Abstract:The continuous push towards higher photon energies and higher imaging resolution has brought current state- of-theart X-ray focusing zone plates to a limit of 20 nm resolution at & lt;10 keV photon energies. Zone plates for focusing with same or better resolution at energies up to 25 keV are… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Aviation near volcanic plumes is dangerous because aircraft engines can be damaged if they ingest airborne ash and aerosols. Knowing the forecast location of an ash plume will improve aviation safety while reducing engine maintenance costs. Ash forecast models are immature. To… more
Abstract:This Fast Track SBIR project aims at developing electrically insulated scanning probes suitable for high resolution electrical nano-imaging in conductive solutions. These probes, when used in atomic force microscopy, enable scanning electrochemical microscopy (AFM-SECM) to be performed. This method… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) project will employ Nanofiltration to generate sulfate ion feedstocks and high current density on-site generation (synthesis) of the powerful oxidant peroxodisulphate (“persulfate”) with novel, high reliability boron-doped untrananocrystal-line… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): There is an acute need for the development of a new class of selective and sensitive portable analytical sensors to enable reliable monitoring of multiple classes of chemical analytes in complex biomatrices. Current preferred methods for determining the… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Artificial cardiovascular devices (ACDs) including ventricular assist devices (VADs) and mechanical heart valves (MHVs) have been implanted into millions of patients, to save or improve their lives. The increasing success of ACD implants has been accompanied… more
Abstract:Teen pregnancy rates remain high particularly among racial/ethnic minority youth and age of onset for sexual activity has decreased significantly in recent years. As young teenagers initiate dating and sexual activity during the years of middle school, there are often few resources available for… more
Abstract:This project will make hydrokinetic river energy, a completely renewable resource, into an economical source of clean power for river communities. ORPC will accomplish this by optimizing the prototype RivGen Power System design for lower speed river currents that are prvalent throughout the world.… more
Abstract:In this proposal, we demonstrate fabrication and characterization of diamond nanoribbons, novel strain-modulated diamond nanostructures (SMDN). Such structures are generated by applying strain force on nano-patterned diamond film as the nanopatterns are transferred to a flexible substrate. Once the… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): There is an acute need for the development of a new class of microarray biosensors that are sufficiently versatile, selective, sensitive and reliable to allow investigation of the time-dependent neurochemical events ofethanol administration in multiple regions of… more
Abstract:The Microclimate Cooling Unit will use magnetic energy to cause a temperature change in the exchanger to extract heat from the gel pack, which covers the primary area of heat loss on the human body at the neck and upper back, reducing the overall body temperature. Thermocouples will monitor the gel… more
Abstract:Magnetic Resonance Imaging data needs to be calibrated using a universal standard. NIST and the ISMRM SQRM committee have developed the NIST/NIST MR phantom. The group had two phantoms manufactured to their specifications and these phantoms have been imaged at numerous imaging facilities. Sigma-K… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: A refined volcanic plume model is proposed to evaluate improved forecasting of ash movement and dispersion. This refined model utilizes near real-time model calibration and validation, perspective satellite observation geometry, and future in-situ measurements for more accurate models… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This proposal is to design an instrument that will detect and quantify volcanic ash hazards. A proof of concept model of the instrument will be constructed and tested. This instrument will measure overall density, particle size distribution and elemental composition. While the… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will employ the large scale; highly reliable boron-doped ultrananocrystalline diamond (BD-UNCD®) electrodes developed during Phase I project to build and test Electrochemical Anodic Oxidation process (EAOP) cells and systems that can… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) project will develop and ready for commercialization a scalable, low-cost process for purification of water containing Contaminants of Emerging Concern (CECs) using anodic oxidation with boron-doped ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD®) thin films. … more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will employ the boron-doped ultrananocyrstalline diamond (BD-UNCD) electrodes developed during the Phase I project to fabricate and characterize electrochemical cells and systems for the on-site generation (OSG) of advanced oxidants… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Due to the gruesome toll of cardiovascular disease (CVD) through-out the world, improvements in treatment for CVD are of profound medical, societal and economic importance. The proposed research will be conducted in collaboration with renowned artificial heart… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): There is an enormous need for the development of a new class of chemical microsensors that are versatile, selective, sensitive and reliable to allow investigation of the neurobiological mechanisms of behavior and disease symptoms. Currently, the preferred method… more
Abstract:Currently, there are over 10,000 MRI scanners used in the US alone. US citizens today are mobile and many times medical treatments may require MRI scans from several different facilities. Images from MRI scanners can also drift over time. There is a tremendous need for all medical imaging scanners… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project proposes to perform fundamental research into a novel method for signal analysis, using standing waves. The intellectual merit of this proposal is the development of an innovative set of physical design rules which could lead to seamless… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project aims to develop micro-fabricated diamond Chemical Mechanical Polishing (CMP) pad conditioners as a replacement of traditional grit-based conditioners for semiconductor and optical polishing. This project will utilize Chemical Vapor… more
Abstract:SciFish proposes to utilize Resonance Scattering Theory (RST) modeling to evolve a set of acoustic waveforms that provide optimal material identification while suppressing the affects of clutter and noise. Each waveform will be defined by its bandwidth, pulse width and signal type. Signal types will… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop boron-doped ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) electrodes for electrochemical treatment/destruction of recalcitrant organics in industrial wastewater via direct anodic oxidation. Boron-doped diamond (BDD) film electrodes… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will investigate UNCDýý, a nanocrystalline from of smooth, thin diamond, as an anti-thrombotic coating for implantable medical devices. One of the largest problem with implantable circulatory assist devices such as artificial hearts and… more
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