Abstract:Flatpanel Xray detector technologies are desired to replace Xray film, but available detector materials have a number of limitations, such as low efficiency, low sensitivity, high noise, small format, high cost, long product development times, and/or expensive infrastructure. Directdetection… more
Abstract:Voxtel proposes a high speed, asynchronous, photon counting receiver for active ranging by unmanned aerial systems (UAS). Sensitivity to single photons is desirable for a low size weight and power (SWAP) UAS-borne active ranging receiver because of the limited laser pulse energy that can be… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Sepsis is a prevalent and life-threatening medical condition characterized by development of a dysregulated inflammatory immune response and associated tissue damage. This dysregulated inflammatory response is initiatedby activation of Toll-Like receptor (TLR)… more
Abstract:In this Phase II research, Blacktoe Medical will design, manufacture and test a finger-worn ultrasound-imaging probe, optimized for Army vascular access requirements. The vascular finger probe will simplify use and reduce the time to learn complicated ultrasound guided procedures. By leveraging… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Today, arsenic (As) poisoning is one of the major environmental threats worldwide as millions of human beings have been exposed to excessive arsenic through contaminated drinking water. The serious toxicity of arsenic h
as been well documented. Worldwide,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Stroke and heart attack are the leading causes of mortality and grave morbidity. The goal of this Fast-Track STTR grant application is to enable preclinical investigation of WE-thrombin, a bioengineered protein C activa
tor enzyme for the treatment of severe,… more
Abstract:Grid computing, the application of many loosely-coupled computers in federation to provide shared resources makes significant compute or storage capabilities accessible to distributed teams of researchers. In doing so, it also poses a challenge: How do distributed teams collaborate effectively… more
With the range and variety of radiation detectors that exist and the continuing threat of a radiological disaster in the future, the need for training of first responders and personnel in the front lines of interdiction is extraordinary and daunting. It is daunting because of… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project aims to develop a robust, high-speed inorganic resist platform to revolutionize the manufacture of semiconductor devices with feature sizes < 30 nm. At present, there is no demonstrated organic or inorganic resist that satisfies all of… more
The human body is a near perfect energy generator. Demand for energy harvesting innovation, along with technology advances in thin film thermoelectric generators and highly efficient DC/DC boost… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Education Center for Adoptive Parents Online (ECAPO) Adoption has undergone dramatic change in the past 30 years, due largely to the complexity of contemporary adoptive relationships, which increasingly involve internat
ional, multi-ethnic, multi-racial, and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Feeding problems are a frequent harbinger of nascent neurological damage and are a major obstacle in transitioning infants from hospital nursery to discharge. Severe problems often require repeated hospitalization and tube feeding. Refractory feeding problems… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The aim of the project in Phase II is to develop and evaluate a stand-alone, Web-based serious game titled Vstreet-G, and to complete the interactive multimedia instruction on money management by adding a component on i
nvestment skills. Emancipation from… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Alcohol and drug (AOD) abuse by employees causes many costly problems for business and industry including absenteeism, injuries, health insurance claims, loss of productivity, employee morale, theft, and fatalities. The
loss to companies in the United States… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Depression is one of the most prevalent mental disorders to afflict adults. It seriously impacts role functioning and often takes a recurrent or chronic course. Given the high prevalence and associated impairments, depr
ession has become a major public health… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Although bicycle, pedestrian, and wheeled sports collisions are one of the leading causes of death and severe injury in children, there are currently no empirically-based, easily implemented prevention programs targetin
g comprehensive bicycle, pedestrian, and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Dysfunction of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) results in diseases as diverse as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, diabetes, dwarfism, color blindness, retina pigmentosa and asthma. GPCRs are also involved in depression, sc
hizophrenia, sleeplessness, hypertension,… more
Abstract:The objective of our Phase II work is to develop and demonstrate the Magnetic Underwater Mine (MAGNUM) confirmation sensor and associated integrated UUV sensor module. In the Phase I project, Sky Research and Geometrics explored the use of Micro-Fabricated Atomic Magnetometers (MFAM) technology to… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Flow cytometry is used to rapidly gather large quantities of data on cell type and function. The manual process of classifying hundreds of thousands of cells forms a bottleneck in diagnostics, high-throughput screening,
clinical trials, and large-scale research… more
Abstract:Recovery of water from brine is critically important for future manned space exploration. Resupply of water is prohibitively costly for such extended missions. Water reclamation processes typically recover 90-95% of the water present in wastewater formed by combining urine, hygiene water, and… more
Abstract:A back-illuminated planar InGaAs photodiode tested to have 95% quantum effiiency (QE) at 1550 nm, area greater than 1 mm2, low capacitance (<23 pF), and high bandwidth (>125 MHz) will be improved. Although the existing Phase I device exhibited bulk material dark current generation better… more
Abstract:Visible-transparent upconverting films consisting of lanthanide-doped metal-oxide nanocrystal (NC) quantum dots functionalized with near-infrared (NIR) and short-wavelength infrared (SWIR) sensitizers will be optimized for integration with polycarbonate optical elements. In Phase I, upconversion was… more
Abstract:A 128 x 128-format avalanche photodiode (APD) focal plane array (FPA), including a low-power dual-mode readout integrated circuit (ROIC) and low excess noise, high gain (M>1,200) will be developed for laser radar (LADAR) applications requiring reduced SWAP. The FPA gives LADAR seekers an advanced… more
Abstract:Current methods of growing carbon nanotubes (CNTs) of specific chirality yield mixtures of single-walled CNTs (SWNTs) with different structures and electronic properties, and methods to separate nanotubes by their electronic properties remain expensive and small-scale. Accordingly, synthesis today… more
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