Abstract:Photonic crystals have led the way for miniaturizing application specific optical integrated circuit (ASOIC) to a scale comparable to the wavelength of light which in turn made them a good candidate for next generation high-density optical systems and interconnects. Polymer based Photonic Crystal… more
Abstract:Atmospheric disturbances are a major performance-limiting factor in long-range optical systems. In particular, for the Airborne Laser (ABL) the ability of distinguish targets from a long distance is crucial for mission success. Despite the progress in optics and sensor technology, blurring in… more
Abstract:While the need for effective millimeter wave (mmW) imaging systems is clear, there remains a significant gap in the technology needed to realize it, namely the ability to process and enhance mmW imagery in a real-time manner. This is particularly important because raw mmW images appear very fuzzy,… more
Abstract:Optically interconnected systems provide a number of additional benefits. For example, by removing metallic traces, many signal integrity issues are also eliminated as the parasitic capacitance and inductance associated with high-speed lines are removed, which further improves systems performance.… more
Abstract:Range surveillance is a critical component of space exploration because of its implications on safety, cost, and overall mission timeline. However, launch delays, due to the difficulty of verifying a cleared range, are common and will increase as spaceports are developed in new areas. In order to… more
Abstract:The treatment of waste water consumes a significant amount of energy, in order to reduce the organic matter to levels safe for environmental discharge. This project will develop a novel microbial-based approach to convert the organic matter in waste water into a valuable commodity, namely hydrogen.… more
Abstract:A Phase I program was completed in which a non-ceramic SAPI solution was developed. The system contained a hard-faced metal matrix composite (MMC) tile in place of the brittle ceramic tile. Ballistic testing showed positive results and drop testing showed excellent durability. The Phase II… more
Abstract:Reaction bonded (RB) SiC and B4C offer high specific stiffness (modulus/density) comparable to beryllium (Be) and higher thermal stability (thermal conductivity/CTE) than Be. However, these materials have low fracture toughness (4 MPa m1/2 compared to 8-10 for Be) and hence have not been considered… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The long-term objective of this project is the development of a system based on high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for rapid and accurate antibiotic susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Susceptible and resistant strains of MTB,… more
Abstract:Information Management is an important component in the development of viable information sharing systems, such as JBI, where shared information may be manipulated to derive further information. The qualities of such derived information depend on qualities of the contributing information and of… more
Abstract:Natural gas provides a clean and environmentally friendly fuel for electric power generation; however, the distribution network, and especially the storage system, is ill-suited for the projected gowth of natural gas for use in electical energy generation. This project will develop a natural gas… more
Abstract:Leveraging Spectrum Magnetics' expertise in large scale fabrication of nanomaterials together with University of Delaware's know-how in the research of magnetodielectric materials with simultaneously large permittivity and permeability, we propose to design and fabricate RF polymers that promise… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of this project is to develop unique column packings for high-performance liquid chromatography. These new materials will allow the very fast separation and characterization of both small molecules of biological and pharmaceutical interest and very large… more
Abstract:Reduced-mass polymer composite materials are crucial to the success of aerospace systems for reducing vehicle weight. But, composite material adoption is inhibited because the autoclave consolidation required is prohibitively expensive for the large tanks and skins contemplated in the Next… more
Abstract:Reduced mass composite materials are crucial to the success of aerospace systems, but their adoption is inhibited because they require autoclave consolidation, a process that is prohibitively expensive for large aerospace structure. To remedy this, NASA-LaRC has been developing cost-effective… more
Abstract:We propose to continue the development of rapid, handheld multiplexed assays for the detection of biological warfare agents and an associated handheld automatic reader. We will rigorously evaluate the 5-target assay developed in Phase I, and develop an 8-target multiplex during this Phase II… more
Abstract:We propose to develop a universal strategy to encapsulate protein-based therapeutics using our patented non-toxic, non-immunogenic, water soluble, nanometer size capsules. These nanocapsules have a functionalized surface rendering them "unseen" by the normal immunogenic scavenging response of the… more
Abstract:We propose to develop a multiplexed immunoassay for the detection of 2 - 4 medically relevant biomarkers of traumatic brain injury for use by front-line medical personnel and their civilian equivalents. The assay will provide results in less than 30 minutes, and provide information as to the actual… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): By instituting a number of precautions (e.g. personal monitoring, enhanced ventilation) dentists have been able to reduce the risk of mercury escaping into the environment. While these precautions are significant there are still numerous instances of mercury… more
Abstract:78204SThe conversion of corn and other biomass to fuel grade ethanol not only would reduce U.S. dependence on foreign energy sources but also would be a major industrial application for agricultural products. However, the process of drying the ethanol from a 95% ethanol-5% water mixture (the… more
Abstract:78749S Distillation is a very valuable chemical engineering unit operation, but it is both energy and capital intensive. This is especially true when components either form azeotropes or have small relative volatility differences. A hybrid, robust membrane process could eliminate azeotropes and… more
Abstract:78243S Substantial amounts of natural gas reserves contain large amounts of non-methane gases, such as carbon monoxide and hydrogen sulfide, which make them uneconomical to market. While commercially available membranes offer the potential to remove these gases and produce pipeline grade natural… more
Abstract:Osmotic distillation is an excellent method for highly concentrating thermally sensitive liquids at low temperatures. However, commercial success of this process has been limited due to lack of membrane stability during the processing of economically interesting liquids. We believe that our high… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The EPA continues to restrict air emissions including mercury emissions. While coal based power plants are the major sources of mercury emissions, smaller incinerators including medical incinerators are under EPA regulations. These EPA requirements can be a… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant):
Long-term blood oxygenators (BO) therapy requires non-porous membranes to limit BO wet out. Compact Membrane Systems (CMS) has identified (1) novel materials that can minimize wet out (while simultaneously maintaining needed gas-liquid transport of gases) and… more
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