Abstract:ABSTRACT: Microscopy is a critical enabling technology for advancing our understanding of nature. Imaging nano-scale objects with light in the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) and soft x-ray regions of the spectrum has advantages over visible light for several reasons including: resolution, elemental… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): It is a rare event when new and useful medical parameters can be added to the suite of monitoring and diagnostic tests available in a clinical setting. Of particular importance is the ability to measure crucial physiological parameters or analyses in a continuous… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Driving while intoxicated (DWI) remains a substantial and preventable source of morbidity and mortality in the United States. A variety of sanctions and interventions have been attempted to reduce DWI in the U.S., including enhanced DWI enforcement efforts,… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Lexycom is proposing to design a miniature software-defined radio (SDR) transceiver for Remotely Piloted Vehicle (RPV) installations to support over-the-horizon TSPI/video relaying capability. Depending on the data traffic requirements, the proposed SDR can be equipped with several RF… more
Abstract:Project Summary/Abstract Mental disease, including schizophrenia, depression and autism spectrum disorders, are still poorly understood, although it is clear that they mostly represent cortical disorders. The cortex is the primary site of higher mental functions, yet despite extensive research… more
Abstract:The E-Band frequency bands from 71 to 76 GHz and 81 to 86 GHz have been designated for satellite down- and uplinks, and have gained an increased interest. The wide bandwidth in excess of 1GHz allows the use of low order modulation schemes and simple receiver implementation. In other words, coarser… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Central Processing Units (CPUs) continue to grow in complexity while introducing higher speed clocks required to process data at extreme speeds. Advanced space grade, radiation-hardened processors are following this trend as processing requirements in space become more demanding, but for… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: High density radiation-hardened non-volatile memory continues to be a limiting factor in the design of systems for use in space environments. Non-volatile memories can support a number of storage applications, such as CPU configuration, flight control systems, flight data recording, image… more
Abstract:Radiation Hardened Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs) provide for the highest performance, lowest power and size for Space Missions. In order to dramatically reduce the development cycle and reduce the cost to tapeout Rad Hard ASICs, we propose a Structured ASIC approach. In this… more
Abstract:Under the Phase I SBIR effort, we designed a Submersible GPS Enhancement and Playback System (SGEPS) to allow processing of the GPS signals after a submarine has submerged to reduce the time spent on surface for covert operations. This uses a Digital Storage Receiver (DSR) for capturing the GPS RF… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The objective of this effort is to investigate designs and possible options for a PNT Flexible satellite for GPS to enhance position, navigation, and timing (PNT) capabilities at a low cost using small augmentation satellites with limited payload. A desired feature to help overcome GPS… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: In the event that the GPS constellation was unavailable, none of the current back-up navigation and timing solutions in place today such as inertial navigation, geostationary augmentation systems or cellular positioning solutions would function, resulting in catastrophic effect on… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: A robust back-up navigation alternative is needed to continue to provide accurate PVT data when GPS is denied. Navigation solutions can be enhanced by utilizing existing networked communications for dismounted forces operating in small platoons. When some of the forces lose their GPS… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Data compression schemes generally fall into two main categories: lossless and lossy. Lossless schemes promise to provide an uncompressed file which is identical before and after compression. As lossless schemes must be able to reconstruct every feature of the original file they often… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Numerica is proposing to extend its mature multiple hypothesis tracking (MHT) technology by providing additional estimation and data fusion algorithms to support improved space object detection, tracking, identification, and characterization. An extended program would aim to develop a… more
Abstract:Numerica is proposing a data-driven approach using modern state-of-the-art machine learning methods on sparse feature representations of non-resolved photometric data, for space object characterization, classification, and anomaly/change detection in support of threat identification and notification… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Detection of dim phenomena in images generated by short-wave infrared (SWIR) systems is complicated by the fact that objects of interest generate very faint trails on the raw imagery due to image artifacts; e.g., background clutter, sensor noise, internal reflections, atmospheric effects,… more
Abstract:Surface target tracking in the littoral environment is challenging because of a combination of issues including the presence of highly maneuverable small water-craft, occlusions due to waves or larger vessels, and the inability of any single shipboard sensor to maintain coverage on all objects at… more
Abstract:U.S. intelligence, reconnaissance, and surveillance (ISR) platforms employ SIGINT sensors for target platform detection, identification and location. Many receivers are narrowband and are scanned over the RF spectrum (e.g., 2-18 GHz) in search of RF emitters of interest. With the rapid proliferation… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Over the past decades, the capabilities of sensors to gather data has greatly outstripped the abilities of communication links to transmit that data. Accordingly, leveraging advanced sensors requires effective techniques for data compression. In particular, modern satellites provide a… more
Abstract:The proposed Phase I program aims to develop new methods to support safety testing for integration of Unmanned Aircraft Systems into the National Airspace (NAS) with a particular focus on testing the collision avoidance (CA) algorithms of a UAS Sense-and-Avoid (SAA) system. The two primary issues… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Conformal phased array laser weapon system technology is incrementally moving toward technical feasibility. Our Phase 1 Generalized Phased Array Weapon System Beam Director Development (GPAWS-BDD) program completed a detailed optical and mechanical design for a conformal phased array… more
Abstract:In this project a Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) temperature tag and reader system will be developed. The tag will be easily applied to large caliber ammunition such as artillery propellant. Readers will be attached to guns or be located in handling areas. When the propellant is passed near… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Preventable hospital admissions and readmissions are indicators of health system fragmentation and are associated with suboptimal patient outcomes and avoidable costs of care. Readmissions often result from leaving discharged patients to their own devices, unable… more
Abstract:Pioneer Astronautics proposes an advanced photocatalytic oxidation reactor for enhancing the reliability and performance of Water Recovery Post Processing systems aboard crewed spacecraft. This novel technology, called the Advanced Wastewater Photooxidation System (AWPS) is designed to oxidize and… more
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