Abstract:Wide-area networks are essential to productivity in commercial enterprises and military organizations. Reliability is difficult to achieve because wide-area networks, such as the Internet, are built from many autonomously configured component networks. Today there exists a large gap between the… more
Abstract:Highly productive, third-rotation commercial plantations have been successfully managed in the United States by the pulp and paper, timber, and the environmental-remediation industries for more than 40 years with great success in terms of wood yields and job creation. The success of the poplar… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Establishments that serve alcohol are a vast industry in America, but are unfortunately a common setting for aggressive and violent behaviors that are sometimes associated with alcohol consumption. Many servers (bartend
ers and wait staff) have limited training,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): During the first 3 years, children's long-term developmental trajectories are established, and the quality of parenting the child receives on a daily basis profoundly influences these trajectories. The transition to par
enthood is a difficult one for many parents… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project aims to develop new, sensitive, accurate, and reliable detection methods for measuring genomic DNA or RNA samples isolated from living cells. The intellectual merit of this project lies in the development of new detection methods that are… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The purpose of this project is to develop and evaluate a specialized online version of a marital education program for resource (i.e., foster, kinship, and adoptive) parents. The program, called Prevention and Relations
hip Enhancement Program (PREP), is a… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In Phase II we will complete and evaluate a Web-enhanced pre-service training program for prospective foster caregivers. The program, developed by the Institute for Human Services, is a standardized pre-service training
curriculum in current use nationally.… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project will develop and evaluate a theoretically-based interactive multimedia program for use by parents and their adolescent children (10-14 years of age) to prevent adolescent pregnancy. The program will include
behaviorally focused communication skills… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death for children and infants under 14 years of age. Many of these deaths are preventable -not only by prevention behaviors such as installing safety gates and using car
seats effectively - but also by… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airway, affecting more than 20 million Americans. Without proper management it can be life-threatening. Children aged 0-17 have the highest prevalence of asthma, impacting
an estimated 8.9 million children. Racial… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Each year many children sustain sports and recreation-related concussions. Ineffective management of sports concussion can lead to development of post-concussive symptoms, second impact syndrome, and ongoing medical, ps
ychological and cognitive problems.… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Depression is one of the most prevalent mental disorders to afflict adolescents. It seriously impacts role functioning and typically takes a recurrent or chronic course. There is also mounting evidence for familial tran
smission of depression. Because most… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Reactions to bereavement can be personally painful and typically interfere with social and occupational functioning. While most individuals eventually adapt to their loss, 10-20% of the bereaved experience significant r
eactions including major depressive… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): About one third of women smokers stop smoking cigarettes when they become pregnant. Pregnancy therefore represents an important window of opportunity for these women to build upon their cessation success toward the goal
of remaining smokefree for life.… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Naturally occurring smallpox has been eradicated but remains a credible threat to the security of the United States due to its potential use as an agent of terror or biowarfare. Given that approximately 25% of the popul
ation is contraindicated to receive the… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The Technological Assistance Institute for Intellectual Disability, Inc. proposes to develop a product line of public health and emergency preparedness education programs to meet the needs of people with disabilities, a
nd the institutions and organizations that… more
Abstract:Concerns over the escalating use of petroleum-based liquid fuels include climate change, trade imbalances, global security issues, and environmental harm resulting from petroleum extraction and processing. Although ethanol is the leading replacement for petroleum-based gasoline, the current… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Recent advances in cellular immunology have revolutionized our understanding of antigen processing and presentation. UBIVAC, LLC, has an exclusive option on technology (patent pending) that exploits these developments t
hat was developed by Dr. Hong-Ming Hu.… more
Abstract:A nonhazardous urine pretreatment system prototype is proposed that will stabilize urine against biological growth or chemical instabilities without using hazardous chemicals. Untreated urine fosters biological growth, ammonia off-gassing, creation of bio-solids, and inorganic precipitates, which… more
Abstract:Vaporcor LLC is developing a very high altitude (~90 kft) aircraft propulsion engine capable of meeting the stability, reliability, and environmental requirements suitable for use on a VHALE aircraft with 12-20 hour endurance that must be stored for months. Vaporcor's VHALE engine implements a… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The long range goal of this project is to create technologies that permit authors and publishers of professional journals to make their content available in the DAISY (Digital Accessible Information System) XML (eXtensi
ble Markup Language) format that is fully… more
Abstract:Voxtel will develop a prototype ultra-high temporal resolution flash LADAR receiver suitable for unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) or unmanned air vehicle (UAV) applications, based upon its low-excess-noise, multi-stage avalanche photodiode (APD) technology. During the Phase I program, 5-stage InGaAs… more
Abstract:Voxtel has demonstrated efficient high-speed photon counting with thresholded linear-mode avalanche photodiode (APD) receivers using multi-gain-stage InGaAs/InAIAs APDs. In contrast to Geiger APDs, thresholded photon-counting linear APD receivers are thought not to suffer afterpulsing, and can… more
Abstract:This sensitive insect sensor will run 24 hours per day, every day that cargo is in transit, attracting insects to a containment surface where they remain for immediate detection and identification when inspectors gain entry to the container. Flying insects will be waiting, ready to be counted on… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project aims to develop a novel Quality-by-Design (QbD) software platform directed at the needs of FDA's QbD initiative, a framework for innovative pharmaceutical development, manufacturing and quality assurance. QbD is implemented at four… more
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