Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Addiction annually costs America gt 500B. Narcotic addiction is especially worrisome since intravenous drug abuse (IVDA) also promotes HIV transmission. Reducing IVDA is critical to lowering the incidence of HIV. Sincegt75% of IVDA is with opioids, effective… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Propofol endures as the most popular intravenous (IV) anesthetic due to several favorable characteristics. Anesthesia personnel customarily measure the concentrations in breath of many agents used during surgery including: molecular oxygen to prevent hypoxia,… more
Abstract:Recent developments in the field of multiple view geometry have enabled techniques for recovering structure and motion of a target from a moving platform. These techniques can be adapted to solve the passive optical ranging problem without constraints or assumptions imposed by alternate approaches.… more
Abstract:Because of chemical behaviors of real DNA molecules, the nanotechnology envisioned by the Defense Department in this Solicitation will be possible only if design automation software creates nanostructures that exploit artificially expanded genetic information systems (AEGIS). AEGIS DNA molecules… more
Abstract:FTT proposes development of a rotating cavitation (RC) suppressor for liquid rocket engine turbopump inducers. Cavitation instabilities, such as rotating cavitation, have caused severe damage to bearings and seals, fatigue failures, and even catastrophic failures of rocket engines. In addition,… more
Abstract:To meet future power generation needs, Florida Turbine Technologies, Inc. (FTT) proposes the development of an innovative design approach to provide a highly durable contactless air riding rotating-to-static seal. Rotating-to-static seals are critical components of all gas turbine engines. The seals… more
Abstract:This project develops FluentBuddy, a prototype application for iOS and Android platforms to assist in the treatment of speech and communication disorders with a focus on the physiological and anatomical system (i.e. voice disorders, speech sound disorders, motor speech disorders, and other… more
Abstract:The availability and low cost of COTS software and hardware components has resulted in their deployment across a wide array of critical defense and industry applications. Clear Hat focused their Phase 1 effort on developing countermeasures for malicious hard disk firmware. Although we will continue… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Dramatic advances in the development of biomedical ontologies hold the promise of a deeper and clearer understanding of the molecular and genetic aspects that affect human health. Biomedical data and knowledge stored in ontologies and databases have the… more
Abstract:Brain tumor segmentation in Magnetic Resonance Imaging is an important task for neurosurgeons, oncologists, and radiologists to assess disease burden and measure tumor response to treatment. In 2008, over 237,000 individuals worldwide are estimated to havebeen diagnosed with malignant brain and… more
Abstract:The proposed Epidemiology Data Integration and Analysis platform, EpiDIA, is designed to enable integration of the diverse datasets used in epidemiology research and enable the design of user-defined queries, data mining and investigator-initiated analysis. It will enable the deployment of data both… more
Abstract:Innovative American Technology Inc. (IAT) has developed a prototype backpack, a handheld
neutron detector and a directional neutron detector based on our 6LiFZnS(Ag) neutron detector
design. IAT has also developed prototype designs for a miniaturized sensor electronics module
(MSEM) that integrate… more
Abstract:This Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Phase I project aims at addressing the challenging issue of spectrum scarcity for high throughput wireless communication systems by developing an innovative cognitive radio (CR) communication system capable of operating within a fragmented spectral band… more
Abstract:This SBIR project aims to address one of the greatest challenges in the Counter-Rocket, Artillery and Mortar (C-RAM) area, i.e., high-speed low-RCS target detection. To tackle this challenge, an innovative moving target detection scheme, including a simple but effective range/Doppler migration… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Increased recognition of the incidence of nonconvulsive seizures (NCSs) in critically ill patients has led to a growing demand for continuous EEG monitoring in Intensive Care Units (ICUs). However, one of the biggest challenges to the expanding use of continuous… more
Abstract:Interdisciplinary Consulting Corporation proposes a sensor that offers the unique capability to make non-intrusive, direct, simultaneous mean and fluctuating shear stress measurement for subsonic and transonic test applications. Currently a standard for shear stress measurement tool does not exist.… more
Abstract:The conventional approaches to acoustic arrays limit their usage in acoustic reconnaissance for Army applications due to large size and rigid packaging. An acoustic array on a flexible substrate and composed of microfabricated sensors provides a solution for applications where limited size and… more
Abstract:Current multi-touch pressure sensitive Commercial Off The Shelf (COTS) hardware and software (e.g., Apple iPhones, Android Phones, etc.) allow users to seamlessly interact with software applications using gestures, but underutilize their potential by only employing a limited set of Human Computer… more
Abstract:Thermal Stir Welding (TSW) provides advancement over the more conventional Friction Stir Welding (C-FSW) process because it separates the primary processes variables thereby allowing independent control of metal stirring and forging from the stir zone temperature. However, the feedback for precise… more
Abstract:Metal Digital Direct Manufacturing (MDDM) or layer-by-layer additive manufacturing is inherently green, produces near net shapes, reduces labor content, and does not require the use of special tooling to fabricate components. However, the process struggles to gain wide acceptance for producing… more
Abstract:Historically, small arms ammunition has been limited in it's performance due to dated projectile designs. Recently, Liberty Ammunition has introduced a novel patented projectile design, which optimizies accuracy, range, hard and soft target perfomance in a single round. This innovation… more
Abstract:The general objective of this proposal is to design a self-stabilized monolithic single frequency solid state laser. The main advantage of the approach is based on the integration of a laser cavity within active laser material - Nd-doped photo-thermo-refractive (PTR) glass, which allows constructing… more
Abstract:The overall goal of the proposed project is to develop a Volume Bragg Grating (VBG) controlled surface emitting laser for pumping of low pressure Rb vapor laser. This approach will provide dramatic decrease of specific volume of a pumping lase system and, therefore, will dramatically decrease the… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The objective of the proposed research is to develop a new type of volume holographic elements that can operate in mid IR spectral region. To achieve this goal, research will be directed to a photo-thermo-refractive (PTR) glass which provides a photo-thermo-induced refractive index change… more
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to extend the technology of chirped pulse amplification in ultrashort pulse lasers based on chirped volume Bragg gratings (CBGs) to higher stretching/ compression ratio and make the device more robust. In Phase I OptiGrate demonstrated high quality stretching and… more
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