Abstract:RESEARCHERS ARE DESIGNING AND DEVELOPING A REAL-TIME VIDEO AND SPEECH ENCODER/DECODER SYSTEM THAT COMBINES THE FEATURES OF A HIGH QUALITY, LOW BIT-RATE, FULL COLOR VIDEO CODER WITH A HIGH QUALITY, VERY LOW BIT-RATE SPEECH CODER. THE TARGET BIT-RATE FOR THE COMBINED VIDEO AND SPEECH RANGES FROM 19.2… more
Abstract:We will research and develop a prototype for health care radio vignettes targeted specifically to Aadults. The prototype will be used as a model for the subsequent development of targeted health carebe packaged and sold as commercial media products for syndicated broadcast on radio stations… more
Abstract:Combustion chemical vapor deposition (CCVD), which was invented by the principal investigator, is a high quality film deposition technique that can inexpensively and quickly apply lead zirconate-titanate (PZT) thin films in a continuos manner. This technology can be used for the production of… more
Abstract:Combustion chemical vapor deposition (CCVD), which was invented by the principal investigator, is the only open atmosphere CVD technique for ceramics and metals. The CCVD method has been shown to inexpensively and quickly apply dense, adherent, epitaxial thin films in a continuous manner. This… more
Abstract:THE FOLLOWING PROPOSAL PROVIDES THE RATIONALE AND METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF A GEOGRAPHICALLY DETAILED VISUAL DATABASE AND RETRIEVAL SYSTEM TO SUPPORT THE INTERMODAL PLANNING REQUIREMENTS OF ISTEA. CURRENTLY, STATES AND METROPOLITAN PLANNING ORGANIZATIONS HAVE ACCESS TO LIMITED… more
Abstract:We will develop a strong, safe, easy-to-use, biocompatible, and degradable bioadhesive for surgicalrequiring tissue sealing and closure. This bioadhesive will have the potential to streamline commonwell as provide new technology in areas such as organ hemostasis. The following specific aims will… more
Abstract:Although the autogenous saphenous vein is the vessel typically utilized in arterial bypass procedurarise in which it is not possible to use this vein, demanding an alternative method. The investigatofeasibility study in canine subjects to determine whether an immunologically modified xenogeneic… more
Abstract:Autologous patellar tendon grafts are the current gold standard for replacement of irreparable anteligaments. Allogeneic tissue grafts are the only accepted alternative to autologous grafts and theysupply. We will develop a non-immunogenic bovine fascia lata as a graft material for anterior… more
Abstract:MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (MSW) IS A GROWING NATIONAL PROBLEM WITHOUT A GOOD SOLUTION. THIS PROJECT TARGETS MSW AS A LOW GRADE/HAZARDOUS FUEL AND REPRESENT A DISTINCT IMPROVEMENT OVER CURRENT COMBUSTION/INCINERATION METHODS. ALTHOUGH CURBSIDE RECYCLING HAS REDUCED THE QUANTITY OF MSW, LANDFILLS ARE… more
Abstract:The need for a cost effective and cleaner method for MSW disposal hardly needs emphasizing. With EnerTech's slurry carbonization technology, liquid fuels, with a extremely low chlorine content, can be produced from RDF and are suitable for clean combustion in pulverized coal boilers. Objective of… more
Abstract:A submarine periscope is modeled as a cylindrical metal reflector poking out of a rough sea. The time variant component of its radar cross section (RCS) behaves as a Swerling Type I target whose magnitude can be reduced by application of RAM. Various options exist for incorporation of RAM into an… more
Abstract:The objectives of this effort were to:- Invent new data diverse software fault tolerance techniques with a focus on those techniques most appropriate for use with Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence (C3I) technologies.- Develop an intelligent design aid to help users select… more
Abstract:Through this Phase I Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) effort, Quality Research Associates, Inc. (QRA) developed and determined the feasibility of an enhanced dynamic fault tree analysis methodology for safety and risk assessment of critical computer-based systems (CBS). CBS are being used… more
Abstract:A full motion video compression system with synchronized sound based on the MPEG-1 standard will be developed to provide a high compression ration and software playback capability on the Contract Test Set (CTS) III. Phase I will research new techniques in the areas of digital video preprocessing,… more
Abstract:Mycobacterial tuberculosis (MTB) has recently reemerged as the leading infectious disease in the wobecause of HIV, drug use, homelessness and poverty. Current diagnostics for MTB are slow and laboriotreatment is effective when administered early. Thus, rapid methods for speculation and detection… more
Abstract:There has been a recent concern raised regarding the contamination of water supplies by CryptosporiThis was sparked by the outbreak that occurred in Milwaukee. While contamination by any microbial agCryptosporidium has received much attention, in part, because it is a problem for… more
Abstract:An approach to helping pilots reduce or eliminate the consequences of errors is proposed. These consequences-to-be-avoided are termed "hazards." The approach is based upon the idea that it is hazard, rather than error, that should be avoided. It is impossible to prevent all errors; attempting to do… more
Abstract:The reproductive materials of vertebrate animals, including sperm, ova, and embryos, are routinelyfrozen state by a process called cryopreservation. Currently, an essential part of the cryopreservatof chemical preservative agents to these materials to prevent cell damage during freezing. This… more
Abstract:WITH THE PASSAGE OF THE INTERMODAL SURFACE TRANSPORTATION EFFICIENCY ACT, THERE BECAME A HEIGHTENED AWARENESS THAT OUR UNDERSTANDING OF INTERMODAL AND MULTIMODAL FACILITIES WAS LIMITED. PRIVATE ENTERPRISE HAS BEEN WORKING FOR MANY YEARS ON APPLICATIONS WHICH WOULD ALLOW FOR A PACKAGE TO MOVE FROM… more
Abstract:Wang-Tripp Corporation (WTC) proposes a six-month Phase I exploratory research effort to determine the feasiblity of a low-profile array element for the Navy's active, electronically-steered array (AESA) antenna. The best current broadband elements (flared notches) require about two inches of depth… more
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