Abstract:Rapid and accurate characterization and/or identification of the differentiation state of the stem cells is critical to the development of regenerative medicine technologies as well as tissue engineering solutions. Current methods and devices are time-consuming, labor-intensive, costly, invasive,… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Operating in a Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) environment is risky because there is limited ability to gauge information"s trust level. Existing solutions track information pedigree, but do not consider other prerequisites to trust. This project proposes to build METSI (Metadata… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Our objective is to develop an enzyme catalyzed fuel cell to enable electrochemical power generation from several fuel types (i.e. sugars and alcohols), thereby delivering a state-of-the-art energy source for low power military and commercial systems. The proposed enzymatic fuel cell… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Military and industrial personnel are often exposed to RF electromagnetic energy which can cause thermal and electrokinetic biological effects. To understand these effects, AFRL is using computational tools to predict RF energy deposition and thermal effects in humans. Unfortunately, high… more
Abstract:The overall objective of this work is to develop whole-body anthropometric models (containing both skin and interior anatomy) to cover individual body shape variations in the design of protective equipment as well as to identify critical fit and form issues and their associated impacts. Starting… more
Abstract:The present thermal battery technologies cannot currently meet future requirements that call for higher power and capacity with a smaller footprint. The principal avenue for increasing thermal battery specific energy is to identify and develop new electrode materials that provide higher specific… more
Abstract:Future supersonic cruise missiles (SSCMs), such as the Next Generation Tomahawk, will require larger, more powerful engines to operate. Scaling current inlet technology to match will reduce missile body volume available for fuel, and hence curtail range. Highly compact inlet systems that allow… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: CFDRC proposes to develop a high-fidelity simulation capability and probabilistic description for the unguided dispensing of submunition projectiles from weapons systems. The proposed technology will be based on the Loci/CHEM software framework. In the Phase I effort, a rigid body… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Nanotechnology (NT) offers immense innovation potential across many disciplines in military and civilian applications. It will also bring potential hazards, by negligence, accident or adversary or terrorist action. In spite of exponential growth on NT R & D our understanding of… more
Abstract:We propose to develop new acoustic metamaterials (AMMs) using locally resonant regimented structures, suitable for application in Hearing Protector Devices (HPDs), that will act as frequency selective acoustic filter for hearing protection. Our computational simulations conducted in phase I project… more
Abstract:The primary objective of this SBIR program is to develop novel high-performance solid propellant that will out perform the currently used propellants with respect to specific impulse and sensitivity. In Phase I, CFDRC has demonstrated the feasibility of the program by synthesizing and characterizing… more
Abstract:The Army"s Land Warrior concept requires a high efficient, portable, day-night continuously functioning battery charger/storage unit (BCSU) that will lessen the Soldier"s load. However, existing energy harvesting technology such as the photovoltaic cell is limited by operational conditions… more
Abstract:Traditional approaches to synchronization in Modeling and Simulation (M & S) are time-stepped or discrete event-based. These conservative techniques can impose serious penalties in runtime and in opportunity cost where very expensive hardware spends valuable time waiting on results from other… more
Abstract:A model of ionospheric scintillation affecting the performance of the UEWR Thule radar is needed to determine the impact of ionospheic scintillation on the Thule radar"s ability to perform its mission as an element of the fielded missile defense system. The scintillation mitigation effort is… more
Abstract:Accurate knowledge of a target's radar signature is a critical issue in assessing the performance of the Ballistic Missile Defense (BMDS) system, and digital signature models continue are used extensively in simulation of BMDS elements. Though existing predictive signature codes are fast, they… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The design, development, test, and implementation of a Virtual Receiver/Exciter (VREX) Generalized Digital Radar Stimulator prototype the HSSTM - needed to maintain and upgrade the capabilities of the Space Surveillance Network (SSN) dedicated ground based sensors, based on deciBel… more
Abstract:Evolving electronic warfare (EW) and its impact throughout the battlefield necessitates simulations. Modern EW simulations do not accurately replicate EW suites and their impacts on radars in real-time, distributed environments. This SBIR intends to develop a real-time simulation replicating enemy… more
Abstract:The threat to the forces and assets of our armed forces, and our allies, posed by cruise missiles is growing at an alarming rate. As of 2002, there were already 80 countries, including The Peoples Republic of China, Iran, and North Korea, with cruise missiles in their arsenals. Eighteen of these… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Small business concerns, DiscoveryBioMed, Inc. (DBM) and Chromadex, Inc. (CDex), have designed an innovative automation-friendly drug discovery program to screen medicinal plant-derived phytochemicals and extract fractions on an immortalized human adipocyte… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The incidence and geographic distribution of Lyme disease in the U.S. has increased steadily since its first description in 1977. Efforts to stem the spread of the disease through controlling the population of its tickvector and/or the mouse reservoirs of the… more
Abstract:A novel high performance Ultra-Wideband (UWB) Connected Array Antenna is proposed to meet the specific antenna requirements of a Forward Looking Ground Penetrating Radar (FLGPR) designed to find and classify mines and IEDs buried in roadways. The new array design exploits and integrates recent… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project proposes a fundamentally new means for biogas (landfill gas) desulfurization that produces less waste, allows recycle of recovered sulfur, and provides annualized operating costs a fraction of current practice. Inexpensive biogas cleanup is… more
Abstract:KT Engineering (KTE) is pleased to submit this proposal to address the stated need for "innovative solutions that will allow spaceport launch service providers to operate in an efficient, low cost manner and increases capabilities associated with integration, checkout, and preparations required… more
Abstract:LIT will develop Silicon Modification Sensor (SMS) circuitry that is capable of detecting FIB processing or unauthorized changes to Integrated Circuit (IC) silicon. The SMS circuits will produce key material to be used to decipher CPI data and software. The SMS system is intended to operate as a… more
Abstract:LIT accomplished all Phase I goals and technical objectives. During Phase I, LIT designed a zero power/ultra low power sensor using an ultra low power microprocessor and an electromagnetic sensing element. Embedded code was developed, providing primary anti-tamper function, as well as a real time… more
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