Selective Catalysis for One-Step LigNocellulose Delignification and Lignin Valorization to High Value MethoxypheNols

Company: Spero Energy, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: … advanced materials, and flavor and fragrance applications. Lignin, a natural biopolymer of monomeric phenol subunits, is a rich source of aromatic building block chemicals. Current biorefinery strategies primarily focused on valorization of cellulose and hemicellulose fractions… more

Improved Method for the Production of Tetrahydrofuran from Biomass

Company: Kse, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2013 / 1
Abstract: …he application of novel catalysts to manufacture THF by reactive distillation at high selectivity. Commercial Applications and Other Benefits: Selective catalytic decarbonylation and hydrogenation of furfural will allow commercial production of THF from renewable hemicellulosic… more

SBIR Phase I: Feasibility of Manufacture of an Enzyme for Delignification of Pulp and Biomass to Improve Sugar Yield

Company: Tethys Research LLC Agency/Program/Year/Phase: NSF / SBIR / 2013 / 1
Abstract: This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project helps unlock the potential of forests to provide sustainable, carbon-neutral raw material for much of the nation's energy and chemical needs. Current technology cannot efficiently separate cellulose, hemicellulose and… more

STTR Phase I: Anaerobic fermentation system for isoprene production from lignocellulose

Company: C5-6 TECHNOLOGIES Agency/Program/Year/Phase: NSF / STTR / 2013 / 1
Abstract: … The paper industry produces an estimated 2 million tons of fiber sludge annually. This material is either discarded in a landfill or burned, adding millions of dollars to the cost of paper production. The composition of this sludge is ~50% cellulose and hemicellulose on a dry… more

SBIR Phase I: Development of Novel Maize Bioenergy Plants Using the LignoLink Technology

Company: Lignolink Agency/Program/Year/Phase: NSF / SBIR / 2013 / 1
Abstract: … The Company has now produced 37 transgenic maize lines with the same lignin modification. The Company is characterizing the biomass composition in the stover (non-seed portions of the maize plant) from these lines, including lignin content, cellulose content, hemi-cellulose… more

SBIR Phase I: Direct Conversion of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks to Lipids and High-Value Products using a Proprietary Microbial Process

Company: Sustainable Bioproducts LLC Agency/Program/Year/Phase: NSF / SBIR / 2013 / 1
Abstract: …. The innovative technology described here is based on the use of a novel microorganism isolated from Yellowstone National Park, which is able to withstand extreme acidic conditions and is capable of efficiently degrading cellulose, lignin and hemicellulose. The… more

Simple and Rapid Determination of Total Accessible C5 and C6 Content of Biomass Samples

Company: Carbo Analytics, LLC Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2013 / 1
Abstract: … method of truly valuing biomass. For biochemical conversion of biomass to fuel and chemicals, such as ethanol or isobutanol, the key driver of value is the fermentable sugar content that may be derived. For the large majority of biorefineries, cellulose and hemicellulose must… more

Producing Oligosaccharides from Biomass to Buy Down the Cost of Producing Biofuels

Company: Cleanvantage, Llc Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2013 / 1
Abstract: … methane and solid fuel. Recent innovations have shown that the BCC process can, in addition to producing drop-in fuels and biochemicals, be used to produce high value C5 sugars .in the form of high value C5 oligomers (xylo-oligosaccharides or XOs) from the hemicellulose… more

SBIR Phase I: Economic Feasibility of ABFX Process

Company: ENVIRONMENTAL ENERGY & ENGINEERING COMPANY Agency/Program/Year/Phase: NSF / SBIR / 2012 / 1
Abstract: … for extracting the chemical and energy resources from lignocellulosic biomass. Existing lignocellulosic pretreatment technologies use any of a variety of chemicals, heat, and mechanical energy to separate the poorly hydrolyzed lignin from the cellulose, and hemicellulose for… more

The Use of Micro-Channel Reactors for Process Intensification in the Production of Transportation Fuels from Biomass

Company: InnovaTek, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2012 / 1
Abstract: …rogen input. Fossil hydrocarbons are currently the main source for hydrogen production which makes it an expensive and insecure feedstock for sustainable energy production. Identifying renewable sources of hydrogen for biomass conversion is of great interest. Hemicelluloses are… more

SBIR Phase I: Enzyme Assisted Pulping: Feasibility of using Enzymes to Break Non-Glycosidic Ether Bonds between Xylan and lignin.

Company: Tethys Research LLC Agency/Program/Year/Phase: NSF / SBIR / 2011 / 1
Abstract: … Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project helps unlock the potential of forests to provide sustainable, carbon-neutral raw material for much of the nation?s energy needs. Tethys will search for enzymes specific for ether bonds between lignin and the hardwood hemicellulose,… more

Coproduction of Peptic Fragments and Biofuels from Citrus Processing Waste

Company: RENEWABLE SPIRITS LLC Agency/Program/Year/Phase: USDA / SBIR / 2010 / 1
Abstract: … fermentation, because it inhibits or kills microorganisms. The phase I R&D effort will concentrate on stripping the limonene with steam at elevated temperatures because this approach is efficient, environmentally benign, and solubilizes pectin and hemicelluloses in the… more

