Abstract:Emerging infrared (IR) sensor assets will play a crucial role in creating a robust and flexible Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) because they are more easily deployed in forward-based and/or space-based environments, providing coverage of threats beyond the range of terrestrial sensors, and… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR) Phase I project will develop algorithms and prototype software to track and quantify forces experienced by single-biomolecules in living cells. The approach is built on recent advances in time series analysis to: (1) fit 2-D/3-D stochastic… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Current and projected limitations on the maximum power from a high power single mode fiber laser amplifier impose architectural limitations on a high power phased array laser weapon system. Prior studies strongly indicate that when faced with this limitation the optimal approach is (to… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Nutronics, Inc. proposes to develop a detailed conceptual design for a general purpose, rugged, compact and lightweight beam director design for high energy laser phased array weapon systems. Our expertise in target based phase measurement approaches provides us with a unique insight… more
Abstract:OptTek Systems, Inc (OptTek), proposes an affordable, effective UQ capability for both legacy and new BMDS M & S. The OptTek Team includes research institution partner Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and subcontractor RTSync Corporation (RTSync). The proposed BMDS M & S UQ capability… more
Abstract:The Nitrous Oxide Ethane-Ethylene (NEE) engine is a proposed technology designed to provide spacecraft with non-toxic non-cryogenic high-performance propulsion. With the NEE engine, nitrous oxide is used as an autogenously pressurizing oxidizer, and a mixture of ethane and ethylene is used in the… more
Abstract:Pioneer Astronautics proposes a technology program for the development of an innovative photocatalytic oxidation reactor for the removal and mineralization of Volatile Organic Compounds to extend crewed space exploration beyond low earth orbit. This novel technology, called the High Performance… more
Abstract:The personal protective equipment (PPE) worn by firefighters (turnout Gear, SCBA, helmet, etc.) protects the wearer against burns and hazardous
environments. Unfortunately, they work so well that they decrease the firefighter's situational awareness, in particular their ability to notice… more
Abstract:Civilian and military organizations throughout the world perform surveillance to combat vector-borne disease. Of particular concern to the U.S. military are mosquito genera Anopheles, Aedes and Culex, which are important vectors for malaria, dengue and West Nile virus respectively, and sand fly… more
Abstract:Mild and power assist hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) have power requirements that require high power energy storage unattainable by current batteries. To compensate, batteries are oversized, leading to excess cost and weight. In addition, micro HEVs use lead-acid batteries that have short life with… more
Abstract:Diesel engines are more efficient than gasoline powered engines, but their use results in high Emissions of particulate matter, nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds and carbon monoxide. New low temperature catalyst materials are needed for exhaust after-treatment to meet the demands of the… more
Abstract:This project will develop and evaluate a new process for converting algal biomass into renewable drop-in fuels. Renewable fuels are liquid fuels made from biomass that are a direct substitute for the standard, petroleum- derived fuels. For example, renewable diesel has a higher heat of combustion… more
Abstract:The release of chemical and biological agents on a large scale urban environment would be devastating. The amount of waste generated during such an event would be comparable to a tornado ripping through a town. Building materials, furniture, office materials, building insulation, wood structures… more
Abstract:Gasification technologies convert coal and biomass into synthesis gas feed streams that can either be used as a fuel for highly efficient power generation cycles or converted into value-added chemicals and transportation fuels. However, coal-derived synthesis gas contains a myriad of contaminants… more
Abstract:Converting in-situ resources into propellants, energy storage reactants, or other useful products at the site of exploration, known as in-situ resource utilization (ISRU), instead of transporting these supplies from Earth can significantly reduce the cost and risk of human exploration while at the… more
Abstract:TDA Research, Inc. is developing a compact, low power, Next-Generation Exercise Device (NGRED) that can generate any force between 5 and 600 lbf. We use a closed loop control system and a servo motor to smoothly and accurately simulate the gravitational and inertial loads of lifting a weight on… more
Abstract:The increasing frequency of International Space Station (ISS) egress operations results in chemical contamination of the spacecraft environment. Among the most important contaminants are propellant residues (such as hydrazine) and their decomposition by-products, as well as coolants such as ammonia… more
Abstract:A spacecraft thermal control system must keep the vehicle, avionics and atmosphere (if crewed) within a defined temperature range. Since water is non-toxic and good for heat transport, it is typically used as the coolant that circulates within the crew cabin boundary. This loop then interfaces with… more
Abstract:TDA Research, Inc. and the University of Colorado at Boulder will team together to develop a responsive sequestration coating for chemical warfare agents. The coating will be easily applied to surfaces where it will cover and contain chemical warfare agents on vehicles or other hardware known or… more
Abstract:Approximately 5-6% of military injuries involve some form of major peripheral nerve injury with little chance of spontaneous healing. Currently these injuries lead to major impairment of voluntary muscle function in the limbs and extremities, making tasks of walking, reaching, grasping, etc. very… more
Abstract:TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) proposes new materials with exceptionally high absorbance in the ultraviolet that are designed to be used as obscurants to defeat the dual-band tracking systems used in modern missile systems. The Navy seeks advanced obscurant materials that will protect military assets such… more
Abstract:Decontamination of chemical and biological threats demands a very reactive solution. It is ideal to generate the decontaminants on-site: the activated decontaminant is highly reactive and quickly destroys chemical and biological warfare agents; prior to activation the ingredients can be safely… more
Abstract:It is challenging to detect CBRN weapons production facilities that are hidden in residential and industrial neighborhoods. Once the weapons are manufactured, they will be sealed and removed from the site of production, so developing techniques to reveal the presence of the weapons will likely be… more
Abstract:Advances in biodegradable materials have allowed the development of a variety of resorbable medical devices that do no need to be removed at the end of their service because they degrade within the body into not toxic by-products. However, devices that contain electronic components are still nearly… more
Abstract:Due to its favorable combustion properties, aluminum is the material of choice in metalized nanoparticle formulations for energetic materials; however, the full potential of aluminum nanoparticles has not been realized due to the presence of a nascent oxide layer (Al2O3) that surrounds the… more
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