Abstract:Nematodes cause $8 billion in damage to U.S. crops and $80 billion worldwide. Anthurium, a cutflower and potted plant specialty crop, is very susceptible to nematodes, necessitating continued grower reliance on toxic chemical controls that face the threat of being taken off the market at any time.… more
Abstract:Intensification of resource use and other global changes have resulted in emergence of a variety of new diseases and increasing virulence of existing diseases, like Salmonella. These pests and disease organisms are ever more efficiently spread by traffic in goods and people throughout the world, and… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The compression of hyperspectral data is made more difficult by the requirement that the compressed data adequately serve a variety of diverse applications. Lossy compression methods will be evaluated with the requirements for tactical HSI analysis in mind. We propose to investigate two… more
Abstract:Musculoskeletal injuries of the lower legs, as a result of strenuous and prolonged walking and running activities, are a primary problem for Army soldiers and other military populations. This proposal is focused on demonstrating the feasibility of a patent-pending orthotic device pioneered by… more
Abstract:National intelligence requirements for Space Situational Awareness (SSA) are hindered by the lack of a reliable capability to image satellites during the daytime hours with optical sensors. Presently, most optical SSA observations are conducted during terminator conditions i.e., morning or evening… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The accurate tracking of resident space objects (RSO)s depends on the rapid estimation of orbits using the knowledge gained from sparsely sampled observations of satellites under the influence of interacting gravitational, solar radiation pressure and atmospheric drag effects. While there… more
Abstract:There is worldwide interest in the commercialization of energy efficient, environmentally friendly, hydrogen fuel cell powered vehicles and devices. One of the key challenges in transitioning fuel cell technology to the marketplace is the development of suitable onboard hydrogen storage solutions.… more
Abstract:Apple snail, (Pomacea canaliculata), a highly invasive pest affecting wetland crops in 18 countries including the U.S., is listed as one of the 100 Worst Global Invaders. One study showed that due to its voracious appetite, present value damage from the snail could cost Philippine rice production as… more
Abstract:In this proposal, the team of Archinoetics and UCI define a program of research and development to develop a data collection and analysis system for human performance measurement that is (1) inexpensive, (2) modular, (3) easily extensible, and (4) that facilitates easy data analysis. Furthermore, in… more
Abstract:Measuring economic progress in conflict and post-conflict regions is notoriously difficult. Yet, these measurements are critical for Stability, Security, Transition and Reconstruction (SSTR), which in turn is crucial for counter-insurgency. A myriad of problems plague the measurement of economic… more
Abstract:Our goal is to design and build a lightweight, wide area passive standoff imaging detection system capable of rapidly detecting liquids on surfaces for the purpose of contamination avoidance and reconnaissance. The envisioned technology extends the advantages of wide area passive infrared sensing… more
Abstract:Project goal is to develop and demonstrate a chemical/explosive sensor system to provide enhanced detection and classification in missions for which acoustic or optical imaging alone are not effective. The chemical sensor package developed and delivered during this SBIR effort will be lightweight,… more
Abstract:In coordination with the SPAWAR Systems Center, San Diego, Makai Ocean Engineering, Inc. proposes to develop an autonomous Array Burial Vehicle (ABV) to install U.S. surveillance arrays. The proposed work focuses on: (a) developing an overall vehicle concept for an autonomous vehicle that will… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project aims to develop a novel approach to generate electricity without ?burning? fuel by using organic material obtained from bio-waste as a fuel. Unlike the conventional biomass-to-energy conversion, the current approach directly converts… more
Abstract:The proposed research effort is focused on developing a highly conducting, nanostructured membrane for use in high temperature direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC). Polymer nanofiber mats with high temperature stability and water retaining inorganic nanoparticles will be prepared through… more
Abstract:One of the most critical challenges facing our war fighter is to detect enemy fire quickly and accurately for force protection. Existing acoustic systems protect against gunshots only and are relatively slow; optical systems are large and expensive, suffer from a high false alarm rate, and do not… more
Abstract:Warfighters and civilians in a warzone can sustain burn damage through numerous mechanisms. Although very shallow and deep burns are easily identified by an experienced burn surgeon, there exists a critical need for next generation imaging technology to predict burn depth and boundaries of partial… more
Abstract:The goal of this effort is to develop a low cost, passive ear protection device to be worn as an earplug or headset that will allow the Soldier to maintain situational awareness but filter out harmful noise threats. Newly developed acoustic meta-materials may be leveraged to address this problem.… more
Abstract:Military Oriented Protective Posture (MOPP) gear consists of rubber boots, gloves, gas mask, hood and carbon-filter suit used to protect the warfighter from nuclear, biological, and chemical attacks. While necessary, MOPP gear is cumbersome and uncomfortable. Tasks requiring significant situational… more
Abstract:Oceanit proposes a revolutionary approach for a concrete joint sealant that can sustain temperatures up to 1700 degrees F while maintaining satisfactory mechanical properties at ambient conditions. The proposed approach utilizes the high temperature resistant materials to enhance thermal stability… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Oceanit proposes to develop a hybrid nanomaterial composite with high hydrogen storage capacity. The nanocomposite material is composed of nanomaterials chemically bonded to support. The unique hierarchical architecture will contribute towards high hydrogen storage capacity. BENEFIT: … more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Air Force fighter aircraft are equipped with a comprehensive sensor and communications suite that provides situational awareness, command and control and network-centric warfare capabilities. As these technologies advance, the need for avionics cooling capacity increases. Transition to a… more
Abstract:We propose a modular data flow architecture for processing video and still image data. This system will be able to support both the high speed demands of live streaming data and the high volume demands of archival data processing. The system provides detailed control of threading and supports… more
Abstract:Oceanit will develop a handheld analyzer using disposable cartridges that provides a coagulation profile. This profile will be comparable to bench top systems such as thrombelastograph (TEG) and rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM).
Abstract:Mandates for biofuels have resulted in the significant increase of biodiesel production in rural communities. Hawaii's Jatropha biodiesel production will produce nearly 650-700 kg of residues, consisting of Jatropha seedcake and fruit hulls for every metric ton of seeds harvested for oil… more
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