete mixture. It is also essential to know if the concrete has reached a stage of moisture equilibrium before surface finishes such as paint or carpet can be… More

Interactive Multimedia Program for Teaching

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Barbara Southard
Award Amount: $99,981.00
Abstract:
The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases has identified the need for mateaching intensive insulin therapy to reduce complications of diabetes. In response to this need, winteractive multimedia program for teaching IIT to adolescents-aged 13 to 17 years old. IM, the… More

Raman Spectrograph for Field Evaluation of Antibiotic Residues

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $55,000.00
Abstract:
This proposal suggests the development of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) instrumentation capable of detecting nanogram levels of sulfamethazine per ml of extracted sample. Although the use of subtherapeutic concentrations of anti-microbial agents in animal feed has contributed to the… More

Monolithic Magnetic Modules for High Density Aeronautic Power Converters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Usha Varshney
Award Amount: $80,000.00

Interactive Multimedia Elec. BBS for Alc Ed--Phase II

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $608,404.00

A Fuzzy Expert Systems-Based Standard Generalized Markup Language Interface for Access and Collaborative Authoring of Multi-Domain Technical Documents on a Wide Area Network

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: John A. Neal
Award Amount: $75,000.00

Interactive Multimedia to Teach Reading to Adult Learners

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: ED
Principal Investigator: Barabara H. Southard
Award Amount: $40,000.00

Interactive Multimedia to Teach Asthma Self Management

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: R Avent
Award Amount: $690,956.00
Abstract:
We will investigate and develop an interactive multimedia for asthma self-management educationtargeted toward children aged 6-9 inclusive. Interactive multimedia is the integration of audiovisualtechnology (as well as text and graphics) with computer-simulated human interaction to control… More

Monolithic Magnetic Modules for High Density Aeronautic Power Converters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Usha Varshney
Award Amount: $746,709.00
Abstract:
Recent development of planar magnetics has the potential to provide reduced volume, high efficiency and high power density power electronics, devices and components for future advanced 1 kW - 150 kW aeronautical power electronic system applications. At present, the best available modern commercial… More

Development of a Commercial Multiple Degree of Freedom Measurement System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Mr. Henry M Bass
Award Amount: $99,876.00
Abstract:
The Multiple Degree of Freedom Measurement (MDFM) System, developed under Wright Laboratory, has been identified as having strong commercial potential as a significant enhancement to existing products in the machine tool industry for machine tool calibration or coordinate measuring machine… More

Integration of Surface-Sensitive Diode Laser and Microfluidic Components for On-Chip Chemical Analysis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Russell Churchill
Award Amount: $99,000.00
Abstract:
There is a need for simple, light-weight practical instrumentation for rapid characterization of chemical and biological analytes in the modern battlefield. Recently, a surface-sensitive diode laser (SSDL), having over 1% of the mode power in the region extending 40 nm from the laser surface has… More

Analysis and Improvement of Trivalent Chromium Conversion Coatings for Aluminum Alloys

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Dr. Dale O. Kipp
Award Amount: $94,336.00

Template-Medicated Synthesis of Periodic Membranes for Improved Liquid-Phase Separations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Mr. Howard P. Groger , Staff Scientist
Award Amount: $75,000.00

SBIR Phase I: Multi-faceted Positioning System for Flexible Fabrication, Micromachining and Vacuum Positioning

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Henry Bass
Award Amount: $75,000.00

PORTABLE MULTIMEDIA FOR FAMILY CAREGIVER TRAINING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $100,000.00

Interactive Multimedia to Teach Reading to Adult Learners

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: ED
Principal Investigator: Barabara H. Southard
Award Amount: $250,000.00

HIGH ENERGY-DENSITY LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES WITH THIN FILM SOLID ELECTROLYTES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dale O. Kipp , Research Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Analysis and Improvement of Trivalent Chromium Conversion Coatings for Aluminum Alloys

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Dr. Dale O. Kipp
Award Amount: $618,744.00
Abstract:
The trend toward replacement of highly toxic chemicals with less hazardous alternatives has created the demand for replacement of chromate conversion coatings for corrosion protection of aluminum alloys. Aluminum alloys are the predominate structural material used in aircraft because of their high… More

Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering For Field

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Dr. k. peter lo
Award Amount: $55,000.00
Abstract:
The use of sub-therapeutic concentrations of anti-microbial agents in animal feed has contributed to theproductivity of the U.S. meat and dairy industries by preventing infectious diseases, by decreasing theamount of feed required and by increasing the rate of animal weight gain. However, failure… More

Template-Medicated Synthesis of Periodic Membranes for Improved Liquid-Phase Separations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Mr. Howard P. Groger , Staff Scientist
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
40417 November 18, 1996 American Research Corporation of Virginia This project addresses the hazardous waste problem at Department of Energy sites by developing a new class of ultrafiltration membranes for use in corrosive aqueous or organic streams. … More

Disposable Micromachined Flow Immunoassay for Field Detection of Contaminants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Russell J. Churchill
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to detect contaminants such as solvents, fuels, and pesticides in soil and water samples is now well established. Although ELISA and related methods can facilitate analysis of samples, several washing and separation steps are involved that require… More

Interactive Multimedia to Improve Reading Skills Among

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: ED
Principal Investigator: Russell J. Churchill
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Department of Education has identified the need for more effective tools and technologies for increasing student reading skills. In response to this need, American Research Corporation of Virginia proposes the development and evaluation of interactive multimedia for reading instruction… More

Interactive Multimedia to Facilitate Employment of Adolescents

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: ED
Principal Investigator: R. Richard Avent
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Department of Education has identified the need for new technologies for enhancing career placement and career maintenance skills of individuals with disabilities. In response to this need, American Research Corporation of Virginia proposes the development and evaluation of interactive… More

Interactive Multimedia to Enhance Parenting Skills of

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: ED
Principal Investigator: Russell J. Churchill
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Department of Education has identified the need for technologies to increase parents' skills in nurturing young children's learning and development. In response to this need, American Research Corporation of Virginia proposes the development and evaluation of interactive multimedia for… More

Computer Enhanced Eddy Current Detection of Hidden Substructure Edges and Holes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Russell J. Churchill
Award Amount: $100,000.00

Growth Of Ilmenite Crystals And Thin Films For Radiation-Resistant Solar Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Usha Varshney , SENIOR RESEARCH SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Multimedia for teen pregnancy and STR/HIV prevention

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $653,921.00

Highly Efficient and Reliable AC-DC Power Converters for Next-Generation Linear Colliders

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Russell J. Churchill , Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
50931-98-I Highly Efficient and Reliable AC-DC Power Converters for Next-Generation Linear Colliders--American Research Corporation of Virginia, 1509 Fourth Street, P.O. Box 3406, Radford, VA 24141-4617; (540) 731-0655 Dr. Russell J. Churchill, Principal Investigator Dr. Russell J. Churchill,… More

Minature Biological Detector Using On-Chip Eletrostatic Spray Separation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Dr. Russell J. Churchill
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Recent developments in the world political arena have led to The need for miniaturized instrumentation for rapid characterization of micro-organisms and toxins to protect military and civilian personnel against biological weapons and to allow timely administration of prophylactics. Considerable… More

Protection Against Warfare Agents by Using Perm-selective Elastomeric Mesoporous Membranes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Mr. Howard P. Groger
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Recent experiences in the Gulf War have shown the need for chemical and biological protective gear having reduced associated physiological burden for combat personnel and decreased logistical requirements. The availability of lightweight, permeation-selective barrier membranes would constitute an… More

Interactive Multimedia to Facilitate Employment of Adolescents

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: ED
Principal Investigator: R. Richard Avent
Award Amount: $250,000.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Department of Education has identified the need for new technologies for enhancing career placement and career maintenance skills of individuals with disabilities. In response to this need, American Research Corporation of Virginia proposes the development and evaluation of interactive… More

Interactive Multimedia to Enhance Parenting Skills of

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: ED
Principal Investigator: Russell J. Churchill
Award Amount: $250,000.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Department of Education has identified the need for technologies to increase parents' skills in nurturing young children's learning and development. In response to this need, American Research Corporation of Virginia proposes the development and evaluation of interactive multimedia for… More

