Abstract:Biogas & Electric LLCs proposed Phase I research will strive to demonstrate the existing opportunities for resource recovery and recycling at dairies and other concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs). Current recovery efforts are limited to energy from biogas combustion and a few struvite… more
Abstract:This proposal will serve as a pilot project for poor, rural, Southern counties with rich forestry resources. Arkansas and surrounding states have some of the highest poverty rates in the nation. Arkansas 19 million acres of forests represent more than half of the total land mass of this state. This… more
Abstract:E. coli are common bacteria and part of the normal flora of the GI tract. Some strains, including the Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) are able to produce a toxin (Shiga toxin), which can lead to serious human illnesses from mild diarrhea to life threatening conditions, such as hemolytic uremic… more
Abstract:Westscape Nursery proposes a Phase I project to establish a solution to the problem of rapid cheatgrass infestation in the western U.S. Preliminary studies have shown the ability of a naturally occurring elemental compound used in precise formulation to totally suppress and selectively control… more
Abstract:As aquaculture, particularly marine aquaculture continues to expand worldwide environmental regulations pertaining to waste discharge from fish farms are also becoming more stringent having an environmentally sound waste management, recovery and disposal plan are thus becoming increasingly more… more
Abstract:The profitability of commercial catfish production continues to decline due to increased feed and fuel costs, economic inflation, and increased imports of fish from countries with inexpensive labor and little regulation. In order to compete, catfish producers must become more efficient. Research has… more
Abstract:The goal of the Developed Outdoor Recreation Assessment Process (DORAP) will be to create a reliable and repeatable method for evaluating 18 different types of constructed features in outdoor recreation areas for compliance with applicable federal guidelines. On-line and in-person training and… more
Abstract:Currently, there is no suitable method of monitoring the mass flux of particulate material such as flour, sugar, chocolate chips, etc. for a continuous production process. Therefore, many of the food products are manufactured using batch processes, with very high inefficiencies and wide variation in… more
Abstract:Combustion of biomass, especially in small-scale applications, produces high emissions of particulate matter (PM) that have been linked to adverse health effects and global climate change. Current industrial particulate control solutions are prohibitively expensive for use in small scale biomass… more
Abstract:Size reduction, or comminution, is a fundamental processing step for lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks used as a raw material for conversion to biofuels. Grinding or milling of herbaceous materials such as corn stover, switchgrass, miscanthus and other biofuel feedstocks consumes a lot of energy,… more
Abstract:1. Need and Purpose Rural areas of the United States have always been economically disadvantaged relative to urban areas. In rural areas, average incomes have been lower, poverty rates higher, and unemployment and underemployment have been more extensive. At present, with the advent of broadband… more
Abstract:Sorghum is a major crop for food, feed and industrial processes in the US and on the global market. It is a particularly relevant crop under the current pressures of climate change and food security because it is adapted to cultivation under low water and nutrient conditions. However, compared to… more
Abstract:Throughout the past decade, there has been increasing urgency to develop novel technologies for alternative energy sources. This is being driven by the consequential relationships of increased global consumption, rapidly diminishing fossil fuel reserves, growing national energy security concerns,… more
Abstract:This project aims to develop a phage-based product (VTP-100) that will contain a mixture of lytic phages effective against a variety of hatchery strains of Vibrio tubiashii. V. tubiashii is a major cause of larval shellfish mortality, which results in increased costs to the aquaculture industry and… more
Abstract:The mountain pine beetle (MPB), Dendroctonus ponderosae, is one of the most destructive pests of North American forests as it attacks large lodgepole pine trees. During outbreak years, beetles mass attack these trees causing irreversible damage that leads to the death of the tree, usually within one… more
Abstract:Highbush blueberry production has become an increasingly important US agricultural industry, produced by small and medium-sized farms in 35 states. There are very few pest management tools available to blueberry growers. A neuro-active neonicotinoid, is the only effective insecticide blueberry… more
Abstract:Of greatest importance to US cattle ranchers is the ability to provide high level animal care to their cattle ensuring that they can provide adequate and profitable levels of beef, milk, and other cattle-derived products to US consumers. A long-time pest in this industry is the stable fly, Stomoxys… more
Abstract:Berry and tree fruit growers in the US urgently need an effective management strategy to deal with the rapidly spreading fruit fly pest, Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD). This fruit fly is currently listed as a top research priority by a multitude of stakeholders including but not limited to: the North… more
Abstract:This Phase II project will work toward increasing the math and science problem solving capacities of high need rural students and their teachers. Math and science and the ability to solve problems in these disciplines lie at the heart of technical innovation and economic security in today &… more
Abstract:In this Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) effort, Los Gatos Research (LGR) proposes to utilize its patented Off-Axis ICOS technology to develop an analyzer for the accurate determination of 15N/14N, 18O/16O, and 17O/16O isotope ratios in nitrates (d15N, d18O, and d17O). The system will… more
Abstract:Respiratory tract infection in pigs, commonly referred to as "Porcine Respiratory Disease Complex (PRDC)", is one of the major challenges for the swine industry, as PRDC causes significant economic losses to swine producers worldwide. Rapid detection of causative agents is the key to… more
Abstract:This sensor development project is responsive to the societal challenge areas of 1) Climate Change and 2) Sustainable Bioenergy. Hydrogen sulfide emissions from agricultural enterprises, especially those associated with large animal feeding lots, can impact the climate. A monitoring system to better… more
Abstract:This project will provide researchers a valuable tool to better learn about bees in almost any enviornment. The self contained power through PV panels will allow these hives to be used without the need to an outside powersource. Researchers can monitor stationary hives, as well as commercial… more
Abstract:We have identified methods to produce inducers of cellulase production that will streamline the production of these enzymes for cellulosic ethanol and other applications. During Phase II of this project, we will scale up the methods, determine their applicability to commercially relevant hosts, and… more
Abstract:The U.S. strawberry crop centered on 40,000 acres in California supplies 30% of the worlds strawberries, a marvel of American agricultural productivity. It is also emblematic of fumigation-supported high U.S. agricultural productivity, achieving soil sterilization of soil-borne pests necessary for… more
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