Abstract:Develop a new steel cutting process which will significantly increase the cutting rate of ship hull material for shipbreaking. In addition, the process will reduce the fume and smoke emissions to within Navy and civilian requirements and the opacity of particulate emissions to within Navy and… more
Abstract:U.S. intelligence, reconnaissance, and surveillance (ISR) platforms employ SIGINT sensors for target platform detection, identification and location. Many receivers are narrowband and are scanned over the RF spectrum (e.g., 2-18 GHz) in search of RF emitters of interest. With the rapid proliferation… more
Abstract:Nonlinear manifold learning is an active area of mathematical research. Unfortunately, the extant literature has far less to offer on the problem of interactive nonlinear manifold learning. In other words, satisfactory nonlinear manifold learning approaches that put the''human in the… more
Abstract:A goal of Uncertainty Quantification (UQ) is to use computer simulation of complex systems to make scientifically informed assessments for high-consequence decisions. Because end-to-end empirical data is difficult to obtain for the Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS), computer simulation… more
Abstract:The US Navy uses manned and unmanned airborne platforms for ISR missions in challenging littoral environments with non-segregated airspace, restricted operating regions, and sensor occlusions, while tracking and classifying potentially hundreds of targets. In this Phase I effort, we propose to… more
Abstract:Department of Defense (DoD) operations are supported by a global network of computers, sensors, and equipment that is continually at risk of being breached by adversaries. Despite heavy investments in security and cyber defense, the ubiquity and interconnectedness of DoD equipment leave open the… more
Abstract:For Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) to operate seamlessly in both the U.S. National Airspace System (NAS) and abroad, it will be crucial that they possess a sense-and-avoid (SAA) capability that can ensure safe operations among maneuvering, non-cooperative aircraft. Numerica Corporation, in… more
Abstract:Emerging infrared (IR) sensor assets will play a crucial role in creating a robust and flexible Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) because they are more easily deployed in forward-based and/or space-based environments, providing coverage of threats beyond the range of terrestrial sensors, and… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR) Phase I project will develop algorithms and prototype software to track and quantify forces experienced by single-biomolecules in living cells. The approach is built on recent advances in time series analysis to: (1) fit 2-D/3-D stochastic… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Current and projected limitations on the maximum power from a high power single mode fiber laser amplifier impose architectural limitations on a high power phased array laser weapon system. Prior studies strongly indicate that when faced with this limitation the optimal approach is (to… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Nutronics, Inc. proposes to develop a detailed conceptual design for a general purpose, rugged, compact and lightweight beam director design for high energy laser phased array weapon systems. Our expertise in target based phase measurement approaches provides us with a unique insight… more
Abstract:OptTek Systems, Inc (OptTek), proposes an affordable, effective UQ capability for both legacy and new BMDS M & S. The OptTek Team includes research institution partner Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and subcontractor RTSync Corporation (RTSync). The proposed BMDS M & S UQ capability… more
Abstract:The Nitrous Oxide Ethane-Ethylene (NEE) engine is a proposed technology designed to provide spacecraft with non-toxic non-cryogenic high-performance propulsion. With the NEE engine, nitrous oxide is used as an autogenously pressurizing oxidizer, and a mixture of ethane and ethylene is used in the… more
Abstract:Pioneer Astronautics proposes a technology program for the development of an innovative photocatalytic oxidation reactor for the removal and mineralization of Volatile Organic Compounds to extend crewed space exploration beyond low earth orbit. This novel technology, called the High Performance… more
Abstract:The personal protective equipment (PPE) worn by firefighters (turnout Gear, SCBA, helmet, etc.) protects the wearer against burns and hazardous
environments. Unfortunately, they work so well that they decrease the firefighter's situational awareness, in particular their ability to notice… more
Abstract:Civilian and military organizations throughout the world perform surveillance to combat vector-borne disease. Of particular concern to the U.S. military are mosquito genera Anopheles, Aedes and Culex, which are important vectors for malaria, dengue and West Nile virus respectively, and sand fly… more
Abstract:Mild and power assist hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) have power requirements that require high power energy storage unattainable by current batteries. To compensate, batteries are oversized, leading to excess cost and weight. In addition, micro HEVs use lead-acid batteries that have short life with… more
Abstract:Diesel engines are more efficient than gasoline powered engines, but their use results in high Emissions of particulate matter, nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds and carbon monoxide. New low temperature catalyst materials are needed for exhaust after-treatment to meet the demands of the… more
Abstract:This project will develop and evaluate a new process for converting algal biomass into renewable drop-in fuels. Renewable fuels are liquid fuels made from biomass that are a direct substitute for the standard, petroleum- derived fuels. For example, renewable diesel has a higher heat of combustion… more
Abstract:The release of chemical and biological agents on a large scale urban environment would be devastating. The amount of waste generated during such an event would be comparable to a tornado ripping through a town. Building materials, furniture, office materials, building insulation, wood structures… more
Abstract:Gasification technologies convert coal and biomass into synthesis gas feed streams that can either be used as a fuel for highly efficient power generation cycles or converted into value-added chemicals and transportation fuels. However, coal-derived synthesis gas contains a myriad of contaminants… more
Abstract:Converting in-situ resources into propellants, energy storage reactants, or other useful products at the site of exploration, known as in-situ resource utilization (ISRU), instead of transporting these supplies from Earth can significantly reduce the cost and risk of human exploration while at the… more
Abstract:TDA Research, Inc. is developing a compact, low power, Next-Generation Exercise Device (NGRED) that can generate any force between 5 and 600 lbf. We use a closed loop control system and a servo motor to smoothly and accurately simulate the gravitational and inertial loads of lifting a weight on… more
Abstract:The increasing frequency of International Space Station (ISS) egress operations results in chemical contamination of the spacecraft environment. Among the most important contaminants are propellant residues (such as hydrazine) and their decomposition by-products, as well as coolants such as ammonia… more
Abstract:A spacecraft thermal control system must keep the vehicle, avionics and atmosphere (if crewed) within a defined temperature range. Since water is non-toxic and good for heat transport, it is typically used as the coolant that circulates within the crew cabin boundary. This loop then interfaces with… more
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