Abstract:Optical CDMA is most suitable to be applied to high speed LAN to achieve contention-free, zero delay access, where traffic tends to be bursty rather than continuous. Channel assignment is much easier with CDMA. CDMA isolates irregular channels so that they do not influence other channels, CDMA can… more
Abstract:Commodity graphics processing units (GPUs) offer tremendous computational throughput for relatively little cost. They have been shown to outperform microprocessors in the important metrics of FLOPS/dollar, FLOPS/Watt, and FLOPS/unit space and have already been applied to a wide range of numerically… more
Abstract:The ultimate goal of this Commercialization Pilot Program (CPP) effort is to design, build, and integrate flight-ready custom electronics for a 220-channel MMW distributed-aperture imager. This work bases on a previous SBIR project, in which we constructed a single-channel prototype of the phase… more
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR effort we will investigate the feasibility of design and optimization of an optically interconnected optical router using a photonic crystal-based switching fabric and by carefully engineering the spatial and temporal properties of such periodic structures. We will take multiple… more
Abstract:This SBIR Phase II proposal develops an innovative PTIR adhesive and process for bonding stud fasteners to composite surfaces in aircraft manufacturing and repair. The PTIR adhesive formulation has a low concentration of infrared emitter/absorber dispersed in a thermoset epoxy adhesive paste. The… more
Abstract:The Army is in need of an improved armor solution for ground vehicles that possesses modularity, reduced weight, attractive cost, high ballistic resistance, durability, and tolerance to environmental affects. To meet this need, the use of large panels made by casting metal around an array of… more
Abstract:In this NAVY SBIR Phase I program, we propose a radio frequency (RF) direction finding sensor for low probability of intercept (LPI) RF radar system. This sensor consists of a dielectric fisheye lenses and an innovative focus plane detector array (FPDA). The fisheye lenses, as a RF antenna, have… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project aims to develop novel field detectors and memory devices capable of detecting magnetic field of an electromagnetic pulse (EMP). The sensor is made of magnetic nanowire arrays consisting of magnetic nanowires embedded in an insulating… more
Abstract:While in the 1970's and 1980's, composites were adopted for aerospace structure for increased performance and weight savings, the 1990's and 2000's witnessed the attention towards cost-effective fabrication. All thermoset processes that utilize such machines rely on autoclaves to consolidate the… more
Abstract:In this proposal, AlphaSense, Inc. (AI) and the Pennsylvania State University (PSU) detail the development of a novel noninvasive microwave sensor to quantify the DoS in marine aluminum alloys. The key innovations of this proposal include the following: a) DoS quantifications based on the… more
Abstract:In this proposal, Alphasense, Inc. details the development of a novel microwave NDE sensor for defect inspections in silicon nitride bearing balls. The key innovations of this proposal include the following: a) the use of the spherical bearing ball as a dielectric resonator, thus enabling us to… more
Abstract:In this proposal, AlphaSense, Inc. proposes to develop an innovative real time probe for online monitoring of plastic bonded explosive manufacturing process. Key innovations of the proposed sensor probe include: a) the use of a white light interferometer (WLI) to form real time images of the… more
Abstract:Several hundred beam lines are used around the world at today¿s third-generation synchrotron facilities. These facilities must deal with monochromator-based performance problems due to high heat load. Many have resorted to the use of costly, complicated, high maintenance cryogenic cooling of… more
Abstract:Mid-infrared (MWIR, wavelength ~10 micron) imaging has significant importance in military surveillance and target recognition, since human body radiation peaks in MWIR. The GaSb/InAs type-II Strained Layer Superlattice (SLS) MWIR detector has been under intensive investigation recently. While much… more
Abstract:Low light level infrared imaging has significant importance in military surveillance and target recognition. The proposed broadband low-light-level nano-BiCMOS camera covers visible and near infrared bands from 400 nm to 1,550 nm wavelengths. With a proven nano-technology, the proposed nano-BiCMOS… more
Abstract:Fugitive emissions of VOCs from gasoline marketing facilities are an energy, safety and environmental issue. All new vehicles made after the year 2000 must have an Onboard Refueling Vapor Recovery System (ORVR) which increase fugitive emissions of refueling stations because of interface between ORVR… more
Abstract:Vegetable oil is commonly extracted from oil seeds using hexane. Separation of oil and solvent (hexane) from this extracted mixture (known as miscella) is usually carried out by solvent evaporation or distillation. Solvent recovery from miscella consumes about 50% of the total energy required for… more
Abstract:Higher gas transport membranes would enhance membrane separations, especially those associated with energy savings (e.g., oxygen or nitrogen enriched air). In these systems, gas transport is inversely proportional to the thickness of the membrane¿s active layer. This project will explore a novel… more
Abstract:Biomass fast pyrolysis fuel (BioOil) is a liquid fuel made from wood chips and the low-grade wood byproducts of timber harvesting. However, when BioOil is stored, its chemicals polymerize, aided by the oxygen present in the BioOil. As a consequence, the viscosity of the BioOil increases over time,… more
Abstract:Natural gas offers cost and environmental benefits over other conventional energy sources and decreases our dependence on oil imports. However, many sources of natural gas also contain large amounts of non-hydrocarbon gases, which make them uneconomical to market. Removal of these non-hydrocarbon… more
Abstract:There continues to be a need to produce fuel-grade ethanol from renewable sources. However, the cost of agricultural-based ethanol is quite severe, despite the fact that existing and new legislation provides significant incentives for its use. This project addresses novel routes to enhance the… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Most organic pharmaceutical chemical syntheses are done in organic solvents. Oxygen and/or water contaminants in organic solvents will destroy many organic reactants and organometallic reagents and catalysts. As such, t
he removal of oxygen and water are critical… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Compact Membrane Systems, Inc. is proposing a revision to grant 1 R43 GM084478-01A1 entitled Contaminate Removal for Laboratory Pharmaceutical Synthesis in response to notice NOT-OD-09-058, NIH Announces the Availab
ility of Recovery Act Funds for Competitive… more
Abstract:The next generation of photovoltaic systems need to meet both physical (shape, size, packaging, durability) and electronic (efficiency, stability) requirements of applications that are not possible to implement today. One of these requirements is to be able to stretch electronic devices without… more
Abstract:Recent advances in computing have produced special-purpose hardware comprised of vector processors streamlined for high-performance computations. Development of these devices, such as graphics processing units (GPUs) and the Cell Broadband Engine (Cell Processor), has been advanced by the videogame… more
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