Aqueous Non-Chromate Conversion Coatings for Aluminum Alloys

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mr. Howard Groger
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Chromate conversion coatings are presently applied to military aircraft to increase the operational life of structural components fabricated from aluminum alloys. Coasts of applying these coatings have increased with increasing concerns about the health and environmental effects of hexavalent… More

Computer Enhanced Eddy Current Detection of Hidden Substructure Edges and Holes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Russell J. Churchill
Award Amount: $744,094.00

PORTABLE MULTIMEDIA FOR FAMILY CAREGIVER TRAINING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $747,590.00

Quantum Tunneling Biosensor Identifies Endocrine Disrupters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Research Institution: State University of New York
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: N/A

Polymer Sensing of Mycotoxins in Agricultural Commodities

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: M. T. Coolbaugh
Award Amount: $65,000.00

Polymer-Based Competitive Flow Sensor Detects Contaminants in the Field

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Not Available NEA Electronics, Inc. (NEA) is a manufacturer of electro-mechanical products, specializing in the development of innovative hold down and release mechanisms for the aerospace industry. NEA has designed and manufactured two prototype release mechanisms with unique capabilities. The… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mr Howard Groger
Award Amount: $750,000.00

Integrated Microsensors for Detection of Aqueous and Gas Phase Volatile Organic Compounds

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: K Peter Lo
Award Amount: $100,000.00

INTERACTIVE MULTIMEDIA FOR PREVENTION OF SEXUAL ASSAULT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Russell J. Churchill
Award Amount: $158,060.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Todd Coolbaugh
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Russell J. Churchill, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Howard J. Moses, Dir. of Business Management
Award Amount: $70,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Russell J. Churchill
Award Amount: $100,000.00

Polymer-Based Competitive Flow Sensor Detects Contaminants in the Field

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Todd Coolbaugh
Award Amount: $225,000.00
Abstract:
This Phase II project addresses the development of technology that would provide field-based quantitative detection of a wide range of environmental contaminants through the use of molecularly imprinted polymers and fluorescence detection. The proposed method would complement immunological methods… More

Polymer-Based Competitive Flow Sensor Detects Contaminants in the Field

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Todd Coolbaugh
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
This Phase II project addresses the development of technology that would provide field-based quantitative detection of a wide range of environmental contaminants through the use of molecularly imprinted polymers and fluorescence detection. The proposed method would complement immunological methods… More

Fluorescent Electronic Nose Finds Environmental Exposure

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Eugene C. Aquino
Award Amount: $200,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) have been implicated in degradation of human physiological systems and in the etiology of… More

Chromium-Free Conversion Coating Technologies for Light Metals

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: M Todd Coolbaugh
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Improving corrosion control is a significant technical challenge that must be addressed before lightweight metal alloys of aluminum and magnesium can be more widely used in manufacturing industries such as automobile, aerospace, and metal finishing. Use of lightweight metal alloys would provide many… More

SURFACE-SENSITIVE LASER ARRAY DETECTS BREATH ALCOHOL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Eugene C. Aquino
Award Amount: $400,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): A need exists for accurate, self-calibrating instrumentation capable of monitoring in real time the concentration of blood alcohol as evidenced by the alcohol content of exhaled breath. At present instrumentation capable of diagnosing breath alcohol content… More

Aptamer Array Finds Metabolic Change from Hepatotoxicity

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Eugene C. Aquino
Award Amount: $473,608.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In order to reduce the costs of drug development and improve methods of detecting environmental effects of xeniobiotics, there is a need for in vitro methods of xeniobiotics identifying toxicity of materials to specific organs that do not require a whole-animal… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Todd Coolbaugh
Award Amount: $99,500.00

Electrostatic-magnetostatic Separation of Biological Samples During Electrospray Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Eugene Aquino – (540) 731-0655
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Recent events showing the willingness of terrorist organizations and rogue states to consider biological weapons of mass destruction have underscored the need for rapid means to identify these agents. In particular, first responders entering a scene where biological agents may have been dispersed… More