Abstract:Numerica is proposing a data-driven approach using modern state-of-the-art machine learning methods on sparse feature representations of non-resolved photometric data, for space object characterization, classification, and anomaly/change detection in support of threat identification and notification… more
Abstract:Aircraft equipped with On-Board Oxygen Generating Systems (OBOGS) selectively filter nitrogen and other gaseous contaminants in air from the aircraft's engine to provide the aircrew with an oxygen enriched breathing gas. Under suboptimal operating conditions, toxic byproducts can breach the… more
Abstract:Advancements are needed to improve and optimize the performance of existing and future nuclear power plants and nuclear power systems by developing and improving the reliability of advanced instrumentation. A need has been identified for an improved control rod position sensor for fault free… more
Abstract:This project targets the development of a commercially viable silicon-nitride (SiN) Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) process for gallium nitride (GaN) Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuits (MMICs) applications. In particular, this project will provide a higher quality substitution for commonly used… more
Abstract:This project targets the development of commercially viable Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) process for the manufacturing of high voltage metal-insulator-metal (MIM) capacitors for gallium nitride (GaN) Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuits (MMICs) applications. In particular, the objective of this… more
Abstract:The Department of Energy has spent millions of dollars on the development of numerical software libraries whose use in commercial settings has been limited. However, the cutting edge capabilities offered by these packages could have a substantial commercial impact and value. One of the main… more
Abstract:Satellite electronics design requires the ability to compute the radiation dose on circuits inside a mechanical object to know whether they will survive long enough to complete their mission. Similarly, in radiation therapy there is a need to compute the radiation deposited in objects outside the… more
Abstract:Highly anisotropic magnetic materials, such as grain-oriented steel, have been shown to significantly increase the allowable peak fields in rapidly pulsed magnets, such as the magnets needed for the currently proposed rapid cycling syncrotron for muon acceleration. Detailed, cost-effective design of… more
Abstract:Plasma sheaths near metallic and dielectric surfaces in the presence of oscillating electric fields impart physics effects of critical significance for fusion experiments and industrial plasma processing applications. In magnetic fusion research, thin sheaths form near radiofrequency (RF) antenna… more
Abstract:Robust H ion sources are a key component for the Spallation Neutron Source at ORNL. Antennas used to produce H ions often fail when plasma heats the protective insulating coating on the antennas, exposing the bare metal and causing structural failure. Reducing antenna failures, which are… more
Abstract:The towers and foundations of small wind turbines are expensive, compris- ing 50% or more of the cost of electricity generated by them. This is the inevitable consequence of placing a highly-loaded wind turbine atop a free-standing tower and requiring both devices to comply with myriad design and… more
Abstract:Buildings consume most energy and their top demand is Lighting, yet even LEDs remain inefficient and
market-traction isnt expected until 2020. This solar cogeneration cost-efficively routes actual sunshine deep
into buildings through skinny, flexible fiber optic cables for Lighting, while… more
Abstract:The Navy has expressed interest in shipboard high-temperature superconducting (HTS) cable systems for power transmission and degaussing purposes. The practical application of such cable systems require flexible superconducting cables and cable connectors that allow for a quick and reliable… more
Abstract:Daylighting lighting control reduces lighting energy consumption by 25% to 60%. Pairing daylighting to dimmable, solid-state lighting (SSL) is the future of lighting energy savings. The adoption of traditional daylighting enabled lighting controls require incorporation of one or more… more
Abstract:The Tactical Assault Light Operator Suit (TALOS) program is tasked with integrating several systems that require electric power. While systems such as internal combustion engines could conceivably meet the 4-5kW projected power requirement in a manageable package, this would result in undesirable… more
Abstract:The E-Band frequency bands from 71 to 76 GHz and 81 to 86 GHz have been designated for satellite down- and uplinks, and have gained an increased interest. The wide bandwidth in excess of 1GHz allows the use of low order modulation schemes and simple receiver implementation. In other words, coarser… more
Abstract:This project will implement a low-cost, lean-manufacturing approach to providing safety and stability to lithium-ion battery materials using a nanotechnology-enabling coating solution. Expected outcomes are lower cost batteries, higher retained performance under extreme conditions, and a… more
Abstract:The goal of this project is to develop new manufacturing equipment for use in the fabrication of solar panels. The engineering innovations demonstrated in the Phase I of this SBIR will be incorporated into manufacturing equipment for the solar module industry enabling a reduction in the cost of… more
Abstract:Improvements in cost and performance of conventional multi-petabyte data storage systems are failing to keep up with the growing needs of both commercial and government users. The ever- accelerating demands of big energy data have lead the DOE to solicit proposals for advanced large scale data… more
Abstract:Improved optical simulations are critical for x-ray synchrotron radiation sources and free electron lasers. Such facilities generate x-ray pulses of extremely high spectral brightness and flux, high repetition rates and small transverse and longitudinal phase-space volumes. The radiation pulses are… more
Abstract:Advancement of the intensity frontier is essential for high energy physics applications, including proton drivers for muon colliders, neutrino factories and neutron production. All such applications require a proton accumulator ring, for which particle loss via beam halo is an intensity-limiting… more
Abstract:This project is developing an ultrafast laser system that is optimized to have wide wavelength tuning range and multi-color output for nonlinear optical
and spectroscopic microscopies applications. This ultrafast laser system will use nonlinear frequency down conversion and supercontinuum techniques… more
Abstract:Currently, the most successful approach for table-top soft X-ray and EUV (Extreme Ultra-Violet ) sources is that of High Harmonic Generation (HHG), where high intensity pulses are used to drive frequency conversion from a noble gas. This configuration converts the infrared drive laser to photon… more
Abstract:Scientists are turning their focus to the Arctic, site of one of the strongest climate change signals. A new generation of technologies is required to function within that harsh environment, chart evolution of its trace gases and provide new kinds of information for models of the atmosphere. Our… more
Abstract:The Department of Energy has funded the development of two industry-leading simulation enginesEnergyPlus and Radiancewhich are regarded in the US as the state of the art in modeling capabilities and accuracy. Despite being the most powerful engines in their respective areas, both are lagging behind… more
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