Abstract:Fugitive emissions of VOCs from gasoline marketing facilities are an energy, safety and environmental issue. All new vehicles made after the year 2000 must have an Onboard Refueling Vapor Recovery System (ORVR) which increase fugitive emissions of refueling stations because of interface between ORVR… more
Abstract:Vegetable oil is commonly extracted from oil seeds using hexane. Separation of oil and solvent (hexane) from this extracted mixture (known as miscella) is usually carried out by solvent evaporation or distillation. Solvent recovery from miscella consumes about 50% of the total energy required for… more
Abstract:Higher gas transport membranes would enhance membrane separations, especially those associated with energy savings (e.g., oxygen or nitrogen enriched air). In these systems, gas transport is inversely proportional to the thickness of the membrane¿s active layer. This project will explore a novel… more
Abstract:Biomass fast pyrolysis fuel (BioOil) is a liquid fuel made from wood chips and the low-grade wood byproducts of timber harvesting. However, when BioOil is stored, its chemicals polymerize, aided by the oxygen present in the BioOil. As a consequence, the viscosity of the BioOil increases over time,… more
Abstract:Natural gas offers cost and environmental benefits over other conventional energy sources and decreases our dependence on oil imports. However, many sources of natural gas also contain large amounts of non-hydrocarbon gases, which make them uneconomical to market. Removal of these non-hydrocarbon… more
Abstract:There continues to be a need to produce fuel-grade ethanol from renewable sources. However, the cost of agricultural-based ethanol is quite severe, despite the fact that existing and new legislation provides significant incentives for its use. This project addresses novel routes to enhance the… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Most organic pharmaceutical chemical syntheses are done in organic solvents. Oxygen and/or water contaminants in organic solvents will destroy many organic reactants and organometallic reagents and catalysts. As such, t
he removal of oxygen and water are critical… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Compact Membrane Systems, Inc. is proposing a revision to grant 1 R43 GM084478-01A1 entitled Contaminate Removal for Laboratory Pharmaceutical Synthesis in response to notice NOT-OD-09-058, NIH Announces the Availab
ility of Recovery Act Funds for Competitive… more
Abstract:The next generation of photovoltaic systems need to meet both physical (shape, size, packaging, durability) and electronic (efficiency, stability) requirements of applications that are not possible to implement today. One of these requirements is to be able to stretch electronic devices without… more
Abstract:Recent advances in computing have produced special-purpose hardware comprised of vector processors streamlined for high-performance computations. Development of these devices, such as graphics processing units (GPUs) and the Cell Broadband Engine (Cell Processor), has been advanced by the videogame… more
Abstract:MDA is currently developing advanced interceptor technology for its BMDS. High-quality imagery is crucial to this effort for several purposes, including navigation, false-alarm/decoy identification, and estimation of position and speed of potential targets. Although high-resolution imaging systems… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project aims to develop platform clostridia strains suitable for industrial scale alcohol production from renewable feedstocks and also to improve metabolic engineering technologies for all clostridia. Clostridia are strictly anaerobic, endospore… more
Abstract:The bacteria genus, Clostridium, includes many species that are naturally capable of degrading cellulose and producing valuable chemicals and fuel alcohols. Unfortunately the genetic engineering tools for developing improved strains are limited for all clostridia. This project will develop novel… more
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project will develop and innovative sandwich composite material used to manufacture component parts and/or the hull for an Unmanned Surface Vehicle (USV) to reduce the weight and increase operational effectiveness. The composite structure includes an inner layer of high tenacity… more
Abstract:This Small Innovation Technology Transfer (STTR) project will demonstrate the utility of infrared planar array technology to study water pollutants such as industrial contaminants and biological impurities. It proposes to optimize the design and construction of a compact, high-sensitivity, double… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): There are currently a significant number of research programs directed at the utilization of vibrational spectroscopy (infrared, near infrared and Raman) as diagnostic tools for a variety of diseases. Almost all of thes
e efforts utilize existing, commercially… more
Abstract:Leveraging on recent breakthroughs in broadband photonic devices and components for RF and microwave applications, SML proposes a new type of broadband microwave spectrometer with performance and affordability that were not attainable before. The photonic microwave spectrometer overcomes the… more
Abstract:This STTR Phase I proposal is aimed to develop high induction soft magnetic nano-composites (SMNC) capable of high power operations at frequency between 20 kHz to 10 MHz. With Spectrum Magneticsf?T proprietary technique, leveraged with research excellence in magnetic materials at the University… more
Abstract:A novel methodology is proposed for the integration of nanomaterials into structural composite materials, to engineer multi-spectrum (microwave, IR, and optical) electromagnetic properties. The process is general and a wide range of EM properties can be achieved, such as absorption, reflection,… more
Abstract:The proposed technology has the potential to change the paradigm such that the traditional "brute-force" method of the mechanical breaker is replaced with natural commutation. Further, a downfall of the conventional solid-state breaker is that it still must interrupt large fault currents requiring… more
Abstract:Accudyne proposes a SBIR program, endorsed by Sikorsky, Cytec Engineered Materials, and NASA-LaRC, to develop a cost-effective thermoplastic automated tow placement (ATP) process and demonstrate it by fabricating and testing a complex contoured skin (Phase 1) and a CH-53K rotorcraft lower cabin or… more
Abstract:This proposal will supply to NAVAIR and to rotorcraft manufacturing companies the emerging solution to their fabrication needs as it relates to the production of Rotor Blade Spars. The process and machine concept developed in Phase I will provide NAVAIR and the rotocraft manufacturing companies an… more
Abstract:Out-of-autoclave thermoplastic tape/tow placement (TP-ATP) is nearing commercialization but suffers a moderate gap in mechanical properties compared with laminates fabricated via thermoset autoclave processing. Out-of-autoclave thermoplastic processing significantly lowers composite aerospace part… more
Abstract:In this proposal, AlphaSense, Inc. (AI) and the University of Michigan (UM) detail the development of a compact, portable, and low cost in-process weld defects detection system. Key innovations of the proposed system include: a) weld defects monitoring based on plasma emission characteristics; b)… more
Abstract:In this proposal, AlphaSense, Inc. (AI) and the Oklahoma State University (OKState) detail the development of a novel Cavity Enhanced Terahertz Absorption Spectrometer (CETAS). Key innovations of the proposed system include: a) the use of a small Whispering- Gallery- Mode (WGM) cavity to achieve… more
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