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Selective Catalysis for One-Step LigNocellulose Delignification and Lignin Valorization to High Value MethoxypheNols

Company: Spero Energy, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: … petroleum feedstock. To maintain U.S.s leadership position in the 21st century, we must seek alternate renewable and economically competitive sources for making HVCs that are used in polymers, medicines, advanced materials, and flavor and fragrance applications. Lignin, a… more

Generation of switchgrass plants with optimized biomass composition for biofuel production

Company: Afingen, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: ….e. lignocellulosic biomass such as wood chips, straw, switchgrass, and corn stover) is nearly cost competitive with corn ethanol. Lignocellulosic biomass is the most abundant, readily available, and renewable material on Earth to produce biofuels. However, lignin, a key… more

SBIR Phase I: Feasibility of Manufacture of an Enzyme for Delignification of Pulp and Biomass to Improve Sugar Yield

Company: Tethys Research LLC Agency/Program/Year/Phase: NSF / SBIR / 2013 / 1
Abstract: … Innovation Research Phase I project helps unlock the potential of forests to provide sustainable, carbon-neutral raw material for much of the nation's energy and chemical needs. Current technology cannot efficiently separate cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin (the… more

Novel Lignin-Based Magnetite Nanocomposites for Removal of Phosphate from Contaminated Waters

Company: Synanomet, LLC Agency/Program/Year/Phase: EPA / SBIR / 2013 / 2
Abstract: Phosphorus (P) remediation is an extremely difficult and costly environmental problem and could cost $44.5 billion dollars for treatment using conventional water treatment plants to meet EPA requirements. Phosphorous runoff can lead to“dead zones” due to eutrophication and can also cause… more

SBIR Phase I: Development of Novel Maize Bioenergy Plants Using the LignoLink Technology

Company: Lignolink Agency/Program/Year/Phase: NSF / SBIR / 2013 / 1
Abstract: Intellectual Merit This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project takes a novel approach to produce improved maize cultivars for bioenergy applications. Lignin in cellulosic biomass creates a barrier that limits conversion of cellulose into biofuels. In the proposed… more

Environmentally Friendly Borate-Based Wood Preservative

Company: Liquid Lignin Company Agency/Program/Year/Phase: EPA / SBIR / 2013 / 1
Abstract: This natural organic retention project proposes using lignin from emerging biorefineries to allow borates to be used as wood preservatives for exterior applications exposed to rain. Enhancing retention of environmentally-friendly borates has been the“holy grail” of the… more

SBIR Phase I: Trans-esterified Lignin Thermoplastic

Company: Cyclewood Solutions, Inc Agency/Program/Year/Phase: NSF / SBIR / 2013 / 1
Abstract: This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project addresses the need for affordable biobased plastics to replace petroleum-based materials. The objectives of this research are to demonstrate strong intermolecular interactions between chemically modified lignin and… more

SBIR Phase I: Direct Conversion of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks to Lipids and High-Value Products using a Proprietary Microbial Process

Company: Sustainable Bioproducts LLC Agency/Program/Year/Phase: NSF / SBIR / 2013 / 1
Abstract: … to current technologies. The innovative technology described here is based on the use of a novel microorganism isolated from Yellowstone National Park, which is able to withstand extreme acidic conditions and is capable of efficiently degrading cellulose, lignin and… more

Solids Separation for a Feedstock-Flexible Biorefinery

Company: Hyrax Energy, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2013 / 1
Abstract: … supply chain by processing many different non-standardized and non-pre-processed feedstocks including mixtures thereof in a single facility. However, the higher cost of ionic liquids ($10/kg) requires a more stringent recovery method from solid by-products (lignin,… more

Producing Oligosaccharides from Biomass to Buy Down the Cost of Producing Biofuels

Company: Cleanvantage, Llc Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2013 / 1
Abstract: … .in the form of high value C5 oligomers (xylo-oligosaccharides or XOs) from the hemicellulose fraction of biomass. These XOs can be marketed as a high-value functional food product. Including the production of XOs to the production of VFAs from the cellulose, lignin and… more

SBIR Phase I: Green Solvent-Enabled Synthesis of Biobased Furans

Company: Glucan Biorenewables LLC Agency/Program/Year/Phase: NSF / SBIR / 2013 / 1
Abstract: … over current biomass dehydration processes. These include increased reactivity of homogeneous acids for hydrolysis and dehydration, improvements in the use of solid catalysts, increased yields through minimizing degradation, and the solubilization and recovery of … more

SBIR Phase I: Economic Feasibility of ABFX Process

Company: ENVIRONMENTAL ENERGY & ENGINEERING COMPANY Agency/Program/Year/Phase: NSF / SBIR / 2012 / 1
Abstract: … and economical process for extracting the chemical and energy resources from lignocellulosic biomass. Existing lignocellulosic pretreatment technologies use any of a variety of chemicals, heat, and mechanical energy to separate the poorly hydrolyzed lignin from the… more

Direct Catalytic Conversion of Lignin to Aromatic Compounds

Company: Suganit Systems Inc Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2012 / 1
Abstract: Large quantities of lignin are currently being generated and processed by the pulp and paper industry and with the development of Biorefineries the amount of lignin produced will dramatically increase. Lignin accounts for about 15-30% of lignocellulosic biomass, and can serve as… more

The Use of Micro-Channel Reactors for Process Intensification in the Production of Transportation Fuels from Biomass

Company: InnovaTek, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2012 / 1
Abstract: … energy production. Identifying renewable sources of hydrogen for biomass conversion is of great interest. Hemicelluloses are heterogeneous polysaccharides which typically account for up to 30% of lignocellulosic biomass materials. Compared to cellulose and lignin,… more

Advanced Recombinant Manganese Peroxidase for Synthesis of Lignin Bioproducts.

