Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Transfection is the process of introducing nucleic acids into eukaryotic cells. Not only is it a key step in medical treatment involving gene therapy and RNA interference, but it is also a powerful tool for studying gene function and protein expression in a cell.… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Medication nonadherence is a costly healthcare problem, adding 177 billion annually to the nation's healthcare expenditures. Three out of four Americans do not take their medicine as prescribed, and the ramifications affect virtually every aspect of the… more
Abstract:We propose to develop a high-efficiency, triple-junction, epitaxial lift-off (ELO) solar cell by incorporating quantum dots (QDs) within the current-limiting subcell. We intend to leverage existing QD epitaxy processes developed by the Rochester Institute of Technology and combine this with… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: MicroLink will develop a high-efficiency, flexible photovoltaic blanket, which will reduce solider borne weight by reducing battery requirements. The photovoltaic blanket will combine ultra-thin, flexible high-efficiency, GaAs-based multi-junction solar cells, made using MicroLink"s… more
Abstract:With recent advances in MicroLink's inverted metamorphic (IMM) multijunction epitaxial lift off (ELO) solar cells, new opportunities for solar cell packaging are possible that leverage the inherent physical flexibility of these high efficiency solar cells. Novel photovoltaic (PV) blankets can… more
Abstract:Very large solar arrays to power future solar electric propulsion systems will require a new generation of solar cells that are not only high efficiency, but also light weight and significantly lower cost than existing multijunction solar cells based on Ge substrates. The large volume of solar cells… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The innovation in this proposed Phase I SBIR program is the development of a new type of top subcell for a novel, all-lattice-matched multijunction solar cell. The proposed structure will achieve a much higher end-of-life power conversion efficiency, in conjunction with a greatly… more
Abstract:High performance infrared detectors in the LWIR regime are highly needed in a number of missile defense missions. In order to image targets from long distance, it is important that imagers have high sensitivity and high resolution. This leads to technical goals of having low noise, low dark current… more
Abstract:Infrared countermeasure and standoff chemical detection applications require a light source with high power output, good beam quality, and a wide tuning range. There are a limited number of viable mid-infrared (3-5 micron wavelength) solutions that can provide these features in a compact and power… more
Abstract:Recent development of Antimonide-based Type-II superlattice infrared detectors has resulted in significant breakthroughs in terms of device performance as well as FPA imaging quality. Improvement in material quality and processing technique, as well as evolutionary modifications in device… more
Abstract:S-Band vacuum loads at the SLAC linac are encountering operational problems, now that they have to operate under the stringent requirements of the LCLS: 50 MW peak power, 6 kW average power, and extremely-tight phase stability for the linac. Failure mechanisms have been studied which suggest an RF… more
Abstract:Advanced beam diagnostics are essential for high performance accelerator beam production and for reliable accelerator operation. It is important to have noninvasive diagnostics which can be used continuously with intense beams of accelerated particles. Recently, an electron probe was tested to… more
Abstract:The objective of lab-on-chip (LOC) is to integrate and perform multiple analytical processes on a microchip platform. So far, most LOC research has been focused on electrophoretic separations. Limited progress has been made on multi-process integration, due mainly to the lack of a robust and… more
Abstract:YBCO coated conductors are one of the primary options for generating the high magnetic fields needed for future high energy physics devices. Due to slow quench propagation, quench detection remains one of the primary limitations to YBCO magnets. Fiber optic sensing, based upon Rayleigh… more
Abstract:The Helical Cooling Channel (HCC), a novel technique for six-dimensional (6D) ionization cooling of muon beams, has shown considerable promise based on analytic and simulation studies. However, the implementation of this revolutionary method of muon cooling requires new techniques for the … more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project aims to develop a diameter refined semiconducting single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) to address the challenge of bandgap heterogeneity in semiconducting SWNTs. The plan is to utilize the latest advances in SWNT separation including… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Quantum key distribution (QKD) is an exciting application of quantum theory to the important real-world problem of secure communication. Specifically, QKD may allow for provably secure key distribution. These random keys can then be used either in a one-time pad style encryption system… more
Abstract:The proposed project will undertake the research, design, and development of key concepts and technologies for a high-speed electronically tunable channel filter, based on monolithically integrated ultra-high-resolution super-compact grating (UHR-SCG) technology that has been developed in OptoNet.… more
Abstract:The intent of this research is to define a new era in array handling technology. The technical objective of this research is to design new concept Towed Array Handler System primary units, namely a capstan and interdependent stowage reel, and then test scaled prototypes of these primary units to… more
Abstract:A notable failure mechanism in thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) is the attack by calcium-magnesium-alumino silicate (CMAS) deposits resulting from the ingestion of siliceous minerals with the intake of air. Existing TBC systems such as yittria partially stabilized zirconia (YSZ) are highly… more
Abstract:The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is actively funding research to significantly enhance the thermal efficiency of coal-fired steam boilers for power generation through the use of advanced ultra-supercritical (A-USC) steam temperatures and pressures. Since coal fired power plants are the dominant… more
Abstract:The development of a reliable and safe fusion energy source will require advances in a number of technological areas, including high temperature materials with good mechanical properties that are also resistant to radiation embrittlement. Because tungsten has the highest melting point (3410C) and… more
Abstract:Under this SBIR program, QuesTek Innovations LLC will apply its computational alloy design methodology and experience with high-Cr stainless ferritic alloy and oxidation modeling to create a novel low-cost alloy for SOFC with low Cr volatility and high oxidation resistance that is also weldable, to… more
Abstract:High performance gear and bearing materials are necessary to achieve long life and efficient operation of aerospace drive system turbine machinery operating in a marine environment. Current materials capable of providing fatigue and pitting resistance do not provide the desired corrosion resistance.… more
Abstract:High-performance, stainless bearing steel is needed to achieve long life and efficient operation of aerospace drive system turbine machinery operating in a corrosive environment. Available aerospace gear alloys such as Pyrowear 53, 9310, and Ferrium C64 are not corrosion resistant. Other options may… more
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