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Size-Resolved Chemistry of Newly-Formed Atmospheric Particles

Company: Aerosol Dynamics Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2014 / 2
Abstract: Atmospheric nucleation processes produce large numbers of particles. Once formed, these particles grow rapidly and may alter the formation and lifetime of clouds, and thereby influence the earths radiation balance. Rapid growth of newly formed particles has been observed in… more

Advance Growth Methods for Aligned and Ultra-long Carbon Nanotubes for Naval Applications

Company: NextGen Aeronautics Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: … individual CNTs can be grown to previously unprecedented lengths (>0.5 m). In this Phase I SBIR project, we plan to demonstrate a new approach to growth of ultra-long CNTs that are mechanically isolated during the growth process. This will be achieved by nucleating… more

Improved Design Package for Fracture Mechanics Analysis

Company: Sentient Corporation Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: … modeling technology into these packages for short crack growth regime. The use of fracture mechanics to characterize the growth of fatigue cracks in metals is well established in the design of structures. However, initiation of failure generally occurs by nucleation and… more

Plasma-Assisted Nanostructure Synthesis For Energy, Heat-Transfer, Catalytic and Chemical Reaction Devices

Company: Starfire Industries LLC Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: …ies, compact catalytic converters for pollution control, high-speed crackers for petroleum reforming, high capacity filters and scrubbers for impurity control, high pumping speed absorbers for extreme high vacuum systems, diagnostic sensors, high density nucleation surfaces for… more

Ductile Tungsten Alloy Using Low-Activation Alloying Elements

Company: Ultramet Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2014 / 2
Abstract: …, and the W -Fe alloys survived multiple heating cycles to 1200C at a heating rate of 20C/sec. Dislocation motion in tungsten and W -Fe alloys was modeled u sing three complementary approaches: molecular dynamics, quantum m echanics, and kink pair nucleation and motion… more

Development of a Chemical Ionization Time-of-flight Mass Spectrometer for Characterizing the Role of Organic Amines in New Particle Formation

Company: Aerodyne Research, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: … from atmospheric new particle formation and growth. Sulfuric acid vapor plays a key role in new particle formation, although detailed mechanisms remain unclear. Recent experiments have shown that trace levels of organic amine vapors can enhance particle nucleation by 1000… more

Developing Affordable Creep-resistant Aluminum Alloys for Car Brake Rotors

Company: NanoAl Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: … improved room-temperature mechanical strength and high-temperature creep-resistance as compared to scandium-containing alloys. NanoAl LLC will design and assess castable, heat- treatable aluminum-zirconium alloy ingots with nanometric Zr-based precipitates nucleated by trace… more

Size-Resolved Chemistry of Newly-Formed Atmospheric Particles

Company: Aerosol Dynamics Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2013 / 1
Abstract: Atmospheric nucleation processes produce large numbers of particles. Once formed, these particles grow rapidly and may alter the formation and lifetime of clouds, and thereby influence the earths radiation balance. Rapid growth of newly formed particles has been observed in many… more

Approaching Single Crystal Properties Enhancement of Bulk Properties of Polycrystalline Materials by Orientational Control of their Microstructure

Company: RADIATION MONITORING DEVICES, INC. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / SBIR / 2013 / 1
Abstract: …, relaxed constraints on size and shape, and the possibility of producing materials that are difficult or impossible to grow as single crystals. The program will investigate control of particle size using mechanical separation and chemical approaches to limit nucleation,… more

Development of a Compact Instrumentation Package for Characterization of Aerosols, Turbulence and Surface Characteristics in the Arctic from Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Phase II

Company: Brechtel Manufacturing Incorporated Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2013 / 2
Abstract: …ne observations over the 0.01 to 10 micrometer diameter range. A condensation particle counter that has already operated on-board an unmanned aerial vehicle will serve as the small particle detector. The compact cloud condensation nucleus counter allows the cloud nucleating… more

Materials and Life Cycle Sustainability

Company: NexGenSemi Corporation Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / SBIR / 2013 / 1
Abstract: …for tomorrow"s leveraged electronics. The company is proposing the development of a novel layer-by-layer patterned growth from direct digital design for semiconductor electronics manufacturing. The material growth technology is a modified heterogeneous patterned … more

KIDNEY STONE INHIBITORS

Company: INNOVATIVE CHEMICAL/ENVIRONMENTAL TECH Agency/Program/Year/Phase: HHS / SBIR / 2013 / 1
Abstract: … known authority in this area of will serve as an advisor for in vitro testing that will be conducted at IET and University of Buffalo, SUNY chemical engineering dept. We hope to establish the significant inhibitory effect of our inhibitor compounds on CaOx nucleation, growth… more

Optical Coherence Tomography Based Freeze Drying Microscopy

Company: Physical Sciences Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: HHS / SBIR / 2013 / 2
Abstract: … uses 1 - 2 L liquid product samples frozen between microscope slides, resulting in a frozen product thickness of 50 - 100 m. These samples are not representative of samples dried in vials which may have thicknesses of 5 - 50 mm. Thin films have different ice nucleation rates,… more

