Abstract:Shading vegetables and fruits can reduce temperatures resulting in improved fruit set, increase fruit size and quality, and reduce water consumption. Shading materials for reducing light intensity or transmission have been used extensively in the nursery industry as well as with large commercial… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: To achieve the objectives of condition-based maintenance plus prognosis (CBM+), and realize its potential, the location and size of damage at any length scale, e.g., either a crack or a microstructural perturbation, needs to be determined with statistical metrics to feed prognostic… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The demonstration by the Edmonton group that human islet transplantation can be successfully used to manage adult type 1 diabetes patients with refractory hypoglycemia has led to increased funding of clinical trials andfurther research to extend the scope of this… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This program will develop lightweight, comfortable, instrumented flight gloves which enable the wearer to communicate via electronic messages that capture and represent gestures and actions made using the hands and arms. This capability allows for typing reports, issuing commands, and… more
Abstract:The purpose of this multi-phase program is to develop an autonomous system that is capable of aligning probes for eddy current inspections on steam condensers. An autonomous system allows a human factor to be eliminated from the current process and introduces a safer, more efficient method of… more
Abstract:In this project, we will design a standard-based, robust, and efficient iris image quality measure tool. It can be used to select the images of sufficient
quality for inclusion in the biometric repository database(s), improve collection processes, and develop quality-based iris matching algorithms.… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will develop a low-cost smart-window technology. This project will utilize contemporary display industry fabrication and processing technologies to create unique large area optical films. These films will be subsequently used to construct… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project addresses the unmet needs for effective analysis of protein phosphorylation, a process where a phosphate group is added to a protein to change its function. Protein phosphorylation is a crucial modification of proteins; its abnormalities… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Concordance Health Solutions (CHS) is an Indiana company with a mission to improve patient medication adherence in partnership with pharmacists and other healthcare providers. With this SBIR grant, CHS will develop andtest an innovative product, the ScanCap, an… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): After almost a century of research there are still critical questions regarding the role of vitamin D in health and disease. Beyond the well established function of vitamin D in bone health, evidence is emerging that itmay be a risk factor in chronic diseases… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Major mental illnesses such as schizophrenia and the Autism Spectrum Disorder, which affect millions of people, share a common symptom, the afflicted people do not respond adaptively to social cues. This unifying feature has helped call attention to the… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Cryo-electron microscopy (cryoEM), in the form of single particle reconstruction (SPR) and cryo-electron tomography (cryoET) analysis are rapidly growing methods for determining the three-dimensional molecular structures of biological samples. This burgeoning… more
Abstract:This proposal investigates methods for graphene synthesis on Si (001) orientated substrates to enable high-volume production of graphene transistors and circuits. The proposed approach to generate a surface with the proper symmetry for graphene epitaxy is to deposit symmetry transformation layers… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The primary objective of the proposed effort is to develop a variable-fidelity transient thermal management toolset. Particular emphasis will be given to vapor cycle components with two phase flow analysis capability in the Phase I with expansion to additional components and hardware… more
Abstract:The primary objective of the proposed effort is to develop a real-time thermal capacity algorithm. The algorithm will be capable of quantifying remaining thermal capacity providing an assessment of mission capability. The algorithm will be derived from detailed models of the thermal management… more
Abstract:Electrical starter/generators (ESGs) have become increasingly complex in design and integration due to significant power demand increases in more electric aircraft initiatives such as the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF). These new ESG systems must provide high performance and high efficiency with limited… more
Abstract:The move to more-electric architectures during the past decade in military and commercial airborne systems continues to increase the complexity of designing and specifying the electric power system (EPS). The addition of numerous high-power electric loads has drastically altered the dynamics of… more
Abstract:We propose to design an integrated robotic architecture with natural language dialogue as well as high-level planning capabilities that will allow robots to interact with humans in unprecedented naturalness. The design will be based on our DIARC architecture that has been demonstrated to handle… more
Abstract:The proposed project will develop a direct ethanol fuel cell (DEFC) system based on our recent research breakthroughs in non-platinum catalysts, alkaline ionomers, and anion-exchange-membranes. The AEM-DEFC system will have several advantages, including (1) non-Pt catalysts with ethanol tolerance… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): To establish the proof of concept that Nutrabiotix fiber is safe and well tolerated, promotes gut health by increasing production of short chain fatty acids and changes colonic microbiota composition in favor of bifidob
acteria, improves bowel habit and increase… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The occurrence of obesity is increasingly growing, and it has been projected that 40% of the US population will be obese by the year 2025. The World Health Organization estimates over 1.6 billion adults (age 15+) are ov
erweight, and at least 400 million are… more
Abstract:Wounded soldiers experience a variety of musculoskeletal defects resulting from ballistic and blast trauma. Improved body armor technology and advanced medical care has decreased mortality due to blasts. However, optimal therapies have not been developed to treat the polytissue trauma that remains.… more
Abstract:Malicious alterations of COTS circuits poses major concern in terms of their reliable and trusted field operation. It is extremely difficult to discover such alterations, also referred to as "hardware Trojans" using conventional structural or functional testing strategies. In this proposal, we… more
Abstract:The Missile Defense Agency (MDA) is developing a new kill vehicle to be employed as part of a missile system upgrade program. One of the performance enhancements under consideration involves improving performance through the integration of data from three sensors, each operating in a different… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Current LoCs are assay-specific and are custom-built for each single experiment. Performing an experiment requires life scientists to endure the time-consuming process of designing, fabricating, and testing a chip befor
e conducting the actual experiment. This… more
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