Abstract:ABSTRACT: We present a novel architecture for on-demand clouds, which means creating a cloud computing environment when needed that opportunistically takes advantage of available processors. The processors are located on mobile computers at the tactical edge of a network and connect via wireless… more
Abstract:The purpose of this Phase II effort is to research and develop an innovative approach to empower people who do not have the skills to write programming code or a scripting language, to create simple user interfaces (UIs) to calculation engines written in various programming languages. The… more
Abstract:Harmonia proposes to create"SPAA: Software Priority Assurance Assessment"which is designed to automate software assurance assessment. The final tool will allow for risk assessment of commercial software through a formal risk acceptance approval process enabling the software to be… more
Abstract:HUMINT includes text based message traffic, other text document sources composed by humans, particularly the free-form prose text of these messages/documents that can be processed to produce information of value, and other human-produced media types (e.g., video, pictures). Harmonia proposes a new… more
Abstract:We present the Assess, Identify, Remediate (AIR) framework to integrate disparate tools and manual non-computer based methods for usability assessment. AIR is integrated into Microsoft Office so that it leverages a familiar user interface, and minimizes the knowledge, skills, and abilities required… more
Abstract:Harmonia proposes to continue development from Phase I of a Large Data Handling Architecture (LDHA). Given sufficient amounts of commodity hardware, its goal is to scale up to ingest a terabyte or more of data per hour from each open source or sensor; store tens of thousands and more of terabyte… more
Abstract:Harmonia proposes a novel approach to automatically generating tactical human/computer interface (HCI) code and object design data from the user interface design developed through usability prototyping. This approach uses the User Interface Markup Language (UIML), an open specification language… more
Abstract:A principal approach in regenerative medicine is to stimulate or augment endogenous repair mechanisms that promote functional restoration of damaged or diseased tissues. When loss of significant volumes of multiple functionally integrated tissues occurs,
Abstract:The majority of personnel injured in OIF/OEF have suffered blast injuries from IEDs. Blasts often cause cranio-facial trauma that is difficult to repair surgically. The current standard of care involves the placement of fixation devices and off label use of growth factor carriers. These… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop a transformative green building technology that overcomes several limitations endemic to building automation systems in use today. Mainly, (a) the high cost of tethered sensor deployment, (b) the dependence on building… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): As the well known baby boomer generation surges toward retirement age, the issue becomes more significant each day of how this generation of 78 million seniors will be able to remain as independent as possible while increasingly burdened by the onset of multiple,… more
Abstract:This project develops and evaluates a software interface into the social media website Facebook that is independently usable by individuals with intellectual disabilities, including those with limited or no literacy skills. The software system provides a multimedia (e.g., voice recording, icons,… more
Abstract:This project develops and tests the utility of Schedule Manager, a remote schedule management and monitoring prototype designed to use mobile technology to enable real-time, “on-the-fly” changes to an individual’s schedule from remote locations and to monitor adherence to scheduled activities… more
Abstract:This project develops an Internet-based system for managing and delivering “on demand” activity prompts to individuals with intellectual disabilities. This product users “cloud” (web based) technology to deliver visual and audio prompts to individuals with cognitive disabilities via a… more
Abstract:Atmospheric aerosols influence the earths radiation balance through direct scattering and absorption of radiation, and through alteration in the formation, brightness and extent of clouds. The concentrations and size distribution of aerosols aloft is important to these effects. Needed is a method to… more
Abstract:Secondary and oxygenated organic compounds play an important role in the atmosphere. These constituents are involved in atmospheric transformation processes, and may play a significant role in the formation of cloud condensation nuclei. Unanswered questions include the relative importance of… more
Abstract:The chloroperoxidase enzyme from the filamentous fungus Caldariomyces fumago has applications in industrial chemical synthesis and the detection and inactivation of chemical warfare agents. Chloroperoxidase is capable of regio- and enantioselective oxygenations and halogenations of organic… more
Abstract:The ability to direct the wound pathways following injury could provide a critical path in wound care at crucial times during the progression of healing. A promising field of study in wound healing is epigenetics; alterations in gene expression caused by mechanisms other than changes in DNA… more
Abstract:Currently, the accepted standard experimental model for measuring protective efficacy against botulism is the Mouse Lethality Neutralization (MLN) assay. Botulism poisoning is a life threatening condition that is not only a public health concern, but could also be a potential biological weapon. … more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) serve an important role in manufacturing processes as solvents. However, once these products reach the marketplace the industrial solvents are released into the ambient air, causing them to concentrate in enclosed work spaces such as office buildings.… more
Abstract:Field testing of water samples is needed for broad and sensitive detection of toxic industrial chemicals, or TICs. The use of unicellular organisms in cell-based detection systems is particularly advantageous both because these organisms have developed a natural ability to respond to environmental… more
Abstract:Organophosphorus chemical warfare nerve agents (OP-CWA) are attractive to terrorist groups and rogue states as an inexpensive and accessible technology for chemical warfare. OP-CWA and organophosphate pesticides cause severe neurological symptoms and death by inhibiting the enzyme… more
Abstract:Current toxicity testing of foodstuffs involves mass spectrometry analysis which requires a>24 h turnaround time in deployed military operations. This length of time is dangerous for personnel. Rapid identification of toxic industrial chemicals (TICs) in food using a sensor that is… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: During the normal course of research, development, and testing by the DOD small quantities of environmentally hazardous waste propellants, explosives, and pyrotechnics (PEP) are produced. The compliance costs and burden associated with open burn/open detonation operations are… more
Abstract:Recent studies have suggested the potential of improved malarial vaccines by use of the viral-like particle (VLP)-linked immunogen approach. The VLP technology is being utilized for the development of vaccines for a variety of diseases. Agave BioSystems is creating a novel platform for development… more
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