Company: Trillium Fiber Fuels, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / STTR / 2012 / 1
Abstract: Hydrocarbon chemicals are largely derived from the processing of petroleum, natural gas, or coal. These fossil feedstocks are not renewable and, in the case of petroleum, susceptible to international supply disruptions and severe price fluctuations. In contrast, lignin is a… more

Novel Lignin-Based Magnetite Nanocomposites for Removal of Phosphate from Contaminated Waters

Company: Synanomet, LLC Agency/Program/Year/Phase: EPA / SBIR / 2012 / 1
Abstract: This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will explore the synthesis and use of novel lignin-derived carbon-magnetite nanocomposites for removal of aqueous phosphate– a run off pollutant from agricultural farms that leads to eutrophication of lakes and… more

SBIR Phase I: Enzyme Assisted Pulping: Feasibility of using Enzymes to Break Non-Glycosidic Ether Bonds between Xylan and lignin.

Company: Tethys Research LLC Agency/Program/Year/Phase: NSF / SBIR / 2011 / 1
Abstract: This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project helps unlock the potential of forests to provide sustainable, carbon-neutral raw material for much of the nation?s energy needs. Tethys will search for enzymes specific for ether bonds between lignin and the hardwood… more

Recovery Act - Use of Lignin to Fire Lime Kilns in the Pulp and Paper Industry

Company: Houghton Cascade Holdings, Llc Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2010 / 1
Abstract: … kilns to produce lime for the pulping process. Over 98% of these kilns are fired with natural gas, oil, or petroleum coke, with a consumption equivalent to over 20 million barrels of oil per year. This equates to more than 11 million tons of CO2 emissions per year. The lignin… more

Recovery Act - Lignin Recovery and Purification

Company: Techfish, Llc Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2010 / 1
Abstract: This project addresses the problem of increasing biomass feed to electricity-generating power furnaces with the goal of reducing GHGs. Currently wood pellets are burned, but the ash content and lower energy density limit their use. Lignin pellets have approximately the same… more

Recovery Act - Lignin Recovery and Purification

Company: Techfish, Llc Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2010 / 2
Abstract: This project allows pulp and paper mills to extract a purified lignin stream from their recovery process. By making up the fuel value of this extracted lignin the mill remains carbon neutral. A power company that can replace coal with lignin achieves a significant GHG reduction.… more

Catalytic Fractionation of Biomass in Ionic Liquids

Company: 525 Solutions, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2010 / 1
Abstract: Lignocellulose has a remarkable resistance against chemicals and microbial attacks due to its complex structure. For the production of biofuels and chemicals the aim is to cleanly fractionate biomass and to utilize the lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose individually. The… more

A Novel Sulfite Pretreatment Process (SPORL) for Efficient Biochemical Conversion of Woody Biomass to Bioethanol

Company: BIOPULPING INTERNATIONAL, INC. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: USDA / SBIR / 2010 / 2
Abstract: …r cellulosic ethanol or biofuel production due to its strong physical integrity and chemical recalcitrance. The goal of this project in Phase II is to prove this commercially deployable technology for forest biomass bioconversion to produce cellulosic ethanol and lignin… more

Modifying Lignin Structure in Poplar for Enhanced Biomass Conversion

Company: EDENSPACE SYSTEMS CORPORATION Agency/Program/Year/Phase: USDA / SBIR / 2010 / 1
Abstract: … and harvesting the biomass in three-year rotations. However, there are still significant challenges to producing cellulosic biofuel from woody biomass economically due to the difficulty of deconstructing the cellulose in the plant cell wall, with the cross-linked lignin… more

Feasibility of Commercialization of a Pre-Pretreatment Process for Enhanced Biomass Saccharification

Company: Suganit Systems Inc Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2009 / 2
Abstract: … resources, plant biomass can provide a sustainable feedstock for future ¿biorefineries,¿ partially replacing conventional petrochemical refineries. Toward this objective, this project addresses the deconstruction of lignocellulosic biomass to generate sugars and lignin,… more

Alternative Feedstocks, Pretreatment/Biochemical

Company: Chesapeake Perl, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2009 / 2
Abstract: Cost effective enzymatic lignin degradation could play a key role in enabling commercially viable processes for producing fuel ethanol from woody feedstocks, such as corn stover, switchgrass, hybrid poplar, willow, loblolly pine, and eucalyptus. This project focuses on the… more