Abstract:Industrial hydrogen production relies primarily on natural gas and hydrocarbon feedstocks to drive the various reaction chemistries that lead to hydrogen generation. Carbon dioxide, the ultimate co-product when such feedstocks and processes are employed, necessarily becomes a major contaminant of… more
Abstract:Ethylene and propylene are major chemical industry raw materials and consume a great deal of energy related to their production. It is estimated that 230 trillion BTU/yr are consumed in olefin/paraffin separations. Significant energy consumption is employed when cryogenically separating ethane from… more
Abstract:Solvent extraction by hexane is the most common choice for extraction of oil/lipids from algae. However, hexane is not the best choice of solvent for algae oil extraction because of the need to market byproducts for human and animal consumption. Oil and hexane from the solvent extraction process are… more
Abstract:Vapors produced during the process of refueling cars are a significant source of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) emissions. Uncontrolled emissions cause economic losses and pollute the environment. This problem is exacerbated when the gasoline contains bioethanol because its presence increases the… more
Abstract:Soybean is the major source for production of edible oils worldwide and in United States. Pressing of the soybean into flakes followed by the solvent extraction with hexane (solvent) is most widely practiced for extraction of oil. Separation of solvent from oil-solvent mixture for solvent recovery… more
Abstract:At the heart of scientific computing and numerical analysis are linear algebra solvers. In scientific computing, the focus is on the partial differential equations (PDEs) that arise from computational fluid dynamics (CFD), climate modeling, astrophysics, and structural and heat analysis that cannot… more
Abstract:In an attempt to build more computationally powerful systems and improve the FLOPS/dollar and FLOPS/Watt of high-performance computers (HPCs), we have recently seen the proliferation of GPU-based clusters. Many major vendors are now supporting this technology and such systems are becoming… more
Abstract:Space-based imaging sensors are important for NASA's mission in both performing scientific measurements and producing literature and documentary cinema. The recent proliferation of high-definition capture devices and displays (HDTV) provide the general public with first-hand human experiences… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: We propose to apply modern massively multicore processors to a key problem area of interest to the Air Force: multiphysics computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and computational structural dynamics (CSD) solvers. The capabilities of the CPU to solve these problems have been increasing… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Crystalline semiconductor nanomembranes (NMs) possess the electronic/photonic properties of bulk material, although they are flexible, deformable, and conformable. Semiconductor nanomembranes offer unique opportunities for novel active/ passive electronic, and photonic devices suitable… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Optical interconnects are the natural choice for interconnecting different chips when current interconnect technologies cannot fulfill current and future system requirements. Examples of optical interconnect architectures are free-space multistage interconnect, optical fiber interconnect,… more
Abstract:A novel high performance, lightweight vehicle armor system for the Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle (EFV) is proposed. Following past work with perforated metals for weight efficient armor, the present work examines ceramic-based armor systems where the ceramic component has a novel design (e.g.,… more
Abstract:The Army is in need of an improved material for use in bridge structures. Key requirements are reduced weight relative to current metallic structures (steel and aluminum), high strength, resistance to catastrophic failure, attractive cost, and resistance to environmental factors (weather, corrosion… more
Abstract:To meet the ever-increasing challenges imposed by next generation weapon systems and continued reduced manning efforts, Quantum Leap Innovations, Inc. will collaborate with the Institute for Simulation and Training (IST) at the University of Central Florida (UCF) to develop adaptive, embeddable, and… more
Abstract:Existing Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) mission planners can specify patrol regions for available sensor platforms and provide detailed, coordinated search tracks for each platform. However, most of the planners have not considered any real-time sensor information feedback during optimization and… more
Abstract:The proposed SBIR Phase I program is to establish a ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) measurement setup that is capable of characterizing the FMR spectrum with high sensitivity and over a broad frequency, as well as nonlinear behaviors at high microwave power. The proposed effort also includes modeling… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Analysis of glycoprotein polypeptide sites of carbohydrate attachment and the structures of the glycans present on these proteins requires the combination of high resolution chromatographic separations and sophisticatedmass spectrometry. Hydrophilic interaction… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Life sciences research and other critical bioanalytical applications would strongly benefit from faster and higher resolution liquid chromatographic (HPLC) separations for both small molecules and larger molecules suchas proteins, peptides, glycopeptides, and… more
Abstract:Single chirality of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) is critical for their superb mechanical, thermal, optical and electronic properties. All known methods for producing nanotubes give mixtures of tubes with different chiralities. Physical separation of SWCNT by chirality is thus an enabling… more
Abstract:Hyperspectral imaging systems acquire the spatial and spectral information of the image scene simultaneously, and thus find important applications in remote sensing, military surveillance, and target identification. Most contemporary hyperspectral imaging systems operate at UV/VIS/NIR (ultra… more
Abstract:The global war on terror has dramatically changed the environment in which today's warfighter operates. Many of the locations in theater require moving troops and equipment into areas with unimproved landing zones. Loss of situational awareness in degraded visual environments is one of the largest… more
Abstract:We propose to use the open source rendering program Blender in combination with MATLAB to create a millimeter wave scene simulation program that will be specifically aimed at simulating ships in a nautical environment. We already possess relevant data from experiments performed at both Dahlgren and… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will research and develop a software system to model the complex and varied rights structures used in private company finance. This system will show the behavior (such as the economic payouts to each stakeholder) of capital structures… more
Abstract:Sponsored by NAVAIR, Accudyne Systems completed a Phase 1 SBIR program, developing an equipment and process concept for cost-effective fabrication of composite rotary wing main rotor blade spars. The CH-53K spar was the study focus. The recommended work cell concept combines automated tape placement… more
Abstract:In this proposal, AlphaSense, Inc. (AI) and the Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) detail the development of RF front end based on MEMS components for miniaturized digital EVA radio. Key innovations of our approach include: a) the use of a novel parallel receiver front end architecture based on MEMS… more
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