Abstract:Because many randomized clinical trials (RCTs) study several important outcome variables thatmay respond to treatment, evaluation of efficacy is often difficult. Objective algorithms that combineinformation from all relevant variables may not capture satisfactorily the total experience of patients… more
Abstract:The first case of AIDS was reported by the Centers for Disease Control in 1981; and first infantcase was reported in 1982. Epidemiology of the disease has broadened over the course of the epidemicto include increasing rates of heterosexual transmission, greater numbers of infected women… more
Abstract:The title of the proposed Phase I project is "Megaprogramming for NASA's Unmanned Missions: Domain-Based Software Engineering". The objective of the Phase I activities is to develop a domain-based software engineering life cycle process consisting of an integrated, object-based domain-engineering… more
Abstract:THE POOR PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES ON TESTS DESIGNED FOR THE NON-HANDICAPPED HAS LONG BEEN A CONCERN OF SPECIAL EDUCATORS. SPECIAL EDUCATION STUDENTS MAY BE PENALIZED BY THE FORMAT AND PRESENTATION OF TEST ITEMS AND BY CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH THE TESTS ARE ADMINISTERED. RESEARCH… more
Abstract:ANALYTICON PROPOSES DEVELOPING AN ENHANCED SOFTWARE TECHNIQUE FOR PATTERN RECOGNITION THAT WILL BE A FULLY INTEGRATED PROCEDURE, UNLIKE PRIOR TECHNIQUES. THE OBJECTIVE IS PROVIDING A TOOL FOR TESTING KEY ASSUMPTIONS, INTERNAL COMPATIBILITY, AND PERFORMANCE OF RADIOMETRIC TYPING ALGORITHMS - PER… more
Abstract:ADVERSE DRUG REACTIONS ACCOUNT FOR A SIGNIFICANT PROPORTION OF ALL U. S. HOSPITALIZATIONS; ESTIMATES RANGE AS HIGH AS 18 PERCENT OF HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS. THE PHASE I OBJECTIVE IS CREATION OF A MICROCOMPUTER-BASED PROTOTYPE FOR PHYSICIANS AND PHARMACISTS THAT WOULD USE INTEGRATED-CIRCUIT CARDS (SMART… more
Abstract:COCAINE ABUSE CONTINUES TO BE A CRITICAL PROBLEM IN THE UNITED STATES AND THERE IS A SIGNIFICANT NEED TO DEVELOP AND DISSEMINATE EFFECTIVE TREATMENT APPROACHES TO ADDRESS THIS PROBLEM. KOBA HAS DEVELOPED A MANUAL, ENTITLED "LIVING IN BALANCE" (LIB), WHICH IS THE BASIS FOR AN 12-MODULE INTENSIVE… more
Abstract:We will develop materials to promote HIV testing and early identification and treatment of HIV among African American IDUs. The materials will be in the form of a kit including strategies, examples of best practices, and sample materials designed to increase voluntary HIV testing rates and to change… more
Abstract:We will develop an audio cassette tape/brochure series that provides promotional services for prenatal health clinics and institutions, and prenatal health information to low income Hispanic women. Targeted for use by facilities serving low income minorities, this educational program is designed to… more
Abstract:This Phase I project will produce a preliminary version of a videotape that will inform parents about clinical trial opportunities, and will help them to evaluate the appropriateness of enrolling their HIV infected child. We have assembled a team of video and HIV experts to produce the preliminary… more
Abstract:TO MEET THE NEED FOR APPROPRIATE EARLY EDUCATIONAL SERVICES. VSA EDUCATIONAL SERVICES HAS DEVELOPED A PROGRAM THAT EMPLOYS THE ARTS TO MITIGATE THE DEVELOPMENTAL PROBLEMS OF PRE-SCHOOLERS WITH DISABILITIES. OUR RESEARCH INDICATES THAT THE SUCCESS OF THIS PROGRAM HINGES ON TRAINING PARENTS TO NURTURE… more
Abstract:THE PRIMARY OBJECTIVE OF THE PROPOSED RESEARCH IS TO DESCRIBE A METHODOLOGY FOR DEVELOPING AN INTERACTIVE MULTIMEDIA ENVIRONMENT THAT MOTIVATES YOUNG STUDENTS TO PURSUE PATHS OF LEARNING IN SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS. A VARIED ASSORTMENT OF TECHNOLOGIES AND INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES WILL BE EMPLOYED TO… more
Abstract:RECENT BOMBESIN AND GASTRIN RELEASING PEPTIDE RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS HAVE BEEN DEMONSTRATED TO B E QUITE POTENT IN INHIBITING THE EFFECTS OF BOMBESIN IN PANCREATIC ACINAR CELLS, BRAIN MEMBRANES, SWISS 3T3 FIBROBLASTS, AND HUMAN SMALL CELL LUNG CARCINOMA (SCLC). HOWEVER, THESE ANTAGONISTS DO NOT… more
Abstract:THROUGH A NEW NATIONAL INITIATIVE, VSA EDUCATIONAL SERVICES SEEKS TO PROMOTE AND DEVELOP LEADERSHIP QUALITIES AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES. OUR PROPOSED STRATEGY IS TO CREATE AND EMPLOY STATE-BASED YOUTH LEADERSHIP TROUPES (COMPOSED OF TEENAGERS WITH AND WITHOUT DISABILITIES) WHO TRAVEL… more
Abstract:THE PROJECT WILL DEMONSTRATE THAT, THROUGH VIDEOTAPE TRAINING AND SUPPORT PRINT MATERIALS, CHILD WELFARE PRACTITIONERS CAN USE THE ABC MODEL TO ASSIST FAMILIES IN MANAGING THE BEHAVIOR OF CHALLENGING CHILDREN AND YOUTH IN FOSTER, ADOPTIVE, AND BIRTH HOMES. THE TRAINING PACKAGE WILL INCLUDE A… more
Abstract:THE OBJECTIVES OF THIS PROJECT ARE: (1) TO DOCUMENT GERONTOLOGY EDUCATION APPROACHES BY WHICH TOPICS SUCH AS SELF-HELP DEVICES FOR THE ELDERLY ARE INTRODUCED INTO GRADUATE, MEDICAL, AND NURSING SCHOOLS; (2) TO DEVELOP A "BEST" APPROACH TO INCREASE AWARENESS OF THESE PROFESSIONALS; (3) TO CONDUCT A… more
Abstract:WHY IS USAGE OF CORPORATE ELDERCARE SERVICES ONLY A RATE OF 1-4% WHEN LITERATURE INDICATES THAT 25-30% OF EMPLOYEES ARE CAREGIVERS OF ELDERLY RELATIVES? CORPORATE ELDERCARE PROGRAMS TO REDUCE WORK AND FAMILY STRESS AND INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY ARE BEING QUESTIONED BECAUSE OF LOW USAGE. THIS PROJECT… more
Abstract:THE DIETARY CONSTITUENT-CANCER MODULATION ANALYSIS SYSTEM (DC-CMAS) PROVIDES MICROCOMPUTER-BASED, USER-FRIENDLY CAPABILITIES FOR DIETARY ASSESSMENT. DC-CMAS WILL CONTAIN FOOD CONSUMPTION DATA, CONSTITUENT DATA (ON NUTRIENTS, CONTAMINANTS, FOOD ADDITIVES, AND OTHER CONSTITUENTS), AND BIOLOGICAL… more
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