Abstract:Passive microwave sensors aboard satellites provide valuable information regarding weather conditions by measuring atmospheric attenuation over a broad range of frequencies from 0-200 GHz. Additional ground-based sensors are desirable to provide complementary upward looking measurements that can be… more
Abstract:In this SBIR effort we will develop and analyze (Phase I) a new design and packaging approach for an ultra-compact, dual-output wideband Mach-Zehnder modulator (MZM) for low noise figure (NF) and high dynamic range radio-frequency (RF) photonic link applications. We will provide (Phase I)… more
Abstract:In this proposal, AlphaSense, Inc. details the development of a fully integrated laser ultrasound visualization and laser ablation tool for corrosion identification, removal and cleaning. The key innovations of this proposal include the following: a) Hidden corrosion detections based on direct… more
Abstract:Researchers at JBEI have developed a pretreatment technology using ionic liquids that efficiently extracts sugars from a combination of mixed feed stocks. Any ionic liquid used for biomass pretreatment or cellulose hydrolysis by thermostable cellulose may be used. Until now, no known technology … more
Abstract:Oxygen enriched air (OEA) can be a valuable tool to enhance combustion processes, reduce CO2 emissions per unit of heat generated and also concentrate CO2 to enhance subsequent CO2 concentration ahead of CO2 sequestering. OEA reduces the presence of parasitic nitrogen and therefore flame temperature… more
Abstract:Industrial hydrogen production relies primarily on natural gas and hydrocarbon feedstocks to drive the various reaction chemistries that lead to hydrogen generation. Carbon dioxide, the ultimate co- product when such feedstocks and processes are employed, necessarily becomes a major contaminant of… more
Abstract:The Army needs low-power, lightweight processing for devices carried by the soldier and also for those left as unattended sensors in the field. These applications need to perform complex tasks over long periods of time, but a reliance on heavy batteries s
Abstract:As infrared (IR) electo-optical sensors improve in both availability and quality a strong need exists to have comparable improvements in the performance of military obscurants within the IR band. Conventional approaches for creating effective IR obscurants have relied primarily on shaped metal… more
Abstract:The problem being addressed in this proposal is the existing extensive use of energy hungry hot water heaters in both residential and commercial building in the United States. In addition, any attempts to date to create a low energy hybrid hot water heater (HWH) have resulted in hot water heaters so… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: We propose build Infrared LED (IRLED) scene projectors that are able to project larger than 1k by 1k imagery with maximum temperatures of 3000K, frame rates in excess of 400 Hz, and emission wavelength between 3-5 microns. We will explore the use of through-silicon-via (TSV) and silicon… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: We propose to develop and demonstrate component technologies, interfaces, and software necessary to build a prototype Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) projection system with high dynamic range and fast frame rates. More specifically, final hardware deliverables for this project include three… more
Abstract:Software development faces many challenges as high-performance computing (HPC) moves towards exascale: scalability, programmability, performance portability, resilience, and energy efficiency. To tackle these challenges, fundamental shifts in the basic execution models and programming models… more
Abstract:PSI will leverage our extensive experience and unique capabilities in MMW photonics to design a compact, lightweight, frequency-agile MMW source combining wide, continuous, rapid tunability with superb phase noise and moderate output power. Such a source will have extensive commercial applications… more
Abstract:In the proposed effort, we will leverage this extensive experience and capabilities to realize a frequency agile mmW radiometer that can cover the range of DC-110 GHz and can be scaled to DC-200 GHz under Phase II. Ours is a photonic system that multiplies and up-coverts a low-frequency reference… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: In this SBIR effort we will develop a packaging process and demonstrate (Phase I) a prototype of high power Photodiode (PD) that has a normal incident, pigtailed fiber input and a coaxial RF output that operates from DC to>60GHz. We will apply and extend (Phase II) the aforementioned… more
Abstract:Millimeter-wave RADAR imaging holds significant promise for many applications from rotorcraft DVE mitigation to standoff security screening. A key challenge of this imaging modality, however, has been the implementation of an effective method for creating an image without relying on either… more
Abstract:To ensure safe and reliable power production by nuclear power plants, a wide variety of materials and components need to undergo inspections and maintenances at pre-determined intervals. Condition based maintenance is highly desirable because it can potentially avoid unnecessarily costly maintenance… more
Abstract:In this proposal, AlphaSense, Inc. details the development of a novel, low cost and handheld microwave sensor for the detection and evaluation of incipient composite heat damage. The merits of the proposed sensor and its advantages over other techniques are listed below: a) Compact, handheld and low… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project aims to develop a novel chemical sensor technology for inline water quality monitoring. Currently, gas chromatography coupled mass spectroscopy is the most widely used technique for water quality analysis; however, the method is costly,… more
Abstract:Rare isotope facilities serve a critical need for a rapidly expanding area of nuclear physics research. Existing rare isotope facilities already provide enough intensity that conventional detector systems have trouble with counting rates while future rare isotope facilities, like the Facility for… more
Abstract:Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) is a high value organic chemical with many potentially important applications. DMC can be made from CO2 directly or indirectly. With the development of CO2 capture and sequestration technology, huge amounts of low cost CO2 will be available as a feed stock. The conversion… more
Abstract:Monomers and other chemical intermediates are typically obtained from non-renewable resources, specifically petroleum. Renewable resources, such as plant derived biomass, may become a significant source of these critical materials but new technology is required for their safe and efficient… more
Abstract:Solvents are a valuable processing tool in the chemical and related industries. Solvent are used to enhance mass transfer, heat transfer and in most cases are a processing aid and eventually are not used in the final product but to enhance the fabrication of the final product. While solvents are… more
Abstract:Ethylene and propylene are the primary feedstocks for the manufacture of polyethylene and polypropylene, respectively. These olefins represent a major component of the polymer manufacturing cost. Consequently, there is significant economic benefit in minimizing losses of unreacted olefin from the… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION: Enhanced Membrane System for Supplying Quality Drinking Water Contaminants in Drinking Water: While many of the traditional waterborne diseases (cholera, typhoid) are now uncommon in the developed world, the continue to be a major cause of disease in developing countries and waterborne… more
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