Computational Materials Design of Castable SX Ni-based Superalloys for IGT Blade Components

Company: QuesTek Innovations LLC Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2013 / 1
Abstract: … solidified blades, and are widely used in aerospace engines. However, their use in IGTs, which require larger size castings (2-3X compared to aerospace), is limited due to casting related defects such as freckling, high angle boundary (HAB) formation, grain … more

Detecting Crack Nucleation/Damage Mechanisms In Sea-Based Aviation Environments

Company: Technical Data Analysis, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / SBIR / 2013 / 2
Abstract: TDA"s Phase II effort will focus on understanding of microstructural damage evolution during pre-crack nucleation, stress field imposition, development of corrosion susceptibility, and role of environment and the material properties and developing methodologies… more

Hematopoietic Reconstitution Using Ex Vivo Expanded Cord Blood CD34+ Cells

Company: ARTERIOCYTE, INC. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: HHS / SBIR / 2012 / 1
Abstract: … this unmet medical need with rapid, high yield ex vivo expansion of UCB cells using our NANEXTM expansion platform. The NANEXTM platform is based on a nano-fiber scaffold that mimics the bone marrow stem cell niche and has been shown to expand UCB total nucleated cells (TNCs)… more

Advanced Processing and Cladding of High Density U-Mo Dispersion Fuels

Company: Powdermet Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2012 / 1
Abstract: … silicon, titanium nitride, and niobium, to the metallic fuels will be developed. A dedicated reactor will be designed and built, and silicon and niobium coatings will be applied to depleted uranium (or DU-Mo) powders to investigate differences in nucleation and growth… more

Novel Silicon Carbide Epitaxy Process for Dramatic Improvements to Material Characteristics, Cost, and Throughput

Company: Sinmat Inc Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / SBIR / 2012 / 1
Abstract: … power electronics applications. However, the manufacturing of reliable SiC power devices is a critical challenge because of the degradation of the forward current gain or voltage drop attributed to the propagation of Shockley-type stacking faults (SF) which are nucleated… more

Detecting Crack Nucleation/Damage Mechanisms In Sea-Based Aviation Environments

Company: Technical Data Analysis, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / SBIR / 2012 / 1
Abstract: TDA recognizes the need for analytical formulations for crack nucleation predictions and sensors to detect crack nucleation in environment assisted cracking of Naval aircraft structures. TDA proposes to investigate the role of microstructural damage evolution during pre-crack… more

The Use of Hydrogen for Defect Reduction in Large Format Infrared Detector Materials

Company: Amethyst Research Incorporated Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / STTR / 2012 / 2
Abstract: … of this project is the elimination of active defects formed during molecular-beam epitaxy (MBE) of HgCdTe (the active layer in the arrays) on alternative substrates, i.e. materials other than lattice-matched CdZnTe. A significant fraction of as-grown defects nucleate at… more

Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Tools for the Management of Bulk Residual Stress

Company: Airflow Sciences Corporation Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / SBIR / 2012 / 2
Abstract: …, theoretical development, and validation. Small scale boiling experiments are suggested for improving the understanding of sub cooled oil boiling heat transfer. In particular, specific experiments are proposed for improving the understanding of nucleate site density… more

Detecting Crack Nucleation/Damage Mechanisms In Sea-Based Aviation Environments

Company: X-wave Innovations, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / SBIR / 2012 / 1
Abstract: To address the US Navy"s need for an innovative nondestructive evaluation (NDE) technique to detect the onset of crack nucleation in wet and dry corrosion environments under various stress fields and gradients. X-wave Innovations, Inc. (XII) along with Loyola University… more

Innovative System for Large Scale, Low Cost Production of High Quality Silicon Nanoparticles

Company: PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / SBIR / 2012 / 1
Abstract: Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to apply its patented microwave driven jet (MIDJet) technology for low cost production of silicon nanopowders. The MIDJet will be used to form a narrow plasma jet from SiH4 gas and via supersonic expansion, nucleate/grow silicon nanopowders with… more

Non-Thermal Soot Denuder

Company: Aerodyne Research, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: NASA / SBIR / 2011 / 1
Abstract: We propose to develop a non-thermal soot denuder for measuring chemical components of the nucleation mode particulate matter emissions from gas turbine engines, in combination with an Aerodyne Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (AMS). This proposed approach will effectively eliminate the… more

Laser In-Situ Diagnostics and Processing Probes for Electron Microscopes

Company: AppliFlex LLC Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2011 / 2
Abstract: … the materials and biological sciences and in particular for the development of nanotechnology to answer the growing needs to protect our environment, increase energy efficiency and develop clean energy sources. Achieving a fundamental understanding of materials nucleation and… more