Abstract:Grid computing, the application of many loosely-coupled computers in federation to provide shared resources makes significant compute or storage capabilities accessible to distributed teams of researchers. In doing so, it also poses a challenge: How do distributed teams collaborate effectively… more
With the range and variety of radiation detectors that exist and the continuing threat of a radiological disaster in the future, the need for training of first responders and personnel in the front lines of interdiction is extraordinary and daunting. It is daunting because of… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project aims to develop a robust, high-speed inorganic resist platform to revolutionize the manufacture of semiconductor devices with feature sizes < 30 nm. At present, there is no demonstrated organic or inorganic resist that satisfies all of… more
The human body is a near perfect energy generator. Demand for energy harvesting innovation, along with technology advances in thin film thermoelectric generators and highly efficient DC/DC boost… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Education Center for Adoptive Parents Online (ECAPO) Adoption has undergone dramatic change in the past 30 years, due largely to the complexity of contemporary adoptive relationships, which increasingly involve internat
ional, multi-ethnic, multi-racial, and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Feeding problems are a frequent harbinger of nascent neurological damage and are a major obstacle in transitioning infants from hospital nursery to discharge. Severe problems often require repeated hospitalization and tube feeding. Refractory feeding problems… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The aim of the project in Phase II is to develop and evaluate a stand-alone, Web-based serious game titled Vstreet-G, and to complete the interactive multimedia instruction on money management by adding a component on i
nvestment skills. Emancipation from… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Alcohol and drug (AOD) abuse by employees causes many costly problems for business and industry including absenteeism, injuries, health insurance claims, loss of productivity, employee morale, theft, and fatalities. The
loss to companies in the United States… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Depression is one of the most prevalent mental disorders to afflict adults. It seriously impacts role functioning and often takes a recurrent or chronic course. Given the high prevalence and associated impairments, depr
ession has become a major public health… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Although bicycle, pedestrian, and wheeled sports collisions are one of the leading causes of death and severe injury in children, there are currently no empirically-based, easily implemented prevention programs targetin
g comprehensive bicycle, pedestrian, and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Dysfunction of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) results in diseases as diverse as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, diabetes, dwarfism, color blindness, retina pigmentosa and asthma. GPCRs are also involved in depression, sc
hizophrenia, sleeplessness, hypertension,… more
Abstract:The objective of our Phase II work is to develop and demonstrate the Magnetic Underwater Mine (MAGNUM) confirmation sensor and associated integrated UUV sensor module. In the Phase I project, Sky Research and Geometrics explored the use of Micro-Fabricated Atomic Magnetometers (MFAM) technology to… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Flow cytometry is used to rapidly gather large quantities of data on cell type and function. The manual process of classifying hundreds of thousands of cells forms a bottleneck in diagnostics, high-throughput screening,
clinical trials, and large-scale research… more
Abstract:Recovery of water from brine is critically important for future manned space exploration. Resupply of water is prohibitively costly for such extended missions. Water reclamation processes typically recover 90-95% of the water present in wastewater formed by combining urine, hygiene water, and… more
Abstract:A back-illuminated planar InGaAs photodiode tested to have 95% quantum effiiency (QE) at 1550 nm, area greater than 1 mm2, low capacitance (<23 pF), and high bandwidth (>125 MHz) will be improved. Although the existing Phase I device exhibited bulk material dark current generation better… more
Abstract:Visible-transparent upconverting films consisting of lanthanide-doped metal-oxide nanocrystal (NC) quantum dots functionalized with near-infrared (NIR) and short-wavelength infrared (SWIR) sensitizers will be optimized for integration with polycarbonate optical elements. In Phase I, upconversion was… more
Abstract:A 128 x 128-format avalanche photodiode (APD) focal plane array (FPA), including a low-power dual-mode readout integrated circuit (ROIC) and low excess noise, high gain (M>1,200) will be developed for laser radar (LADAR) applications requiring reduced SWAP. The FPA gives LADAR seekers an advanced… more
Abstract:Current methods of growing carbon nanotubes (CNTs) of specific chirality yield mixtures of single-walled CNTs (SWNTs) with different structures and electronic properties, and methods to separate nanotubes by their electronic properties remain expensive and small-scale. Accordingly, synthesis today… more
Abstract:90087S09-II Expanding user demand for X-ray beamline time for science experiments in diverse fields necessitates expensive new beamlines, or the more efficient use of existing resources. Detectors that collect more data, with efficient on-chip and off-chip processing of the resulting data streams,… more
Abstract:Nighttime bioluminescence poses a large naval tactical problem. Therefore a navigation aid is required for underwater vehicles (manned or un-manned) that will sense the platform-induced (e.g. an Unmanned Underwater Vehicle, SEAL Delivery Vehicle, or diver) bioluminescence, water optical properties,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The long-range goal of this project is to restore functional movement to low-functioning stroke patients using a novel therapeutic regimen and robotic device called AMES, an acronym for Assisted Movement with Enhance
d Sensation. In AMES-as it is currently… more
Abstract:The previously conducted Phase I project had two goals: (1) to prototype and evaluate the feasibility of an intelligent computer-based task management application that would improve the ability of persons with cognitive disabilities to perform activities of daily living (ADL) and (2) to… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Responsible beverage service (RBS) training originated some quarter century ago to prevent driving under the influence among patrons of public drinking establishments, from which half of DUI arrests and alcohol-related
crashes originate. These programs train… more
Abstract:Highly productive, third-rotation commercial plantations have been successfully managed in the United States by the pulp and paper, timber, and the environmental-remediation industries for more than 40 years with great success in terms of wood yields and job creation. The success of the poplar… more
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