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Terahertz Quantum Cascade Laser Local Oscillator

Company: LongWave Photonics, LLC Agency/Program/Year/Phase: NASA / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: NASA has a need for airborne or space-based observatories and remote sensors in order to penetrate the opaque atmosphere between 1 and 10 THz. For observations>2 THz, technologically mature microwave sources typically have microwatt power levels which are insufficient to act as LOs for a… more

Anti-reflective Coating for High-Efficiency Solar Cells

Company: Raydex Technology, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / SBIR / 2014 / 2
Abstract: ABSTRACT: This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project seeks to further develop an AR coating on high efficiency PV device surface that can enable a reflection loss<3% over the wavelength range from 300 nm to 1800 nm. The proposed effort will optimize the coating design and the… more

SOLID-STATE HIGH-VOLTAGE PULSER FOR HPM APPLICATIONS

Company: Metamagnetics Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: Metamagnetics proposes the research and development of a compact, reliable, cost-effective and reconfigurable pulsed-voltage source based on drift step recovery diodes (DSRD) for high-power microwave generation applications. The output parameters of the pulsed-voltage source determine the efficiency… more

Flexible Solid State High Power Radio Frequency Pulsed Source

Company: Metamagnetics Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: US Navy relies on directed energy (DE) weapons, such as High-Power Microwave (HPM) sources, to disrupt, damage, or destroy foe electronic equipment at a standoff distance while minimizing collateral damage. Friendly and blue force mission critical electronic systems, such as radar, communications,… more

MMIC Compatible High-power T/R switches based on Ultra-fast Broadband and Low-cost Novel Phase Change Materials

Company: Metamagnetics Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuits realized on GaAs, GaN, InP, SiGe, and to a lesser extent Si are integral components of many deployed NAVY detect, control, and engagement systems due to their broad bandwidth, fast-response time, and small size (10 W).

Self-Biased Radiation Hardened Ka-Band Circulators for Size, Weight and Power Restricted Long Range Space Applications

Company: Metamagnetics Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: NASA / SBIR / 2014 / 2
Abstract: Ferrite control components including circulators and isolators are fundamental building blocks of Transmit/Receive modules (TRM) utilized in high data rate active space transceivers and transponders for both long-range (LR) and low earth orbit (LEO) systems. These components are utilized to protect… more

3 kW Lightweight Efficient Generator

Company: NOVATIO Engineering, Inc Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / SBIR / 2014 / 2
Abstract: At NOVATIO Engineering, our solution to this problem is practical, novel, proven at a smaller scale and now demonstrated at the 3 kW size range: conversion of a commercial lightweight gasoline generator to operate with diesel fuel or JP-8 in spark ignition mode. Prior to this Phase I SBIR effort,… more

Bio-fuel Reforming for High-Efficiency Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Generators

Company: Acumentrics Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / SBIR / 2014 / 2
Abstract: Acumentrics is developing a new reformer system capable of significantly increasing efficiency while reducing components, component cost, and system complexity. This proposal applies that system to biofuel as well as other fuels as the technology is scaled up from small units in order to develop an… more

Development of a Chemical Ionization Time-of-flight Mass Spectrometer for Characterizing the Role of Organic Amines in New Particle Formation

Company: Aerodyne Research, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: Aerosol particles are known to affect the global climate through cloud formation. Globally, it is believed that ~50% of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) originate from atmospheric new particle formation and growth. Sulfuric acid vapor plays a key role in new particle formation, although detailed… more

Real-time Nitrous Oxide Isotopologue Instrument for Assessing Soil Emissions

Company: Aerodyne Research, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: Nitrous oxide, N2O, is one of the most important greenhouse and ozone-depleting gases in the atmosphere, with levels that are increasing in part because of soil emissions and agricultural practices. New, improved instruments are needed to quantify the sources and sinks of nitrous oxide and to… more

LED-assisted ignition for lean-burn IC engines

Company: Aerodyne Research, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: We plan to propose an LED-assisted ignition technique for lean-burn internal combustion engines. It has been known for decades that lean fuel/air mixture is difficult to ignite than the stoichiometric mixture. The proposed technology is based on enhancing chemical reactivity of fuel-air mixtures by… more

Dual Quantum Cascade Laser System for Simultaneous Measurements of 13CH4 and CH3D Methane Isotopologues

Company: Aerodyne Research, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2014 / 2
Abstract: Methane is the second most important atmospheric greenhouse gas after CO2 yet its global sources and sinks are still inadequately characterized. Monitoring the isotopic composition of atmospheric methane is one of the most promising approaches to closing the methane budget. Detailed process… more

