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Shared Understanding Across Levels of Command

Award Information

Department of Defense
Award ID:
Program Year/Program:
2006 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
Solicitation Year:
Solicitation Topic Code:
Solicitation Number:
Small Business Information
Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400 Woburn, MA -
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Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Phase 2
Fiscal Year: 2006
Title: Shared Understanding Across Levels of Command
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Contract: W74V8H-06-C-0004
Award Amount: $730,000.00


In any mission involving hierarchical levels of command, a key success factor is the clear communication of intent, as well as a common understanding of the ongoing situation, across echelons. In practice, however, command intent may be distorted as subordinates communicate goals downward through the chain of command. To the extent that command intent is misunderstood by subordinates, inconsistencies will exist, possibly leading to misinterpretations, inappropriate actions, and compromised mission effectiveness. Hence, the challenge of this research program is to develop measures to assess shared understanding between echelons, and ultimately, to develop tools to facilitate that understanding in the field. In this proposal, we begin by outlining our Phase I findings, including the development of a deep understanding of the fundamental principles of commander's intent, the identification of key mitigating factors that can either facilitate or impede shared understanding, and the identification of candidate methods for assessing "sharedness." We then outline our Phase II strategy, which will involve model validation, measures implementation, and intervention implementation. Our vision is a comprehensive system of empirically-based methods that can be applied to the challenge of measuring and improving the processes through which commander's intent is formulated, communicated, interpreted, and acted upon.

Principal Investigator:

Lawrence Sager
Senior Human Factors Scie

Business Contact:

Margaret J. Clancy
Chief Financial Officer
Small Business Information at Submission:

12 Gill Street Suite 1400 Woburn, MA 01801

EIN/Tax ID: 043281859
Number of Employees:
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No