Abstract:Accurate high-performance, low-cost handheld devices are needed by law enforcement and first responders for the detection, identification,
classification and reporting of radioactive materials. The goal of this program is to produce a compact, low-power radiation identifier that costs less than $500… more
Abstract:The objective of the present proposal is to develop and apply accurate, robust and cost-effective methodologies for the prediction of the interior nozzle flow, seamlessly coupled with high-fidelity large eddy simulation (LES) for the prediction of the jet plume and radiated noise. The simulations… more
Abstract:The availability and continued growth of High Performance Computing (HPC) is opening new avenues for complex physics based software simulations. The usage of HPC is particularly important in high-fidelity Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) a branch of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) of multi-physics… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The Phase I effort will focus on a design tradeoff study to address the mission requirements and how alternate HSI sensor system designs address the requirements. These trades will include field of view and sampling rate versus target velocity within the scene, focal plane array size,… more
Abstract:Spectrum Photonics will utilize our 20 years of experience in developing and employing multi-spectral disturbed earth sensors to develop a vehiclemounted, low-cost mobile footprint detector. To meet the specifications described in the SBIR topic, our team will develop a multi-spectral long wave… more
Abstract:Towed array vector sensors are important for US submarine capability in terms of reducing the left right ambiguity. Current towed array vector sensors use particle velocity sensors or accelerometers combined with hydrophones to achieve this performance. Lead magnesium niobate-lead titanate (PMN-PT)… more
Abstract:Our objective is to significantly increase the electron transfer efficiency of the enzyme-catalyzed reactions at electrodes and thereby establish a new state-of-the-art power source for military and commercial systems. The approach is to develop a novel method for orienting enzymes immobilized onto… more
Abstract:The goal of this project is to design, develop, and delivery a human test surrogate for non-lethal testing, injury risk assessment, and validation of software inputs at the Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Program for the Navy. An existing CFDRC surrogate will be used as a starting point to create a modular… more
Abstract:Recent tests have shown 80% improvement in closed compartment fire-suppression and post burn protection is achievable by implementing induction charging into aqueous based automatic fire extinguishing systems. CFDRC will capitalize on these results to provide military tactical vehicles with an… more
Abstract:As mobile solid-state RF and millimeter wave sources continue to revolutionize non-lethal weapons there is a growing requirement for small, light-weight, prime power systems capable of producing large amounts of power in very short but numerous timeframes. Phase I will focus on defining how our… more
Abstract:Modern combustion systems such as liquid rocket engines and gas turbines are characterized by high operating pressures and temperatures due to increased power-density. Thermal radiation has significant impact on both heat fluxes at the wall and on physical phenomena controlling the combustion… more
Abstract:Musculoskeletal injury among military personnel is an under-recognized problem where shoulder injuries are significant and result in inflammation and pain from overuse, joint derangement, sprain/stain/rupture, and dislocation. Health hazard assessment is essential to ensure that fielded equipment… more
Abstract:The overall objective of the proposed project is to develop new injury criteria, methodology, and a software tool to assess the risk of neck injury from loads sustained while wearing head supported mass (HSM). In this Phase I, we will develop an easy-to-use software which utilizes a detailed neck… more
Abstract:Reports of military and civilian blast related injuries are reported daily by the media from all over the world. Limited understanding of the physics of blast-human body interaction and injury biomechanics hinder the development of protective measures. Experiments using animal models, cadavers and… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Military and industrial personnel are often exposed to RF electromagnetic energy which can cause thermal and electrokinetic biological effects. To understand these effects, AFRL is using computational electromagnetic tools to predict RF energy deposition and thermal effects in humans.… more
Abstract:Safe and efficient ionization and filtration technology compatible to biodefense applications is of paramount importance. Current ionization methods are energy-intensive, costly, prone to ozone generation, or inefficient, and consequently ill-suited for building protection applications. To overcome… more
Abstract:Protein manufacturing is of paramount importance to chemical and biological defense applications. Existing protein purification methods primarily rely on synthetic-resin based chromatography, which is time-consuming, labor-intensive, expensive, and consequently, ill-suited for developing rapid… more
Abstract:Adversaries are becoming ever more proficient at cyber attacks against our military"s infrastructure, making offensive and defensive cyber operations an essential component of today"s military activities. While the Navy has focused significant resources on cyber defense, these operations… more
Abstract:Although Navy MH-60R/S SEAHAWK helicopters have long played a critical role in military operations, degraded visual environments continue to plague landing safety. Current heads-down displays do not address pilots"need to continuously perceive and respond to a rich set of external visual cues… more
Abstract:The US Army faces a significant burden in planning sustainment operations. Currently, logistics planners must manually evaluate potential emplacement sites to determine their terrain suitability. Sites subject to rainfall-runoff responses such as ponding are ill-suited for emplacements, but… more
Abstract:Operational availability of Navy systems has become a function of mechanical, electronic, computer, software, and network systems"availability. Further, the challenge of maintaining operational availability will grow to enterprise scale as the Navy moves towards tactical cloud computing that… more
Abstract:The US is highly dependent on space resources for communications and imaging, as well as positioning, navigation, and timing services that support military operations, government operations, and commercial interests. Because the space environment is both congested and contested, effectively… more
Abstract:Military medical personnel must act quickly and efficiently in any operational environment. Their success in saving lives depends on their ability to act effectively, both individually and as a team. Therefore, training must address individual skills and knowledge as well as interactions among team… more
Abstract:Military domains, such as naval operations, require agile decision-making by Warfighters as they monitor ongoing activities, assess the impact of events, and develop or adjust plans to achieve the overall mission. These missions and resulting tasks emerge from a consistently evolving battlespace,… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Although Partial Task Trainers (PTTs) have been shown to have a cost savings of 60 percent over training on actual systems, they routinely cost the Government in manpower, maintenance, and upgrades, and are limited by static content that does not address differently skilled trainees.… more
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