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Improving colonoscopic miss rate by real time microvascular blood analysis

Award Information

Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
85483
Program Year/Program:
2007 / STTR
Agency Tracking Number:
CA130508
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
American BioOptics, LLC
1801 Maple Ave Suite 4316 Evanston, IL 60201 3135
View profile »
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2007
Title: Improving colonoscopic miss rate by real time microvascular blood analysis
Agency: HHS
Contract: 1R42CA130508-01A1
Award Amount: $100,007.00
 

Abstract:

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of this small business technology transfer application is to validate and commercialize an improved means of polyp detection during colonoscopy: spectroscopic microvascular blood assessment from the endoscopica lly normal mucosa. Missed lesions on colonoscopy are a major problem (conservatively estimated to be ~25% of adenomas and ~4-5% of carcinomas) with devastating clinical and medico-legal consequences. While various adjuvant approaches are being developed, t hese lack either sensitivity or practicality for clinical medicine. Our breakthrough technology four dimensional elastic light-scattering fingerprinting (4D-ELF) allows unprecedented accuracy in sub-epithelial microvasculature analysis. Using this approach , we have reported, for the first time, that there is an early increase in blood supply (EIBS) in the histologically normal mucosa in experimental animals at risk for colon neoplasia. Thus, EIBS appeared to be an early marker of the field carcinogenesis . This was confirmed in human colonoscopic studies using both tissue biopsies and a fiberoptic 4D-ELF probe (~400 patients). Importantly, the increased microvascular blood content was only detectable in the colonic segment (~1/3 of colon) that harbored the lesion and the magnitude mirrored the proximity to the polyp. Based on this preliminary data we hypothesize that real-time EIBS assessment will improve accuracy of neoplasia detection during colonoscopy. In phase 1 of the STTR, we propose to determine thre shold (cut-off) levels of microvascular blood content (total and deoxyhemoglobin) for discrimination of colonic segments that harbor neoplasia factoring various potential EIBS modifying factors (age, gender, etc). The milestone for transition into phase 2 of the project will be the development of a highly accurate prediction rule. Phase 2 will consist of a randomized study to assess the impact of real time EIBS information on adenoma detection rate in 1600 patients. Adenoma detection rate with and without E IBS will be compared. Our conservative estimate is that EIBS guidance will improve polyp miss rate by at least a 50%. We believe that EIBS-guidance will allow the endoscopist to rapidly determine whether a colonic segment harbors neoplasia. If EIBS is nega tive, then rapid visual inspection is possible. Furthermore, it would aid in the relatively common scenarios such as inability to reach cecum or mucosal obscuration by residual stool. If, on the other hand, readings suggest a polyp that is not readily visu alizable, then mapping the EIBS magnitude could provide precise localization. Given the clinical promise of this technologically-mature approach, we envision that this can be readily commercialized by American BioOptics through direct manufacturing/distrib ution of a probe-based system. Alternatively, EIBS detection could be incorporated directly into the colonoscope via parternship with an endoscope company. Most colorectal cancers, the second leading cause of cancer deaths among Americans, arise from polyp s. Colonoscopy can identify and remove these polyps thus actually preventing colon cancer. However, at least a quarter of all polyps are missed on colonoscopy leading to cancer deaths and the need to perform more frequent colonoscopies. In our application, we propose to test a novel biomedical optics technology that could both greatly decrease polyp miss rate and also help speed-up the procedures. This could have major importance for colon cancer prevention efforts in the United States.

Principal Investigator:

Hemant K. Roy
8476571900
H-ROY@NORTHWESTERN.EDU

Business Contact:

Andrew Cittadine
andrew.cittadine@americanbiooptics.com
Small Business Information at Submission:

AMERICAN BIOOPTICS, LLC
AMERICAN BIOOPTICS, LLC 1801 Maple Ave Evanston, IL 60201

EIN/Tax ID: 870772198
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Research Institution Information:
EVANSTON NORTHWEST HEALTHCARE
EVANSTON NORTHWESTERN HEALTHCARE
2650 RIDGE AVENUE
EVANSTON, IL 60201
RI Type: Domestic nonprofit research organization