Abstract:Process intensification methodologies are need for the chemical processes and bioprocesses used in a biorefinery, in order to make the biorefinery a viable commercial alternative to the production of fuels and chemicals. Because the molecular mixing of reactants can enhance reactions, it is a key to… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The objective of this Compact Membrane Systems (CMS) program is to develop a new platform technology for fire suppression and fire prevention systems around membrane supplied nitrogen enriched air (NEA). The limitation
that the atmospheres used in the fire… more
Abstract:MDA is currently developing advanced interceptors for its BMDS. Imaging technology is crucial to this effort for several purposes, including navigation, false-alarm/decoy identification, and estimation of position and speed of potential targets. Although high-resolution imaging systems are readily… more
Abstract:For this project, we plan to collaborate with researchers in the neuroscience department at the University of Delaware to develop an FPGA-based embedded computer, inspired in the brains small vertebrates (fish). The mechanisms of object detection and avoidance in fish have been extensively studied… more
Abstract:FPGAs have attracted a great deal of attention over the past decade because of their performance, scalability, and cost relative to traditional hardware platforms. However, one of the most significant disadvantages of FPGAs is based on the underlying architecture on which they are built. … more
Abstract:The recent performance increases in graphics processing units (GPUs) have made graphics cards an attractive platform for implementing computationally intense applications. With their numerous parallel computational pipelines and SIMD architecture, modern GPUs can outperform high-end microprocessors… more
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I proposal will demonstrate the manufacture of a OOA composite using infrared radiation and compaction technology, an innovative resin film, and a resin film infusion process to produce aerospace quality thermoplastic composite. A low concentration of IR absorber is blended into a… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD) is a hospital-acquired problem following routine antibiotic treatment. Its impact may exceed that of any other nosocomial infection. Spores of the toxin-producing pathogen
are highly resistant to antibiotics and… more
Abstract:A novel methodology is proposed for the integration of low volume fractions (~5% by vol) of high aspect ratio ferromagnetic nanomaterials into structural composite materials, to engineer electromagnetic properties in the microwave regime. The general approach is to disperse the nanomaterial (flake… more
Abstract:Based on multiple technology platforms, innovative nanomaterials with much improved magnetodielectric properties have been developed in the Phase I program. Following Edison's model of product and process development for technology innovations, Phase-II will pursue further incremental improvement… more
Abstract:Based on multiple technology platforms and theoretical analyses, in the Phase I program we have demonstrated the feasibility that RF polymers with desirable high frequency properties can be achieved. Following Edison_s model of product and process development for technology innovations, Phase-II… more
Abstract:The recovery of heat currently wasted in exhaust gases can reduce fuel consumption in almost every commercial and industrial sector. In the electricity generation sector alone, even modest improvements in energy recovery effectiveness would result in billions of dollars in savings annually. New… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project proposes unique column packings for the fast high-performance HPLC of biomacromolecules. Initial focus will be on developing techniques to modify the chemistry of silica surfaces using hydrothermal methods,
so that biomolecular separations are… more
Abstract:This proposal presents a Phase II SBIR project to produce prototypes of the automated high precision, low disperse rate powder disseminator for the US Army, that has been successfully designed and analyzed in the Phase I project. In the development of the sensitive detecting agent, we need to… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project encompasses development and testing of a concatenative text-to-speech (TTS) synthesis system known as ModelTalker and software called InvTool which guides individuals in creating personal synthetic voices f
or use with ModelTalker. The overall system… more
Abstract:The feasibility of ANP's proposed seld-calibrated rapid test forf AChE inhibitors has been clearly shown in Phase I. Its compatability with ANP's handheld reader for immuno-assay based threat agent rapid testing has been confirmed. Phase II will finalize the design for robustness, full integration… more
Abstract:Longer-lived stripper foils operating in present-day DOE accelerator facilities, with elements up to mass 100, would provide substantial operating savings and reduced radiation exposure to maintenance personnel. However, the next generation of rare isotope facilities would need even more robust… more
Abstract:Imaging sensors are a crucial component of modern defense. The ideal sensor has acute visual sensing capabilities and communicates instantly when threats are identified. It should also have night vision capabilities and cover a broadband spectral range including near ultraviolet and infrared. A… more
Abstract:This proposal addresses development of highly oxygen permeable perfluoromembranes for Lithium-Air organic electrolyte batteries. These batteries have demonstrated very high specific capacity (greater than 500 Wh/kg) at low rates in pure oxygen. Oxygen from the air can be utilized if a membrane is… more
Abstract:Compact Membrane Systems, Inc. (CMS) has been a pioneer in modifying the air charge to diesel engines with air separation membranes. Nitrogen-enriched air (NEA) supplied from polymeric membranes mounted on highway truck diesel engines have been shown to substantially reduce the NOx formation and… more
Abstract:Membrane reactors have the potential to improve the reactivity, productivity, and energy efficiency of various chemical syntheses including transesterification. To be of value, the membrane reactors must provide a higher use temperature, improved chemical resistance and better mass transfer. This… more
Abstract:Refinery product streams, particularly those from Ultra Low Hydrodesulfurisation units, are prone to haze due to water emulsions. Hazy fuel cannot be used until the haze is removed, which creates costly scheduling and shipping delays. This project will develop a novel membrane process to rapidly… more
Abstract:Farm equipment and other industries use biodegradable hydraulic fluids (BHF), esters based on agricultural raw materials, that provide rapid decomposition and reduced environmental problems associated with spills. Hydrolytic stability is major problem, since BHFs react with dissolved water creating… more
Abstract:There continues to be a need for production of fuel-grade ethanol from agricultural sources. The Federal Government is actively looking for biomass renewable feed stocks for enhancing gasoline and reducing our dependence on foreign oil. Ethanol from agricultural sources has many advantages… more
Abstract:The development of new technology that can facilitate natural food and flavor biochemistry reactions has potential to have fundamental and tremendous impact on food science and nutrition and other high value products. Reactor time and temperature are an extraordinarily expensive aspect of food and… more
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