Expanded Wavelength CAPS-Based Particle SSA Monitor

Company: Aerodyne Research, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2014 / 2
Abstract: Aerosol particles affect the radiative balance of the earth directly, by scattering and absorbing solar and terrestrial radiation, and indirectly, by acting as cloud condensation nuclei. It is now recognized that the atmospheric loading of aerosols can exert an influence on the … more

Infrared Laser Direct Absorption Spectroscopy for Carbon Isotope Measurements from UAVs

Company: Aerodyne Research, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2014 / 2
Abstract: There is a need for extremely lightweight low power instrumentation for real-time measurement of isotopic variants of carbon dioxide (CO2) in ambient air, suitable for use on un-manned aerial vehicles, to allow better quantification of sources and sinks of this major greenhouse gas in remote areas… more

Ultra-High Precision Laser Isotope Monitor for 13CO2, CO180 and CO170

Company: Aerodyne Research, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOC / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to the atmosphere are primary drivers of global climate change and hence there is a crucial need to quantify their sources and sinks. A general technique to constrain source and sink strengths is the analysis of the relative proportions of isotopic variants of GHG's. … more

Algorithms for IR data

Company: Aerodyne Research, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: ABSTRACT: We and our team partner Emu Solutions, a University of Notre Dame spin-off, will implement and ultimately deliver ISiS_PFA (Image Stabilization in Silicon_PFA), an electronics hardware implementation of our recently-invented Polynomial Factor Analysis (PFA) jitter mitigation algorithm. … more

Innovative Approach for Modeling the Impact of Paint Gloss on Visual and Near IR Detection

Company: Aerodyne Research, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: NAVAIR PMAs are motivated by substantial maintenance cost savings to switch aircraft paints from matte to glossy. Yet NAVAIR must confidently weigh these major cost savings against possibly serious survivability penalties from sun glints. To definitively answer these survivability trades, we propose… more

Three Color Particle Optical Extinction Monitor

Company: Aerodyne Research, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: NASA / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: We propose to design, build and test a multi-color (red, green, blue) particle optical extinction monitor suitable for use in either land or airborne applications. The monitor will also contain a fourth measurement cell to allow for real-time subtraction of interferences caused by gas phase… more

Differential Photoacoustic Particle Absorption Monitor

Company: Aerodyne Research, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: NASA / SBIR / 2014 / 2
Abstract: We developed a highly sensitive and compact instrument to directly measure particulate matter (PM) optical absorption. This device is based on differential photoacoustic absorption spectroscopy (DPAS) technique, which is capable of eliminating background interference from gaseous NO2 and engine… more

One Micrometer Resolution Structured Scintillator for Hard X-Ray Image Detection

Company: AGILTRON Corporation Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: Next generation three dimensional (3D) X-ray imaging requires novel x-ray scintillating materials with high efficiency and high spatial resolution. Using a conventional homogeneous scintillator plate, there is a compromise between efficiency and spatial resolution. The strong coupling between… more

Fiber based seed laser for ultrafast CO2 laser systems

Company: AGILTRON Corporation Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOE / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: A fiber based high performance 10-micron femtosecond seed laser is an ideal front end of ultrafast CO2 laser systems, which requires a near IR mode-locked fiber laser and a high energy pulsed pump fiber laser synchronized with the mode-locked fiber laser for frequency conversion and power… more

Nanofluidic Sequencing of Polypeptides

Company: AGILTRON Corporation Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: Leveraging Agiltron"s development and production of portable Raman spectrometers, Agiltron will develop a new class of polypeptide sequencers. Our approach capitalizes on recent progress in Raman spectroscopy to push the sensor performance well beyond the current state-of-the-art.

Durable Superhydrophobic Anti-icing Nanocomposite Coatings

Company: AGILTRON Corporation Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / STTR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: Agiltron will develop robust and affordable anti-icing and ice-phobic surfaces that are also transparent (>%80) in visible spectrum for superstructures of surface ships in Arctic and cold region operation. Leveraging Agiltron"s previous experiences in mechanically durable superhydrophibic… more

Light-Weight, Solar Cells with High Specific Power and Conversion Efficiency

Company: AGILTRON Corporation Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DOD / STTR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: Agiltron in collaboration with National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) will develop a new class of high-efficiency and lightweight broadband inverted metamorphic multi-junction (IMM) solar cells for the uninterrupted flight missions of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The approach is closely… more

Smartphone Enabled Spectroscopic Gamma-Neutron Radiation Sensor

Company: Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc. Agency/Program/Year/Phase: DHS / SBIR / 2014 / 1
Abstract: RMD is proposing the development of Smart-Phone Enabled Radionuclide Identifier (SERI), a new detection instrument designed to take full advantage of smartphone / tablet technology. The hardware platform will include a new advanced scintillator that will provide both high gamma-ray efficiency and… more