Abstract:Over the past decade, rural school systems have seen a rapid expansion in the number of Hispanic/Latino students who enter school with limited and non-English speaking abilities, and rural schools are being challenged to accommodate this rapid population growth and the education of students with… more
Abstract:Despite concerted efforts on both the part of the food industry and Federal regulators, already in 2011 there have been Salmonella foodborne illnesses in 31 U.S. states. Salmonella is a leading cause of foodborne illness. It is responsible each year for an estimated 1 million illnesses, 19,336… more
Abstract:This is a critical crossroads for the poultry industry with a majority of consumers demanding minimal or chemical free foods and the ever present threat of foodborne illness from Salmonella and Listeria associated with raw and ready-to-eat (RTE) poultry products. As a potential solution, we have… more
Abstract:American consumers want to know their farmers, and wholesale buyers are looking for source identified agricultural products that are augmented with reliable data about the identity of the producer and how the product was produced. This data can easily be made available using any smartphone by… more
Abstract:Nationwide, Emergency Medical Services (EMS) plays a crucial health care role in the well-being of rural populations. There are substantial challenges within the rural EMS system including: high costs for providing EMS care to sparsely populated regions; fewer tax dollars to fund health programs and… more
Abstract:Reducing foreign dependence on petroleum-based materials is a key to enhancing the US agricultural economy in the long-term. In recent years with the rising costs of petrochemical prices, there has been an increasing interest in renewable sourced specialty chemicals. Presently, less than 4 percent… more
Abstract:The project will develop a cost-effective strategy for disposing of manure produced on dairy farms by developing an affordable anaerobic digestion method that requires lower infrastructure investment and operating costs. This will lead to less reliance on traditional energy sources for dairies and… more
Abstract:Obesity and osteoporosis are major public health concerns due to their prevalence in our increasingly sedentary and aging society. In the U.S. today, an estimated 55% of people 50 and older are at risk for developing osteoporosis. Because as much as 20% of bone mass can be lost in the first five to… more
Abstract:The Urban Forestry Modeling and Prioritization Tools project addresses the research and tasks necessary for creating cost effective, web-based software that assists urban foresters with strategically selecting planting locations in order to maximize impact on both the environment and local… more
Abstract:The modernization of the US swine industry has been critical to the sustainability and global competitiveness of US swine production. At the same time, modernization has also required dramatic changes in animal management. By housing pigs indoors, producers have caused the unintended problem of iron… more
Abstract:Environmental Benefits: The proposed technology relates to Climate change and sustainable energy. Fatty acids are currently produced from palm oil, 80% of which comes from Malaysia and Indonesia. Both these countries have finite land available and often times rainforests are destroyed to make way… more
Abstract:There continues to be a need for production of biofuels from agricultural sources. Butanol is a more attractive fuel than ethanol because it leads to better gas mileage, it achieves higher blends with gasoline than bioethanol, it has greater compatibility with existing fuel infrastructure, it is… more
Abstract:GreenWood Resources proposes to develop hybrid poplar growing stock of improved water-use efficiency using a strategy of species selection, inter-specific hybridization, and varietal selection. The proposed work will lead to an increase in the cost-efficiency of current sawlog production and future… more
Abstract:Each week, in total, 338 small and mid-sized farms ($1,000-500,000 in revenue) go out of business despite the undeniable demand for local food. This proposal will work with a state department of agriculture to research the viability of real-time price sheet marketing, as compared to static… more
Abstract:Current cattle industry practices require that registered cattle have complete paternity and parentage determinations which can cost up to $40 per animal. Our proposed MGST method will have the ability to reduce that cost to just the several dollars range. By using the latest methods in massive… more
Abstract:Biomass to biofuels can provide solutions for energy independence, lower cost of fuels and global climate change mitigation. However, to achieve the goal of converting biomass into biofuels, the biomass must be broken down into its component sugars so they can be fermented into fuels. Cellulases are… more
Abstract:Salmonellae continue to be one of the leading worldwide causes of foodborne bacterial diseases. They cause 1.2-1.4 million annual cases of salmonellosis in the USA, with associated costs estimated to be as high as $12.8 billion/year (in 1998 dollars). Despite continued and escalating efforts to curb… more
Abstract:Independent of the field (human health, agriculture, etc.) it is clear that early detection is the only solution to prevent epidemics. Our dual-mode nanosensory platform is a disruptive concept that utilizes two detection modes in a single biosensor chip. In the case of Citrus Tristeza Virus,… more
Abstract:We are currently witnessing an unprecedented mountain pine beetle population expansion across North America, transforming some of our most productive pine forests into enormous wastelands composed of unhealthy and dead trees that contribute to the global greenhouse gas emissions. Currently there is… more
Abstract:Small growers in Hawaii have the potential to produce an abundance of high value fruit and vegetables supplying for the needs of local island markets as well as the mainland markets. However, due to the insidious, unrelenting, high pressure of fruit flies, especially from the two key Bactrocera… more
Abstract:Potatoes are the fourth most-consumed food crop in the world, after rice, wheat, and corn, and the leading vegetable crop in the US. Roughly four-fifths of the harvested potato crop is sold for fresh or processed consumption. Processed potatoes comprise 58 percent of total US potato utilization;… more
Abstract:The majority of US citrus growers farm less than 100 acres, producing specialty table fruit and citrus juice, with most yielding less than $200,000 in yearly farm income. Furthermore, much of the citrus acreage is being encroached upon by urban growth, making it impossible for many growers to use… more
Abstract:In Phase II, we intend to further evaluate possible ACP attractant components in order to obtain an optimized, highly effective attractant which will be formulated in SPLAT for use as a lure for monitoring (SPLAT ACPAB), and with a contact insecticide, to create a targeted attract & kill product… more
Abstract:A technically literate workforce, capable of math and science problem solving, is essential in order to attract and maintain high-tech industry and manufacturing within rural counties. Math and science intervention in problem solving has been shown to facilitate peak performance and to engage… more
Abstract:Nitrate (NO3-) contamination in water is a worldwide environmental problem. High nitrate levels can result in adverse human health effects and eutrophication of lakes, rivers, oceans, and terrestrial ecosystems. There are several sources of nitrates, including manure, fertilizers, sewage, industrial… more
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