Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of the proposed research is to determine the feasibility of, and create prototype software for, a library of reusable synthetic biology components using Semantic Web technologies OWL, RDF, SPARQL and SWRL. Thislibrary will dramatically increase the… more
Abstract:While current Air Force logistics processes have served us well, and provided unparalleled support since the end of the Cold War, the need to significantly reduce costs while improving weapons system availability is essential. Senior Air Force officials have stated in numerous documents that the… more
Abstract:The objective of this project is to promote and realize improvements in readiness, sustainability and availability for US Air Force weapons systems and platforms. The centerpiece of Phase II is the primary set of process workflows which provide for the accomplishment of Supply Chain Management (SCM)… more
Abstract:The High Volatility Fuel Storage Module (HVF Module) prototype technology demonstrator will incorporate MDD"s Phase I preliminary design efforts with a Phase II, detailed engineering approach, to develop a unit that will support the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) as a mission module. The HFV Module… more
Abstract:The objective of our proposed effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of an extremely rapid analysis of whole blood samples in non-laboratory environments using MEMS-based fabrication techniques combined with new developments in highly specific antibodies. We believe this technology will enable… more
Abstract:The overall goal of this project is to develop a flexible acuity sensor (FAS), including both hardware and software, and demonstrate its ability to acquire and track moving targets in the environment, including when the sensor itself is moving. These sensors will utilize a proprietary Centeye vision… more
Abstract:We propose to develop a commercially adequate, robust and perfomant OWL-based Integrity Constraint (IC) validation system with several innovations, including novel debugging and explanation support for data integrity errors; incremental and optimized validation of data integrity; and a unified… more
Abstract:While current Air Force logistics processes have served us well, and provided unparalleled support since the end of the Cold War, the need to significantly reduce costs while improving weapons system availability is essential. Senior Air Force officials have stated in numerous documents that the Air… more
Abstract:The Littoral Reverse Osmosis Module (L-ROM) prototype technology demonstrator is a reverse osmosis water purification module for use in littoral and other waters having a high colloidal (inorganic and natural organic) matter. The principal challenge of this project is to design a system that will… more
Abstract:Jet engine titanium compressor airfoils are susceptible to erosion damage ranging from a few percent loss in blade chord length in fighter engines to more significant erosion exhibited by helicopter engines operating in desert environments. The application of titanium nitride coatings on individual… more
Abstract:We will develop "flexible sensing" techniques that will enable a single sensor to perform the functions of both a "seeker" and a "target detection device". One set of approaches will comprise resolution enhancement and other techniques to extract target identification and tracking information, as… more
Abstract:We propose to evaluate tree dominant semantics for description logic integrity constraints, as well as multiple proposals for adding syntax for integrity constraint axioms, to the Web Ontology Language standard, OWL. Further, we propose to implement a semantics, in the form of a syntax compiler and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Although most adverse outcomes due to asthma can be prevented through appropriate medical care and disease management, adolescents continue to be at high risk for negative consequences of uncontrolled asthma. Two contri
buting factors are 1) Failure of… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Drug abuse-associated behavior continues to be a significant factor in the spread of HIV/AIDS in the United States - both directly and indirectly. The use of injection and non-injection illicit drugs, as well as alcoho
l, can increase HIV transmission risk… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In order to curb the growing rate of childhood overweight and obesity in the U.S., prevention behaviors need to be initiated during early childhood. As gatekeepers to their children's health, parents play a crucial role
in helping achieve this early prevention… more
Abstract:Today's information warriors are not sufficiently trained to deal effectively with the threats posed by our potential enemies and terrorists to disrupt or destroy our computer networks, or steal or delete our valuable and sensitive information stored in these networks. Team DigiFlight has personnel… more
Abstract:Develop a system of advanced materials and sensors that supports a modular tank for transport, storage and transfer of high volatility fuels. The phase I effort will first focus on requirements identification for full lifecycle handling of these fuels from long duration static storage, through… more
Abstract:The Sentia Group Team proposed approach applies choice theory to measuring and mapping political, utilizing the Brinkerhoff and Kulibaba taxonomy of components that are empirically observable and quantifiable in continuum scales, with positive and negative values. At the same time, the proposed… more
Abstract:We will develop an omni-directional imaging and machine vision system that samples the visual field using an "array of arrays" approach. Each individual optical aperture images a section of the visual field using an imager and an optics assembly. Each optical aperture has a dedicated microprocessor… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of this project is to develop, evaluate, and disseminate Web-based, low-literacy, low-cost, accredited training on dementia care to supervised nursing personnel. Targeted personnel include nursing assistants, health aides, home health workers, and adult… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Nearly ten million people in the United States are living with cancer, with patients requiring greater care at home for longer periods of time. The physical, emotional, and financial burdens are borne by lay caregivers with an economic impact of over $11 billion… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Many cancer patients experience significant emotional distress including anxiety and depression. Multimedia and web programs focus on reducing depression and anxiety are available for the general public. However, there are no such multimedia programs specifically… more
Abstract:Television and Internet products, has partnered with the National Institutes of Health and SCETV (South Carolina PBS affiliate) to research and develop a television series and interactive Web-based program on nutrition education and media literacy for national broadcast, and for use in U.S. schools… more
Abstract:The laser wakefield accelerator is one of several advanced accelerator concepts that takes advantage of the extremely high electric fields that can be supported in a plasma. Most experiments to date have operated in unstable regimes, producing either poor quality electron beams with large energy… more
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