Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Dramatic advances in the development of biomedical ontologies hold the promise of a deeper and clearer understanding of the molecular and genetic aspects that affect human health. Biomedical data and knowledge stored in ontologies and databases have the… more
Abstract:Brain tumor segmentation in Magnetic Resonance Imaging is an important task for neurosurgeons, oncologists, and radiologists to assess disease burden and measure tumor response to treatment. In 2008, over 237,000 individuals worldwide are estimated to havebeen diagnosed with malignant brain and… more
Abstract:The proposed Epidemiology Data Integration and Analysis platform, EpiDIA, is designed to enable integration of the diverse datasets used in epidemiology research and enable the design of user-defined queries, data mining and investigator-initiated analysis. It will enable the deployment of data both… more
Abstract:This Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Phase I project aims at addressing the challenging issue of spectrum scarcity for high throughput wireless communication systems by developing an innovative cognitive radio (CR) communication system capable of operating within a fragmented spectral band… more
Abstract:This SBIR project aims to address one of the greatest challenges in the Counter-Rocket, Artillery and Mortar (C-RAM) area, i.e., high-speed low-RCS target detection. To tackle this challenge, an innovative moving target detection scheme, including a simple but effective range/Doppler migration… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Increased recognition of the incidence of nonconvulsive seizures (NCSs) in critically ill patients has led to a growing demand for continuous EEG monitoring in Intensive Care Units (ICUs). However, one of the biggest challenges to the expanding use of continuous… more
Abstract:The conventional approaches to acoustic arrays limit their usage in acoustic reconnaissance for Army applications due to large size and rigid packaging. An acoustic array on a flexible substrate and composed of microfabricated sensors provides a solution for applications where limited size and… more
Abstract:Current multi-touch pressure sensitive Commercial Off The Shelf (COTS) hardware and software (e.g., Apple iPhones, Android Phones, etc.) allow users to seamlessly interact with software applications using gestures, but underutilize their potential by only employing a limited set of Human Computer… more
Abstract:Thermal Stir Welding (TSW) provides advancement over the more conventional Friction Stir Welding (C-FSW) process because it separates the primary processes variables thereby allowing independent control of metal stirring and forging from the stir zone temperature. However, the feedback for precise… more
Abstract:The general objective of this proposal is to design a self-stabilized monolithic single frequency solid state laser. The main advantage of the approach is based on the integration of a laser cavity within active laser material - Nd-doped photo-thermo-refractive (PTR) glass, which allows constructing… more
Abstract:The overall goal of the proposed project is to develop a Volume Bragg Grating (VBG) controlled surface emitting laser for pumping of low pressure Rb vapor laser. This approach will provide dramatic decrease of specific volume of a pumping lase system and, therefore, will dramatically decrease the… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The objective of the proposed research is to develop a new type of volume holographic elements that can operate in mid IR spectral region. To achieve this goal, research will be directed to a photo-thermo-refractive (PTR) glass which provides a photo-thermo-induced refractive index change… more
Abstract:The proposed research plan will start at a TRL 1 and commence with the collection of dynamic recoil response field data using a firearm and
ammunition chosen by the DHS for testing. Data will be collected for a firearm operator that classifies as a 90th percentile male, and an operator… more
Abstract:A significant challenge faced by space-bound experiment packages is the requirement for a minimally controlled environment while a small payload is awaiting launch or is in transit to the International Space Station (ISS). NASA is seeking thermal solutions for the transportation of NanoRack and… more
Abstract:This proposal details the method of fabrication for a hierarchical hybrid nanomaterial for oxygen storage vessels. These vessels exceed the volumetric and gravimetric storage capacity of an oxygen cylinder by 330% and 215%, respectively. It is estimated that this oxygen storage device will weigh… more
Abstract:Mainstream Engineering Corp. (MEC) proposes developing a pyrolytic solid waste remediation system (py-SWRS) for processing mixed solid waste at small contingency base camps. The proposed py-SWRS unit is a scaled-down and simplified version of a portable pyrolysis reactor already under development at… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: A new generation of supersonic weapons will operate at Mach 3-6. Current radome materials are unable to withstand the heat generated at the temperatures associated with hypersonic flight. Mainstream Engineering is proposing an advanced cooling approach that helps to extend the performance… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Using solar energy to drive air conditioning systems is logical since the sun is present when air conditioning is needed the most. Unfortunately, the payback period for installing photovoltaic solar cell arrays to electrically drive the air conditioning system is unacceptably long, at… more
Abstract:Mainstream Engineering Corp. (MEC) proposes developing a diesel engine-generator with nanostructured high-zT thermoelectric exhaust waste heat recovery. Commercially available thermoelectric materials have a thermoelectric figure of merit (zT) of approximately 1. Published efforts to harvest exhaust… more
Abstract:Currently, diesel generators are typically used to supply electrical power to soldiers in the field. Diesel generators suffer from wet stacking at partial loads, high fuel costs and resupply logistics, and high transportation risk. The development of a portable wind power generating system capable… more
Abstract:This proposal addresses the single largest non-propulsion consumer of Navy shipboard power. The heating, ventilation, and air conditioning system of a combatant ship dissipates over 25% of the ships waste heat. However, a growing percentage (up to 87%) of the waste heat is due to equipment loads… more
Abstract:Spherical-lined bearings play a crucial role in the operation of many aerospace applications. They provide connections between structural components experiencing rotating and/or misaligning motion. The inability to accurately measure liner wear on these bearings leads to premature or overdue bearing… more
Abstract:Field Sanitation Centers typically convert 240 gallons of potable water per day into greywater. This greywater must then be transported off-site or properly disposed of on-site. To alleviate this problem, a continuous process to treat the greywater produced is needed. The treated water must meet… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: We propose to develop an assured information sharing framework for cloud-based systems that leverages our ongoing work in the areas of policy-based usage management and semantic interoperability. The development of this framework will involve the creation of a novel approach to… more
Abstract:Modus Operandi proposes to develop Inception, a collaborative intelligent wiki for searching, gathering, interpreting, validating, capturing and documenting the characterization of stakeholder needs for Modeling and Simulation systems. The first phase or the inception phase of the systems… more
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