Catalytic Fractionation of Biomass in Ionic Liquids

Company: 525 Solutions, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2010 / 1
Abstract: Lignocellulose has a remarkable resistance against chemicals and microbial attacks due to its complex structure. For the production of biofuels and chemicals the aim is to cleanly fractionate biomass and to utilize the lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose individually. The… more

Cost-Effective Biomass Conversion via an Online Carbohydrate Monitoring Device

Company: ADVANCED MICROLABS, LLC Agency/Program/Year/Phase: USDA / SBIR / 2010 / 1
Abstract: … high potential to achieve cost effective, reliable, and environmentally friendly energy to the American consumer, but yet is still deemed inefficient. First, current methodologies only allow conversion of cellulosic materials into biofuel, leaving energy-rich hemicellulosic… more

SBIR Phase I:Reduced Biofuels Processing Costs Through Use of Crop Endophytes

Company: EDENSPACE SYSTEMS CORPORATION Agency/Program/Year/Phase: NSF / SBIR / 2010 / 1
Abstract: …biomass is limited by several factors including (1) producing large amounts of low-cost biomass sustainably (2) overcoming the natural recalcitrance of lignocellulose, and (3) reducing the high cost of enzymes used in biorefineries to convert cellulose and hemicellulose to their… more

Optimal Substrate-Specific Hemicellulase Enzyme Mixtures

Company: Zymetis, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2009 / 1
Abstract: … are seeking alternatives to gasoline. Although ethanol produced from renewable cellulosic biomass provides an attractive alternative, the inherent complexity of biomass material has prevented the economical production of ethanol. In particular, the hemicellulose polymers… more

Development of co-immobilized enzyme pellets to replace GMOs for cellulosic ethanol

Company: Suganit Systems Inc Agency/Program/Year/Phase: USDA / SBIR / 2009 / 1
Abstract: Economic bioethanol production is critically dependent upon the ability to convert both the hexose (C6) and pentose (C5) sugars resulting from cellulose and hemicellulose components of biomass. C5 sugars are not readily fermentable by native organisms. Genetically Modified… more

Developing a Mobile Torrefaction Machine

Company: Agri-tech Producers, Llc Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / STTR / 2009 / 1
Abstract: … process for removing downed trees after a hurricane, or provide an alternative to sending urban wood waste to landfills. NCSU¿s process greatly minimizes the external energy needed to run the torrefaction process, by using the volatiles and hemicellulose,… more

Multiplexed Aerobic Fermentation of Broad-Spectrum Feedstocks for Biofuel Production

Company: Menon and Associates, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / STTR / 2009 / 1
Abstract: … non-food, cellulosic feedstocks to produce biofuels. The method also solves the glycerol waste problem by recycling it into the feedstock, thereby increasing process efficiency at the same time as reducing waste. It converts not only cellulose but also hemicellulose into fuel… more

Feasibility of Commercialization of a Pre-Pretreatment Process for Enhanced Biomass Saccharification

Company: Suganit Systems Inc Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2008 / 1
Abstract: …w reaction rates. This project will develop an ionic liquid pretreatment process that substantially improves the efficiency of saccharification (hydrolysis of sugar polymers into monomeric sugar) of cellulose (the most recalcitrant biomass component) and hemicellulose. Ionic… more

Alternative Feedstocks, Pretreatment/Biochemical

Company: Chesapeake Perl, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2008 / 1
Abstract: Cellulose is a highly sustainable global resource with considerable relevance to bio-ethanol production. Lignocellulose is a naturally occurring complex of plant-derived materials that includes the hydrophilic sugar polymers cellulose and hemicellulose, and the hydrophobic… more

STTR Phase I: Processing Genetically Engineered Biomass to Obtain Optimal Enzymatic Digestion of Cell Wall Polysaccharides in Cellulosic Biofuel Production

Company: EDENSPACE SYSTEMS CORPORATION Agency/Program/Year/Phase: NSF / STTR / 2008 / 1
Abstract: … lignocellulosic enzymes engineered into crop feedstocks that are used to produce cellulosic ethanol. Current feedstock conversion processes use a dilute acid, high temperature pretreatment step to make polysaccharide substrates such as cellulose and hemicellulose more… more

Portable Biomass Fuel Reactor

Company: Reactive Innovations, LLC Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / SBIR / 2008 / 1
Abstract: … it difficult to scale the process to smaller biomass operations more suited for Air Force needs. To this end, Reactive Innovations, LLC proposes to develop a modular biomass hydrolysis reactor that can efficiently breakdown and convert cellulose and hemicellulose into… more

Hemicellulose: Lignin Etherase from Microbe B603:Feasibility of Isolation to Fractionate Wood for Chemicals

Company: Tethys Research LLC Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2008 / 2
Abstract: … sustainable, carbon-neutral raw material for much of the nation¿s energy and chemical synthesis needs. However, wood has not been used to produce chemicals and biofuels because current technology cannot efficiently separate cellulose, hemicelluloses, and… more

Bioprocess for Xylitol from Hemicellulose

Company: ZUCHEM, INC. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2008 / 2
Abstract: When ethanol is produced from corn, only the starch is transformed, and a significant amount of byproducts is produced. If these byproducts, which are rich in sugars, could be made into a valuable product, the cost-effectiveness of ethanol production will be enhanced. One such potential product is… more