Abstract:Thermal management is important in nearly every commercial and industrial sector. In the power generation industry, even modest improvements in energy recovery effectiveness can result in more environmentally-conscious power generation and billions of dollars in annual savings. This project will… more
Abstract:The founders of CES have identified three shortcomings of the proposed Integrated Fight Through Power (IFTP) system. The system's lack of galvanic isolation will lead to ship-wide ground fault problems. The system's inability to incorporate alternative power sources (fuel cells or energy storage… more
Abstract:This proposal presents a Phase I SBIR project to develop a high precision, low disperse rate powder disseminator for the US Army. In the development of the sensitive detecting agent, we need to release a precise amount of C&B agents in the controlled detection experiments. However, such a… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The aim of the proposed research is to develop tools for the prediction of the distribution of drug compounds in the human body. There is currently no experimental high throughput screening (HTS) method for determining compound tissue distribution. A drug… more
Abstract:We propose to continue the development and characterization of a polymeric nanoencapsulation technology that can increase the lifetime of a protein therapeutic agent within a biological system. The materials have been demonstrated to exhibit no cytotoxicity and to efficiently deliver antibody… more
Abstract:We propose that a comparative colorimetric assay be developed that will use a ticket of the same dimensions as the current ANP immunoassay tickets. This will allow the AChE test to be conducted using a similar workflow as the lateral flow immunoassay-based HHAs and be similarly read on the ANP… more
Abstract:ANP Technologies proposes to develop a sample concentration system that uses commercial hollow fiber filtration technology with permanent anti-fouling coatings to concentrate biological contaminants in water sources or supplies to a level high enough to be readily detected. The filter technology… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): LED based curing lights are beginning to replace conventional halogen lamps as the first choice for dental photo-curing applications. The target of this proposal is to develop a new generation LED dental curing light. It will be the first curing light that is… more
Abstract:Low-light-level photodetector arrays are proposed for detecting the weak optical emission spectra from the trace atoms in the laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). The proposed semiconductor image intensifier and low-light-level camera utilize the miniaturized and monolithically integrated… more
Abstract:Ethylene is a growth hormone for fruits and vegetables that is generated by the plants themselves; that is, it acts as a self-ripening agent. Hence, the removal of ethylene gas can play a central role in maintaining the freshness of these products. Whereas the temperature and the levels of oxygen… more
Abstract:The conversion of corn and other biomass to fuel grade ethanol not only would reduce U.S. dependence on foreign energy sources but also would be a major industrial application for agricultural products. However, the process of drying the ethanol to fuel grade consumes significant amounts of energy,… more
Abstract:The need for natural gas continues to grow, and recent increases in petroleum prices have been paralleled by large increases in the price of natural gas. However, natural gas at the source often has high concentrations of carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide, which must be removed. Although… more
Abstract:New engine diesel pollution is addressed in the EPA Clean Diesel Truck/Bus and low sulfur diesel rule and non-road diesel rule. Unfortunately, slow fleet turnover with extend full implementation. EPA is interested in both retrofit technologies that reduce emissions (particulate matter, volatile… more
Abstract:A. Water must be removed from biodegradable hydraulic fluids as they react with water and degrade insitu. B. Biodegradable hydraulic fluids for farm equipment provide a significant improvement over traditional petroleum based fluids due to decreased pollution. Increase the use and value of… more
Abstract:The use of biodiesel offers significant advantages with regards to the reduction of total harmful engine emissions with the exception of NOx. Biodiesel is a renewable resource and soybean oil is known to be economically viable as a biodiesel fuel. Recent studies from the Environmental Protection… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Most pharmaceutical synthesis involve condensation or dehydration reactions at some point in the process that generates water as a by-product. This water must be removed since (1) water is often not a desirable component of the finished product, (2) water limits… more
Abstract:In the electrical power, steel production, and aluminum production industries, flame retardant, phosphate-ester hydraulic fluids are used to minimize fires. Although these fluids accomplish the fire-minimization task, they are unstable, which causes performance to suffer with attendant losses in… more
Abstract:Distillation is a major chemical unit operation and consumer of significant energy. Often, water or another intermediate boiling component can become trapped within the distillation column and accumulate. This causes various operating difficulties such as flooding, slugging, cycling, instability,… more
Abstract:Catalysis plays a substantial role in the synthesis of the most U.S. commodity chemicals, with huge implications for energy usage. Membrane reactors have been proposed for a number of these syntheses. However, to be competitive with conventional technologies, membrane reactors must demonstrate… more
Abstract:The use of ethanol as a fuel would impact U.S. reliance on foreign oil. However, among the economic obstacles to it widespread use are the costs of shipping fuel-grade ethanol by truck. Shipping ethanol by pipeline would be significantly less expensive, but, unfortunately, pipeline ethanol is… more
Abstract:Over the past few decades, computational electromagnetics (CEM) researchers have been making steady progress towards the development of efficient algorithms, such as the Method of Moments (MoM), for simulating scattering from electrically large targets. Unfortunately, such techniques have proved… more
Abstract:Photonic crystals have led the way for miniaturizing application specific optical integrated circuit (ASOIC) to a scale comparable to the wavelength of light which in turn made them a good candidate for next generation high-density optical systems and interconnects. Polymer based Photonic Crystal… more
Abstract:Atmospheric disturbances are a major performance-limiting factor in long-range optical systems. In particular, for the Airborne Laser (ABL) the ability of distinguish targets from a long distance is crucial for mission success. Despite the progress in optics and sensor technology, blurring in… more
Abstract:While the need for effective millimeter wave (mmW) imaging systems is clear, there remains a significant gap in the technology needed to realize it, namely the ability to process and enhance mmW imagery in a real-time manner. This is particularly important because raw mmW images appear very fuzzy,… more
Abstract:Optically interconnected systems provide a number of additional benefits. For example, by removing metallic traces, many signal integrity issues are also eliminated as the parasitic capacitance and inductance associated with high-speed lines are removed, which further improves systems performance.… more
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